Howitt and Fison Papers

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18D{Look up the tribes from Port Carpenter down to Adelaide}

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The Narrinyeri tribe lived around [crossed out - the great land?] [crossed out - great] Lake Alexandrina & Lake Albert which form the termination of the River Murray and which open into the Sea by the Murray mouth, the boundaries of their country [?] from Cape Jervis to Mannum and thence by by a line some distance back from the coast round to Lacipede Bay . At p. I have given the local organization of the tribe into 18 clans ([?]) each with a definite tract of country and [ford?] ground. I now [crossed out - purpose] speak of the totems which are attached to each local clan.

[Left margin note](1) Mr Taplin called these "tribes" - [?] order to bring this information [into?] live with this work [crossed out - I have [?] depend of them as clansof the Narrinyeri tribe.

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[Title] Narrinyeri clans and totems. (2)[Columns] Clan - Totems(1) Rasninyeri - Wirrŭlde [crossed out - or Tangeri] = Wattle gum(2) Janganarin - Manguritpuri = Pelican(3) Kōndalinyeri - Kandali = whale(4) Lungundaōrn - [Taidityeki ? or Taieltyeri?] = Tern(5) Turarorn - Turi = Coot(6) Pankinyeri - Kŭnguldi = butterfish(7) Kanmeraiorn - Kanmeri = Mullet (8) Kaikala binyeri - Ngulgarinyeri = Bullant, Pingai = Water weed(9) Mungulin yeri - Wanye = chocolate sheldrake(10) Rengulinyeri - Turi-it-pazni = Dark coloured dingo(11) Karatinyeri - Turi-it-parni = Light coloured dingo(12) Piltinyeri - maninki = leach, [Pomeri?] = catfish, Kēdkali = IguanaYalkinyeri - ditto - ditto - Tiyanwi = IguanaWŭloke - ditto - ditto - Warangŭmbi = Iguana(13) Korowali - Waiye = Whip snake(14) Pŭngūratpūla - Peldi = Musk duck(15) Welinyeri - Nakari = Black duck, Ngumundi = Black snake red belly(16) Lathin yeri or Kalabunyeri - Kŭngari = Black Swan, Ngaraki - seal, Kikinŭmi = Black snake grey belly(17) WŭnyaKŭlki - Nakari = Black duck(18) ngrangatari or Gŭrang wari - Waukaw[crossed out ayai]iyi [Waukawiyi] = Kangaroo rat

[Left margin note}(2) Native tribes of South Australia [J D Hood?] added c 1899The Nariū yeri p 2.(quote Taplin's original answer) ----also from communication by Taplins [?].

Last edit 4 months ago by Christine

tip70-10-24-1 Taplin to Fison 5/9/1872

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Memorandum of degrees of Kinshipand other information respecting thetribe of Aborigines calledNarrinyeri and inhabiting acountry included in a trianglethe lines of which should bedrawn from Cape Jervis to a point about 20 miles above where theMurray debouches into Lake Alexandrina and from thereto Kingston, Lacepede Bay; andhaving the coast for its base.1 The nation is divided into tentribesRangulinyeri Point Malcolm tribeKondolinyeri Point Macleay [ditto](The above two tribes united are called Yarildethungur)[?Pungurat?ular] Milang tribeMungulinyeri Lake Albert [ditto] Piltinyeri River Murray [ditto]Kaikalabinyeri Lower Coorong [ditto]Kammerarorn MacGraths flat or upper Coorong [ditto - tribe]Turarorn Lake Islands tribeTanganarin Goolwa [ditto]Raminyeri Encounter Bay [ditto]The meaning of the national nameNarrinyeri is "belonging to men":other [rossed out - tribes] nations are not worthy of thedesignation, they are Merkani, wild.I can't give the translation of the names of the tribes except thesecond which means children of the second wife. But I believemost of the names refer toplaces. The word "inyeri" means"belonging to". Piltinyeri, belonging to Poltong. Raminyeri belonging toRamong.

Last edit 5 months ago by ALourie

tip70-10-33-6 Brazier to Howitt 28/10/1873

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Mission Station, Condah, Oct.28.1873

My dear Howitt

I have been long in sending you thesefew answers, & even now they are not complete. I will however[??] send you the other list "A" as early as possible. It is quitelikely that some of these answers or names may not be covered, asthe aborigines seem to have forgotten many of their words & theyconstantly use English representations for their naive terms. I putthese questions to a number of blacks all being seated at theirleisure round a table in the dormintory, & having obtained thebest answer available, I set it down. We were two hours in going through the lot, & this time was equally disbanded overtwo sittings. Probably you know how difficult it is to makethese people understand what one means in presenting a question.Sometimes also even when the question was understood, theyhad to think & talk before the right word came. I tell you thisin order that you may see that I have done the best in mypower to make these answers correct, & if you find any difficultyin classifying the, the real cause may be that there is some error.However,I have kept a copy of this & you can refer to any wordby the figures, & so get a little cross questioning done. I am notstudying the language of the blacks, as I cannot use it for [??]& the people are fast forgetting it.

My spare time is mostly devoted to classics & elementafy mathematicswith a view to teaching my children. I wish I had a mapping and drawing facility like yours, for my geography lessons.

Can you tell me (1) Into what lake does the Murray River flow (Victoriaor Alexandria or something else) 2. Is Taylor the butcher using or abusing mypaddock in the gully on your side of the river. I can get no rent. When is thenext county court at Bairnsdale.We are all well, & join in kindest regards to you & Mrs Howitt & children

I remain your faithfullyAmos Brazier

Mr. Howitt Esq. P.M.

Last edit 7 days ago by ALourie
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Mission Station, Condah, Oct 28 1873

My dear HowittI have been long in sending you thesefew answers, + even now they are not complete. I will howeverD. V. send you the other list "A" as early as possible. It is quitelikely that some of these answers or names may not be correct, asthe aborigines seem to have forgotten many of their words, + theyconstantly use English representations for their native terms. I putthese questions to a number of blacks all being seated at theirleisure round a table in the dormitory, + having obtained thebest answer available, I set it down. We were two hours ingoing through the lot, + this time was equally distributed overtwo sititngs. Probably you know how difficult it is to makethese people understand what one means in presenting a question.Sometimes also even when the question was understood, theyhad to think + talk before the right word came. I tell you thisin order that you may see that I have done the best in mypower to make these answers correct, + if you find any difficultyin classifying them, the real cause may be that there is some error.However I have kept a copy of this, + you can refer to any wordby the figures, + so get a little cross questioning done. I am notstudying the language of the blacks, as I cannot use it for instruction+ the people are fast forgetting it.

My spare time is mostly devoted to classics + elementary mathematicswith a view to teaching my children. I wish I had a mapping + drawingfaculty like yours, for my geography lessons.

Can you tell me (1) Into what lake does the Murray River flow/ Victoriaor Alexandria or something else) 2. Is Taylor the butcher using or abusing mypaddock in the gully on your side of the river. I can get no rent. When is thenext county court at Bairnsdale

We are all well, + join in kindest regards to you + Mrs Howitt + childrenI remain yours faithfullyAmos Brazier

A. W. Howitt Esq P.M.

Last edit 7 days ago by ALourie

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Sale 22 May 1897

Dear Sir

With respect to the localities in whichthe various aboriginal forms of disposal of the dead were met with, the 1st, 2nd, + 4th were in the country south of Adelaide between Gulf St Vincent on the east and the River Murray, Lake Alexandrina, and Goolwa on the west. Within three boundaries there were as nearly as I could judge - three distinct tribes, sometimes friends but often at "war". It was at Xmas 1848 shortly after my arrival in the colony I took a walk down to Encounter Bay to see an old Englishfriend who had settled there. After passing Willunga settlers were few and far between, only one hut between that place and the Police Station at the Bay. My friend was in a quandary about his harvest, as he depended on the blacks, and they for several days had disappeared. On the evening of the second day of my visit they returned bringing with them the body of the old chief which they set up in the form as described in No 4. It was too near the house to be pleasant so after two or three days at the bidding of the policeman he was removed into the bush where the operation was confined. What finally became of the body after it was thoroughly smoke dried I never found out. Shortly after while crossing the bush from Encounter Bay to Currency Creek (about 15 or 16 miles) I took refuge in a tree from a heavy shower and there saw No 1. From my Currency Creek friend I learned that they were very common about there, so much so that almost every hollow tree had been utilized. The tribes along the Gulf coast about Aldinga Yankalilla + down to Cape Jerves seemed to prefer the open stage form (No 2) and these were very numerous sometimes as many as three together each with two or three bodies, or rather skeletons. Neither of these methods were practiced by the Torrens (Adelaide) tribes. The principal burying place I knew of was [between - crossed out] near Walkerville.

Last edit 6 days ago by ALourie
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