Howitt and Fison Papers


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[crossed out - there] on the Wimmera River in north western Victoria therewas a tribe which called itself Wotjo-Ballŭk - from Wotjo = man and Ballŭk = a number of people. The tribal country extended from the northern Grampian Mountains northward as far as the waters of the Wimmera and [?] could find them way into the Mallee country

This country was occupied by five large Hordes (descent being in the female line) named [?] or [under/order?]

(1) the Gromil-ŭk at Lake Hindmash(2) the Ya-kil-Ballŭk at Lake Albacutya(3) the [Krietch?] Ballŭk about Dimboola(4) the Wiech-wŭndaiŭk about Warraknabeal(5) the Yarik-Kilŭk at Lake Coorong

These Hordes were as in other tribes again divided into lesser groups.

[Crossed out - ? tribes although it retained] The [nujnbirūj?] tribes were all organized in the same manner into tribal groups.

Between Cape Howe and Shoalhaven in the South coast of New South Wales were the "Murring" which was the general name for the aborigines who then formed two tribes respectively named Gūyau-gal and [Katungal - crossed out] Karial from the words guya = south and Karū = north and the possessive suffix gal = belonging to or of

The inland extent of their country included the [mountains to - crossed out] from [?projections?] and mountainous slopes from the Maneroo Tablelandsand [the- crossed out] Braidwood [country - crossed out]. In fact their territory may be perhaps defined as well as in any other manner by defining itas embracing the watershed of the rivers from Mallagoota inlet to the Shoalhaven River.

The [?] table will shoow the local divisions of this tribe and I have added to it also

Last edit 5 months ago by Christine




Mūkjarawaint[written at side of Mukjarawaint] Werpil = EaglehawkYūrn= Native CatBūnjil = StarWūrabil = Iguana

[written on side of page] Ya-tat-[??]Ngun un [??]

Half mile N of Dimboola - down riverto Pine Plain Lake past Albacutya Lakethen cross to Lake Coorong, thenceWarraknabeal creek to Warracknabealthence to Dimboola.wot-tchjo = manLai-ya-rūk = womanBobby's tribe - Wot-tchjo=(men + women) Ballaiūk

Gartchŭka = [?cratters?] cockatoo with red cheeks[??] Jallup - mussel(a) Grookit - no meaning

[Bobby - crossed out](b) Grorkit = Kilpara Kilpara = wartwŭt = Hot wind

[next page]

2Grookit can marry Makwara = {Gammatch gūrk{F. Black cockatoo

Bobby Father - Djallan = Deaf adder[Bobby] Mother - wartwŭt = deaf addergŭrŭk grorkit

Bobby - moiwuk-wartwŭt = Bobby wife - wūrant gŭrŭk = Djallan

[written on the side]:wartwut - hot windkrorkit


moiwŭk = carpet snake belongs to ?wart-wŭtmirndai = a snaketikomai = a dangerous snakemoiwil = large snake

Last edit 2 months ago by ALourie

hw0421 Notes by Howitt on the Wotjobaluk



1The Wot- jo-ballŭk - tribeThis tribe inhabited a part of country lying between the Wimmera and Richardson Rivers.The tribal name is taken from Wotjo = man and ballŭk = people. It is also called Gūli bullaiak. (Guli = man).The boundaries are as follows : - starting from about a mile north of Dimboola on the eastern bank of the Wimmera River following that river to Lake Hindmarsh thence by the river to Lake Albacutya, thence by the river to its termination at the Pine Plains Lake.Thence eastward to Lake Coorong; thence by the Warracknabeal creek to Warracknabeal;thence west to the starting point.

The Wotjo ballŭk are divided into a number of local divisions of which the followingare the principal:

1. The Gromillŭk - Lake Hindmarsh2. The Yakkil - ballŭk - Lake Albacutya3. The Kreitch ballŭk - Dimboola4. The Weitch wŭndaiŭk - Warracknabeal5. The Yárik-killŭk - Lake CoorongA man of one of these places eg Gromillŭk would be called Gromillŭk or Gromillŭk Wotjo in describing himand so on with the others. The totem names which I shall now speak of are scattered all over the country in the different Local groups.

Note: the people who lived at Lake Hindmarsh were Kromillŭk - Dimboola and Horshamwere Jūraballŭk, Jŭngping were Yaram [balluk - crossed out] biŭk, at Longerong were Jó-in ballŭk, at Murtoa + Warranoke were Waitchwŭndaioke,and at Waracknabeal were Yarambiŭk, at Ledcourt [were - crosesd out] and Mŭkpilly were Wotojoballaiuk.Old Bob says that Johnny Connolly is of Ledcourt and is a Watagoli- one of the Wotjoballaiuk . That his mother was a black woman but that his father made him a halfcaste.

[written in left side margin]Wenjen = lie on itsMarong = pinetreeGitch = has beensee the legend of thepine tree that reached to the sky p.

The Doen bauraket (doen = planes) lived to the westThe Balŭk mernén (mernen = sandhills / [??] it"sand hill fellows"to the northwards: the [Wen-crossed out] Wengen marongitch to theEast and the Jūroballŭk to the south Jūro = plain

Last edit 6 months ago by ALourie
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