Howitt and Fison Papers

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hw0391 Notes by Howitt on Kulin from Barak

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67Mt Macedon = Jura.-waite, the place where Ningqualaval = Capt. Turnbull lived.[Flats - crossed out]Melbourne.Flats on Saltwater River, at Flemington +c Buruk[?]-willum.Parliament House & about it Ngár-go = net bag worn by men over their shoulders.Richmond & Collingwood higher parts Qwo-wurung = “dead timber”.about Burnley, Koϊ-wirup – ti tree. Much nice greenerythere. (Koowerup?)Collingwood Flat. Yalla-birrang = wooden point of reed spear.G. P. office Turr-ák = junction of little gullie.North & West Melbourne, Yerndavilla.Brunswick – Bulleke-bek from Bullek = Hill countryRoyal Park QuirnongMalvern Rising ground between [?Ry?] St + junction of Wattle Tree and Dandenong Rd, Koornang = rising groundMt St Leonard = Mernda – Mountain on Healesville side of Fishers Creek = [Karn - crossed out] Kan (like can). Cathedral – Jee-Gurr.St Kilda – You-rŭk – Stony or Rocks, from the Bunjil rocks which are there; where Bunjil stopped the incroach of the sea by these rocks.Lanecoorie, properly Langa-kūra for Kūra = Kangaroo and Langa or Langi = the place of, eg [?Langalayan?]

Last edit about 1 year ago by ALourie
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68The Jajaurong (Ja-jau – Lips or mouth wurong eg. Speech)_______________________________________________See Brough Smith quoting the remarks of E S Parker and J Parker – vol 1 p 41. 42 Parker's work is The Aborigines of Australia – a lecture – 1854 – probably in the Melbourne Library.Parker was the Superintendent of the aboriginal Station at “Jim Crow” near Daylesford – in the Jajaurung country – of where the old story is told thus – a blackfellow said of him:“Kobon that one yabber “gib-it daily head – but baal that one gib it damper”.He says “the Jaj owurrong inhabited the plains and tributaries of the Loddon.”J Parker says “the Ja-jow-er-ong was divided into seven tribes.(1) Leak a bulluk(2) Pila-uhin-goondeetch (3) Kalk-Kalk-goondeetch x(4) Wong-hurra-ghee-rar-goondeetch(5) gal-gal – bulluk(6) Ton-num-burr-lar-goondeetch(7) Way-re-rong-goondeetch

Parker says of (7) that in their country was the only quarry of tomahawk stone to which all of the neighbouring tribes resorted for a supply. He also says that the Jajaurong country extended from the Eastern slopes of [the - crossed out] Mt Macedon to the Pyrenees. This includes the country which William Berak claimed as belonging to one of the divisions of the Woiworung – namely Mt Macedon and the Tomahawk quarry which was[?] the inheritance of one “mob” of which Billibileri* was the Headman.

[written in left side margin](E. S Parker)(I think theson of J Parker)

x i.e. people of theforest (Kalk-Kalkfor Kalk=wood)

*see next pagere Billibelari- who was evidentlya Jajaurong:

Last edit 23 days ago by ALourie
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269William Berak says furtherBeyond Mt Macedon were the Jajaurong about Kyneton near the Gal-gal-Balluk. Another Jajaurongtribe were the Learga balluk on the sources of the Campaspe.The Kalk-Kalk-goundich were near the Gal gal ballukThe Wŭrŭng – hŭra – gerŭng- balluk lived near the gal-gal-balluk, who lived near Kyneton.The Tonem-burr-laug-gourndich lived on the Upper Loddon River.

These all spoke the Ja-jau-rong (worŭng?) language – William Berak's language being Woi-worŭng.

Billibileri’s sister was Waa and was married to a man of the Kūrnŭng illum who was Bunjil. This man’s son was the “nephew” who helped Billibileri to take care of the Tomahawk quarry. The Kūrnŭngillum extended up to near Daylesford and also had the west half of Mt Macedon – the East half belonged to the Urŭnjeri (Berak's tribe) ——___________________________________________

The Yaúangillum lived in the country between Mt Macedon, Heathcote and Kilmore, they were Waa and spoke Thagūn-worung.

The Yirauillum also lived on the Goulburn Riverbelow Seymour and were Bunjil – these people got their wives from the NeribalukThe Benbendora-baluk lived near Mooroopna(near Shepparton on the Goulburn) were all Bunjil.

The Gal-gal balluk belonged to the Jajaurong people

The Būrong balluk (Būrong = string) lived on the Avoca about Nattyallock and were all BunjilThe Leaura-gūra-balluk lived round themountain where Parker's station was and were all Bunjil

[written in left side margin]

Probably the outside Bunjil people towards the Murray.

Last edit 23 days ago by ALourie
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5 72It would seem that Berak's list of theKulin tribes must be increased by those ofthe Jajaurong - since he include [sic] at least one of them - namely that at Mt Macedon.Headquarters language5Gagal Baluk - Kyneton jajauworung3Kalk-Kalk-gourndich jajauworung1Learga Baluk Sources of Campaspe jajauworung4 Wurung-hura-gerung baluk jajauworung6 Tonern-bur-lang-baluk - Upper Loddon jajauworungKurnŭngilum baluk - Between Mt Macedon + Daylesford jajauworungBunjilYauangilum baluk thagunworung waaYirauilum-baluk Goulburn below Seymour BunjilBenbendora baluk Mooroopna BunjilBūron baluk Nattyallock Avoca River jajauworung BunjilLeaura-gūra balluk [Daylesford - crossed out] Smeaton jajauworung Bunjil

Note I have numbered the above tribes of WilliamBerak's list as numbered by Parker. This confirmsBerak's accuracy in other respects.

[written sideways in right side margin]either Bunjil or Waa

Last edit 23 days ago by ALourie

hw0429 Questions for William Berak

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15 Palyan said by Thomas to be brother to Bunjil+ ruler of sea made two women to matchBunjil's 2 men [made - crossed out]What about Bunjil making one of themen lighter than the others, and givingthem curly or straight respectively?What about Djent Djent and Thara pursuingWaa when he stole the fire from the Karaigūrk? Thomas says Thara came backwith it that Djurt Djurt was buried to deathinto mountain called munnid munis and wasafter made by Bunjil into a star which glowslike fire.

(16)Murena KoodingAt a gathering south of Yarra Goulburn, MtMacedon, Barrabool Yarra a Western Porttribes were present. Some Goulburn womenquite naked stole behind [some - crossed out] young menand placed their hands on their headsno soon was this done than the men becamequite helpless and insensible when alock of hair was taken from the headof each with their head ornaments.

Next morning the drs had them carriedto the fire by 2 friends each. Then they scrapedtheir hair off from head to feet - singingfinally rubbed them all over with red ochre

[written in left side margin]Thomas

Last edit 5 months ago by ALourie
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