1871-1900 Yaquina Head Lighthouse Letter books

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1900 2nd asst quarters Vol. 1385

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Subject: Portland, Oreg., Dec. 29, 1900

The Light-House Board, Washington, D. C.

Sirs;- I have the honor to report that additional quarters are very badly needed at the Yaquina Head, Or., Ediz Hook, Wash., New dungeness, Wash., and Robinson Point, Wash., Light-Stations.

At Yaquina Head Light-Station there are three keepers, the quarters comprise one double dwelling which is occupied by the keeper and one assistant with families. This leaves the other assistant without quarters as there is no room in the double dwelling. This condition of affairs has existed ever since the light was established in 1881 and one assistant has been compelled to occupy a building erected for temporary use as an office by the contractors for the erection of the tower and dwelling, being flimsily constructed in the first instance, its condition has gradually grown worse and worse until now it is practically uninhabitable and new quarters should be provided. It has been patched and repaired all it will stand. For the last two years recommendation has been made in the annual report that an appropriation be obtained for a new dwelling but so far without avail. A suitable dwelling can be constructed for $4,000.00.

At Ediz Hook Light-Station the dwelling is arranged for the accommodation of one family, but as there are two keepers employed the quarters are insufficient and a new dwelling is urgently needed. 163

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It is ?? suitable building can be ??? $4,500.00.

At New Dungeness Light-Station the dwelling is arranged for one family but as there are two keepers with families employed and a third keeper necessary, there is insufficient accommodation and a new dwelling is urgently needed. Recommendation has been made in last six annual reports that an appropriation be obtained. It is estimated that a suitable dwelling can be constructed for $4,500.00.

At Robinson Point Light-Station the dwelling is arranged for the accommodation of one family, but as there are two keepers employed the quarters are insufficient and a new dwelling is an urgent necessity. Recommendation has been made in last four annual reports that an appropriation be obtained. It is estimated that a suitable building can be constructed for $4,000.00.

I would respectfully request to be informed if these dwellings can be built out of any funds available, especially the one for Yaquina Head. If no funds are available then it is respectfully suggested that special effort be made to obtain these funds during the present session of Congress.

If the Board thought advisable it would seem that a joint resolution could be readily obtained transferring the amount needed for the erection of these dwellings from the balance in the Treasury to the credit of Grays Harbor Light-Station, Wash. This balance as shown by the records of this office is $17,978.81 ($18,704.42) and the amount needed for these dwellings can be easily spared from that appropriation as the station has been practically completed.

Respectfully yours, W. C. Laugfitt??? 164 Captain, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A., Engineer 13th Light-House District.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward

Vol 705 New Barn 1886

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amount brought forward 54.00
Ground connection for rod at town 12.50
Repair pile protection at boat house 25.00
12.50
91.50
Cape Foulweather Light Station.
3 ground connections for lighting-rods @ $12.50 37.50
Tillamook Rock Light Station
ground connection for lighting rod 15.00
New hoisting engine to replace old one 1500
1515
Point Adams Light Station
Repairs to light-house road 40.00
" " ditch drain from pasture 48.00
amount carried forward 100.50

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Vol 631 Tramway Winch LH Reports 1884 and 1885

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544 – Cape Foulweather The keepers commenced work in the new drain for the vaults by digging the trench and placing in it a temporary open wood drain. 546 – Point Adams An examination was made of the LH Reservation and vicinity with a view to the prevention of sand drift, and plans prepared to effect this by means of vegetation and plantations. A report and estimate was sent to the Board Aug 5th 1884. 567 – Shoalwater Bay An examination similar to that at Point Adams, was made with reference to the prevention of sand drift. The keepers cleared the sand off the plank road from the barn to the lighthouse

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546 – Point Adams Work of prevention of sand drift was continued. To September 30th, about 13 acres had been planted with sand grass, most of it being planted in strips, attending with the strips of brush.

547 – Shoalwater Bay The fence around upper pasture was rebuilt by the keepers.

As stations not mentioned in the fore-going, no work is reported Very respectfully, Your obedient Servant, Chas F. Lowell Captain of Engineers, Engr. 13th LH District

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be hauled up by horses. 546 – Point Adams The work of prevention of sand drift was closed on the 16th. All the sands of the L. H. reservation were operated upon and most of the beach fronting the reservation. Three coils of barbed wire, for fencing out cattle from the reservation were sent to the station; also a grindstone for repairing tools. 565 – River Light, Three-pile beacon The lantern, parts of which were worn out, was replaced be a spare one, and the lantern was repaired at Portland.

564 – Shoalwater Bay The keeper reports that the drifting sand is worse this year, than formerly. The plank road, from barn to light house

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which was raised in August, is again covered 2 feet deep by the sand.

574 – Point–No-Point The galv. iron chimney top on a chimney of the dwelling was blown down and broken in pieces. A new one was sent to the station to replace it.

A stations not mentioned in the foregoing there are no operations reported. Very respectfully, Your obedient Servant Charles F. Lowell Captain of Engineers Eng. 13th L.H. Dist.

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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon Dec. 4th 1884

To the Chairman Of the Light House Board Washington, D.C. Sir: In compliance with the Board’s request in letter of 10th ult., transmitting plan of store-house for mineral oil, I have the honor to submit the following list of light stations that should be supplied with such houses. Point-No-Point, W.T. (4th Order) A small room was partitioned, off in the barn and arranged for the storage of mineral oil, but it is considered unsafe. A brick house, 12’ x 11’ 10”, is recommended at an estimated cost of $1201.83

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on the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific Coasts of the United States, corrected to January 1st 1885.

596 Cape Blanco on the highest point of the cape, Oregon. This station is in good order. 597. Cape Arago. (Gregory) On a small island at the western extremity of Cape Arago. (Gregory) Oregon This Station is in good order. 598. Cape Foulweather. On the westerly end of Yaquina Head. This station is in good order. A derrick for hoisting stores from the beach has been built. 599. Tillamook Rock on Tillamook Rock, Oregon. 18 miles South of entrance to the Columbia River. This station is in good order. A new iron landing bridge was built. 600. Point Adams. South of, and near the entrance to the Columbia River. This station is in fair order. The grass planted on the ocean beach near the Lighthouse for the purpose of holding the drift sand, is

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Vol 601Topographical survey and lens description 1883

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Cape Blanco Light Sta. Or. $195.00 Cape Foulweather “ “ “ $152.00 Shoalwater Bay “ “ “ $158.00 Ediz Hook “ “ “ $90.00 New Dungenness “ “ “ $98.00 Smith Island “ “ “ $85.00 Point Wilson “ “ “ $83.00

A report on the necessity for these surveys was submitted by me Dec. 5th 1882 in compliance with request from the Board.

With the results of these surveys and the maps and notes of the other light stations in the district now on file, it is intended to compile a uniform set of charts showing in detail the topographical features and location of all structures at each station. The charts to be about 24 by 36 inches in size and as far as possible on the same scale.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Friends of Yaquina Lighthouses

Vol 575 1882 and 1883 repairs

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seed for a pasture. 521. Cape Foulweather Light Sta, Ore. The keeper reported that during Aug. the fence that was blown down and broken, has been rebuilt and repaired. 522. Tillamook Rock Light Sta. Ore. The valve stem for governor of fog-signal engine, ordered last month from the manufacturers, was received and forwarded to the station by the “Shubrick”. 528. Cape Flattery Light sta. W.A. The tower has been painted inside and outside by the keepers and painting of the dwelling completed. Point Robinson Fog Signal Sta. A tracing of the land survey of the Point and a copy of the notes was obtained. The Sups. Of Construction visited the Point selected the ground required, made a survey of it,

Last edit over 2 years ago by Friends of Yaquina Lighthouses
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and located positions of the buildings. Plans, estimate &c have been forwarded to the Board. Stakes Lights on Columbia & Willamette Rivers A requisition for lens lanterns for three lights, has been forwarded to the Board. A supply of paints, oils, point brushes &c, for one year, has been sent to the Buoy Depot, for the Light Stations of this district. A supply of stationary for use in this office, has been received. At stations not mentioned above, no changes are reported to have occurred during the month. This report has been delayed, by my absence from stations on duty. Very respectfully Your obedient Servant Chas F. Lowell Captain of Engineers L.H. Engr. 13th Dist.

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Blunt’s Island. Point Wilson. The estimate for cost of making surveys and maps of them is, 1. Surveyor & draughtsman, 3 mo. at $175. $525.00 2. Laborers for 1 month, each at $60. 120.00 Traveling expenses 155.00 Material and contingencies 25.00 Total. $825.00

The most convenient and profitable means to make the survey and maps would be to use instruments already on hand belonging to the government, where not otherwise needed, and employ a party as above, hiring different sets of laborers for the southern and northern districts and for Cape Foulweather, and performing field work during the summer. Very respectfully

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Amounts brought forward forward 10199.88 Expenses of Buoyage, 1882- West Point Light Station, N.J. June 30 1883 By balance due the United States, as few accounts reudered 7844 Total accounts for 101998 Respectfully submitted Chris F. Prila

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Vol 348 Engineer Reports 13th Dist. 1873 and 1874 CF Exhibted YB Discontinued

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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon July 26, 1873 Sir: I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the Month of June, 1873. Yaqunia Bay LH Ogn. Examined land with reference to 20 acres being sufficient for LH purposes. Cape Foulweather Lt Station Ogn. Shipped missing parts of Lantern from San Francisco. Sodded yard where wind was tearing away soil. Made arrangements for re-whitewashing tower. Probable Operations in July. Rewhitewashed Tower. Begin the erection of the Lantern. Point Adams Lt Station, Ogn. In company with Capt. Spotts LH Inspector, selected LH Site. Carefully examined different roads from Steamer landing as Fort Stevens, to proposed LH Site, and made rough plan & estimate for Road over the best route. Advertised for Proposals for Fog Signal Boilers for this station and New Dungeness LH Station, W.T. Cape Flattery Lt. Ho. W.T. Took men and materials to this station and area by completed carpenter work on Tank for Water. Commenced caulking tank. Probable Operations for July. Complete Tank and fill with water from cistern. Repair fog signal and put into operation. Stay rotten joists in Lt. House Very respectfully, Henry M Roberts Chairman Light-H0use Board. Maj. Of Eng’rs & L.H. Eng’r Washingotn DC Thirteenth District

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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon, Sept 9, 1873

SIR: I have the honor to make the following Report of Operations for the month of August 1873. Cape Foulweather Lt Station, Ogn Completed work on Lt-House & lantern, instructed keepers to exhibited the light for the first time on the night of August 20”. New Dungenness Lt Station, W.T. Completed detail plans and estimates of fog signal house. Purchased materials and sent men in charge of Supt of repairs, to erect fog whistle. Make contract for boiler for Fog Signal. Probable Operations for September Commence building house and cistern. Complete transportation and hauling of material. Admiralty Head Lt Station, W.T. Probable operations for September. Commence painting dwelling. Columbia River LH Station, Ogn Begin building Road in September, if plan forwarded is approved by Light House Board. Point no Point LH Station, W.T. Begin in September building road and clearing land of heavy timber, if Report of April 30th is approved by the Light-house Board. Very Respectfully, Chairman Light-House Board, Henry M Robert Washington DC Maj of Eng’rs & L.H. Eng’r

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The question may be asked what benefit can the light be to the trade. I could answer very great benefit for the following reasons. In the first place its location particularly marks the channel or entrance to the Bay, the point being a very prominent one where the light is situated you can see it at a very great distance at sea, and by getting the highlands inside in range it could so mark the entrance that a vessel could run in in the night time without difficult, and another very important benefit it serves, it marks the end of a reef some distance out at sea, that extends from opposite Cape Foulweather to this point a distance of about four miles, running as you will see on Map of survey, about parallel with the shore. The rocks on this reef are almost bare at low tide. I have had a good opportunity to know something of the effect of this upon shipping to this point as I delivered most all the material for building light house at Cape Foulweather from San Francisco. We always entered inside the reef

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Copy of the Warranty Deed for the purchase from Lester P. Baldwin and Sophronia S. Baldwin of the land upon which the light house is built at Yaquina Point accompanied by a plat of the ground bearing date the twenty second day of April in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and seventy one. The original of this Deed was forwarded to the Board by my predecessor, Major Henry M Robert, enclosed in letter of May 4th, 1871. The second is a copy of a “Map of plat of Cape Foulweather Light House Reservation” duty certified to by WH Odell, Surveyor General of Oregon to have been examined and approved by him, at Eugene City, April 20th, 1872. In reply to the communication from the Board, dated November 13, 1873, assisting information relative to sites of the character referred to in the opinion of the Honorable the Attorney General under date of the 4th of the same month reference being had to submarine sites, or those located on

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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon, January 13, 1874

SIR: The following Report of Engineer Operations in the Thirteenth Light House District during the month of December, is respectfully submitted for the information of the Board. Yaquina Point. In compliance with instructions of the Board, directing the District Officers to report as the expediency of discontinuing the Light at this Station, they left Portland on the 4th of the this month for the purpose of visiting the locality and making an inspection. The extremely cold weather and severe snow storm experienced on the way, and the impossibility of cropping the Coast Ranger of Mountains without great risk and many delays, induced them to return without accomplishing the object. Cape Foulweather. It was the intention of the Officers after visiting Yaquina Point to proceed to this Station in order to make an inspection; the causes above stated compelled them to return.

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immediate attention previous to the commencement of the rainy seasons. It a subsequent period swing to the condition of the roads across the mountains, and the general inclemency of the weather, no Inspections of the Light House Stations was made. Descriptions of the Stations at Point Yaquina and Cape Foulweather, compiled from the data found in this office, were furnished the Board, and transmitted by letter of January 15, 1874.

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as the Engineer may deem proper to enable the Board to make the award. Foulweather Bluff – Point no Point. No survey or work of any description was done at either of these points during the month.

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on the 11th of the month, and an Abstract of the same, with recommendations, submitted for the decisions of the Board. Foulweather Bluff – Point no Point. No survey, or work of any description, was done at either of these points during the month in accordance with instructions from the Board.

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building a light house at this station. The ??? received the contractors will be instructed to ??? with the work at once. Cape Hancock. Considerable repairs are need at this station, including iron tops to chimneys; repairs of fire places; plank wall from dwelling to road leading to boat landing; painting tower and Keeper’s dwelling, and whitewashing outbuilding, and fences. This work will be attended to at the earliest practicable day. Foulweather Bluff-Point No Point. No survey, or work of any description, was don’t at either of these points during the month, in accordance with the instructions of the Board. Columbia RiverOregon. An appropriation approved June 23rd, 1874, was made for the erection of day beacons on this river. Cape Flattery. An appropriation of $1500 is available for building a custom and for repairs at this station. Lanitis??? (Blunts) Island. An appropriation of $1500 is available for building as cistern and for repairs at this station. Estimates have been submitted.

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therefore be necessary to land the supplies at Yaquina Bay to guard against any unnecessary risks, I have examined the channel and directed the Light-Keeper at that station to place range poles on certain points on shore to mark the channel in crossing the bar, hereafter I think the Tender will be able to enter that place without any difficulty where she can land supplies and replace the necessary buoys. Very Respectfully, Your obedient Servant JH Spotts Com. USW Inspector

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Vol 313 LH at CF letter 1873

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13th Customs Revenue L. Dist. Port Townsend Wash. Ter. Rufus ??? Eng. January 31. 1873. Special Treasury Agent. Port Townsend, Wash. T. Sir x x x x x From my experience of Puget Sound navigation and the statements of ??? and masters of vessels I feel convinced that the shipping interests on said waters, would be greatly benefited by the establishment of Light Houses on Foulweather Point and Possession Point. It first would indicate that entrance to Hood Canal, an arm of Puget Sound, some sixty five miles in length, on which are situated important milling settlements, shipping lumber to all parts of the world.

The one at Possession Point, a point southeast of Seatchets Head (both of the latter point on (Whidbey Island) would indicate the entrance to Saratoga Passage, leading from the waters of Puget Sound proper, through Deception Pass, back into the Straights of Fuca proper, and both would enable the shipping from and for up-sound ports to keep the ??? channel without

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difficulty. The bulk of the shipping in Puget Sound is now required to pass the points as aforesaid. x x x x x All of which is Respectfully Submitted Geo. W. T. Vernon Special Agent

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Port Townsend W. T.January 31, 1893G(?) W. T. Vernon.Special Treasury AgentRecommends lights at FoulWeather + Posession Point.Extract from monthlyreport for January 1893reccomending the establishmentof Light Houses in the Puget Sound District.

Treasury ???Feby 21, 1893.Respectfully referred to Light House BoardJ ???Chief Clerk

Stamp Reads:OFFICE OF THEFEB 24 1873LIGHT HOUSE BOARD.

Last edit 11 months ago by Whisp

YH LH location and building Vol. 311

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Office of the Light house Engineer,Thirteenth District,Portland, Oregon July 18, 1871Rear Admiral W.B. ShubrickChairman Light House Board,Washington. D.C.Sir:I have the honor to submit the following report in reference to the proposed Light House at Cape Foulweather, Oregon.1: - The Site - I would propose to put the Light House on Cape Foulweather as it was formerly called but named Yaquina Point on the latest Coast Survey Chart (See accompanying sketch)As far as I can see and learn from seamen it is a matter of indifference to mariners which point is selected. Yaquina Point or Cape Foulweather. The difference in expense of construction is greatly in favor of Yaquina Point.There is at present a road from Newport at the mouth of Yaquina Bay to Yaquina point. about 4 1/2 miles long. which could be put into good condition for probably $800 coin.252

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This road would place the Light House within easy access from the village of Newport. The most important place in that section of country.

Cape Foulweather itself is at present unapproachable I understand from the South. A road of 10 miles length would have to be built from Yaquina Point costing at least $5000. coin and the item of freight would be increased if hauled from from Newport at the rate of $2.coin per ton. estimating from the best data I could obtain. This would give an aggregate increase of cost on these two items of say $15,000. coin, if the material were transported from Newport to Cape Foulweather.

But I understand that the best route to Cape Foulweather is to ship to the Siletz river about 10 miles north of the Cape. from which point the Cape is more easily approached.

Again it is probable that much of the freight may be landed at the Cape or Point as the case maybe when the cost would be much more equalized.

All things considered. I should estimate the

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cost of the Light House and dwelling at least $10,000- coin more at Cape Foulweather than Yaquina point. without any corresponding advantage.

The reservation at Cape Foulweather referred to on page 71 of the annual report of the annual Light House Board for 1870 evidently applies to the present Yaquina Point which was known as Cape Foulweather till altered in 1870 by the U.S. Coast Survey. (See page 133. Coast Survey Pilot for Oregon 1870.)

The Light House I should propose to put at the end of Yaquina Point and the dwelling at one of the two following points.

Between the Light House and the hill, facing west and distant about 150 yards from the Light House, which is probably the best point, or at the distance of one half mile from the Light House to the Northeast of the first hill, is a site for the dwelling which is protected by the two high hills from the severe southerly gales prevailing during the winter.

As far as the comfort of the keepers, and the

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