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Vol 704 WG Emery Laborer Payment
Form No. 12
(This Certificate is to be attached to vouchers for payment of Laborers as Light-Keepers.)
CERTIFICATE FOR SALARY VOUCHER
I hereby Certify, That the service rendered by William G Emery, as specified in the annexed voucher, as in a case of emergency, when the exigency of the service required the immediate performance of the services, and pending the nomination to the Department of some person for appointment.
(Signed) U. Sebree Lieutenant U.S.N., Inspector, 13th L.H. District
APPROVED: ??? Commander U.S.N., Naval Secretary L.H. Board.
YH LH location and building Vol. 311
22 (crossed out) 14Office, L. H. Engineer, 13th DistrictPortland, Oregon,July 22, 1871
Henry M. Robert,Maj. of Engr's & L. H. Eng'r,Thirteenth District
Letter in relation to proposed Light Keepers Dwelling at Cape Foulweather, Oregon.Enclose 8Proposal of C. F. Brown Copy of letter addressed tobidders on Cape Disappointment Light Keepers dwelling.Copy of letter to Mr Ben Simpson
ack (acknowledge) Return to deskA.H.S.Answr'd by telegram Aug 9
(Far right of page shows:)
Accept lowest bid for dwelling at Cape Foul-weather which must be within site of Lighthouse & not far from it. E.
4 Tracings in Draft Room Files.13th District 2 Y.16 Sept., 1871.
Office L.H. Engr 13thPortland, OregonJuly 22 1871
Mr. Ben SimpsonOnealta Yaquina BayBenton County Oregon
Enclosed you will find a copy of a letter I have this day addressed to parties who were bidders for the contract for building a Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Disappointment W.Ty. As the plan of the proposed building at Cape Foulweather is the same as the one adopted for Cape Disappointment I have deemed it advisable to invite proposals for the Same and would like to have you send me a bid should you desire to do so. The plans and specifications of the building are in this office and can be seen during office hours by any one you wish to send here to examine them for you. The following are the bids on the Cape Disappointment building, which I send you for your information
Duplicate of page 484
Portland, Oregon July 22d, 1871
Major H.M. Robert: Light House Engineer. 13th District
I will build a double dwelling for Light Keepers at Cape Foulweather, Oregon, according to the plans and specifications of a building adopted for Cape Disappointment, W.T., for the sum of Eleven thousand five hundred dollars ($11500) U.S. Gold coin; said building to be enclosed by the 1st of November, 1871, and completed by the 30th of June 1872.
Chas. F. Brown
Portland, OregonJuly 24 1871
Major H.M. RobertL.H. Engineers
In answer to yours of July 22 inviting us to make proposals for building a Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Foulweather Light Station Oregon - similar to the one bid upon for Cape Disappointment, W.T. we have to state that owing to press of business here, we shall have to decline putting in a bid. Thank you for the offer.
We RemainVery Respectfully,
Abbott & Lamb
Office of the Light House Engineer,Thirteenth DistrictPortland, Oregon, August 22, 1871?
Rear Admiral W.B. ShubrickChairman Light House Board,Washington, D.C.
I have the honor to forward for approval the following papers relative to contracts made August 14 with Chas F. Brown to build a Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Foulweather, Oregon.
Articles of Agreement. Bonds & Oaths QuadruplicateSpecifications " (quadruplicate)Bids one copyLetter addressed to parties asking them to bid " (one copy)
Messrs. Bain & Braden sent to me verbal messages that the location was too distant for them to bid.
Plans. exact duplicates of those for Cape Disappointment, Light Keepers dwelling, will be mailed as soon as they can be prepared.
Portland, OregonJuly 22d 1871
Major H.M. RobertLight House Engineer13th District
I will build a double dwelling for Light Keepers at Cape Foulweather, Oregon, according to the plans and specifications of a building adopted for Cape Disappointment, W.T. for the sum of Eleven thousand and five hundred dollars ($11,500) U.S. Gold coin; said building to be enclosed by the 1st of November, 1871, and completed by the 30th of June 1872.
Chas. F. Brown
contractor and being made long before (I) received the instructions contained in letter from L.H. Board of July 20, 1871 with blank forms. Do not correspond with those instructions that were made in accordance with the best information I could obtain from the L.H. Clerk - 12th District.
In accordance with letter from L.H. board of July 20, I have the honor to inclose for approval the only copy in my office of contract with C.F. Brown for building Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Disappointment, Wash Ty, on which contract I have copied the approvals of the L.H. Board made on the original contract sent them June 22, 1871 and I respectfully request that this copy be returned to me. (last 7 words underlined).
Very respectfully,Your obedient servant,
Henry M. RobertMaj. if Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'r,Thirteenth District
instructions contained in Letter from L.H. Board July 20 1871, with Blank Forms, do not correspond with those instructions - but were made in accordance with the best information I could obtain from the L.H. Clerk 12th DistrictIn accordance with Letter from L.H. Board of July 2 I have the honor to inclose forapproval the only Copy in my office of Contract with C.F. Brown for building Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Disappointment Wash. Ty, on which Contract I have copied the approval of the L.H. Board. made on the original contract sent them June. 12. 1871. and I respectfully request that this copy be returned to me.
Very respectfully,Your obedient servant,Henry M RobertMaj. of Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'r,Thirteenth District.289
material raised with it to the top of the island. I think that work cannot not be commenced on the cistern and building before the last of September.
Cape Foulweather Light Station - OregonAugust .14. made contract with .C. F. Brown to build Light Keepers dwelling for $11500_coin. Quadruplicates contracts_&c. Sent for Approval to .L.H. Board. August_22_
Very respectfully,Your obedient servant,Henry M RobertMaj. of Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'r,Thirteenth District.313
Endorsement on annexed Letterfrom Chas F. Brown.
Office Light House engineer 13th Dist.Portland, Oregon.September 30. 1871
Respectfully referred to Rear Admiral W. B. Shubrick Chairman of Light House Board.I returned yesterday from Cape Foulweather. Where I went to locate the buildings and make preparations for commencing work. While at Newport Yaquina Bay there were three vessels in the harbor containing all the material of the Light Keepers dwelling (excepting the Fir Lumber which had been ordered at a Sawmill on the bay)Two of the vessels sailed from San Francisco August 28. and measures had been adopted that would have resulted in putting the work through in time. had it not been for a Severe Storm and trouble with the mails.A letter written by me to Mr Ben
Simpson was received the day ??? ??? (before - 20 days?)after it was written _ The same day he received the bill of Fir Lumber for the Light Keepers dwelling at Cape Foulweather which he had mailed in San Francisco, 32 days before to his partner at the Saw mill on Yaquina Bay which however had been duplicated 3 days before just after Mr. Brown and I arrived at the bay.During the 7 days from the time I left Corvallis for Cape Foulweather till my return it rained every day. On account of the failure in the mails the preparations for landing material had not been made.As the Tower Cannot be completed before next fall it seemed on the whole best not to commence the dwelling as it would be impossible to enclose it before the rainy season sets in. Every means is being used to get all the materials on the site
Portland, OregonSept. 30 1871
Major H.M. RobertLight House Engineer13th District
I have just returned from Cape Foulweather where I have been to commence work on the Light Keepers dwelling for that station. My contract calls for the house to be enclosed by the 1st of November next, and completed by the 30th of June 1872.
Owing to the heavy rains which have just fallen and the unavoidable detention at sea of the vessels bringing my materials from San Francisco, I find it impossible to have the building enclosed by the time specified in my contract; and I therefore respectfully ask that I be allowed to defer the
Cape Foulweather Light Station Oregon. Laborers at work making road from the Site of Light House to the sand bank on beach. Road about 3/4 mile long - Left this city September 21 to inspect this station and Yaquina L.H. returned to this city September 29.
Probable work in October. Will commence excavation for Tower - Commenceconstruction of quarters for men and arrange for landing of material.
Cape Hancock Light Station Wash Ty Light Keepers dwelling - built by C.F. Brown contractor - Frame is up - Roof on- Building enclosed and about 1/2 done.
Probable work in October Building will be sided and plastered.
Cape Hancock Light Station, Wash. Ter.Continued work on, and inspected Light Keepers Dwelling
Probable Work in December
Completion of Lights Keepers Dwelling
Cape Flattery Light Station, Wash. Ter.
Landed at Neah Bay about 100 tons freight, continued storm preventing landing on Tatoosh Island.
At Tatoosh Island, the Engine and Fog Apparatus have been cleaned and stored for rainy season; the cement and bricks have been hoisted to the top of the Island and put under shelter; and operations partially suspended until more favorable weather.
Probable Work in December
Further excavation for cistern, and canoe transportation of materials from Neah Bay (7 miles) to Tatoosh Island, so far as the weather will permit. Though it is probable that work can not be prosecuted till some time in January.
Very respectfully,Your obedient servant,Henry M RobertMaj. of Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'rThirteenth District
Cape Hancock Light Station, Wash TerMade drawings of Light Keepers Dwelling, as completed.Commenced plans for new oil house.
Probable Work in FebruaryComplete plans, & make estimate for new oil house.
Cape Flattery Light Station, Wash. Ter.Made arrangements for immediately resuming work on excavation of cistern & transportation of stores if weather permits.
Probable work in FebruaryExcavation of cistern. Transportation of stores from Neah Bay if weather permits.
Very respectfully,Your obedient servant,Henry M RobertMaj. of Eng'rs & L.H. Eng'r,Thirteenth District
1871-1872 keeper selection and LH building Vol. 336
Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C. SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith a communication from Chas L. Brown, contractor for Light Keepers’ Dwelling at Cape Foulweather Lt. Station, Og’n, and to recommend that the extension of time asked for, sixty days (60), be granted, as I think the delays have been caused by difficulties connected with transportation, and that due diligence has been used by the contractor. Notwithstanding all my efforts to secure transportation of materials for the L.H. Tower at Cape Foulweather, fully half the season has been lost by unavoidable delays from lack of materials at the Cape.
Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, Henry M. Robert Maj. Of Eng’rs & L.H. Eng’r Thirteenth District
Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District
Portland, Oregon March 5", 1873
Chairman Light House Board Washington D. C.
I herewith submit report of operations for the month of February:
Cape Foulweather Lt Station, Ogn. Put 2 coats of paint on Watch-room, & lantern deck. Completed brickwork. Removed all scaffolding & e So Store-House. Cape Hancock Lt Station, W. L. Commenced Painting.
Probable Work for March. Finish painting. Strengthen Chimney leaks. Put eave troughs & pipes on Oil-House.
Inspected work at Cape Foulweather , Ediz hook, New Dungeness, & Admiralty-Head. Attended meeting of Board of Examiners for Light Keepers at Astoria.
Sent Lampist & Machinist to Cape Flattery Lt Station to put fog Signal into repair.
Very respectfully, Your obedient servant,
Henry M Robert Maj. of Eng'rs & L. H. Eng'r, Thirteenth District
Coast Guard District narrative histories 1945
The enforcement of blackout in the United States at the outbreak of the war necessitated that, in addition to the blackout of municipal lights, the navigational aids in continental waters had also to be extinguished or silenced. (See blackout). To perform this action by manual labor consumed far too much valuable time and so it became expedient that a more swift method be devised. By 1942, Headquarters developed a radio control system for aids to navigation intended primarily for blacking out unattended lighted aids by means of radio signal. This system consisted of a control station transmitting specially coded ultra high frequency signals with a special receiver mounted on the buoys or other aids which responded to code signals and operated relays of gas valves to extinguish or relight gas lights or to turn off or on other types of aids. The system was designated by the coined word "RACAN" which was later changed to ANRAC to avoid confusion with RADAR beacons or RACONS.
The receiving control, in combination with an electric relay, was used to operate an electric bell signal to notify light keepers at outlying stations, lamplighters or buoy patrols that aids were to be extinguished. Such installations at certain visual vantage points permitted the person notified to observe the extinguishment procedure and to take the necessary action in those cases where receiving equipment proved faulty. This system of notification was considered as a means of relieving commercial communications facilities and was carefully planned in order to avoid serious results in case of testing operations. Weekly operational tests were made and all failures were reported in detail to Headquarters.
A transmitter and a keying unit were required for each control station, together with an emergency standby. A single control transmitter operated all receiving controls within its working radius of approximately 7 miles even though it was not within visual range of the receiving station. (The working radius of the control transmitter beyond its visual range depended on the size and nature of the obstruction; ordinary obstacles did not materially affect the working radius of a control transmitter.)
After a thorough study of the use of ANRAC, the District Coast Guard Officer, 13th Naval District, requested Headquarters' authority to install the equipment with Cape Disappointment Light Station as the control unit and the following buoys to be equipped with receivers:
1873-75 Lighthouse Keepers Logs
1873 December 24 Circular Orders to Light-Keepers to be entered on the Journal of Station
Treasuary Department Office of the Light House board Washington Oct 5th 1873
At a meeting of the Light House board held on the 8th of October 1873 it was Ordered That when any officer of the Light House Establishment visiting a light Station Shall give an order to the Keeper. he shall enter such order over his signature upon the Journal of the Station. He shall also examine the Journal to see that all orders previously given, have been executed, and when the Keeper has failed to do so, shall note such failure in the Journal, and call upon the Keeper for an explination, and if such explination is not satisfactory, shall report him for dismissal. By order of the Light House Board Joseph Henry Chairman Fayett S. Crosby Keeper
1912-14 Keeper Logs
LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD.}FORM 306.}JOURNAL of Light-station at Yaquina Head Oregon
1st Light south wind clear sea moderate. Bar 30.04. ??? Smith and Family arrived at station 12:30 P.M.
2nd S.E. wind fog rain misty sea moderate. Bar 30. Keeper went to Agate Beach and returned. 1st asst + Keeper taking account of stock. 2nd asst working around flag pole.
3rd Light south wind cloudy sea moderate. Bar 29.0. 1st asst went to beach and returned, attended to station duties.
4 S.E. wind stormy rain A.M. cloudy P.M. sea strong. Barm. 29.0. Attended to station duties. Keeper worked in carpenter shop.
5 West wind light clear sea moderate. Barom. 30.10. 2nd asst went to Agate Beach + returned. Attended to station duties.
6 Variable wind N.W. to S.E. light clear sea mod. Barm 30. Keeper went to Agate beach. Scraped white wash of inside of tower + other duties.
7 N.W. wind cloudy sea moderate. Barom 30.01. ??? at white washing and cleaning paint work in tower.
8 Light N.W. wind clear sea smooth. Barom 30.02. 1st asst went to Agate Beach + Newport, worked at cleaning paint work in tower. 2nd asst went to Agate Beach.
9 Southerly wind with rain mist + fog. Barom 29.82. Sea ???. washed paint work in tower and other duties. 1st asst went to Agate Beach.
10 N.W. wind light to southerly with rain sea mod. Barom 30.1. Keeper went to Newport. 1st & 2nd assts cleaning the paint on the lens + other duties.
11 Wind N.W. clear sea mod. Barom 30.14. Attended to general duties. 2nd asst went to Newport. Keepers showing visitors through the tower.
12 East to south wind rain + misty sea mod. Barom 29.84. 1st asst win to Agate Beach. General duties for the day. Keepers showing visitors into tower.
13 Fresh S.E. wind cloudy sea rough. Barom 30.13. Keeper went to Agate Beach. Cleaned and polished the lences??? and mixed paint.
14 S.E. wind stormy rain all day sea rough. Barom 29. Attended to general duties. Painted inside of dome. Keeper visited quarters of assts and found them in good order.
15 Fresh S.E. to west wind with hail and rain showers sea rough. Barm ???. General duties for the day. Keepers working in their respective quarters.
16 Station inspected. Keepers found at work painting tower. Conditions at station satisfactory. Keeper will make "weekly inspection" as per "Instructions to Light Keepers" page 159. Henry L. Beck Insp. Light E. to west wind clear sea mod. Barm. 30.30. Inspector + Keeper looking over station. Assts painting dome + upper gallery of tower.
17 Light east to south wind with mist + rain sea smooth. Barom. Regular duties. Cleaned the hot water pipes in tower + painted in work room + store rooms. Keeper went to Agate Beach.
18 Light west wind cloudy sea smooth. Barom 30.03. Attended to regular duties painted in lantern + watch room.
19 Fresh westerly wind rain showers + cloudy sea rough. Barom ???. Regular duties for the day. 1st + 2nd assts went to Agate Beach.
20 Strong N.W. wind some rain + cloudy sea rough. Barom 29.85. Attended to staion duties. Keeper made garden. 1st asst worked in quarters. 2nd asst went to Newport.
21 Strong N.W. wind clear sea rough. Barom 29.66. Regular duties painting stairway in tower. 1st asst went to Agate Beach.
22 Calm to fresh N.W. wind cloudy sea mod. Barom 29.90. Worked at painting oil house + rigging staging on 1st assts house for painting. Inspected assts quarters found them in good order.
23 Wind S.E. rain showers + cloudy sea strong. Barm 30.1. Painting stairway in tower + making garden attended to regular duties.
24 S.E. to N.W. wind light cloudy sea mod. Barm 30. Regular duties, painting in lantern. 1st + 2nd assts working in carpenter shop. Keeper went to Agate Beach.
25 East to S.E. clear to rain sea mod. Barm 29.94. Station duties painted brackets under lower gallery on tower.
26 Fresh westerly wind with rain sea rough. Barm ???. Regular duties for the day.
27 Westerly wind hail rain & cloudy sea mod. Barm 30. Attended to station duties. Keeper worked in carpenter shop. 1st asst washed at home. 1st asst went to Nye Beach. 2nd went to Agate Beach.
28 N.W. wind strong cloudy sea rough. Barm 30. Regular duties. 1st & 2nd assts putting cement around terra cotta pipe. Put 100 galls of mineral oil into settling butt. Keeper making garden in 2nd assts house.
29 Strong N.W. wind clear sea strong. Barom 30.2. Painted the railing and floor of lower gallery and picket fence. Scraped iron rust from base of tower.
30 Strong N.W. wind hazy sea strong. Barom 30.0. Keepers painting picket fence made weekly inspection conditions satisfactory. 2nd asst went to Newport at 5:00 P.M.