XM526 Notes on Kurnai Creation stories
Toto-wara-wara was a great man in the Muk-Kurnai time and he always stops atYiruk to take care of the Kurnai there. When Bundawāl was a boy old Morgan(Bunjil gwaran = thunder) and old Darby tookhim there. Being a stranger from another placehe had to speak their language (Nangai) and nothis own. But he could understand it because it was like his. He could only drink out of a bark bowl while one of the men stirred the waterwith a stick. This was to avoid the evil which would come in him otherwise he being a stranger to this country. He would have the Wia-wuk, thatis his lips and mouth would become very soreas also his teeth would come out. Wia-wuk really means "Bad-country" but it is applied to theeffects upon strangers who are not all protected by the [people Kurnai -crossed out] Brataualung who speak the Nangai languageTotawara-wara is known to all the blacks at Lake Tyers and the Snowy River.
1Borun the PelicanBorun the Pelican took a canoe from LakeTyers and went outside to Yiruk because all the people from the low country and the mountainswanted to go there to feast on jiak (meat-foodeg. fish and game). They had come to Borun andasked him to get a canoe and take them there.Then Borun did as they wished and took themall to an island in the great waring (sea)outside of the shore Yiruk but in sight of it. There theycamped for the night. In the morning he tookall the men across to the land first but said there was not enough room for [the- crossed out] a womanwhom he left behind. When he came back and took her into the canoe she broke the bottom out as they were going round the end of the island and said "There you broke the canoe with carrying so many people in it at once." The canoeleaked so much that he had to land to mend itand camped there for the night. In the morning whilehe was mending his canoe the woman cut herhair off and fastened it to a piece of wood by the fireas if she were asleep there. Then she went into the waring (sea) and swam to Yiruk where the others were. When Borun landed by himselfat Yiruk he had to fight with all the menfor having run off with the woman.
[written in left side margin]Mt Singapore
2 When the canoes came to the shore laden with fishthe women + children came down from [the camp -crossed out]to carry them up to the Bun ("camp).
Before this the dogs had been talking aboutbeing so hungry and when the fish was brought in the Great Dog (Goreraeil Baru) began to howl, sayingNanta yūguta munaintu, that is "you notgoing to give me any?" Then all the peopleand their camps + the canoes became stone, andremain there now - the rocks at the water arethe canoes + men, those in the steep bankare the women + children, some of the men+ their camp.
Fish hooks were used by the women and were made from pieces of theleg bone of a Kangaroo which being broken with a stone [enabled a - crossed out]afforded flat pieces which were first of all rubbed smooth on bothsides on a stone, then perforated with a hole which has been enlarged+ the outer rim being rubbed smooth with a hook was formerof the size + shape of this [diagram] A line made of the innerbark of the was tied at the shank. Baitsof shrimps were tied on the hook.
[written in left side margin]The nets were made of the fibre of -
XM82 Letter from Bulmer 20 April 1880
My Dear Mr Howitt
I have made enquiry of Billy McDougall and JennyCooper on the various queries proposed by you with the following results. The Blacks sometimes exchanged wives at Corroborie time. He tells me this was done when there was a great gathering of Blacks. But they also resortedto the exchange of wives to avert some fancied calamity as for instance. There wasonce a great display of the Aurora Australis or perhapssome great shower of Meteorsin the heavens, they thought
XM86 Bulmer to Howitt 30 August 1881
Lake TyersAugst 30th 1881
My dear Mr HowittBob Curran wishes me to tell you that he sent by Sargent Goodenougha certain article called a J-o-e-i. I suppose from his description of it aBulk and he isanxious to let you know that he sent it.Jenny Cooper is getting better so I will be able to ask her the questionsforthwithWith kind regards
Yours faithfullyJohn Bulmer