Howitt and Fison Papers






[Two words crossed out] This system of which the Dieri [crossed out - is represented by the]classes and totems + are an example extends over an immense area and only surrounding Lake Eyre butalso extending up the Barcoo River probably at least as far as ? [crossed out - Mt ?ilt] in the N. west of Lake Eyre to [no name recorded] where as [?] Spencer tells us (2) it is replaced by the four class system of the - [no name recorded] tribes. A from p 18A To the southward it extended down the Flinders Ranges [crossed out - and back] to near Port Augusta and has been recorded at Port Lincoln (3). [crossed out - overall these ext] Then the clan names Materi and Kararu cover an area -[no area given] miles - [no area given] miles. In table Appendix A are given the [identitie?] and variation in the totems of each class name for a number of tribes.

To the South East the Kararu and Materi do not extend beyond the range of the [Yantru wunta?] tribe whose limits [?] may be simply definded by the Grey/Grey Range and Barrier Ranges.

To the Eastward of the limit there is a similar great area occupied by allied tribes having a two clan organization, the classes being Muthwara and Kilpara with assorted totems.

This area [crossed out - carved by] may be defned as extendiing to the Warrego River to some distance East of the River Darling and for some distance both above and below the Junction of the Darling/Darling River & Murray/Murray River (4).

The class and totem system of these tribes are illustrated by the following [crossed out - taken from] which [?] in the Wily (1) a tribe occupying the counry about the Grey Range, Kingsgaite (2) occupying the country N & S of Cadell Ranges Būlali (5) (3) Boolati occupying the Barrier Range country, and (4) TongarauKa (6) occupyingte country about Momba, Tarella, Wonominta & [Yandarlo?] including the Dunbury Range.

[Left margin notes]+ Were it not that the word totem has been so long established in the English language and that it has a meaning wuite apropriate to the Australian facts, I [ful?]temped to introduce the Dieri word "murdu" as correct.

(2) quote this work(3)sent to [Mehelmi?](4) See as to local organization of these tribes p 14.(5) From Būlali - a hill(6) Tongarauka = Hillside or "under a hill"

[Table][Column 1] Class divisionsMūKwara[Column 2] TotemsBilyara - EaglehawkTirlta - KangarooBūrKūma - BandicootKultapa - DuckKarni - Frilled lizardYaranga - opossumKurli - dog

[Column 1] Class divisionsKilpara[Column 2] TotemsKulthi - EmuTūrū - carpet snakenamba - bonefishBauanyal - PadymelonWongarū - wallaby

Last edit 5 months ago by Christine





The [Tongaranka [tribe - crossed out] represents a number of tribes in the country between [in the eastern side of - crossed out] the Barrier/Barrier Range & Grey Range and the Darling River all of whom [and also - crossed out] recognise themselves as [Itobri?] number which [?] I have taken as the name of a Nation (see p -)

Among them the office of headman was in one sense hereditary, but it did not descend in the direct [line - crossed out] nor apparently in the female line although the [totem - crossed out] class & thence names did so. This seems these [?] to be are [is therefore - crossed out] [are of the - crossed out] instances in which [the -crossed out] the [?] the Headman [was - crossed out] of the local division of the tribe and not [of the - crossed out] of the totem.

The Headman in the year 1884 suceeded his brother [and - crossed out] whose son was passed over in his favour, and it was understood in the tribe that he would be suceeded by his son who had some authority. [But allows - crossed out] This shows that although appertaining to a certain family, the succession by it really depended upon the acquiesence of the old men since it was distinctly related with merits as a fighting man, [?] orator or mediciine man had great weight in [causing - crossed out] securing his power.

Last edit 6 months ago by Christine
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