Howitt and Fison Papers


XM765 Field notebook



Geelong + Ballarat tribemetat Mt. Emu


Honeysuckle Birren -

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This heard to N.So.W garchuka where sun go down bury them where their'mir' is -GamutchCaptain is moiwillŭkbury northboth men fromSt Arnaud(Doctor) Old MajorCaptain Harrison

Last edit 3 months ago by ALourie

XM775 Field notebook



What does he call "murdu"- like Captain "Mir"?

Cannibalismwasting fleshchange of color

See Urden Ry. Com. Council

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ask Captain - St. Arnaud manFlat earthngamat +c

Where hereTatathi - Tulong+Wathi-wathi - Thathapuli +Muthi-muthiKeraminWonghiBeri-aitNureli+who is +

Head menBurbung

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

hw0419 Wotjobaluk Notes, Songs, Maps etc



4[chart](1) M Barim +(1) F Mim ①

(3) M Tenamet-jaurlich(4) F Sera nim

(5) major(6) wife

no child

(1) This man belonged to a place calledMarr (near St Arnaud). He went tothe Wotjo country at Pine Plains nearYellamjip. He claimed a wife [then - crossed out][who was at Lake Coorong - crossed out] from that place who wasGanutch.[(2) - crossed out] Their son Major's father Tenamet-jaurlichwho claimed his country at St Arnaud [at - crossed out]also claimed as his country Pine PlainsHis wife was [a Laitchi- Laitchi - crossed out] from[and was a Kilpara - crossed out] Pine Plains.[Then -crossed out] and took her mother's clan nameKilpara. Her mother was of the Laitchi-laitchi tribe at Kulkyne.

Major (5) is [Bunjil - crossed out] Wrappel after his father, [or speaking - crossed out] and Wrappel(Eagle hawk) is the same as Bunjil. But after his mother heis Kilpara when he goes to the Murray tribes. Hispaternal grandmother was gamulet and as to her tribe descentruns in the female line [??] where is [??] tribe is Gamutch.He takes his country as a Jajauworung from his father + grandfather; he alsohas Pine Plains after his father who lived there, and also from his grandfatherwhose wife was from that place. He also claims the country where his father wasburied. Thus the country of which he was "free" is bounded in thewest by Yanambrak creek, on the north from Lake Tyrrel to Pine plainsnear Yellamjip, South to Murtoa (where his father was buried) and East toto St Arnaud.

(7) the child of Major (had he one) would he says take his namefrom his mother a Woring class from Alexandra - but ?

Major could not get a wife at Pine plains because it wasthere his mother came from - and his "mother's blood" would be too near to himin the people there. He would have to go to some place where there were no people "too near to him". Horsham would do because he had friendsthere who would find him a wife.

yaur= flesh = totem = class

M Nga-pung brother + mother - brotherF Kukuk sister + sister sister

F Lera-nim ngalŭk daughter

Major - māp-gurk daughter

cannot marry [māp-gurk - crossed out] ngaluk (daughter of [mo gra - crossed out] mother'sbrother) nor his daughter - māp-gurk-cannot marry any one in this line of descent as faras could be traced. Read "forbidden degree" of Wotjoballuk([?Bob ?Nephew?]) Major said "cannot marry those"Therefore I amount to this to obtain a wife a man must be [??] to some one of the distant intermarryinglocalities - where there is some woman who is not of the "Yaur" ofthe intended husband. He must therefore marry some [one -crossed out] woman ofthe opposite class from some distant locality who is not near to him.

This matter would require consideration and therefore it is thatgreat meeting of tribes the men discussed [?preferred?] marriages.

[written in the left side margin]+= Paternal grandfather=① paternal grand mother

ngapung - [father - crossed out] mother's fatherkukun = mother's mother

Major's mother

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie


5Notes on tribes River Murray +c

Victorian side(1) in the [Loddon - crossed out] plains from Mt Hope to the Murray the - B + WWamba-wamba - also had at least the lower part of [?Bully?] ck(2) in Loddon up to Boort the Bureppa-bureppa - whojoin the Jajauwrong at Boort- B + W(3) Reedy lake - Bura-bura - M + K(4) Swan Hill to Pyangil - Wati-wati - M + K(5) Pyangil to Euston - Weike-weiki - M + K(6) Euston to Kulkyne - Leichi-leichi - M + K(7) Kulkyne to Wentworth - grangema M + K(8) Wentworth to Goolwa - Yakoma in M + Kboth side of the Murray - M + K

N.S.W. side(1) From Moulamein down to Balranald with Murrayfor south boundary the Barabba BarabbaNote the Barabba - barabba are said to be very nearly the sameas the Bureppa-bureppa - in the Loddon River(2) The Mutti-mutti from Balranald to Euston(3) The Tatathi from Euston to Wentworth

Notes The Boora-boor and the Watti-watti boundaryout [??] near the Tyrell creek + Lake Tyrell[of the - crossed out] A line drawn from [the P - crossed out] Lake Tyrrel to Yellamjipneatly went of Lake Tyrel [and - crossed out] defines the boundary south of the Laichi-laichi

The Boundaries of the Jajoworung were approximatelythe following[N N creswick Boort - crossed out] Boort, Watchem, WatchemBy the Avoca [River + ?? - crossed out] River to Redbank - thento Natty Yallock, Creswick, Daylesford, Castlemaine[Jim Crow - crossed out] Maldon - BoortThree of the lesser divisions of the tribe were:(1) Headquarters at St Arnaud (Warr)

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

hw0418 Howitt Notes on Wotjobaluk



Neri = steep bank = waang Kilmore - down to Seymoursome Bunjil - on the Goulburn

[map showing location of communities]

[written under map]the Jajaurung countrycan be defined as extending N + Sfrom Daylesford to Boortand [??] [??] East + W.

Jajorung country - Donaldto [?Castlema?] - Maryborough- Maldon- Eddington- Dunolly[??]Bialiba, Yallong - St Arnaud, Swan Water, Cope Cope, BangerangCorak township, Morton plains, Naraport, Morlburt?Wimbutchup, Warraknabial, Sheephill, Minyip,[Kiew-crossed out] Kiewr, Murtoa.

[??] had 7 mobs-

(1) Wangari-bŭrk creek - stringy bark tree - Jim CrowCastlemaine-[?Maldon?] - Eddington - Dunolly- BealbaAvoca forest - Yau-ung - St arnaud warr - Cope CopeGuthrie's place, Avoca plain - Marano, [cres - crossed out]Tarragton, Navarre, Berke-yurn, Natty yallock(2) Būrŭm-balluk - white gum S. aphy peoplepart of (1) - Between Brimbank + Natti yalluk(3) Bial-balluk - redgum people - Bialiba(4) gal-gal-balluk Brimbank[??] of River(5) Derak-balluk - Avoca forest(6) Wait-kundi-uk Wattle treeWareknabealBriemLakeCorong(7)

Last edit 7 days ago by ALourie
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