Howitt and Fison Papers

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hw0149 16/11/1881 Hobbes, Merriman to Howitt

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1/Division of Tribes + Sub Tribes - correct"Katungal = means Sea coast - i.e. Twofold Bay to Sydney - andnorthwards - includes 90 mile beach to South."Murrin - means Sister in law - and country inhabited by them isas described - extends to Gippsland - beyond this in the moun-tains men are called Gundunrook [Gundunrook is underlined] -"Bimeringal and Gundanrook - almost identical in meaningthe former extends from Parramatta and round the limits of the Murrin or Marriwan country Woradjeri - the name of the tribe - Kunamildan (meaning "come inthe night" being the name of the sub-tribe - this people onlycame down to the coast, sneakingly not boldly at night - Kill a Murrinman and go away again directly, Merriman's father - named Ugaridgeroo - (meaning Flood-tide) was thus killed, he was Biambun(old man, or King) of Wallaga tribe of MurriwanYuin - is a general tribal name of aborigines from Sydney to Merimbula = beyond this to Cape Howe - [?Maru? - could be Mairu] [Maru underlined] but all areKatungal"In the Katungal country the names of animals +c are thusKangaroo - Booroo Bream - Buri* Bush rat or Bandicoot = Merrijigga Mullet - WarigilaCrow - Wa go-ow Wild Duck - WombaraFisherman Jack - Birimbamin Native Dog - MerriKongwari [Gunimbil crossed out] is a general name for dogs of all kinds wild aswell as tame = Gunimbil is not known" names of animals were not general amongst the YuinMerriman can only remember two - one a Broulee man namedWarrigal [Warrigal underlined] (native dog) and another Murrira [Murrira underlined] (Emu) other nameswere Burruwalwa [Burruwalwa underlined] (one who know s everything) Ouwiti [Outwiti underlined] (canoe) Kumbo(marrow) Nyerriwang (thunder) Bulleer [Bulleer underlined] (dust) Kayan [Kayan underlined] (very top peak ofthe Dromedary) Mundu pira (stone tomahawk) Merriman's name is

[written under a line drawn at the bottom of the page]* The other names in your list are alike

Last edit 8 days ago by ALourie

hw0153 Precis of information as to the tribe of Aborigjnes inhabiting the country between Mallagoota Inlet Victoria + Shoalhaven NSW

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2and the Nelligan River [sic]; the Kŭrial from the NelliganRiver [sic] to the Shoalhaven River; and the Bimeringal livinginland about Braidwood. But this latter name seemsto have been applied also generally to the people who livedinland and in the mountains while the term Katŭngalwas applied to the residents of the coast itself.-

More distant tribes who occasionally made warlikeraids over the mountains were called Woradjeri orKūnamildan.

The men living between the Turon River + [?Caujola?] Riverwere also called Yūin.

There seem to have been in this tribe as in other Australiantribes class names, (or family names) of which the followinghave been given me as examples among the Yūin.Kaualgar = Kangaroo Gūragūr = Kangaroo ratWŭngali = Bushrat Mŭnyŭnga = Eaglehawkwa-go-ra = crow Gŭrŭngaba = PelicanBirimbamin = Cormorant Bŭmaga = IguanaMŭrŭmbŭl = Brown snake Bŭrimi = BreamGūmbera = Black snake merigongKongwari = wild doggūnimbil

My informant could not state the various classesor how the various names were permitted to intermarryor how the names were inherited. I therefore giveover leaf two tables showing [crossed out - the] a typical example- namely that of the Kamilaroi tribes - in which thetwo primary classes, the four sub classes, and the family names(totems) are given together with the law of marriage and descents.Can you complete those of the Yūin?

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie

hw0150 Notes on the Guyangal and Kurial

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43When a man dies and his friends do not knowwhat killed him the Gommera is called in.[The Go - crossed out] [He climbs up a - crossed out] The dead man is wrapped upin a possum rug. His corroboree things are with himstuffed under his head or any where there is room. A sheetof bark is rolled round him and corded tight. Hisweapons have been given to his real friends. TheGommera then climbs up the tree which must be alarge [bushy one - crossed out] branching one. All the men thenpresent whether relatives of the dead man or notthen climb up after him into the branches.

The Gommera then shouts out "Kai" and looks up in the air. Then they all listen carefully for the voice of the deadman's tūlūgal (ghost).At length it is heard answering a long wayoff "Kai". If [the - crossed out] voice of the tūlūgal is clear and distinct he has died of some sicknessbut if it is dull and choky then he hasbeen caught with Jo-e-a. The Yūin alsothought that some deaths were from [sickness - crossed out][like - crossed out] colds like whitefellows sickness.

The Gommera could then tell them who had caught him. Ir if it were known that he hadbeen at some place before he died, for instance if a Moruya man had been to Bodallathen his father or brothers and a Gommerawould sneak down to that place and look outfor some blacks. It would not matter which onehad [done - crossed out] killed their man. If they could catchany one it would do as well. I remember ina case of this kind that Tumut or Goulburnmen [people - crossed out] came over and killed 25 Braidwoodpeople men, women and children. They putsome "gūbbŭrra" in their grog, and as they were having a drunken spree and allsucking out of the same bottle they all died.

If they killed these people they would not eatany part of them, but would rub their kidney faton the Būndi or gūdjūrū or other weapons.This would be just the same if they killedwild blacks such as Woradjeri.

[written in left side margin]See marginal noteon last page42

31tūlū = hole = cavegal = belonging to

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Last edit 9 months ago by ALourie

hw0164 Notes on the Maneroo and Ngarigo

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(Ngarego Mickey) 2 12Doctors, Wizard A Doctor was called Mŭrimalŭndra.A Wizard was called Būdjan-belanThese men made use of white stones Thagū= Kūrha_Kūri bong (Thagū Kūrha= white) and black stones Thagūk Kūribong (Thagūk= black)

Ghosts A spirit was called Mai-ŭl. A ghost was called Birek-bang.

Burial A dead person was tied up tight – the hands placed on either side of the face = open and the knees drawn up to the head. All was tied up tightly. The grave was sometimes like a round well, sometimes had a side chamber. The lower part of the grave was filled in with wood and stones and the the [sic] upper part with earth.

Dreams A dream was gŭng-ŭng mūn = nūng-ya. It was believed that they could see ghosts (Birek-bang) in dreams.

Bogong moths The Ngarego used to go up the mountains to eat Bogong moths= ngū-e-ang - at the Murumbidgee [sic] and the Queenbeyan [sic] blacks went with them. The moths were found among the rocks.

Names of tribes The Queenbeyan [sic] blacks were called Ngye-mŭbch-mittŭng, Cooma blacks = Ngarego mittŭng.Bega blacks = Waral mittŭng Bondi blacks = Binai mittŭng ≠ Bendocblacks = Bidwell mittŭng, the Tumut blacks = Woradjeri mittŭng. Men along the coast were Katŭng-gal and those further up than Bega = Kŭrial. The open plain country was called Bimŭng

Last edit about 1 month ago by ALourie
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