Howitt and Fison Papers

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XM161_ICDMS_lowres Notes on Attic Tribes in the case of Neaira

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8The Eupatrids +c are what may be calledfor the sake of convenience "caste" divisionsthough the term is dangerous + had betterbe avoided in publication.

The Trittys naucraria + deme all belongto the "local organization" though I haveno evidence that the first two werearranged according to locality - probablythey were but I find no proof.

The festival of Apaturia must be lookedup. It was a religious festival of the Kinnot of the citizens.

[Greek script] - its coincidence with [Greek script] inthat species sense seems to confirm my view previously expressed. As far as I can seeat present the [Greek script] were men who hada vote in the [Greek script]. Children + youthswere [Greek script] only in prospectus. They belongedto the [Greek script] but were not [Greek script].

Last edit 5 months ago by ALourie

hw0404 Notes on Kurnai 150 pages

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4 21This is one of the Gweraale Kŭrnai - oneof the Bruthen mrarts. Old Morganand Bruthen Munjie and Keŭng[would - crossed out] it might be now. Then the mrartsclimb through - the Biraark last.As he goes through they put a rug over hishead all but the eyes. He can seeall the people there - a lot of womenall beating their rugs and the men dancing. But the Biraark mustnot laugh. They try to make him buthe must not. Once Brewin ([Harry - crosssed out] Billy [?Browns?] father) was up there and twomrarts caught him by the sides to make him dance and it made him laugh and he had to stop there a wholeday before he could get back again.

A Biraark cannot eat anypart of a Kangaroo that has blood on it. Norcarry home a Kangaroo that he has killed.Others must do it for him and they give himsome of it that is free from blood. Neither canhe kill any man. If he did either of thesethings the Mrarts would not take him upany more.

If I could dream about Kangaroos ([Māran -crossed out] Māngan Jirowa) themrarts would take me up. I could then hear them drumming. I [?shined?] like it.

BaukanBaukan is the mother of Būllūmdūt. This Būllūmdutis a tall man - he has a wife [Bullum = [??] aūt = [??] - crossed out]

How the Kurnai nearly losttheir fireOnce the old Kurnai were camped at Wolmŭnjerŭnear the Straits. They were catching little fish withthe small net (Low-ŭn). While they were awayfrom their camp two Baukan came andscratched out the fires and poured water on them,and took the last bit of fire away in a piece of Bān (He oak). When the old Kurnai came backall their fire was gone. The crows were all roundtrying to make the fires burn. The two Baukan hadgone toward Prospect (Buckleys) with the fire in theHe oak wood. The crows (ngarūgŭl) went and told

[written in the left side margin]The greatest maartcounts them as they come up thenhe sees the last one.[The Gweraelmrart - crossed out] he saysHallo!Birraark!

[written in left side margin next to second paragraph] Mundnuan

Last edit 27 days ago by ALourie
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25KurnaiBilly Wood a Kŭtbŭntaura= Braiaka

The human spiritEach person has a Yambo inside him whichcan go out when he sleeps and walk aboutand go up to the sky and see his fatherand mother.But animals have no Yambo.

Kangaroos in dreamsYet in dreams Kangaroos, & Emus can givewarning. For instance if a man in a dreamsaw a number of kangaroos sitting round himhe would know that some Kŭrnai or someBrajerak were coming after him to kill him.

The Mina bird warningThe "Miner" [a Minah = Millphega ganula - written above Miner] (a bird) gives warning to the Kangaroosof danger and it also warns the Kŭrnaito look out for themselves. It is callednŭna-wŭn

The story of BaukanOnce Baŭkan and her son Būlūmdūt livedon the earth near [Prospect - crossed out] Port Albert.While Būlūmdūt was out hunting KangaroosBaŭkan went out to where a lot of black womenwere catching little fish with their nets "Law-ŭn"As they caught them they put them in their bags andgave Baukan none. Then Baŭkan continued to ask for some fish the women gave her somemud. Then Baukan went home and lookingin Būlūmdūt's bag found some Kangaroo eyeswhich she took. When Būlūmdūt returnednot having been able to kill any game he found hisKangaroo eyes gone. He said "who has been to my bag"Baukan said "I did - those women would notgive me any fish" Then Būlūmdūt said "allright we will not stay down here any more.

Last edit 25 days ago by ALourie

XM207 James to Howitt 3/10/1881

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Replies to questions in first list(attached) Re: Blanchewater (S.A.)blacks:-1. Deyerie2. Yes, but I am not acquainted with theproper sub divisions, names were from locality.3. I do not know for certain, but I think from about the foot of the ranges on the N. and N.W. end of the mountains beginning at Prospect Hill, thence via MtsFreeling, Gardiner & distance westerly to Lake Harry and the Clayton, down that to Lake Eyre and by its E. shore N. to the Warburton and thence easterly till about north of Innaminca and thence southerly to Mulligan and back, via Hamilton Creek to Prospect Hill (skirting the rangesProspect Hill is at Jacob's Station, Petamora 4. Yes, each class has a name, but I never learnt any. I know that the

Last edit 5 months ago by ALourie

tip70-10-33-24 Howitt to Fison 18 March 1879

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[Written at top of page]19/3/1879Your letter27th Feby to handI congratulate youon your successes+ wish I could seea similar prospectfor my work. Myshare will becompleted by the Greek [??]Fortunately I havesomething of the bulldogin me and don't let go a thing I havetaken hold of - andwould throw it up indespair.I note in your charttwo [??] [??]Herbert River andDieri tribes. I have[?told?] them and sent messages.Your chart I enclose a tracing.Yours faithfullyAWH

Sale March 18 1879

My dear Mr FisonMy wife sent me your letter of date unknownfrom Bua which I had been looking out for. I nowbegin by answering points in it requiring attention.Where I do not refer to your remarks I thereby assent.1. I am under immenst obligation to you for yourpatient emendation of my inscrutable calligraphy - Iam truly grateful to you. I am always conscious of havingdone that work in the pressure of our work and onlywonder that it was not untterly imperfect2. Table C I think you have placed it in the proper spot.I will write Morgan assenting to your arrangement.3. These words were as follows "were colonies in the"4. I sent to Morgan your sketch map withthe localities marked - but no boundaries of districtsand had nonesuch. The Herbert River [is in- crossed out]] rises in20ᵒ SL 138ᵒEL on the boundary between Queenslandand Northern Territory runs north and forms theO'Shannassay which is a tributary of the AlbertI give this as I had much difficulty in finding it out.I have told my wife to send one to you at once avery good skeleton map of Australia which mylittle girls use in their school lessons. You can fillthe places in and send it to Morgan.5. Entozoa - These parasites are found universallywherever there is a vacant place in nature. They infectall creatures - what is the quotation about "big fleaswith little fleas to bite 'em". My point was notclearly brought out - the entozoa affecting the kangarooseem to be Flake (Distomi hepaticum) andHydatids (cysterecese +c - Echinicoccus +c) which[are - crossed out] belong to the European domesticated herbivoreanimals. My point is that these Entozoa have beenThe Rev Lorimer FisonNavuloa

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tip70-10-34-2 Howitt to Fison 26 January 1880

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[Written in the upper margin]I shall send your manuscript in a day or two when I have noted a few points I want to draw your attention to.Yours faithfullyA.W. Howitt

Sale Jany 26 1880

My Dear Mr FisonYour letter of the 6th arrived the otherday and was welcome. I had been waiting for itanxiously. I have not used the draft or ratheryour order and acceptance and have nowdestroyed them. I will advise you of the amountrequired as soon as I know myself. I think the 500 will be enough for first edition but at anyrate I will not print more than a proportionatenumber - I say proportionate as regards thenumber the Royal Society may require for theirissue. I fancy that would be 260 - in that casewe should not gain much by having themin halves. I shall therefore carry a "stiff upper lip"as Sam Slick and insist upon myterms with them. I expect directly tohear from Elley who was so busy the matterbefore the monthly council meeting. So soonas I can feel that my arrangements arecompleted I shall take the field by issuingannouncements of the new work and perhapsshall issue a short prospectus. I havethought it might be well to addressthe Rev Lorimer FisonNavuloaFiji

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prospectus to each public Libraryin the colonies - their name is legionin Victoria and I think many copieswould thus be sold. You might send me your idea of the prospectus - adoptingyour titles - the matter need not exceedthe page of this note paper printed.As soon as I know finally I would also sendsuch a prospectus to America (say 25) and to England. My friends might at [some-crossed out] information inserted in time of the magazines,So might Morgan. I want to thoroughly occupythe field to the exclusion of Curr and co.

I had already considered the probabilityof the Smith publishing earlier than anticipatedand this confirmed my intention to waitfor my manuscript from Morgan andmean while [sic] to arrange my new matter. Asthe affair now stands strictly we should whether the Smith publishes or not, stay foryour rewritten matter and for the secondpart off the summary of which anon.

I am pleased you like my notes- that paragraph as to Lubbock havingan unconscious survival of the "individual"theory - I did it "a' puppose" - the temptationwas really too strong. I expect he will

Last edit 28 days ago by ALourie

tip70-10-34-13 Howitt to Fison August 1880

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As soon as they know what to do they will move. Two influential men have offered to see McMillan - W Sonnenschein - one ofthem is E.D. Tyler! (I have now written - [?McLeod] I had writtenbefore I got your letter - to Robertson on the subject and alsoasking him about Holt in America. I shall most likelyhave to go to Melbourne and see him about this. I lookforward to your paper on change of descent with great interest.I am quite with you as to the necessity of being "pegs in." Ihave been thinking about something of the kind but I didnot feel that I had sufficient further data. - The prospectahead is immense - but I for one feel almost like a manon a precipice looking over the land of promise - how amI to make that land my own - how to get down from the summit of the precipice to the level country. I supposehe must go in fishing - but the amount of bait that Iloose [sic] without even a nibble is distressing. Finally - last butnot least - I haven't congratulated you upon your M.A. there can be no doubt you have earned it and I shall be placed upon the title page after your name. The title page is to be the last thingprinted.

I think by the bye that you had better send me your notes on thepapers I send you as I shall then have all the threads in my hands - otherwise I might be ["?fogged] with my correspondents replies. I amgoing next Saturday to "squeeze" a man fropm the Wimmera and a womanfrom the Lodden with whom I gave arranged a meeting - you should then have the results.

Yours faithfullyAW Howitt

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hw0058 J. G. Frazer to Howitt 23 January 1907

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and interesting style.

My wife and I are gratefulto you for so kindly exertingyourself on her behalf in regardto the phonograph.

I owe Spencer more thanone letter and hope soon topay the debt. His last twowelcome letters gave me muchpleasure, for I had begun to fearhe had cut me dead. Tellhim, if you see him, notto think the same about me.

I trust that you andMiss Howitt are in very goodhealth. With kind regardsfrom my wife and myselfto you both.I amYours very sincerelyJ G Frazer

Any prospect of Spencer + Gillenmaking an expedition to WesternAustralia? I should die happierif we had a book by them onthe native tribes of WesternAustralia to match their masterpieceson the Central tribes.

Last edit 26 days ago by ALourie

XM189_ICDMS_lowres Newspaper article about Rev Hagenauer's visit to Queensland 30 September 1885

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Gippsland TimesSep 30 1885

The Rev. F. A. Hagenauer's Visit to North Queens-land.

V.The Bloomfield Waterfall.Perhaps it is just as well to state here that few days later we were accompanied in the large boat belonging to the Vilele estate by some young gentlemen from the plantations of Messrs Bauer and Co., and Messrs Hislop and Co. to the first great waterfall of the Bloomfield about six or eight miles up the river from the entrance into Weary Bay. The river is from 300 to 400 feet wide, and in some places very deep. The banks on both sides are a con-tinuation of mountains rising at some places very high and reach at a distance (Mount Peter Botte) the height of 3,300 feet. The most charming aspects meet the eye every turn of the river, for the whole ground up to the mountain tops is covered wit hthe most beautifal tropical trees, shrubs, and creepers, many of them in full bloom. The river seems well sup-plied with fish, bu the horrible alligator has his habitation there also, and is really a terror to man and beast. Not long ago Mr F. Bauer shot a large one dead, through the eye, which seems the only spot where a ball can enter. Strange to say the great animal had in the other eye, two sharp spear ends from the weapons of the Aboriginals, thereby showing that the brute had been hunted before. We saw the heavy skin or hide, likely to be made ready for some exhibition or museum in a city of the south. The flesh gave a kind of alligator banquet to the Aboriginies, who enjoyed it very much, for they seem to take great pleaseure in feasting upon the bodies of their enemies. At one very gloomy looking spot several miles up the river, under the overhanging trees, is a great stone, on and under which a great evil spirit dwells, according to the state-ments of the blacks, who are so much frightened that they will not pass the locality, and if it happens that any of them are in the large boat belonging to the plantation, they will stoop down and hide themselves, so that the evil spirit cannot see nor catch them. I have an idea that once upon a time one of these alligator monsters had taken down and devoured one of the Aboriginals near this great stone. The place looks very much like one where this would occur, and when we touched the stone and looked into the clear, green, deep water we naturally did so with great care and caution. Our friends told us that the blacks always cautioned them not to go near the dark stone, and when afterwards "Binny," the son of the late Balebi chief, heard that we had been there, he made many gestures of astonishment. We had a very fine trip up the river, but at the same time were always on the lookout for unex-pected meeting with wild black men, for they are very numerous in this moun-tainous district, especially at places where small rivulets flow into the main stream. On the following evening, I observed from the top of one of the hills along the moun-tains, a number of fires, proving that the blacks are there, but near the river we saw none. A good many tribes on the Vilele side of the river are on friendly terms with the white settlers, and are to to [sic] all appearances quiet, Amajins and the Tyangatjins, on the opposite side as far as Mount Peter Botte are, under no circumstances, to be trusted. It is not many years ago that two miners from the Palmer diggings, on their way to the tinmines at Peter Botte, somewhere near the great waterfall, disappeared just at the time when many of those blacks were in the neighbourhood, and it was generally believed that the two travellers had been killed and eaten. Of course this horrible act could not be proved, for the wild blacks are still in the dense scrub as wild as ever, and no white man had seen the occur-

[next column]rence, but all conjectures point in the direction indicated. At a distance of about two miles from the waterfall, the river becomes narrower, being hemmed in on both sides my the mountains, which seem to be much higher here than lowerdown the river. The last mile, or some-thing like it, we had to walk along the stony or rocky bank, all the while hearingthe thundering noise of the rushing water, until we came suddenly in sight of the fall itself. As the river above the fall flows between high mountains until it tumbles over an almost perpendicular pre-cipice of about 200 feet from its rocky bed above into a large basin below, it has a most majestic appearance, and fills the admirer of nature's beauty with a feeling of solemn awe. I took a seat on a rock under the shade of an old chestnut tree to enjoy the sight, and silently adore the Lord, who has made such wonderful works upon earth to give pleasure to his people. Mr Wauer, together with our young companions, climbed up the moun-tain side to see the river and its downfall from above. On the way up they sawa native plum tree, laden with fine large blue fruit, the size of small fowls' eggs. Of course they helped themselves to a quantity of the plums, and I brought several with me to Ramahyuck as a kind of memento of the waterfall. Our friends, however, had to pay dearly for their plea-sure, for whilst they had been busy with the plums they had come too near one of the stinging nettles, generally called stinging tree (urtica gigas), and without wishing to touch it, they had to feel that they had already done so. The burning sensation caused by a touch with the finger or the hand on this awful urtica gigas, swells and stiffens the whole arm, inflames the shoulder, and sometimes creates strong pain down the whole side of the body. The worst of it however, is that it always increases very much when the hand is put into cold water, and that the pain returns again and again for several months. In order to try the force of the waterfall, our young friends rolled a cedar log into the stream above, and it broke into endless splinters during its passage over the precipice into the gulf below. About three miles higher up is anotherstill larger waterfall of about 400 feet deep, but we were quite satisfied with what we we [sic] had seen, and returned well pleased to Balebi landing, and from there by tram cars to the Vilele plantation, where we received a hearty welcome from our hospitable friends, Mr and Mrs Bauer and their kind-hearted and clever sons and daughters.

Meeting with Large Numbers of Savages.To read and speak at a comfortable distance about "the noble savage," who reposes under the blue canopy of heaven or roams his native forest in full vigour and strength, unfettered by the forms and fashions of so called civilisation is one thing. It is what a learned friend of mine would call "a conglomeration of falla-cious imagination," but it is quite another thing to go and meet large numbers ofthem face to face in their wild state of nature, to hear their howling voices and to know perfectly well that in the cruel, treacherous way hitherto pursued by them, they are always ready to shed blood, and if convenient, to feast upon the body of their victim. I wonder where the noble savage may be found? The bare and stern reality of seeing yourself in the midst of hundreds of such people will soon drive away the romancing idea of the noble savage. We had the privilege of spending a week at Vilele, and during that time we met everyday large num-bers of wild black who had come in from the surrounding mountains, the very people of whom we had been told atCooktown, that they were very wild, andthat we should not go to that place to meet them without a strong police pro-tection. Setting aside all fear of danger, but knowing that, in a friendly way, you are surrounded by one or two or three hundred of such poor and degraded human beings, who have not a sign of clothing about them, with no hope nor prospect in themselves for the better, but to live and die in misery like the beast of the field, what Christian heart will not be filled with intense pity and compassion for these our fellowmen? Yes, truly one's heart bleeds for the poor creatures; you stand in their midst, for-getting all danger, and your thoughts

Last edit 5 days ago by ALourie
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