2. The uneven record of executive enforcement of the
Voting Rights Act since 1969, coupled with a change
of emphasis by the Department of Justice with respect
to enforcement problems under Section Five, the Section
of the Act which requires that changes in election
laws must be submitted to the Justice Department
for review and approval;
3. The overwhelming symbolic significance of the vote
as the cornerstone of this nation's democratic prin-
4. The symbolic significance of the vote as the corner-
stone of idividual trust in all levels of government;
5. The absolute necessity for Black Americans, indeed
all poor Americans, to have an increasing role in legis-
lation and administration. This is particularly impor-
tant at a time when national, state and local policies
are being set which affect in very real ways access to
income, opportunities and public services.

Let me elaborate briefly on each of these considerations.

Regarding efforts to exclude blacks, the history of black
disenfranchisement in the South is not a well-concealed fact.
Mr. Pottinger put it succinctly when he told the Congressional
Black Caucus in September that a "major problem had been that
state and local laws and procedures were shifting sands which
moved and changed to preserve white political control. Whenever
one device was discovered and cured in court, another would spring
up to take its place -- from grandfather clause, to literacy test,
to white primary, to poll tax, and so on." In general, then, the
ingenuity of southern officials to devise legal roadblocks to

Notes and Questions

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BettyJoyce Nash

Original text, #4, the word "trust" is underlined