Pages That Need Review
Letters from Robert Allen, Company A 13th Ohio
Page 1 August 9, 1861
Sutton, August 9th, 1861.
Dear Mother: We are still in the town of Sutton. This town consists of two rows of houses, situated between several hills, which are called "Sutton Heights." These "Heights, if well fortified, and commanded by a considerable force, could not be taken by the whole Southern army. I learn that it is made a regular Post, and that troops will soon come to garrison it.
There are but five companies of our Regiment here at present, the others having gone ahead about thirty miles; and we have lately learned from one of the teamsters who was with them, that they, with the Seventh Regiment, were advancing on a force, forty-five thousand strong. I think it folly in them to do so. I know they do not think [that] [our] enemies cowards; and surely they are aware that they also can fight: why, then, will they march
Page 2 August 9, 1861
on so great a force? I cannot account for it, unless the supposition wich I entertain is true. It is this: That Tyler, who is in command, either expects reinforcements, or designs to lead on this handful of men into the lion's jaw, that he may devour them! But I hope the latter part of this supposition is unfouned; for Tyler is shurely a brave man, and perhaps the best acquainted with this part of Virginia. [the] [My] reason for forming this latter part of this supposition is, that a letter was found, in which there were knews, intened to be carried to the rebel commander, and Tyler was suspected of being its author. However
N nothing was proved against him; and he was acquitted on the verdict, that some one, who had a spite at this commander, dropped the letter, so that he might gratify his villainous self. Whether he was justly acquitted,
Page 3 August 9, 1861
will soon be seen.
The 10th Regiment was ordered back to Buccanan, as it was on its way to this place. They expect a fight at that place. So, we expect fights on both sides of us. I earnesly hope that we will be victorious, and yet I fear that the result will be otherwise, if such
little small forces undertake to cope with large forces of the enemy.
I wish you to
be inform me as to the condition of things at home. Tell me to whom Austin gave his crops, and how he disposed of his horses, &c.
While writing I hear it reported that the 13th Regt. will soon return to Camp Dennison, for the purpose of recruiting. But I think the report is false. Should it prove true, I will apply for a furlough
Page 4 August 9 1861
Direct your letter after the following model:
Mr. Robert Allen, Clarksburg, Harrison Co.,
In care of Cap't Beach, Company A, Virginia. 13th Regiment, O. V. M.
M [letter inserted bottom right]
Page 1 April 4, 1862
18th Reg. Regulars, U.S.A.
Camp Near Mount Pleasant
State of Tennessee " " "
Friday April 4th 1862
I wrote to you a few days ago, while we were encamped in Williamson Co. Tenn. and received a letter from home, the next morning. Just as we were getting ready to strike our tents for a days march farther south. It came a welcome messenge and gladdened me; for a mother's voice hath music in its tone, and riches far than the most delicious of
all Italian trills compared (the comparison may be sinfull) with which their warblings are tame.
You complain of my delinquency in corresponding but you do not know the inconveniences and difficulties we labor
in under, when you speak thus;
Page 2 April 4, 1862
After a long and toilsome days march we do not feel like writing, for we are wearied with fatigue, and have few accommodations, as for the news of the war you are much better informed than we are for we are cobbined, cribed, confined, bound in and get to see few papers therefore we cannot post ourselves, I do not think I am in duty bound to render an apology for the long intervals of
often silence that pass between us. No, not even to my mother, for she does not know all as she would not so importune me.
I am glad to here you have bought the mare for she is a noble beast and you cannot lose money in the purchase. Horses must rise in value as shure as there will be a morrow for the drafts made for military purposes are so incessent that it cannot be otherwise and I am shure that a year hence you can sell her for a half hundred dollars
Page 3 April 4, 1862
more than she cost you. This is not visionary nor the dream of an enthusiast but a rational conclusion deduced from facts, for in the state of New Hampshire alone, which owns 30,000 horses, 10,000 have been taken for army purposes, and in Ohio the draft is as mutch greater, as the Buckeye state exceeds the Grannite, in welath and populations. So, you will perceive that you have made a vauable purchase, besides giving encouragement to brother and making a man of him. Mother speak nothing discouraging language to him, but even encourage him in reverses. Never strive to crush out the independence of of childhood or to break its spirit.
crush curb it only to direct. I saw Brother Robert the day before yesterday and he looks as strong and rugged as the forest pine, Samuel Hankins
Page 4 April 4, 1862
was with him, looking equally as well he is but a few miles ahead of us.
l I was laying on the ground asleep for we were waiting for our wagons to come up with our tents, one of the boys showed him where I was and at first he did not know me he says I have changed so mutch he thought it was Ben. He looks as natural as ever, but mother I am changed,
We are only about thirty miles from Alabama and on our way to Decature where we expect the Rebels to make a stand and we will conquer and that will end the Rebellion.
It is summer here and the the earth is carpeted with verelure the trees are dressed in green, and there is no land like this land, more beautiful than eaden
Samuel Dougherty never was at Tomaess he took sides and has remained at Leabannon ever since Kennel is love Austin
Page 1 April 13, 1862
Camp on Battle Field, April 13, 1862
I received your for the 18th ult., and would have answered it before this, if I had had time. But owing to being at work and on a march I could not do it.
We are now encamped on a part of the battle - ground of the 5th and 6th. I suppose you have read an account of the battle. Companies A and G were at Wanesboro, about 28 miles from this place, so, you see, we again escape a considerable battle. We heard the cannon roar, and wished we were with our regiment. Eight companies of our regiment were in the fight, and they took a battery of seven guns. It
was is the famous Washington
Page 2 April 13, 1862
battery, that fought Sherman at Manassas. By order of Gen. Crittenden this inscription was put upon it -- taken by the 13th Reg't O. V. I. I cannot write the full particulars. You perhaps know them already, Gen. Grant will be general no more. He showed a lack of prudence in camping near an overwhelming force of the enemy.
Jarvis will give this letter to a man who is going to Ohio. As he is going to start tomorrow, and it being late, I will close, promising to write more in my next.
Direct to Mr Robert Allen 13th Reg't