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Mss13347 b5 f16 0016

COPYRIGHT,
JULIAN BOND

IN 1941, BLACK AMERICANS THREATENED A MASSIVE MARCH ON
WASHINGTON IF PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT DIDN'T ORDER DESEGREGATION OF ALL
FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS. HE DID SO SWIFTLY, AVERTED A MARCH, AND LABOR
LEADER A. PHILIP RANDOLPH COMMENTED ON WHY THE RESPONSE HAD BEEN
SO SWIFT:

"THE THREAT OF THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON PROVED ONE THING:
THE NEGRO GETS ONLY WHAT HE HAS THE POWER TO TAKE.....WE HAVE THE
MASSES ON THE STREET BEHIND US AND THAT GIVES US THE POWER TO MAKE
CONFERENCES PRODUCE SOMETHING."

MR. RANDOLPH'S THREAT IN '41 BECAME CONFRONTATION AND
COERCION; THE STREETS OF THE '40S, '50S, AND '60S HAVE BECOME THE
BALLOT BOXES OF THE '70S.

THE LAST TWO-AND-ONE HALF DECADES OF BLACK STRUGGLE IN
AMERICAN LIFE HAVE PRODUCED SOME MARVELOUS VICTORIES, OFTEN
OVERLOOKED TODAY AS UNEMPLOYMENT INCREASES AND THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM
NEARS CHAOS.

GAINS WERE WON AT LUNCH COUNTERS AND MOVIE THEATRES AND
POOLING PLACES AND BUS STATIONS AND THE FABRIC OF LEGAL APRATHEID
IN AMERICA WAS DESTROYED. WHAT HAD BEEN A MOVEMENT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS
HAS BECOME A POLITICAL MOVEMENT, AND BLACK MEN AND WOMEN WON OFFICE
AND POWER ONLY DREAMED OF BEFORE.

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Jeanne

Transcript incomplete; 5 pages of transcript are missing. Transcript includes 7 pages 1-4, 10-12.