Howitt and Fison Papers


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[crossed out - there] on the Wimmera River in north western Victoria therewas a tribe which called itself Wotjo-Ballŭk - from Wotjo = man and Ballŭk = a number of people. The tribal country extended from the northern Grampian Mountains northward as far as the waters of the Wimmera and [?] could find them way into the Mallee country

This country was occupied by five large Hordes (descent being in the female line) named [?] or [under/order?]

(1) the Gromil-ŭk at Lake Hindmash(2) the Ya-kil-Ballŭk at Lake Albacutya(3) the [Krietch?] Ballŭk about Dimboola(4) the Wiech-wŭndaiŭk about Warraknabeal(5) the Yarik-Kilŭk at Lake Coorong

These Hordes were as in other tribes again divided into lesser groups.

[Crossed out - ? tribes although it retained] The [nujnbirūj?] tribes were all organized in the same manner into tribal groups.

Between Cape Howe and Shoalhaven in the South coast of New South Wales were the "Murring" which was the general name for the aborigines who then formed two tribes respectively named Gūyau-gal and [Katungal - crossed out] Karial from the words guya = south and Karū = north and the possessive suffix gal = belonging to or of

The inland extent of their country included the [mountains to - crossed out] from [?projections?] and mountainous slopes from the Maneroo Tablelandsand [the- crossed out] Braidwood [country - crossed out]. In fact their territory may be perhaps defined as well as in any other manner by defining itas embracing the watershed of the rivers from Mallagoota inlet to the Shoalhaven River.

The [?] table will shoow the local divisions of this tribe and I have added to it also

Last edit 4 months ago by Christine




[19 at top right of page]

[diagram] [1st line] M Krokent [2nd line] F garn - F [3rd line] garn [under second F above] [4th line] F garn - M garn Mgarn

The Kurnai call Pomadernis apelata Kaleduran and make from it spears, throwing sticks shields (not [?bamarish?])

What is the word used for M. Scit - [?daughter?]?

1 Is the messengers person sacred? [tick after this question] 2 Where + how does he carry the galk? 3 Does he let women see it? 4 What does the recipient do with the message stick? 5 Does the messenger return before the visitors - or with them? 6 Who does he stop with while at the visitors camp - his own totem - flesh?

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[20 at top right of page]

7 What does the messenger carry for war - a spear? - or the Kiel? What for calling Initiation - genitch? - What for news of death? 8 What does murum dul-juk ie the possum fur armlets mean 9 What people lived the [?west?] side of Wimmera River [something written above this that I cannot make out]; between the Wotjo ballaiuk and the Murray River [Balok ?mersion? written above Murray River]; east of the [??entmarongitch] [??] River; and south of Dimboola. Duro balluk plain 10 are there wuraut [could be wurant] belonging to Jallan [could be Iallan]

11 complete Bobbys pedigree p 2. complete Donalds pedigree p. 11. 12 half sister marriage? 12 Blood relations nung - cord murum - [?frying?] cord dutjuk - arm

[notes written in margin of page next to 9] [??] [??] marong - [?trees?] gitch - has [?been?]

Last edit almost 2 years ago by ALourie

hw0386 Notes on Wotjoballaluk



Between [?Wimmera?] River + [?Yareak?] Creekfrom Dimboola northwards [?to?]

Between [??] Ck + [??] [??] and theRichardson River + [?Morton plains?] and thennorthward into the MalleeFrom [Hor - crossed out] Dimboola andSouthward to Ararat + westward [??]Grampians

Last edit 6 months ago by ALourie
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