Howitt and Fison Papers

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XM524_ICDMS_lowres Typed and handwritten notes about the Kurnai

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Merriman is at the Aboriginal Station at Tilba Tilba - Waloga Lake.Larry says that the Kurnai had certain animals, birds, fish&ctwhich were called the Thundun that is elder brothers.

His father when Larry was a small boy, say eight years of agepointing to a small birk [sic] which frequents the shores, "that is yourbudjan, do not hurt it. He has never injured one, nor would he eatit, and would be very sorry if any one did so in his presence. Thisbird is called the Blit-burring.

Larry belongs to the Malagoota Krauatun Kurnai, who are alsoclaimed by the Yuin, as of their tribe. The term Budjan is a Yuin word but is the same as the Kurnai term Thundun, as being the "totem".

Billy the Bull is a yalmerai (shark). When there are too manyabout the Lakes entrance he sends them away by singing to them. Hebelongs to Lake Bunga.

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

XM702_ICDMS_lowres Notes about Camping and Food Division

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Division of GameKurnaiWhen a man went to hunt, we may for the sake of illustrationassume that he had other men with him. In the event ofgame being killed, [there - crossed out] by him, there were entitled toa share, more or less, according as they had either actuallyassisted in killing the game, or had only been present.For example in the case when a Kangaroo was killed byone man, and two others were present and assisted, thefollowing division would be made. The tail and one hindleg to one assistant: the other hind leg and the haunchto the other assistant; the remainder to the man who hadbeen principal in killing it. Such game as a Kangaroo wouldprobably be cooked in the bush before being taken home.Lesser game might be cooked, or taken home raw. In everycase however, whether large game or small, the cooked foodwas divided by the procurer into certain portions, which wereallotted by custom to various members of his family group.

But while the game, say the Kangaroo above spoken of would be divided among those present at the kill,each of them in his turn had to divide with his ownpeople. For instance if the remainder kept by the the [sic] hunter [kept - crossed out], the head, neck, andback piece down to the termination of the ribs would[part of this line is illegible] food which he was obliged by custom to

A man supplied his wife's mother [underlined and question mark above] (gweabun) with meat called Neborak - it would consist of the best partsof the meat be got - eg Wombat flesh being considered thebest of meat. Billy the Bull's mother received the wholeof the right side of a wambat [sic] from her Gweabun.

Old Mary says that the husband employs his wife to carrythe meat to [her mother - crossed out] the different camp - whereit is usually thrown down on the fire - they seem tohave an objection to take food from the hand.

Bulmer

[written in left side margin] see K + Kp. 296 + 207also p 267

(1) of neborak no translationcan be given. mŭk= largeexcellent and pick = flesh

Kurnaitake inunder at ※

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

XM98_ICDMS_lowres Information from John Bulmer, n.d.

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[Table]

Name, Native Place, Division of Tribe, Wife's division of tribe

William McDougall, Raymond Island, Tatoonkolong, BrabolongTuleba, Bruthen, Brabolong, BrabolongWilliam Thorpe, Bairnsdale, Brabrolong, *Ngrangit the entrancal Blacks.Neddy O'Rourke, Lakes Entrance, Ngrangit, Braberry worcutTommy Johnson, Snowy River, Kroathun, Yacktoon worcutDick Cooper, Tatoonkolong, Tatoonkolong, Lowajerak Buffalo womanLarry Johnson, Snowy River, Kroatunkoolong, NrangitTimothy, Snowy River, Kroathun, TatoonkolongBilly the Bull, Lake Entrance, Ngrangit, Yacktoon worcutJackey Jackey, Lake Tyers, Warrnangatty, Yacktoon worcutBilly Jumbuck, Lake Tyers, Warnangatty, KroatoonYelmi, Lake Entrance, Ngrangit, BraberryDan, Lakes Entrance, Ngrangit, KroatoonKerlip Tom Snowy River, Kroatun, NgrangitBig Charley, Snowy River, Kroatun, Yucktoon worcutLamby, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, Brabeerry Brathu (turee)*Charley Rivers, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, BraberryBobby Brown, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, Ngrangit Ngrangit (both wives)Charley Blair, Bruthen, Braberry, KroathunKing Charley, Snowy River, Kroatun, Lowajerak BrabolongBen Jennings, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, Warrangatty Charley Alexander, Snowy River, Kroatunkolong, LowajerakSinging Johnny, Maneroo, Brajerak, LowajerakMunday, Maneroo, Brajerak, BidwellJohnny the plater, Snowy River, Kroatunkolong, KroatunMurray Jack, Maneroo, Brajerak, LowerjerakLawson, Scrub black, Bidwell, Bidwell. Jack Hay, Maneroo, Brajerak, Brabrolong taken by theftJimmy Thompson, Maneroo, Brajerak, Braberry Paddy, Sale, Brajerak, Kroatun worcut has girls - to himdid not marryFlanner, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, Yacktoon worcutKing Tom, Bool Bool, Tatoonkolong, Yacktoon

Ngrangit means belonging to the Entrance to Lakes. Lambys +c and wife Ellen are Tara

Last edit 5 days ago by ALourie

XM689_ICDMS_lowres Chapter VI Tribal Governments

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36

On the morning on which we were to fight, we were all ready,and were painted with pipeclay, because we were very angry at our twomen being killed, and also to frighten our enemies. These werepainted with redochre (naial), vbecause they had killed our men. We wereseated in a long row withour spears on the ground ready. Our women werein front beating their 'possum rugs. Nukong was at one end just behinfour row. Bruthen-munji was standing at the other end of the row just be-hind me. It was about noon. He looked up at the sun and said "We will eat first". The enemy were not in sight but were not far off. Then a Brabralungman came to us, he was a messenger, and was snt to us, but weknew him and he was our friend, and the husband of Old Nanny (p ). He said"there are not many of you". [Bruthen-munji]] replied "Nevermind how many,we will see". He then ordered the women to go back out of danger. he madea great speech. he told us that we would beat them. Then we fought andwhen Billy the Bull's father speared a Kutbun-taura man they ran away.There was a running fight as they ran off and left all their things behindthem. Bye and bye I shot one man and others were spared. Several of theirwomen were caught. Some of the Brabralung young men from Swan Reachran down a Brt-britta woman. They could n ot however keep her because theywere too near to her, like brother and sister, and as she wanted to haveme her Breppa-mungan (p ), gave her to me. He could do this because shehad been caught in a fight, and was not a young girl. This was how I gotmy first wife from Brt-britta".

This must have been about fifteen years after the settlement ofGippsland, and a little more than fifteen years after that time, it wasthat Bunda-waal gave me this account. During that time the old men of thetribe had mostly died off and the tribe was almost broken up.

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

XM692_ICDMS_lowres Chapter V Tribal Governments

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[crossed out - 4]33

Blood feud [underlined title crossed out]

[Left margin note]Kurnai

men. We were seated in a long row with our spears on the ground ready. Our women were in front beating their 'possum rugs. Nukong was at one end, just behind our son; Bruthen munji was at the other end of the row standing behind close to me. It was about noon. He looked up at the sun and said "We will eat first." The enemy were not in sight but were not far off. Then a Brabrolung [crossed out - man] man came to us, he was a messenger - and was sent to us, but we knew him, he was our friend and the husband of Old Nanny [crossed out - (p)] (see p - ). He said " There are not many of you". Bruthen Munji replied "never mind how many we are - we will see."

He then ordered the women to go back out of danger. He made a great speech, he told us that we [crossed out - should] would beat them. Then we fought, and when Billy the Bull's father speared a Kutbuntaura man, they ran away. There was a running fight; they ran off and left all their things behind them.

Bye and bye I shot one man and others were speared. Several of their women were caught. Some of the Brabrolung young men from Swan Reach ran down a Brt-britta woman. They could not however keep her because they were to [sic] near to her [crossed out - in relationship], like brother and sister, and as she wanted to have me, his breppa mungan (father's brother, or mother's sister's husband) gave her to me. He could do this because she had been caught in a fight and was not a young girl. This was how I got my first wife from Brt-Britta.

[Left margin note]K&K. p220

(This is scarcely considered to be a blood feud - it seems a kind of "nungi nungit" on a large scale in which several clans & their friendly alien tribes became implicated)

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie
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