Military Procedures & Events--Military transfer. Relocation or Deployment

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Description

In warfare, army commanders deploy their units to attack or block enemy forces at important locations. These maneuvers can happen at the strategic level (as in campaigns, where armies move to capture or defend cities, river ports, or other large objectives) and at the tactical level (as in battles, where units maneuver to capture or defend vital positions to defeat their enemy on the field). The Union's war objectives required marching into the South to restore federal authority in seceded areas. Confederate war aims involved defending Southern territory from these Union incursions. Early in the war, Union armies were primarily located at the periphery of the Confederacy, like in northern Virginia and Missouri. This required Confederate authorities to relocate troops from the center of the South to these distant battlefields, far from their home states. As the war progressed, Union armies marched further into the South, forcing Confederate commanders to deploy available units to newly threatened areas.

During the war, armies primarily moved on foot, especially in battle. However, for longer routes of travel, when large numbers of troops were relocated great distances, military authorities occasionally used railroads and steamships. Union and Confederate armies moved greater distances in the west, due to the larger geographical area and dispersion of important targets, compared to the Eastern Theater in Virginia where Union and Confederate forces primarily remained between Washington, D.C., and Richmond. (National Park Service)

See also: http://www.npshistory.com/brochures/civil_war-2001.pdf

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