Howitt and Fison Papers


XM690_ICDMS_lowres The organization of Australian tribes




+ the Warajori tribe was located

[crossed out - It was divided into four principal Hordes as follows] The local organization was as follows: (1) the Narandra - the prickly lizard (2) Kūtamŭndra - the river turtle(3) mŭing-būlla - Two bark canoes.

At each of these local divsions (Hordes) there was a Headman or "master" (Bidja-Bidja). -

As in other cases these Hordes were subdivided into numerous lesser groups each each with its own hunting grounds.

The Wirajuri tribe was adjoined in the west by the Eta-Eta tribe, commencing at Hay, on the north west of the[Ba-gun-Ge?] (Barkinji?). On the north by the Wong-i-bon tribe (1) on the north east by the Ngŭna-wal. In the south east by the Bura-bura-ba which adjoins the Eta-Eta tribe

[Left margin note] (1) For particulars see Mr [?] paper

[Line across page]

The Kamilaroi [crossed out - tribe] speaking tribes occupied a tract of New South Wales which may be defined as being nearly the whole of the Pastoral district of Liverpool Plains, north of the Gwydir River up to the Queensland boundary. [crossed out - and] On the Darling River, from Walgett to Bourke it is [Kamalaroi/Kamilaroi] & Wolleroi mixed. In the Castlereagh district it is Kamilaroi and [Warradjeri?] mixed.

But in all this great tract of country the organization, the customs & beliefs of the tribes is practically the same.

The subtribes occupied each its own taurai or food ground for instance (1) Singleton to Muswell Brook (2) Muswell Brook to Murrurundi (3) Murrurundi to [Queriundi?] [Quirindi](4) [Querindi] to Gunnedah (5) Gunnedah to Bogabri (6) Bogabri to Narrabri (7) Narrabri to Pilliga (5) Pilliga to Walgett and there was also a subtribe at [Barraba]].

Last edit about 2 months ago by ALourie
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