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Vol 446 RA Bensell letters YB repairs 1878
Office of Light-House Engineer, 433 Thirteenth district, Portland, Oregon, January 2, 1878 R.A. Bensell Esg Yaquina Light station Newport, Oregon Sir, Your letter reporting repairs necessary of Yaquina station was forwarded by me to the Lighthouse Board, with the suggestion that repairs should be made. I have this day received a reply stating that “the board would prefer to spend no money on the station unless absolutely necessary” As the facts were plainly set forth in your letter and mine, I conclude that they
Newport, Oregon Jan 10, 1878 Hon J. H. Mitchell My dear sir, Enclosed please find a letter from the L.H. board, it is in answer to a letter of mine to Col. Ford M. Nelson, in which I stated that the condition of the Yaquina Light station was such as required some repairs. The storms to which this building is exposed penetrate the weather side making it very uncomfortable besides is rotting and damaging the building very much. I now use only three rooms out of eight, the remaining five rooms being during storming weather flooded with water. If in your judgment
United States Senate Chamber, Washington, Feb. 4, 1878 Prof. Joseph Henry, Chairman Lighthouse Board Sir: Herewith enclosed please find a communication from Hon. R.A. Bensell, of Newport, Oregon, calling attention to the Light House Station at Yaquina, Oregon. I thought it proper to communicate this letter to you and ask your attention to the same. Please advise me what
Vol 348 Engineer Reports 13th Dist. 1873 and 1874 CF Exhibted YB Discontinued
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon, August 13, 1873 Sir: I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of July 1873 Yaquina Lt Station Ogn. Made a survey of 20 acres to be retained permanently for Light House purposes. Cape Foulweather Lt. Station, Ogn Completed Lantern, except soldering roof. Repaired Road from Lt House to Newport, building 2 small bridges with old lumber from the LH Side. Repainted part of the iron of tower.
Probable Operations for August. Lens to be put up and Lamp to be put into operation. Lantern roof to solder. Lantern to be painted inside and outside. Tower and fences to have an additional coat of whitewash. Lightning rods to be made and put up. Cape Flattery LH Station, W.T. Finished planking and caulking tank. Pitched Tank, and boarded is on the outside and top to protect from the sun. Pumped 20 000 gallons into tank, leaving over 8000 gallons is cistern. Put bad-moulding under cornice in Signal house to protect Engine from rain and snow-made another door between engine room and fuel room. Repaired fiction band on Engine.
YH LH location and building Vol. 311
Office of the Light house Engineer, Thirteenth District, Portland, Oregon July 18, 1871 Rear Admiral W.B. Shubrick Chairman Light House Board, Washington. D.C. Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report in reference to the proposed Light House at Cape Foulweather, Oregon. 1: - The Site - I would propose to put the Light House on Cape Foulweather as it was formerly called but named Yaquina Point on the latest Coast Survey Chart (See accompanying sketch) As far as I can see and learn from seamen it is a matter of indifference to mariners which point is selected. Yaquina Point or Cape Foulweather. The difference in expense of construction is greatly in favor of Yaquina Point. There is at present a road from Newport at the mouth of Yaquina Bay to Yaquina point. about 4 1/2 miles long. which could be put into good condition for probably $800 coin. 252
This road would place the Light House within easy access from the village of Newport. The most important place in that section of country.
Cape Foulweather itself is at present unapproachable I understand from the South. A road of 10 miles length would have to be built from Yaquina Point costing at least $5000. coin and the item of freight would be increased if hauled from from Newport at the rate of $2.coin per ton. estimating from the best data I could obtain. This would give an aggregate increase of cost on these two items of say $15,000. coin, if the material were transported from Newport to Cape Foulweather.
But I understand that the best route to Cape Foulweather is to ship to the Siletz river about 10 miles north of the Cape. from which point the Cape is more easily approached.
Again it is probable that much of the freight may be landed at the Cape or Point as the case maybe when the cost would be much more equalized.
All things considered. I should estimate the
Copy of Letter Addressed to Charl ?? Bain ??? Oregon Mr. Braden ?????? Abbott & Lamb ???????? Ben Simpson Onealta Oregon
Office Light House Engineer 13th District, Portland Oregon July 22 1871
I have received a bid for building a Keepers Dwelling at Cape Foulweather Oregon, the duplicate of the one you bid upon for Cape Disappointment. I had expected to do the work by days labor, but it is possible it may be let out by contract if by such a course the work can be done much more economically. The building would have to be inclosed (sic) by the 1st of November 1871 and completed before June 30 1872. The site of the Light House is about 4 1/2 miles from Newport on Yaquina Bay. A half mile of road on the Cape which will be built by the Government will give a wagon road between the Cape and Newport, which would need some repairs (266)
Copy of Letter addressed to Charles Bain Astoria. Oregon W Braden Portland. " (Oregon) Abbott & Co " (Portland Oregon) Duplicate of page 462 Office. L.H. Engineer 13th Dist Portland, Oregon July, 22. 1871.
Sir. I have received a bid for building a keeper dwelling at Cape Foulweather. the duplicate of the one you bid upon for Cape Disappointment. I had expected to do the work by days labor, but it is possible that it may be let out by contract, if by such a course the work can be done much more economically. The building would have to be inclosed (sic) by the 1st of November 1871. and completed before June 30. 1872. The site of the Lighthouse is about 4 1/2 miles from Newport on Yaquina Bay. A half mile of road on the Cape which will be built by the government will give a wagon road between the Cape and Newport. 280
Endorsement on annexed Letter from Chas F. Brown.
Office Light House engineer 13th Dist. Portland, Oregon. September 30. 1871
Respectfully referred to Rear Admiral W. B. Shubrick Chairman of Light House Board. I returned yesterday from Cape Foulweather. Where I went to locate the buildings and make preparations for commencing work. While at Newport Yaquina Bay there were three vessels in the harbor containing all the material of the Light Keepers dwelling (excepting the Fir Lumber which had been ordered at a Sawmill on the bay) Two of the vessels sailed from San Francisco August 28. and measures had been adopted that would have resulted in putting the work through in time. had it not been for a Severe Storm and trouble with the mails. A letter written by me to Mr Ben
commencement of the work until next spring, and I be allowed an extension of time of sixty days from the 30th of next June to complete the work.
As the rainy season has already commenced at Cape Foulweather, and as there is no time during the Winter when the work can be prosecuted without considerable injury to the quality of the work. I deem it a matter of great importance that the commencement of the work should be deferred until next Spring, so that the foundation of the building can be laid without injury from the weather.
I am now building a tramway at Cape Foulweather for the purpose of landing all the materials at that place, thus avoiding the hauling from Newport to the Cape, which is altogether impracticable at this season of the year.
I can have the materials at the
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District, Portland, Oregon November 1, 1871 (writing obliterated)
Rear Admiral W.B. Shubrick, Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to submit the following Report of Light House Operations for the month of October, 1871.
Yaquina Light House, Oregon All the work completed, including erection of Lantern and Lens and painting of Lantern.
Machinist traveled for Portland to Newport & back on his arrival the L.H, Overseer had succeeded in putting up the Lantern & Lens, so that his services were not needed.
Light House has been turned over to the L.H. Keeper. As no chimneys have been sent, I made application to the L.H. Inspector at San Francisco, and as soon as they are received, the lamp will be lighted.
Cape Foulweather Light Station, Oregon Completed Overseer's House, Tool House, Bridge(on road to Newport), Tramway, Road to Tramway, Road to Sand- ??? and Grading at L.H. Site.
Enclosed Mess-house and Men's quarters.
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District, Portland, Oregon, January 1, 1872?
Professor Joseph Henry, Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to submit the following report of operations for the month of December 1871.
Yaquina Light House Oregon
Carefully inspected in regard to imperfect protection from storms, as alleged by Light Keeper.
Probable work in January
Make requisition in detail for repairs (or improvements) needed
Cape Foulweather Light Station, Oregon
Inspected material purchased at Newport, Oregon. Made trial excavation to the depth of 20 feet below the natural surface to ascertain as what depth a rocky foundation for tower could be secured.
Prospected for, & made arrangements to secure suitable gravel & broken rock for concrete and rock for rubble work, for foundation of Tower.
Probable work in January
Such work including inspection & delivery of materials as the weather will remit
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon March 1, (1872)
Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of February, 1872
Yaquina Light Station, Oregon. Completed drawing of finished light house. Made Estimate for improvements.
Cape Foulweather Light Station Oregon Removed a portion of the materials at Newport, so as to protect from salt water. Made drawing of reservation for surveyor
Probable Work in March Preparations for Spring work. Surveying L H Reservation.
Cape Hancock Light Station, Wash. Ter. Completed drawings of finished keeper's dwelling.
Cape Flattery Light Station, Wash Ter. Excavated cistern to the depth of 3 ft below former bottom.
Probable Work in March. Continue work on cistern. Transport materials if weather permits.
(Office of Light House Engineer) THIRTEENTH DISTRICT
PORTLAND, OREGON May 6 (1872)
Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of April 2nd asking my opinion of the advisability of having reserved for the Lighthouse purposes Lots 3 and 4 of Section 8 Township 11. S. Range 11 W. Willamette Meridian Oregon. It will be seen by the sketch sent herewith that the lots include the town of Newport, for the benefit of which the light house was built. If there were no town near, then lot 4 would be of advantage or at least the right of way, and right to lands, on it, to prevent extortion. But now it is of no benefit. Any thing for the Yaquina Lighthouse would be shipped to Newport by the ordinary conveyance, and from the town to the lighthouse a road has been built.
While the land is worthless for Lighthouse purposes, it includes the entire town of Newport, and reserving it for government purposes would ruin the town, as it would not pay to move all the buildings a half mile to get off the Reservation. In my judgement the Reservation is ample, and even if it were not the case
Office of the Light (House Engineer - text obliterated) Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon, June 24th (1872)
Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of May: Cape Foulweather Lt. Station Oregon 1871-72 completed metal work for Light House + Inspection of the same. Commenced transportation by land of materials from Newport. Commenced work on foundation for tower. Probable Operations for June Transport materials from Portland, San Francisco, & Newport. Continue work on Tower Foundation.
Cape Hancock Lt. Station, Wash. Terty Furnished materials for painting Tower.
Cape Flattery Lt. Station, Wash. Terty. Sent Light House Clerk & men to complete the erection of Steam Fog Signal. Found excavation of cistern completed, & much time expended in transportation of materials from Neah Bay, with only half a dozen canoe loads actually delivered on the Island of materials landed at Neah Bay. Brought 20 Tons of Sand from main land, also the balance of lumber from Neah Bay and the "Warm House" at which point much of the lumber had been landed from a wrecked raft in April.
connected with the transportation of materials. Since commencement of work in the Fall of 71 the lighters have (been) destroyed twice and the Schooner engaged in bringing materials from San Francisco had been obliged to discharge most of her freight at Newport, to be reshipped in milder weather. Vessel twice getting on the Bar, at the mouth of Yaquina Bay and once partially wrecked. Part of the materials have been hauled for Newport six miles over an almost impassible road to the L.H site. The metal work was completed at Portland, Oregon, June 1 1872. After the failure of persistent efforts to charter a vessel for carrying iron & Brick from Portland to the Cape, the metal work was shipped via San Francisco. About one half the time since the work began has been lost on account of the difficulties of transportation. The foundation of Tower has been laid, & work commenced on the Keeper's Dwelling, a double (2 story - crossed out) frame house. Both will probably be completed this season. Point Adams (As or near Point Adams in the south side of the - crossed out) mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon. The daily growing home & foreign Commerce of the Columbia & Willamette Valleys, demand that additional aids to navigation should be judiciously disposed about this important outlet to the Commerce of the northwest. An appropriation of $30,000 is
Royal Bensell letters 1877 Vol. 439
Col Jno ?? M. Wilson
I have the honor of calling your attention to the leaky condition of the Yaquina Bay Light Station. The entire front of the main building and the wooden?? part of the lower where austice ?? has been used leaks very badly making the rooms almost untenable. The rain seems to be driven by the force of wind up into the sustic ??, thence follows the diagonal sheeting down to the window and dowcaesy?? thence inside of the building, the studdey ?? during a storm shows streams of water following down into the cellar which becomes flooded with water. This condition of things is very unpleasant unhealthy and cannot help but be detrimental to the dwelling as decay will soon take place An new finish ?? of rustic ??? for the front of the dwelling If Luren ?? will prevent all this ??? and the expense will not exceed $150.00. Mr. Wheeler Lampest ??? examined the building and can inform you of these things. The roof of the woodshed needs renailing
unless it is done there will be no roof another season. I used the paint you sent me painting the front of the house and drawing the windows. Lumber can be obtained in SF and shipped here almost anytime Thro ?? JJ Minont ?? Mo??? Col ??? of lumber is furnished. I will put it in a payment ?? for $100.00 Please inform me if it is possible to have this improvement made.
I am very truly Your Obd Sevt R.W. Bensell
Col J. M. Wilson
I beg leave to inform you that last winter the roof of woodshed became loose in places and the violent winds ripped them off. I renailed the whole roof replacing the last shingles with new of my own expense. During the recent storm the side of the portico roof exposed to the wind became loose and in a single night every shingle was blown off leaving the sheeting bare as the roof of the main building was put on about the same time and in the same manner. It is only a question of possibly another season when
1871-1872 keeper selection and LH building Vol. 336
Portland, Oregon, July 9, 1872
Chairman Light House Board,
I have to submit the following Report of Operations for June: Cape Foulweather Lt. Station, Oregon. Shipped metal work to San Francisco, as no vessel could be chartered from Portland to Foulweather except at exorbitant rates. Shipped stone work & miscellaneous freight from San Fran- to the Cape; also all the L.H. materials (per??? schooner) from Newport to the Cape. Completed grading about L.H. Site, and collection of sand. Continued work on Tower foundation. Transported all materials at top of Tramway to L.H. Site. Probable Operations for July. Transportation of materials from San Francisco. Continue work on Tower. Commence work on Light Keeper’s Dwelling. Cape Flattery Lt. Station, Wash. Ter. Completed & painted wood & engine house, & cistern. Delivered 25 tons coal from Neah Bay, in Wood House. Made drawings of completed work. Inspected Lt. Station. Left Fog Signal in charge of Keeper and one assistant, who did not wish further instruction in its management. Cistern has no water, and the Whistle can not be regularly blown (except for practice) early??? winter, without great expense. Will transmit at an early day, in-
THIRTEENTH DISTRICT, PORTLAND, OREGON OCT 19 1872
???sor Joseph Henry Chairman Light-House Board, Washington D.C.
Sir: I have the honor to make the following Report operations for the month of September 1872.
Cape Foulweather, Lt Station, Ogn. Received 96101 Bricks, & 40 cases containing Lens, &c. Completed Keepers' Dwelling. Repaired Lighters & Tramway.Continued grading around Tower and Oil - house.Hauled from tramway to L.H. site assorted materials received. Commenced putting Cement Wash on Tower & Oil - House. Machinist employed fitting Iron Work. Oil house walls completed
Tower completed 22 feet above floor - Further delay in Transportation has been caused by partial wreck of the Schooner "Elnorah" with materials from San Francisco, with loss of 10 to 12 M bricks bought for this work.
Probable Operations in October Transport balance of materials to Newport, Ogn. & commence hauling from Newport to L.H. site. The dangers attending discharge of freight at Cape and the repeated disasters to Sailing Vessels engaged in
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District, Portland, Oregon. December 17 1872
Chairman Light House Board Washington, D. C.
Sir: I have the honor to make a Report of Operations for the month of November, 1872. Cape Foulweather Lt Station, Ogn - Received cargo of Materials at Newport, & hauled same to L.H. Site. Brick work finished to within 2 1/2 feet of top of tower. Floors laid. Cement wash & white wash finished on outside, and 1 coat white-wash on inside walls. Carpenter work finished on Tower & oil-house. Parapet plates put up. Continued Painting wood & metal work. Probable Operations for December Finish brick-work. Put in new landing & 2 flights of stairs. Clear away scaffolding. Commence putting up Lantern &Lens if new landing received. Cape Hancock Lt Station, W. T. Purchased materials & secured transportation & men for work. Probable Operations in December. Transport Men & Materials to L.H. site. If weather permits, & transportation to landing on beach to L.H. site can be secured so as to cause no delay, the station walls will be built & the Oil-House enclosed
Office of the Light House Engineers Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon Feb 4" 1873
Chairman Light House Board Washington D. C.
Sir: In reply to your letter of 3"Jan. received during my absence, I have the honor to state that I have just returned from Cape Foulweather, where I found 16 castings, & 16 cases lanterns, but the floor lights are missing: Box No 6, containing 16 rafters, & 16 Tie Rods; and 2 of the Boxes No 10, 11, 12, 13. Instead of No 6, 10 & 11 (or 12,13) 3 boxes of glass for lantern were sent, which of course were needed, but are not in the invoice. Gen. Michler says the missing boxes are not in San Francisco. The work will not be delayed on account of the floor-plates (glass); and can be completed in 2 weeks after the missing pieces are received at Newport.
Very respectfully, Your obedient servant,
Henry M Robert Maj. of Eng'rs & L. H. Eng'r, Thirteenth District
I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of December, 1872.
Cape Foulweather Lt. Station, Ogn. Put in new landing and 2 flights of stairs. Completed outer brick wall. Continued landing from Newport & grading. Completed inside white-wash. Commenced taking down scaffolding.
Cape Hancock Lt Station, W.T. Sent men & materials to L.H. Station. Commenced hauling materials to L.H. site. Laid brick foundation. Partly enclosed oil house.
Probable Operations for January. Complete Oil-House, except painting & plumbing -
I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of January 1873. Cape Foulweather Lt. Station, Ogn. Received & hauled from Newport the lantern except missing boxes. Completed lantern floor (except floor lights) and iron work in vestibule & watch room. Continued grading & cleaning of grounds.
Cape Hancock Lt Station, W.T. Completed Oil House except painting & plumbing.
Probable Operations in February. Paint as weather will permit.
Your obedient servant,
Maj. of Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'r, Thirteenth District
p-1 District 13 Reports, Keeper Appointment Records
------. Cape Foulweather, sea-coast of Oregon.--- Work has been seriously hindered by the difficulties connected with the transportation of materials. Since the commencement of work in the autumn of 1871 the lighters have been destroyed twice, and the schooner engaged in bringing materials from San Francisco has been obliged to discharge most of her freight at Newport, to be reshipped in milder weather, besides twice getting on the bar at the mouth of Yaquina Bay, and being once partially wrecked. Part of the materials have been hauled from Newport, six miles over an almost impassable road to the light-house site. The metal-work was completed at Portland, Oregon, June 1 1872. After the failure of persistent efforts to charter a vessel for carrying iron and brick from Portland to the cape, the metal-work was shipped via San Francisco. About one-half the time since the work began has been lost on account of the difficulties of transportation. The foundation of the tower has been laid, and work commenced on the keeper's dwelling, a double frame house. Both will probably be completed this season.
Box 255 CF to YH 1896, YB 1894 1895
(All communication should be addressed to "THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD.") 4 Inclosures. Treasury Department, Office of the Light-House Board, Washington D.C., Nov. 23, 1894.
Sir: Referring to your letter of the 17th November, 1894, the Board has to say that your recommendations are approved and that you are authorized to pay Mr. J. McCullum of Newport, Oregon, $100.00 for the recovery and delivery on the Government wharf at Newport, Oregon, of the Yaquina Bay whistling buoy which went adrift and lodged among the rocks north of the Cape Foulweather Light Station, and which can not be recovered by the tender. The authority to pay the above amount for the recovery of the buoy is conditional upon its delivery at Newport, Oregon, in fair condition. The bids forwarded with your letter are returned herewith. Respectfully, Geo. F.F. Wilde Commander, U.S.N., Naval Secretary.
(All communication should be addressed to "THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD.")
Office of the Light-House Board.
Washington. January 14, 1895.
Referring to the joint report of the Inspector an Engineer of the Thirteenth Light-House District, dated 13 Dec. '94, the Board informs you that, as its session of 7 Jan'y '95, it was ordered that beacon lights be established in Yaquina Bay, Oregon, as follows:
Two white range beacon lights as guides to cross in over the bar: the front light to be placed on a two pile beacon on the sand flats opposite the town of Newport, and the rear light to be erected at McLean's Point.
A white beacon light to be placed on the Government wharf at Newport.
The Engineer of the district has been requested to take the proper measures to carry the order of the Board into effect, paying for the establishment of the lights from the appropriation
Box 254 YB 1890, YH 1893, Isaac L. Smith & Edward Rice 1891
5 March, 1890
Referring to your letter of 2 Jan'y '90, relating to Senate bill No. 459, making an appropriation for the purchase of a site and the construction of a light-house on the headlands near Newport in Yaquina Bay, Oregon, you are informed that the Board considered the matter at its session of 3 March, and finds itself unable to recommend the passage of the bill in question.
Box 253 YB 1887 1888
1887 Dec. 21 Yaquina Bay - Oreg. Newport - Light establ't - Sen. Bill ??? asked.
1888 Jan'y 13 Yaquina City - Whistling buoy _ adrift Biuoy, black, No. 1 - gone - reported June 17 Yaquina Bay, near Newport, Oreg. - Light establ't Board's decision - adverse 1889 Feb'y 25 Yaquina Bay, Oreg. Pile beacons - action approved. July 19 Yaquina Bay, Oreg. Buoy placed action approved Dec. 16 Yaquina Bay, Oreg. Light establ't - Senate Bill 459 -??? report? asked.