Shorter_correspondence_RSG00689_Q145250_Q145648

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13

Executive Department Montgomery, Ala, Decr 23th 1861 To the Sheriff of Walker County, [check] Sir; Rumors having reached this office that there are in all probability, within the limits of your County, criminal Refugees from Tennessee - or Conspirators, giving aid and comfort to the Enemies of this State & the Confederate States, I have deemed it my duty to issue the Enclosed process. You will carefully examine it, and see that your county is not made the abode of Traitors to their Country.

The Right of free discussion, and of the citizens - peaceably, to assembled to-gether for their common good, and to apply to those invested with the powers of Government for redress of grievances, or other purposes - by petition address, or remonstrance, must not be infringed. But- as there is a manifest difference between the peaceful assemblage of loyal citizens, for the purpose of reforming and sustaining their Government - to which they owe their allegiance - and collections - or combinations of disloyal men - whose purpose may be to overturn their State - organizations, by giving countenance and aid to the public Enemies of the State of Alabama and of the Confederate States - you are instructed to observe said distinction - and to disperse all unlawful combinations, and arrest all persons, engaged in them, with the Criminal intent to aid the Enemies of this State or the Confederacy.

Your action & diligent prosecution of your duties, under this order, is expected - & demanded by this Department. Respectfully, Yours (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter.

Executive Department Montgomery, Ala, Decr23d 1861 Gentlemen, [check] I have received your Communication of the 19th instant, and have conferred, fully, with your messenger, and, in reply, beg to assure you that the duty imposed upon me, by the Constitution - to see that the Laws shall be faithfully executed - shall be discharged - to the utmost extent of my ability. Disgraceful - as it might be - to the fair name of Alabama, and painful as would be the alternative to me, to have to proceed against any dis-affected - and disloyal Citizens within the limits of the State, you may rest assured - that the most prompt & effective measures shall be adopted for the apprehension of every man - wherever located - who engages in any open act of Rebellion against, the authorities of Alabama, or of the Confederate States.

In the accomplishment of this purpose, I would not hesitate, should it become necessary, to use the Military power of the State, until the last Traitor is hunted down - and brought to merited punishment.

I cannot but indulge the hope, that the misguided - - if not ignorant & - mis-informed men - in the localities you mention, may repent of their foolish and unpatriotic declarations, and, quietly submit to the laws of the State and unite, with other loyal Citizens, in upholding & maintaining its authority

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14 If, however, they are wickedly bent and resolved upon open hostility to the State of Alabama - or The Confederate States but a short period can elapse before their purpose and complication will be tested in such mode as to determine the duty - and cause them to feel the power of the Executive arm.

I send you a copy of military order No. 1, issued from this department on Yesterday - before the arrival of your messenger here; this will be rigidly enforced - and - after the expiration of sixty days - will be renewed - most likely for every thirty days - So as to organize and discipline the State Militia for any emergency which may arise. All vacant offices must be - immediately - filled - up - by elections duly ordered, and persons elected required to take the oath of office before appearing on parade _ or, otherwise, go into the Ranks - as Privates. The Commissions to all those persons - who may refuse to take the oath issued from this office - will be vacated, and no others - afterwards issued - except upon Certificate showing that the officer - elected has taken and subscribed the oath -.

Your own reflection will enable you to see how impotent must be the efforts of a few indiscreet - if not bad - menin view of this Miltary order, and the results, which will speedily follow it.

The General assembly have ordered three Thousand copies of the military Code _ with its amendments - to be republished. I have ordered the immediate prosecution of this work. The Press will begin it this week, and I hope to have it distributed within a short period.

Respectfully, Yours, (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter Messrs F. A. Gamble, - J. W. Stampton, L. E. Gilbert, D. L. Stovall, Jno M. Wallace, Jasper - Walker Co. Ala-

Executive Department Montgomery, Alabama. Decr 24th 1861. Col. M. R. Winsey [check] Houston, Winston Co. Ala. Sir. Your letter of the 6th. inst. was received at the heel of the session, when a pressure of business prevented a reply. Commissions for the officers - named by you - were issued - & forwarded on the 13th Inst. You will see, by Military order, No. 1, from this Department - that Regimental Musters are to be had within Sixty days. At the expiration of that time - I will order musters every thirty days - or sooner. No officer will be allowed to appear on parade, who has not taken the oath prescribed by the Military Code. All Commissions which have been issued to parties who refuse to take the oath, will be vacated, on notice to this Department and they left subject to duty - as other Privates in the ranks, If - re-elected, they shall not be recommissioned, if their names are reported here until they do take the oath, and certificates of the fact are forwarded

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13 15

I despatched - to day, by a special messenger, writs of arrest for all disloyal persons - in the County of Winston, and some other adjoining counties, under cover of Instructions to the Sheriffs of the Counties. Those sent to the Sheriff of your County - you will, doubtless, see; I will lend him the aid of the Military power, - if required to enable him - fully and efficiently - to perform his duty. Respectfully - Yours. (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter -

Executive Department, Montgomery, Ala. Decr 25th 1861 Hon. J. P. Benjamin. [check] Secretary of War, Sir, In further reply to yours of the 17th inst., I have to inform you, that I have submitted the matter - in reference to the prisoner Rowley, to the attorney-General- M. A. Baldwin, of this State, who saw Maj. Calhoun _ Qr master, C. S. and he informs Col. Baldwin that no specifications, were forwarded by Maj Genl Bragg, - under whose orders, Rowley was committed to prison, and that no further information can be obtained here,

The prisoner has been transferred to Tuscaloosa Yours Very Respectfully, (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter

Executive Department, Montgomery, Ala. Decr 25th 1861 Hon. J. P. Benjamin. [check] Secretary of War, Sir: The untimely death of Col. E. C. Bullock, of the 18th Alabama Regiment, now in Camp - near Mobile, bring up the question - how are vacancies in the field-offices of this Regiment to be filled? The Companies were organized by the Election of Company-officers by the men, and were turned-over-by the State - to the Confederacy - as Companies. They were - then - organized into a Regiment and the Fieldofficers were appointed by the President. The Companyofficers were commissioned by the State - and were furnished - in response to a requisition on the State for 3000 troops, but the field-officers were - or are to be commissioned by the President.

It is our opinion here that while vacancies - in the Company-officers should be filled by Election, according to the laws of Alabama - under which the Companies were organized - the rule of promotion will apply as to the Field-offices - which were filled by Executive appointment.

In this event there will be a vacancy in the office of Major and I recommend - for appointment to that position - J. W. Whiting - a first Lieutenant and adjutant in Major Gee's Battalion - Lieut Whiting graduated in 1856, at Hampton Military Institute, in Virginia. He has been an officer in our Volunteer Corps ever since; and has been in active service from the

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16 14 day of Alabama seceeded for several months - he has had the advantages of the School of Military drill and instructions under Genl Hardee - while in command of Fort-Morgan. He is - unquestionably - a gentleman of high tone, and decided character - and a very efficient officer.

I beg to add - further - that, in my judgement, he is justly entitled to some consideration from the fact that his father was one of the unfortunate sufferers at Hampton, and lost his residence - and a portion of his slaves by the depredation of the Enemy - With high regard, I am, Your Obnt Ser't (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter = Executive Department, Montgomery, Ala. Decr 26th 1861

Dr. L. Garland [check] My dear Sir, At the request of some of the citizens of the Counties adjourning Tuscaloosa, I have directed the shipment of five hundred sacks of salt - belonging to the State, at Mobile - to your city to be consigned to the Quarter-master of the University - Knowing no other person or officer in your locality who was a proper person to attend to the sales. The sole purpose is to afford some relief to the people, by kicking them - if possible - out of the hands of speculators; & to do this, the State sells the Salt at actual cost and expenses - very high - it is true - but ^not^nearly so much so as it would have been had not the State become the purchaser.

As I have not the pleasure of a personal acquaintance with the gentleman to whom the Salt is consigned, I must trouble you - So far as to ascertain if it will be in his power to super-intend and direct and, if not, I must ask the favour of you to appoint a proper & responsible person, who will give to it the necessary attention

I, also, enclose memorandum, intended as Instructions for who-ever may have charge of the business, and which I will thank you - personally - to hand him, and direct his particular attention to it.

You will, I know, excuse the liberty I have taken, in troubling you with these matters - So much out of your line - and for asking you to advise me of your action at your earliest convenience. Very Respectfully, (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter. Dr S. C. Garland, Tuscaloosa P. S. The Salt will arrive about the time this letter reaches you. [manicule] memorandum in relation to the sale of Salt in Tuscaloosa. (1) The agent of the State will obtain storage by the Week - or month - at lowest rates, and sell, for actual consumption only, at not less than $12.50 per sack. (2) The agent should use those means - which he deems most effectual - to satisfy himself that the purchaser buys for actual consumption, but sales may be made to persons for re-sale - where the purpose is the supply of their customers - at a reasonable rate of profit which the

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15 17 agent must ascertain & decide - on. (3) Agent will report amount of sales, weekly. = Executive Department, Montgomery, Ala. Decr 26th 1861

Richard O. Pickett, Adjt & Inspector Genl A. M. [check] Sir I enclose you, herewith, General order - No 1, issued by the Hon. A. B. Clitherall - your representative here - by my direction. I am this day, preparing a special order for Brig Genl Thos J. Butler of Mobile, directing a thorough organization of the Militia of his Brigade, & regular drills of Companies, with a view to join in the Defense of the City against an attack by the Enemy. Various other orders must be issued - from time-to-time, and a large correspondence will now spring - up, which must be despatched with energy and promptitude - in order to give all needful information to the officers, in different sections of the State - To enable them to furnish paper returns to your office - and to make effectual the purposes and ends which I have in view. Books and Records must be kept - and no little labour will be required to meet the demands on your office. And while - to discharge its duties, fully, at a perilous time like this, you should be here - at the Capitol - where the Military Code requires your office shall be kept, so that I can have the advantage and pleasure of daily communication with you. This necessity of your presence might by supplied by an efficient representative, like Judge Clitherall; but candor requires me to say - that neither the public Interest nor your - own - can be so fully advanced by another - as by yourself; and that the amount of Labour will become too onerous to be imposed upon any friend - however generous and willing he might be - to work in your stead - & for your accomodation.

As you left for Home, immediately upon the adjournment of the General Assembly, and without reporting for orders at this office, I had no opportunity to confer with you, or to communicate to you my views and policy with respect to the Militia of the State, and I cannot undertake to do so in a letter.

I leave this City - on to-morrow - for a brief absence at Eufaula - to arrange some pressing business affairs and shall return to the Capitol by the 7th of January, at which time I hope to have the pleasure of seeing you in person - if you can meet me - or to have a letter in reply. With great respect_ I am Yr Ob't Ser't (Signed) Jno Gill Shorter -

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