1871-1900 Yaquina Head Lighthouse Letter books

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Vol 631 Tramway Winch LH Reports 1884 and 1885

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No. 598 – Cape Foulweather (3d) In July and Aug a new drain of 6 in fire clay pipe and 90 ft. long, was laid by the keepers from the vaults at dwelling to the bluff. The kitchen sink drains, well trapped, were constructed with the new drain. In Sept. and Oct. an apparatus for hoisting supplies and material from the beach to the top of the bluff was constructed opposite a sheltered cove affording a good boat landing on the southwest side of the Cape, about 1000ft from the light-house. The apparatus consist of a tramway, 3ft. wide and 130 ft. long, extending up the slope of the bluff, which is 85 ft. high, and a suitable car with geared winch at top. A snatch block was also provided for hauling up light loads with a team of horses. Steps were fitted between the sides of the tramway for convenience of passage.

Last edit about 1 year ago by jwallace
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Office of Light-House Inspector, Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon 14th August, 1884

Sir, I have the honor to recommend that Cape Foulweather Light Station be furnished with a derrick, or other suitable means, for hoisting supplies from the beach on the south east side of the light house reservation to the top of the bluff, by which it is loaded. The beach which has been used for landing heavy supplies, since the station was established is a mile from the station, is shoal and rocky, and can be used only when the sea is smoothest. The beach on the reservation is

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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partly protected from the sea by outlying rocks, and is now used for landing supplies of light weight. I am sir, very respectfully Your obedient servant George T. Davis Inspector 13th LH District Chairman Lighthouse Board Washington DC

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon Sept 6th 1884

To the Chairman of the Light-House Board Washington, DC

Sir: In compliance with the Board’s request in letter of 26th ult., relative to means for hoisting supplies form beach at Cape Foulweather Lt. Sta., I have the honor to report that a detailed estimate for such an apparatus was included in the estimates for the current half year. The estimate was approved by the Board’s letter of Aug. 9th, 1884. The plan is to erect an inclined tramway with winch and car on the south west side of the Cape, about 1000 ft. from the

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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Office of the Light House Inspector, Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon July 7th June 30th 1885

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations for the fiscal year ended June 30th 1885 In this district there are – Light-houses, and Lighted beacons ------------------------------ 39 Day of Unlighted beacons ------------------------------------------14 Fog signals operated by steam ------------------------------------4 Fog signals struck by machinery -----------------------------------2 Whistling –buoys in position ----------------------------------------2 Other buoys in position ----------------------------------------------127 Buoys, Duplicate, and spare ----------------------------------------106 Steamer, “Shubrick” Buoy tender and for supplies and Inspection – 1 Light-Houses The numbers preceding the names of the stations correspond with the List of Light Houses

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward

Vol 348 Engineer Reports 13th Dist. 1873 and 1874 CF Exhibted YB Discontinued

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therefore be necessary to land the supplies at Yaquina Bay to guard against any unnecessary risks, I have examined the channel and directed the Light-Keeper at that station to place range poles on certain points on shore to mark the channel in crossing the bar, hereafter I think the Tender will be able to enter that place without any difficulty where she can land supplies and replace the necessary buoys. Very Respectfully, Your obedient Servant JH Spotts Com. USW Inspector

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward

YH LH location and building Vol. 311

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Office of the Light House Engineer Thirteenth District Portland, Oregon July 20 (1872) Chairman Light House Board, Washington, D.C.

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following Report of Operations for the year ending June 30th. Thirteenth District The Thirteenth District embraces all aids to navigation on the Pacific Coast of the U.S. north of the southern boundary of Oregon and embraces the coast of Oregon and the Washington** Territory. (of Washington) Engineer Major H. M. Robert Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. There are in this district Light-houses 11

(insert from left side of page ) Buoys actually in position show? buoys for relief? and to supply tower. ??? ??? ??? ??? to 12th 13th Districts.

The number preceding the name and the station corresponds with those of [the Lt. Ho. List - crossed out] (Same as last year)** for 1871 (2).

[407 - crossed out] (422)** Yaquina Bay, Oregon. The Lt. Ho. at this point was commenced May 1, 1871 and completed the following October; ??? [owing to the fact that chimneys were not included in the supplies first shipped. The light was not exhibited till - crossed out] (and lighted)** November 23 1871. ["ber 23 1871" crossed out and rewritten]

408 Cape Foulweather, Sea Coast of Oregon Work on this station has been seriously hindered by the difficulties

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**Items in parentheses were written above or on top of original writing.

Last edit 6 months ago by DReade

p-1 District 13 Reports, Keeper Appointment Records

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1884

544. Cape Foulweather (Yaquina Head), on westerly end of Cape Foulweather, Oregon.---A survey of the reservation was made and a wire fence 120 yards long was put around the pasture, and various repairs were made. The station is in good condition except as to the drainage.

An. Rep. 1885

598. Cape Foulweather (Yaquina Head), on westerly end of Cape Foulweather, Oregon.---A new drain of 6-inch fire clay pipe, 90 feet long, was laid by the keepers from the vaults at the dwelling to the bluff. The kitchen-sink drains were well trapped and connected with the new drain. An apparatus for hoisting supplies and material from the beach to the top of the bluff was constructed opposite a sheltered cove, where there is a good boat-landing on the southwest side of the cape, about 1,000 feet from the light-house. The apparatus consists of a tramway 3 feet wide and 130 feet long, extending up the slope of the bluff, which is 85 feet high, and a suitable car with a geared winch at top. A snatch-block was provided for hauling up light loads with a team of horses. Steps were fitted between the sides of the tramway. The roof of the kitchen at the principal keeper's dwelling and part of the roof of the second assistant keeper's dwelling were reshingled. A new sill was placed under the latter building. About 150 tons of gravel were hauled up from the beach by the tramway and used in repairing the roads and filling up the holes around the tower where the sand was blown out.

Last edit about 1 year ago by Friends of Yaquina Lighthouses

p-1 1881 YH Descriptive Pamphlet

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9 Oil Room Or Cellar. Describe where placed and how fitted. The oil-house is located within six feet of the tower and connected to it by a narrow passage. It is divided into two rooms; in one the oil butts are placed on cast iron stands covered with wood in the other room are closets for curtains, lens covers etc. Regulation 100 gallon oil butts—number. Ten Regulation 50-gallon oil butts—number. One 10 gallon oil cans—number. One Oil butts—how placed. On cast-iron stands; tops of stands covered with wood. Closets And Storerooms. Where placed, how fitted and used. All the supplies are stored in the oil-house in closets and on shelves. Damp or dry, suited or unsuited to the purposes for which they were designed. Dry and suited to the purposes for which they were assigned. Fog Signal. Describe in detail, embracing— Kind and character of instrument. Characteristic distinction of.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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13 Would draining or other artificial means employed on the light-house premises be likely to improve the sanitary condition of the light-station? It would not. Landing, Wharf, Boat-House, And Road To The Light-House. Describe. There is no landing near the light-house, except on the beach in smooth weather. Supplies are usually landed on the beach two miles from the light-house. No wharf or boat-houses. The road from the light-house to the town of Newport on Yaquina Bay is a passably good wagon road, but teams can only haul small loads over it. In passing over the road from the light-house, the first two miles is hilly with hard ground; the next 1 ½ miles is on the sea beach, very good except three hours of high water, the next 1 ½ miles into Newport is sandy and hilly.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward

1870-73 Lighthouse Board Annual Reports

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1872.

(con)taining the 1st order lens, F. 240°, Cape Blanco 935,971: with lamps supplies, &c for Cape Foulweather Light House.

Apr. 18. From Engineer secretary Major G. H. Elliot. To Major H. M. Robert Corps Engineers.

Sir: In reply to your letter of the 2nd instant, I have to inform you that monthly reports of operations should be forwarded to the Board as soon after the close of the month as possible, so as to embody the month's actual operations.

Apr. 22. From Engineer Secretary Major G. H. Elliot. To Major H. M. Robert. Corps Engineers.

Sir: The U.S. Treasurer informs this office that your deposits with the Sub Treasury at San Francisco and with the 1st Nat'l Bank, Portland, Oregon, are not divided into Light House funds and Engineer funds.

It is important that this division be made at the bank and you will please attend to it that it be done as soon as practicable, and hereafter you will keep the accounts at the bank separate.

May 18 From Naval secretary C. S. Boggs. To Major H. M. Robert Corps Engineers.

Sir: Referring to your letter of the 2nd

(On the side bar) Cape Flattery L.H.

Referring to your letter of the 2nd

Last edit about 2 years ago by gkazebier

Coast Guard District narrative histories 1945

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Superintendent of the former Lighthouse Districts became assistants to the District Commanders of the new Coast Guard Districts for the administration and operation of Lighthouse functions. Since, in many cases the Office of the District Commander and that of the Lighthouse Superintendent were in different localities, problems of both administration and operation resulted. As a result, whenever possible, these administrative offices were combined. It was desired to increase efficiency through coordinated use of personnel, vessels, boats, shops and supplies and economy in operation through a reallocation of facilities to avoid duplication.

327 Lighthouse Service personnel were employed in the Seattle District at the time of the consolidation. This was a far cry from the handful of men who beat their way through the wilderness in 1849 to find a site for a lighthouse on the desolate shores of the Northwest Pacific. At that time, Congress had allotted $15,000 for the establishment of two lighthouses and 12 can buoys at the entrance to the Columbia River. This began the activities of the Lighthouse Service in the 13th Lighthouse District which included Oregon and Washington and later Alaska. The boundaries of the Lighthouse Districts followed closely those of the Coast Guard Districts.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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for 16 months before it was decided that the only possible means of returning her to her station was by hauling her overland through the woods and launching her in the Columbia River. The No. 50 was constructed of wood and remained in service only until 1909 when she was replaced by the steel-hulled lightship.

During the amalgamation of the Lighthouse Service and The Coast Guard in 1939, four lightships, the COLUMBIA RIVER LIGHTSHIP 393, the UMATILLA REEF LIGHTSHIP #88, the RELIEF LIGHTSHIP #92 and the SWIFTSURE LIGHTSHIP #113, were transferred to the Coast Guard. These four lightships maintained only three stations as the RELIEF LIGHTSHIP #92 was used on all stations as relief. They were steel-hulled vessels with a displacement of approximately 685 tones and a complement of 3 to 6 officers and 5 to 11 crew. All but one was built around 1908; the SWIFTSURE LIGHTSHIP #113 was the newest and it was completed in 1929. In addition to exhibiting a bright beacon light, the lightships were also equipped with sound signals, [radio]], radio-telephone, and radiobeacons. In addition to their regular duties as lightships, they were also instructed during the early days of the war, to notify the Commandant, 13th Naval District of all vessels passing the Columbia River northbound.

At the outbreak of the war, LIGHTSHIPS NO. 88 and 113, were removed from their stations by the Navy and replaced by lighted whistle buoys. The ships were reconverted by removing the radiobeacon and antenna mast, by installing armament, by realtering radio facilities and by increasing the complement to 30 Coast Guardsmen and 5 Coast Guard Officers. The No. 88 was then placed in the Strait of Juan de Fuca as a Recognition Ship and the No 113 was sent into Alaskan waters. The removal of these two ships left only the COLUMBIA RIVER LIGHTSHIP #93 on station at the entrance to the Columbia River with the No. 92 to be used as its relief.

The use of one lightship as standby only, seemed most uneconomical of ships and men at a time when they were at a premium. The District Coast Guard Officer, with the approval of the Commander, Northwest Sea Frontier, proposed to Headquarters that the COLUMBIA RIVER LIGHTSHIP #93 should remain on station for a month and then, on a clear day with good weather, the ship would leave her station, go to Astoria for fuel and supplies and return before dark. A station buoy would be placed close to the Lightship's position at all times and mark the station when the Lightship itself was absent. Such an arrangement would permit the RELIEF LIGHTSHIP to be used as part of the Offshore Observation Force.

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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This plan met Headquarters' approval but was put into operation for only a brief time. Too many difficulties resulted to warrant the discontinuance of the relief. Water, sufficient only for 25 days, could be carried and this supply was greatly diminished when the fog signal was in operation. Special trips to replenish the water were made by the tenders, requiring a full day from their regular duties in the servicing of aids. The motor lifeboats were also required to deliver fresh food and vegetables and medical supplies. In addition to these difficulties, the proper operation of the radiobeacon was affected; batteries only charged full when the ship was off station because when charged over 1190 specific gravity while on station, the timer on the radiobeacon was thrown off. The 24-hour continuous beacon operation was a tremendous strain on the storage battery and generating equipment. The two-week schedule was not interrupted again until the RELIEF LIGHTSHIP #92 was placed on the Recognition Station, Strait of Juan de Fuca when the No. 88 needed relief for repairs. During one such relief, the Commanding Officer of the No. 92, a Chief Boatswain, performed the duties which were ordinarily handled by the seven officers aboard the Recognition Ship. Because of the efficient manner in which he handled this station, the Chief Boatswain was highly commended by the Navy.

Although the Light List indicated that radio messages of importance in the maintenance of aids to navigation, or on other urgent matters, could be received during the first fifteen minutes of each hour from 0800 to 2015, this service was not used for many years and, consequently, was discontinued in 1944 in order to replace the radioman who serviced the equipment by a radio technician to handle the radiobeacon equipment. The necessity of a technician became evident when a failure of the radiobeacon could not be remedied due to the lack of spare tubes aboard. A survey of the stock proved an adequate supply of tubes on hand, but the radioman was unfamiliar with the beacon equipment.

The war altered but slightly the routine of the LIGHTSHIP #92 and #93. Other than the issuance of small arms and a lookout for the northbound vessels, the lightships maintained and performed their peacetime duties. The regular radiobeacon equipment was operated alternately with the standby equipment to insure proper operation and repair on both units. It was discovered that the antenna on the main equipment was more efficient than that on the standby equipment so an antenna transfer switch was installed to permit operation of both transmitters on the main antenna. To preclude any failure of

Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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UPPER COLUMBIA RIVER

One of the most remarkable advances in inland marine navigation was that which tranferred the swirling waters of the Columbia river into 300 miles of navigable waterway. In 1805, when Lewis and Clark concluded their amazing trek to the Northwest Coast, vast portions of the Columbia River defied the explorers' attempts to transport their party and supplies on its broad expanse. Almost 140 years later, great ocean-going vessels were able to ply their way into Oregon and Washington river ports.

The wildness of the river lay in the swiftness of the water forming treacherous whirlpools and rapids over the shallow, jagged bottom. To eliminate this danger, two great projects were undertaken: The Bonneville Dam and the Celilo Canal. Although the canal was finished before World War I, river traffic to The Dalles, Oregon, and beyond, had ceased around 1916. In 1932, navigation in this section was revived for the transportation of wheat, but the service between the Upper and Lower ports was intermittent. This renewal of navigation was more or less on a trial basis to determine if sufficient commerce could be developed to support water carrier operation.

Sufficient traffic was realized and, after the construction of the Bonneville Dam which was completed in 1938, river traffic expanded into the movement of great steel barges designed to carry liquid petroleum in the hull and package or bulk cargo on deck. With this increase of traffic from Astoria, Oregon, beyond The Dalles, Oregon, the necessity of navigational aids to insure the mariner's safety became most apparent. As a result, the Seattle District centered the majority of its activities in the promotion of safe navigation along the river. Here was the proving grounds for experimental light structures and buoys to determine those most suitable for the area. Due to the rapid current, ranges marking channels had to be so perfected as to enable the mariners to ascertain his course in split-second timing.

The sheer steep cliffs of this area presented problems in erecting shore structures and the swift waters made the mooring of buoys almost impossible. Even before the consolidation of the Lighthouse Service and the Coast Guard, the problems of marking the river had been of primary importance to the Lighthouse Service and basic markings had been established along the banks. The last allotment made to the Service in 1939 was for the establishment of additional lights in the Columbia, Umpqua and Yaquina Bay. River traffic

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Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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Work in this area was not begun until the later part of the Summer, but the operators, in the early Spring, began to urge that some assistance be given them as the waters were entirely without navigational aids and it was necessary to maintain a regular service including night travel in the transportation of lumber and direct war supplies. Due to the lack of lights, the operators were constantly damaging marine equipment and retarding the flow of this important traffic. Marine Inspectors had established Coast Guard Operating Regulations in this area and operators were finding it almost impossible to comply with these regulations under the circumstances. They pointed out that the installations of equipment such as were direly needed in the Roosevelt Lake were being made in other inland waters where cargo, generally, did not have the high war rating as in their area. They understood that complete coverage of the area could be made. In spite of the urgency of this request, the District Coast Guard Officer did not feel that temporary measures could be taken and, consequently, Roosevelt Dam aids were not established until August, 1945. The War Department issued a permit for a boom to be established below Peach to catch any drift from the Upper Columbia River before it reached the Dam. Brush so caught by the boom was to be dragged ashore and disposed of by burning. The boom was to be installed in two sections, one slightly upstream from the other, but overlapping its length so as to permit boats to pass around the ends of the boom on their way either up or down the river. Headquarters, at the request of the War Department recommended that the District prescribe such lights or signals as were necessary. The District Coast Guard recommended the reflector type lens which required no electric or automatic power for operation.

In December, 1944, a representative of the Aids to Navigation Office surveyed the area of Coeur d' Alene, Idaho, for navigational lights on the lake. As a result, it was determined that lights and reflectors were necessary as there was considerable traffic in lumber and war supplies. Before approval was received from Headquarters for these installations, a second survey was made, approximately six months later, to determine the exact locations. (It had been impossible and impracticable to spot exact locations in the December Survey.) The results of the second investigation were that 9 lights were proposed, subject to Headquarters' approval. Headquarters, however, did not favor the proposed program for aids to navigation in Coeur d' Alene as there did not seem to be sufficient traffic bearing on the war effort and also because the war was drawing to a close. (13 August, 1945). Headquarters indicated that if sufficient evidence was presented for the need for aids in that area at some future date, the program would be given consideration.

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Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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hut situated on a hill at an elevation of approximately 335 ft. The only access to the station was by a foot path up a steep hill through a wooded area. All supplies and equipment were packed up and down this path. There was no emergency power line and no sanitary facilities or drinking water at the hut. It was definitely determined that that location was unsatisfactory from the standpoint of adequacy of equipment, lack of space for additional equipment or spares, lack of space for enlarging the present building and lack of accessibility. With this in mind, a survey was made of the Cape Meares Light Station, Tillamook, Oregon, with the idea of relocating the RACON equipment on Coast Guard property where adequate space was available at an elevation at approximately 325 ft. However, coverage to the eastward was restricted to high altitudes by a ridge, 150 ft. higher than the station. The coverage was comparable with that obtained at the present location. The Army had located in this particular site for security reasons and, as the war ended the necessity for such security, the more accessible position gained favor. In addition to other difficulties, when the Army RACON personnel were withdrawn, there were no facilities for messing, other than in the town of Oceanside, Oregon, (one mile distant) which Army Medical authorities had condemned as unsatisfactory from the standpoint of cleanliness. All things indicated that Cape Meares Light Station was the ideal place to move the equipment.

A similar inspection was made at the Neah Bay Army RACON Station which consisted of two YJ units and two CPN-3 Units located on top of a 1430 feet hill in a square wooden building. The station was accessible by a road constructed by the Army. The grade was steep, the road rough, but it was normally open the year around except for occasional falling of trees across the road. An attempt had at one time been made to top the nearby trees, but the Indians in the area objected. It was thought that satisfactory coverage could be given aircraft and perhaps surface craft without topping the trees, but as a flight had never been made it was not possible to make an accurate deduction. At that time, Army personnel were subsisted and quartered at a camp near the village of Neah Bay, Washington. It was necessary for personnel to be housed in the Neah Bay Indian Village, 6 miles from the RACON Station.

For reasons of inaccessibility and because good coverage was not provided for surface craft, a survey was conducted to determine whether or not adequate coverage for both air and surface craft could be given from a location on Tatoosh Island, Washington, in the vicinity of the former Navy RACON which had earlier been discontinued there. On 1 September, however, the station at Neah Bay, Washington, and at Cape Meares (Oceanside, Oregon) were transferred from

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Last edit over 2 years ago by Wjhoward
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Indirectly, the Aids to Navigation Section figured in installation of the LORAN on Spring Island off the coast of British Vancouver. Equipment to be moved to the Island from Seattle included trucks, jeeps, weapon carriers, Quonset Huts, materials and equipment for clearing land as well as supplies for 34 men to be stationed there during temporary service. The only ship available in the District for the transporting of these supplies and men, was the tender BASSWOOD. The BASSWOOD made several voyages to transfer equipment until the tender was assigned to the South Pacific, (see tenders), and an Army Freight Ship was sent as relief. The completion of Spring Island as a LORAN Station added another link in the LORAN system covering the West Coast from Mexico through Alaska.

In addition to its previous peace time function, the Aids to Navigation Section, had expanded to include in its duties the 14 RACON Stations maintenance and operation as well as three LORAN Stations together with their monitor Station. The assistance rendered by LORAN, for distances at sea to 1400 miles, was a far cry from the guiding light of the early LIGHTSHIP NO. 50 whose oil lantern set out a gleam a scant 10 miles. And, in addition, not only the sea but the air became safe as LORAN Helped pilots fix their positions with pin-point accuracy. The Coast Guard had made the air, as well as the Sea, safer for navigation.

Last edit almost 2 years ago by JohnnaMiller

Correspondence of LH board 1901-1910

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Yaquina Head Light-Station Newport Oregon Aug 6th 1904.

Commander C. G. Calkins Inspector 13th Light-House District

Sir Enclosed find check for signature. I did not receive any Coal-Lime-Blanks and Stationary or receipts for delivery of Supplies from Tender Heather. I have to inform you that two men can't do the duties here properly and admit Visitors to Tower six days in week-We don't have rest enough We only have five hours sleep each out of twenty four-Until the arrival of the 2nd Asst. I should like to have authority from you to admit Visitors to Tower on Sunday-Tuesday and Thursday of each week leaving the other four days to do some of the duties and painting and get more rest and sleep and not be interupted by Visitors

Very respectfully Frank M Plummer Keeper

Last edit over 1 year ago by Ed

1891 Lighthouse Keepers Logs

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Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather

January 1891

24 For the day the barometer is going up Keeper returned to the station at 4. P.M.

25 Light to moderate breeze South with fog and rain showers first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours thick damp fog - Sea smooth - General duties for day - keepers horse fell over the bluff north of the light today and drowned.

26 Moderate to fresh breeze south to N. West these 24 hours with rain and hail. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper and Mr I.L. Smith went to Newport.

27 Fresh to moderate breeze N.W. showery first part of 24 hours. last part light N.W. wind & calm with rain. Sea Quite smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went to Newport

28 Light to moderate wind N.W. these 24 hours cloudy but dry & fair weather and little cool. Sea quite smooth- General duties for the day Keeper working in shop. 1st Asst & Mr. Smith went up north beach.

29 Light N.W. to S.East wind to N.W. these 24 hours with fog showers during the 24 hours Sea smooth. General duties for day. Keeper went fishing today.

30 Light to moderate N.W. wind these 24 hours with rain and fog showers during the 24 hours. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went to newport today.

31 Light N.W. to S. East and South these 24 hours with rain most of 24 hours Sea quite smooth. The barometer is going down. General duties for the day.

February 1 Light to moderate breeze South to North-West these 24 hours little showery first part of 24 hours- Last part of 24 hours clearing weather and little cool. Sea quite smooth. General duties for day. Keeper took mail to Newport.

2 Light to moderate breeze East to N. West these 24 hours with clear fine and cool weather- Sea quite smooth. Keeper scrubbing out oil and office floors. Also changing the burner in Lenses.

3 Light to moderate & fresh breeze East to S. East first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds & calm fair weather during 24 hours. Sea smooth 1st asst went to Newport. 1st asst & Mr. Smith working in garden. Mr. Smith and Keeper went fishing.

4 Light wind to moderate breeze S. East to South these 24 hours. Dry first part of 24 hours Last part of 24 hours showery. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper Frank M. Plummer went to Newport to get some supplies. Left the station at 10 A.M.

5 Light to moderate and fresh breeze S. East to South with rain shower during the 24 hour. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. Steamer Willamett Valley sailed today. 1st asst & Mr. Smith killed a pig today. Frank M. Plummer returned to the station at 1 P.M. Mr. I L Smith went to Newport on important business. Left the station at 3 P.M.

6 Fresh and strong breeze S. to South West & West these 24 hours with rain & hail squalls during 24 hours. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day. Mr. Smith returned to the Station at 3 P.M.

7 Fresh breeze N.W. to light East wind these 24 hours with frequent rain hail & snow squalls. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport after the mail.

8 Light east wind these 24 hours with clean fair but cool weather. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper went fishing today.

Last edit about 1 year ago by gkazebier
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Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

April 1891

10 part of 24 hours clearing weather - Sea rough. General duties for the day - 1st asst went to Newport after mail.

11 Light N.W. to S.E. wind & calm dry first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light variable winds fair weather - Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day - Keeper and Mr. Smith went trout fishing up North beach.

12 Light variable winds and calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours damp - Last part of 24 hours light rain showers - Sea quite smooth - General duties for the day - The barometer is going down slowly - Light House Tender Manzanita arrived sometime during the morning and crossed the bar at 2:30 P.M.

13 Light E. to S. E. wind and little damp first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light variable winds cloudy but dry weather - Sea little rough - General duties for day - Keeper & Mr. Smith went fishing - 1st asst went to Newport.

14 Light N.W. wind and calm these 24 hours fair weather during 24 hours - Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day - Mr. Isaac L. Smith and 1st asst went fishing today - Keeper Mr. Frank M. Plummer went to Newport after supplies - Left the station at 8:30 A.M.

15 Light East wind to moderate breeze South these 24 hours with fair weather - Sea smooth. General duties for the day - Keeper returned to the station at 1.P.M.

16 Moderate breeze south to light variable wind & calm first part of 24 hours with rain - Last part of 24 hours Moderate breeze N.W. cloudy but dry - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keepers went fishing today - L.H. Tender Manzanita crossed Yaquina bar bound for Astoria this morning.

17 Fresh breeze N. West with frequent fog showers during these 24 hours - Sea little rough - 1st asst went to Newport and working in garden - Keeper making out requisition for the annual supplies for station the next year.

18 Fresh to moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours first part of 24 hours damp fog - Last part of 24 hours heigh dry fog - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keepers cleaning out chicken house and making out requisition for supplies.

19 Light to moderate breeze N.W. to S.E. and South these 24 hours first part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Last part of 24 hours rain - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper & Mr. Smith went trout fishing - Had three visitors today.

20 Light S.E. to variable winds these 24 hours first part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea quite smooth - General duties for day - Keeper went to Newport.

21 Light variable winds cloudy but dry first part of 24 hours Last part of 24 hours moderate and fresh breeze to a gale S.E. to South cloudy and little damp. Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Steamer Chance sailed today - Mr. Smith went to Newport on important business left station at 8 A.M.

22 Gale to strong & fresh breeze south with hard rain during 24 hours. Sea little rough. General duties for the day. The barometer going up a little. Mr. Smith returned to the station at 4 P.M.

23 Moderate breeze S. to S. East and S. West these 24 hours with some showery weather. General duties for the day. Sea very rough. Steamer Willamette Valley arrived but to rough to cross bar.

24 Light wind to moderate & fresh breeze S. to S. East and S. West with rain and hail squalls during 24 hours. Sea rough. General duties for the day. The bar to rough for steamer to cross Today. Mr. I. L. Smith went to Newport to get some supplies. Left the station at 8 A.M.

Last edit about 1 year ago by Jayk
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Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

April 1891

25 Light S.E. and East wind to South. Fresh breeze and gale these 24 hours with rain during 24 hours - Sea quite smooth - General duties for the day - Steamer Willamette Valley crossed bar today - Keeper went up north beach - 1st asst went to Newport - Mr. Smith arrived at the cape at 11:30 AM

26 Strong breeze S. to light S.East wind and damp first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours moderate & fresh breeze to a gale south with rain - Sea quite rough - General duties for the day - Keeper went to Newport after some supplies - Left the station at 8 A.M.

27 Strong breeze to light South wind with hard rain during the 24 hours - Sea very rough. General duties for the day - Keeper returned to the station at 5:00 P.M.

28 Light to moderate breeze S.E. to S. and S. West these 24 hours first part of 24 hours little damp. Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea moderately smooth - General duties for day - 1st asst went to Newport

29 Light S. East wind first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate breeze N.W. little cloudy first part of 24 hours - fair weather last part Sea smooth - Keeper went fishing and working in the garden - 1st asst & Mr. Smith also working in garden. - Str Willamette Valley sailed today.

30 Moderate and light N.W. wind these 24 hours clear fine weather - Sea very smooth. General duties for the day - Keeper and Mr. Smith went trout fishing today.

May

1 Moderate and light N.W. winds first part of 24 hours with clear fair weather. Last part of 24 hours moderate and fresh breeze N.W. little foggy - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper went to Newport.

2 Fresh and moderate breeze to light N.W. wind and thick damp fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light N.W. to South wind fair weather and heigh dry fog - General duties for day - Sea smooth - 1st asst went to Newport.

3 Fresh and moderate breeze South damp first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours fresh breeze South. Damp. Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper and Mr. Isaac L. Smith went 10 miles up the coast.

4 Fresh breeze to moderate wind during these 24 hours with hard rain most of the time - Sea smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper and Mr. I.L. Smith returned to the station at 11:30 A.M.

5 Light S.E. wind and rain first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light variable winds damp - Sea smooth - General duties for the day. Had three visitors today - 1st asst went to Newport. Steamer arrived today.

6 Light to moderate breeze S.W. to South rain first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light South to N.W. wind showery - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper and Mr. Smith sawing wood on the beach.

7 Moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours little damp but mostly fair weather - Steamer Willamette Valley sailed today - Sea smooth - Two visitors today - Keeper & Mr. Smith sawing wood on beach - Keepers painting on picket fence today.

8 Moderate breeze to light wind and fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours clear fair weather - Sea smooth. Keeper went to Newport on business - 1st asst and Mr. I.L. Smith painting the picket fence.

9 Fresh breeze to light and fresh breeze - There 24 hours clear fine weather during 24 hours - Sea smooth. Keepers painting on picket fence and completed it today - The barometer is going down a little.

Last edit over 1 year ago by gkazebier
10

10

Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

May1891

10 Light to moderate and fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours. Thick fog most of 24 hours - Sea very smooth - Keeper and Mr. I.L. Smith went clamming. General duties for the day - 1st asst went to Newport.

11 Moderate and light N.W. wind with frequent light fog showers during 24 hours. Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper & the 1st asst went fishing - Keeper & Mr. Smith cutting wood on the beach.

12 Light N.W. wind & calm with fog showers first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate breeze N.W. fair weather - Sea very smooth. Keeper went fishing. Mr. Smith painting in his quarters. 1st asst keeper working in the garden He also went to Newport.

13 Moderate and light to fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours first part of 24 hours little damp - Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea smooth - Steamer J. Chance crossed bar today - Keepers painting the barn and store house.

14 Moderate and light to fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours clear fine last part of 24 hours - First part cloudy - Sea smooth - Keepers painting in Keepers dwelling today. Half and hour late in lightning and something got into the supply tube had to take it apart and put it together again.

15 Light N.W. winds to variable wind and calm these 24 hours cloudy but dry and warm weather - Sea very smooth - Steamer Willamette Valley arrived this morning - Keepers painting on the dwelling today.

16 Light variable winds and calm with heigh dry fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate breeze N.W. clear fine weather - Sea smooth - Keepers painting on the Dwelling and 1st asst Quarters - Also cleaning out the lamp in ???

17 Moderate to fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours with clear fine and warm weather. Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Had 8 visitors - Keeper went to Newport today.

18 Moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours with clear fine weather during 24 hours - Sea very smooth. Steamer Willamette Valley and Mischeif sailed yesterday - Keepers whitewashing fences today.

19 Moderate breeze to light N.W. wind with fog showers during first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate and fresh breeze N.W. clear fine weather - Sea smooth - Keepers whitewashing fences and oil-house also painting the south end of oil house - 1st asst went to Newport.

20 Moderate to fresh and strong breeze N.W. these 24 hours with fair weather during 24 hours - Sea smooth. Keepers cleaning in the lantern getting ready to paint and mixing paint - 1st asst also working in garden. Keepers also polishing the reflectors and illuminating apparatus and oil carriers and cocks to oil butts.

21 Fresh breeze to light N.W. wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light to moderate and strong breeze N.W. clear fine weather - Sea smooth - Keepers painting the lantern inside with white paint today.

22 Fresh and moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours with heigh dry fog during 24 hours - Sea smooth. Keeper went fishing - Mr. Smith getting wood off beach - 1st asst went to Newport - Keepers painting pane of Lennes and cleaning it also painting the pedestal green.

23 Moderate and light N.W. wind these 24 hours first part of 24 hours damp fog - Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea smooth - Mr. I.L. Smith went to Newport after some supplies 1st asst painting the water tank - Keeper went to Newport after some supplies - Left the station at 8:30 A.M.

Last edit over 1 year ago by gkazebier
11

11

Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

May 1891

24 Light N.West wind these 24 hours with damp fog - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper returned to the station at 11 A.M.

25 Light variable winds and calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours thick damp fog - Last part of 24 hours heigh dry fog - Sea very smooth. Keepers painting dome railings & parapet - Also whitewashing inside of tower.

26 Light S. to S.E. wind & calm first part of 24 hours with light rain showers - Last part of 24 hours light variable winds fair weather - Sea very smooth - Keeper and Mr. I.L. Smith went after razor clams. Keepers painting lantern floor stairs and watchroom floor black also getting stage ready to paint Bracketts - 1st asst went to Newport. Steamer Willamette Valley sailed today.

27 Light variable winds cloudy but dry these 24 hours - Sea very smooth - The barometer is going down a little - Keepers painting the bracketts and getting stage ready and mixing paint to paint tower.

28 Light S. to S.W. and West first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds with some fog showers mostly first part of 24 hours - Sea smooth - Keepers painting the main part of tower white and putting away staging.

29 Moderate and light S. to S.E. and S.W. winds these 24 hours with frequent rain showers most of the 24 hours - Sea smooth - Keeper went to Newport - 1st asst & Mr. Smith painting tower winds and base of tower.

30 Light South wind and calm damp during first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate and fresh breeze N.W. fair weather - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keeper and Mr. Isaac L. Smith went fishing - 1st asst went to Newport to attend decoration day.

31 Moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours cloudy but dry during 24 hours - Sea very smooth. General duties for the day - Keepers went fishing today.

June

1 Light N.W. wind & calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea smooth - Keeper went to Newport after supplies. Left station at 8 A.M. - 1st asst & Mr. Smith working on the road today.

2 Light to moderate and fresh breeze N.W. clear fine weather during 24 hours - Sea very smooth. Keeper returned to the station at 8 A.M. Steamer Willamette Valley arrived off the bar at 1 P.M. Keepers painting iron railings and floor black - 1st asst and Mr. I.L. Smith working on the road today.

3 Moderate breeze to light N.W. and North wind these 24 hours clear fine and warm weather - Sea smooth - Had seven visitors today - 1st asst cleaning and painting in his quarters. Keepers also painting window sash in tower and oil room also chimneys of oil house and steps of dwelling and cellar doors.

4 Light N.W. to S.E. wind to fresh breeze South these 24 hours - First part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Last part of 24 hours hard rain - Sea smooth - 1st asst cutting the grass inside of the yard - Keeper & Mr. Smith went to Newport - Steamer Willamette Valley sailed today.

5 Light South wind these 24 hours with little damp and cloudy - Sea smooth - 1st asst painting in his quarters and working in garden & cutting grass - Mr. Smith also working in the garden today.

6 Light S. to S.W. and West wind these 24 hours first part of 24 hours rain showers - Last part of 24 hours cloudy and little damp - Sea very little rough - 1st asst went to Newport. 1st asst also painting in his quarters and cleaning weeds from the brick walk around dwelling - Keeper writing out the reports.

Last edit over 1 year ago by gkazebier
15

15

Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

July 1891

24 Moderate breeze to light South wind with thick damp fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light variable winds and calm high dry fog - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Had four visitors - Mr. I.L. Smith went 12 miles up the north beach hunting and trout fishing - Left the station at 1 P.M.

25 Light variable winds and calm first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind with high dry fog during 24 hours - Sea very smooth - 1st asst went to Newport - Had twenty three visitors - General duties for the day - Mr. I.L. Smith returned to the station at 7:45 P.M.

26 Light N. West wind with high dry fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate fresh and strong breeze N.W. fair weather - Sea smooth. General duties for day - Had 20 visitors - Keeper & Mr. Smith went to Newport.

27 Fresh to strong breeze N.W. these 24 hours with clear fine weather - Sea very smooth. Keeper packing the coal oil cans in oil house to make room for the annual supply of oil - Had seventeen visitors today.

28 Strong to fresh and moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours first part of 24 hours thick damp fog - Last part of 24 hours high dry fog. - Sea very smooth - Keepers putting 200 gals of mineral oil in oil room. Had twelve visitors - 1st asst went to Newport after mail. Steamer Manzanita passed cape at 2 P.M. and crossed bar to Newport. W.W Rhoades Inspector

29 Light N.W. wind these 24 hours first part of 24 hours high dry fog- Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day- . U.S. Light House Steamer Manzanita landed annual supplies at Newport - Lieut Commander W.W. Rhoades arrived at the station at 10:30 A.M. inspected station and left for Newport at 11:45 A.M. Keeper and Mr. I.L. Smith went to Newport - Had 31 visitors - Mr. Meyers hauling annual supplies from Newport to station.

30 Light to moderate breeze N.W. first part of 24 hours thick damp fog - Last part of 24 fair weather- Sea very smooth - Keepers putting oil in oil house and taking invoice of annual supplies. Keeper and Mr. Smith went to Newport - Mr. Wiley hauling supplies to the station today.

31 Light N.West wind and calm these 24 hours with clear fine and warm weather - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Keepers putting oil in oil house - Mr. Willey hauling annual supplies from Newport to cape - Had 25 visitors today.

August

1 Light wind to moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours with clear fine weather during 24 hours - Sea very smooth - General duties for day - Had 14 visitors. Keeper & Mr. Smith went to Newport - Mr. Wiley hauling supplies Today.

2 Moderate & light N.W. wind these 24 hours with thick damp fog during 24 hours - Sea smooth. General duties for the day. Mr. Smith showing visitors in tower - Had twelve visitors today.

3 Light variable winds first part of 24 hours with thick damp fog - Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind clear fine & warm weather - Mr. Wiley hauled the last load of oil today - Had 17 visitors. Keeper & Mr. Smith went fishing in boat today - Steamer Willamette Valley arrived from San Francisco.

4 Light South East wind showery weather during these 24 hours - Sea smooth - 1st asst went to Newport after mail - General duties for the day - 1st asst and Mr. Smith putting hay into the barn - Had seventeen. Keeper went to Newport on important business - Left the station at 8 A.M.

5 Light to moderate wind these 24 hours with rain showers first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours

Last edit 12 months ago by gkazebier
16

16

Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

August 1891

5 (continurd) fair weather. Sea smooth - General duties for day - Keeper returned to the station at 11 A.M. - 1st asst and Mr. Smith putting hay in barn - Keeper killing beef - Had eight visitors today.

6 Light to moderate South wind these 24 hours. First part of 24 hours light rain showers - Last part of 24 hours fair weather - Sea smooth - General duties for the day - Mr. I.L. Smith went berrying - Had 15 visitors today.

7 Light wind to moderate breeze South these 24 hours with rain first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours fair & warm - Sea smooth - General duties for the day. Had 10 visitors - Keeper & Mr. I.L. Smith went to Newport.

8 Light N.W. wind with damp fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate and fresh breeze N.W. clear fine and warm weather - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Keepers putting hay in the barn - 1st asst went to Newport - Had sixty five visitors today.

9 Fresh breeze to moderate and light wind N.W. with thick damp fog first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours some fog but mostly fine warm weather - Sea smooth - General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport on important business - Had nine visitors today.

10 Light South wind & calm with thick damp fog most of the 24 hours - Sea very smooth. General duties for the day - Keeper & Mr. Smith blacking harness - Had thirty six visitors today.

11 Light variable winds and calm with high dry fog first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours clear fine and warm - Sea smooth - 1st asst went to Newport - Keeper having 13 1/2 cords of wood hauled to the cape for use of Keepers - General duties for day - Had twenty visitors today.

12 Light variable winds and calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours little cloudy - Last part of 24 hours clear fine and very warm - Sea smooth - General duties today - Had 32 visitors - Indian Frank hauling wood to the keepers.

13 Light variable winds and calm fair and warm during these 24 hours - Sea very smooth - 1st asst showing visitors in tower - General duties for the day - Had thirty eight visitors. Keeper and Mr. I.L. Smith went to Newport after supplies - Steamer Willamette Valley arrived today.

14 Light south wind and calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Last part of 24 hours. Clear fine & warm & sea smooth - General duties for the day - Indian hauling wood - Had twenty seven visitors today.

15 Light variable winds and calm first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind clear fine and warm during 24 hours - General duties for the day - Sea smooth - Had 6 visitors - Keeper & Mr. I.L. Smith went to Newport.

16 Light N.W. wind and calm and fair weather during these 24 hours - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Mr. Smith went to Newport today - Had twenty seven visitors today. Steamer sailed today.

17 Light variable winds first part of 24 hours with clear fine and warm - Last part of 24 hours light to moderate wind South little damp - Sea very smooth - General duties for the day - Indian hauling wood to cape for the keepers - Had twenty six visitors - 1st asst went to Newport after mail.

18 Moderate breeze South with rain first 20 hours - Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind cloudy but dry - Sea smooth. General duties for the day - Keeper & Mr. Smith went to Newport. Had eight visitors - Indian hauling wood to the cape for the keepers.

19 Moderate to fresh breeze N.W. these 24 hours ?faith? clear fine weather during 24 hours - Indian has hauled

Last edit 11 months ago by gkazebier
21

21

Journal of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

October 1891

22 Light to moderate fresh & strong breeze S. E. to S. & S. West these 24 hours with rain. Sea moderately smooth. The barometer is going up. 2nd asst killed a goose today. General duties for the day.

23 Moderate to fresh and strong breeze South E. to South with rain these 24 hours. Sea moderately rough. General duties for the day. 1st asst killed a Goose today. Keeper and 2nd assistant went to Newport after some supplies.

24 Fresh to moderate breeze and light wind S. E. & South with rain these 24 hours the barometer is going up. Sea little rough. Steamer Willamett Valley arrived today. 1st asst went Geese hunting. General duties for day.

25 Light S. East wind and calm these 24 hours first part of 24 hours little damp - Last part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Sea moderately smooth - General duties for day - Had four visitors today.

26 Light wind to moderate breeze S.E. and South with rain showers first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours rain - Sea moderately smooth - General duties for day - 1st asst went to Newport.

27 Moderate breeze S. to East & S. these 24 hours - first part of 24 hours rain. Last part of 24 hours dry & fair weather - Sea moderately smooth. General duties for day.

28 Light to moderate breeze S.E. to South these 24 hours with rain most of the 24 hours - Sea moderately smooth - General duties for the day. - Keeper & 2nd asst went to Newport today.

29 Moderate to fresh breeze S.W. to West these 24 hours with frequent rain & hail squalls with thunder & lightning - Sea quite rough - Keepers cleaning out the ??? and illuminating apparatus - the barometer is going up.

30 Moderate & light S.W. to East wind with damp weather first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours clear fine weather - Sea smooth - Steamer Willamette Valley sailed. 2nd asst working in garden - 1st asst went fishing and to Newport.

31 Moderate to light East to S. East wind these 24 hours with frequent rain showers during the 24 hours. Sea moderately smooth - 1st asst went fishing - Keeper & 2nd asst went hunting and after mushrooms - 2nd asst also working in garden.

November

1 Light wind to moderate & fresh breeze East to S.E. and South - these 24 hours - with cloudy but dry weather - Sea little rough - General duties for the day - Keeper & 2nd asst went to Newport - Had five visitors.

2 Fresh to strong breeze South to a light gale first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours fresh to moderate breeze and light wind South with rain most of 24 hours - Sea rough - General duties for the day - A duck struck the lantern & killed itself.

3 Light wind to fresh breeze & gale East to S. East and South with rain first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours cloudy but dry - Sea rough - General duties for the day - Keeper went over to Mr. Megginsons to have a cow killed.

4 Strong to fresh & moderate breeze South these 24 hours with hard rain during the 24 hours - Sea very rough. Keeper and 2nd asst went to Newport to take a beef. General duties for day - Mr. Jhon Graves the forman on the Government duty was knocked off by the heavy seas and drowned at about 10.30 A.M. this morning.

5 Moderate breeze South with frequent rain showers during these 24 hours - Sea quite rough - General duties for day. Keeper and 2nd asst went geese hunting today - 1st asst went to Newport on business - Steamer arrived today.

6 Moderate to fresh breeze South to S.W. with rain first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours moderate breeze. A light S.W. to West clearing weather - Sea quite smooth - 1st & 2nd asst geese hunting also 2nd asst working in garden.

7 Light W. N. West wind with rain and hail squalls - Last part of 24 hours little showery but mostly fair weather - Sea very rough - General duties for day - Keeper went to Newport.

Last edit 10 months ago by caroleholmson
23

23

JOURNAL of Light-house Station at Cape Foulweather Oregon

1891

November

26 Light S. East to South wind these 24 hours with damp weather during 24 hours. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day - Keeper F.M. Plummer & 2nd asst I.L. Smith. Steamer arrived today went to Newport.

27 Light S. East to South wind with light rain first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind clear fine weather. Sea quite smooth. Keeper went to Newport. 1st asst went fishing. 2nd asst cleaning out hen house.

28 Light S.E to South wind with these 24 hours little damp. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper Mr. Frank M. Plummer went to Newport after supplies. Left the station at 11A.M.

29 Light to moderate strong breeze South first part of 24 hours with rain last part of 24 hours. Fresh breeze South cloudy an threatening weather. Sea rough. General duties for day. Keeper returned to station at 3:30 P.M.

30 Gale to fresh breeze South to S. West with rain, thunder and lightening during first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours rain showers. Sea very ???. Barometer going up. General duties for the day.

December

1 Strong breeze S.E. to S. West & West with rain squalls first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours Fresh breeze W. N.W. rain & hail squalls. Sea very rough. General duties for day. Keeper went to Newport to take the monthly reports. Left the station at 9A.M.

2 Fresh breeze to moderate & light wind W. N. West with rain & hail squalls during 24 hours. Sea very rough. General duties for day. Keeper returned at 10A.M.

3 Moderate & fresh breeze to a gale East with cold rain during 24 hours. Sea moderately smooth. General duties for day. Steamer Willamette sailed today. Barometer down to 29.20 at 2P.M.

4 Moderate & fresh and strong breeze N.W. rain hail & snow squalls first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours moderate to fresh breeze W. N.W. rain & hail. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport.

5 Moderate breeze N.W. to light S.East wind rain & hail showers first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind light rain showers. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day. 1st asst Mr. Edward Rice went to Newport.

6 Light East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light to moderate wind fair weather. Sea smooth. General duties for day.

7 Heavy Gale S.E. to South with rain these 24 hours. Sea very rough. Barometer down to 29.76. General duties for the day. Pebbles blew against window in Keepers dwelling and broack two panes of glass. Also blew down considerable fenceing during the storm.

8 Strong to fresh and moderate breeze S. to S. West with rain these 24 hours. Sea rough. Barometer down to 29.78 at 2P.M. Keeper repairing the garden and other fences that blew down during the storm of yeasterday.

9 Moderate breeze S.W. to S.East first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable wind rain & hail squalls during the 24 hours. Sea very rough. 1st asst putting dressing on the garden. 1st asst went to Newport. Keeper putting 200 galls of oil in Oil-room.

10 Light S. East wind with light rain showers first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours clear fine & cool weather. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport on business. Left the station at 9:30 A.M. The O.P. Railroad tug crossed the Bar at 4:30 P.M. to look for a disabled steamer at was reported to be somewhere off Yaquina about 15 miles.

11 Light S. East wind these 24 hours with clear fine and cool weather. Sea quite rough. General duties for the day. Keeper returned to the station at 1:30 P.M. Steamer Willamett Valley arrived sometime during the night with the Steamer Maggie Ross in tow disabled and was towed into Yaquina bay have not learned the particulars yet.

12 Light S. East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours Light to moderate and fresh and strong breeze South little damp. Sea little rough. General duties for the day. Keeper & 2nd asst went to Newport. Keeper went over to collect date for makeing Wreck report about the diabled condition of steamer Maggie Ross. One man was found ded abord of her. Will probably get a correct report in a day or two and send to Inspector of district.

Last edit 10 months ago by caroleholmson

1892 Lighthouse Keeper Logs

1

1

January 1892, 1: Fresh and moderate breeze South to S. East for first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light S.E. wind with rain during 24 hours. Sea moderately smooth - General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport to take mail.

2: Gale to fresh breeze and light South wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds with rain during 24 hours. Sea rough. General duties for that day. Keeper & 2nd Asst went to Newport.

3: Light N. West to East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light East to N. E. and North wind with rain during 24 hours. Sea moderately smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper taking cover off of oil cases.

4: Light variable winds these 24 hours with light rain showers. Last part of 24 hours fair weather. Sea quite smooth. Steamer Willamett Valley sailed today. Keeper fitting panes of glass in Keepers dwelling that the storm broke out. 1st asst went to Newport.

5: Light East wind these 24 hours dry and cool during 24 hours & clear - Sea smooth. Keeper went to Newport to take the burned out Lamp pipe [?] and key [?] to sent to Portland by express. 1st and 2nd Assts putting 200 Gall of Oil in Oil room. 6: Strong to moderate breeze East dry fair & cool weather during first part of 24 hours - Last part of 24 hours rain showers. Sea smooth. 1st Asst went fishing. General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport after supplies. Left station at 9.A.M. 7: Light East wind these 24 hours with cloudy but dry during 24 hours. Sea smooth. 1st asst went fishing. General duties for the day. Keeper G.M. ??? returned to the station at 1.30. P.M. 8: Light variable winds with light rain showers during the 24 hours. Sea smooth. Steamer Chance??? crossed the bay into Newport. Keepers went fishing. Keeper taking old lock off of tower door and fitting a new one on. 9: Light S. East wind with thick damp fog first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds fair weather. Sea very smooth. Keeper & 2nd Asst putting new knob and lock on tower door. !st asst Mrs??? Edward Nice??? went to Newport and fishing. Also Keeper & 2nd Asst went fishing. 10: Light N. East to N. and N.W. wind these 24 hours with fair weather during 24 hours. Sea very smooth. General duties for the day. Keepers went fishing today. 11: Light S. East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds & calm cloudy but dry during 24 hours. Sea very smooth. Keeper & 2nd asst working in garden. Keeper also digging clams on beach. 1st asst fishing and went to Newport. Received new lamper??? pipe and key from Eugene??? today. 12: Light S. East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds and calm with fair weather during 24 hours. Sea very smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went fishing today. 13: Moderate to fresh freeze East dry and cool first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light S. East wind light rain showers. Sea smooth. General duties for day. Steamer Willamett Valley sailed today. 2nd Asst went to Newport. 14: Moderate breeze S. E. to light variable winds these 24 hours first part of 24 hours light rain showers. Last part of 24 hours cloudy but dry. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went to Newport. A steamer came down from north and crossed in to Yakima at 9.A.M.

Last edit almost 2 years ago by Friends of Yaquina Lighthouses
3

3

Journal of Light-House Station at Cape Foulweather

1892 January 31: Light East wind these 24 hours with fair weather dry & cool during 24 hours. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Had one visitor today. Steamer Willamett Valley sailed today for San Francisco.

February 1: Light East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light North wind, clear, fine and cool weather during 24 hours. Sea quite smooth. General duties for day. 1st asst went to Newport. Keeper putting 200 gals of Mineral Oil in Oil room.

2: Light N.W. to East wind first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light East to N.W. wind. Clear, fine and cool weather during 24 hours. Sea smooth. Keeper went fishing today. 1st asst fixing garden fence. 2nd asst putting a frame of glass in cellar window.

3: Light N.W. to fresh breeze East to S.E. first part of 24 hours. Cloudy but dry. Last part of 24 hours light S.E. wind; rain showers. Sea very rough. General duties for the day. The barometer is down to 29.80 Had a light shock of Earthquake at about 8.20 P.M. from N.E. to S.W.

4: Light S.E. to East and N.W. these 24 hours with clear, fine, and cool weather during the 24 hours. Sea very rough. General duties for the day. 1st asst Edward Rice went to Newport today.

5. Light S.E. to South wind these 24 hours, little cloudy but dry during 24 hours. Sea moderately smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went over to beach to clear out the rhoad (sp). Keeper went to Newport after supplies. Left the station at 9.30 A.M.

6: Light S. East to East and N.W. winds these 24 hours with clear, fine, and cool weather during the 24 hours. Sea little rough. General duties for the day. Keeper F.M. Plummer returned to the station at 2 P.M.

7: Light S. East to South wind these 24 hours with frequent light rain showers. Last part of 24 hours cloudy but dry. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper and 1st asst went fishing today.

8: Light South to East wind, damp first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind, light rain showers. Sea moderately smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper went to Newport today. Steamer Maggie Ross??? sailed for San Francisco today at 8 A.M.

9: Moderate breeze N.W. to S.W. and South these 24 hours with rain most of the 24 hours. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day. 1st Asst Edward Rice??? went to Newport for the day.

10: Light South wind with rain first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light variable winds with thick damp fog. General duties for the day. Keepers went fishing today.

11: Light variable winds & calm with thick damp fog first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours clear fine and warm wind light N.W. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. 2nd Asst went to Newport today.

12: Light N.W. to S.E. wind these 24 hours with thick fog, showers most of 24 hours. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. Keeper F.M. Plummer returned to the station at 8.30 A.M.

13: Light winds to moderate breeze N.W. these 24 hours. First part of 24 hours little damp. Last part of 24 hours fair weather. Sea little rough. General duties for the day. 1st asst went to Newport today.

14: Light N.W. to S.E. wind & calm first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light wind to moderate breeze. N.W. clear fine and cool weather during 24 hours. Sea quite smooth. General duties for the day.

15: Light N.W. to variable winds and calm for first part of 24 hours. Last part of 24 hours light N.W. wind, clear fine and cool weather during 24 hours. Sea smooth. General duties for the day. 1st asst went fishing today. A boat with six men & mate landed here at 11 A.M. from the Sealing schooner Oscar and Hattie hunting for a missing boat. [continued on following page]

Last edit almost 2 years ago by Friends of Yaquina Lighthouses
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