Howitt and Fison Papers

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Leaur-gura -balluknow the mountain where Parkers Stationwas. name ginojaugWhen CampseNot many there was Bunjil.at Daylesford all the [??] when harmfulare all ? [Kalk Kalk crossed out] (with gal gal under) Bullung- all wang.Leaur gura tallung have spears [??] [woiwrung?]only with a [??][??] Jajawrung

Last edit over 1 year ago by CoreyTheatre
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Leaūr-gūra-balluknow the mountainwhere Parkers stationwas. name Qūrojang[Have then language?]No wang there only Bunjil.At Daylesford all the Range when wambatare all gal-gal ['Kalk-kalk' crossed out] Bullūg- all wang.

Leaūrgura falling [?]speak ['3 language' crossed out] Woiworungout with a sharp [??][??] Jajoworong half[??]5.6.6.8. list [??](9) all the mothers and women

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the Bullawangs may betribal [crossed out 'fathers and uncles or older brothers'] uncles (Datak)But in following the Krauan& Bullawangs the old women& old men ask wheredid your grandfather(paternal come from) -

Thursday evening about sundown the Tūtanaring wereplaced on the groundthe Krauan behind them and Old Mary [?] represented all the mothers. Jonny Fidgett waited with the boys as master of the ceremonies. Old William & Dick walked about. The men all went away to chat[?]and after a time – William gave the signal to be ready.

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie

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(20) was Bilibileri the "maternal uncle" ofBerak - if not what relation.

[diagram of relationships]

Father[??]Bilibilberiwife - sister BunjilTurnbullSister[Jack Heathcilff??] - BebijernBerak

What does Bilibileri mean

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(21) re stone QuarryWilliam says in one placethat Captain Turnbull looked after it and was therefore called Nūgūlabŭl - at and your place he says all the country where it was belonged to Bilibileri. His brother and the son of his sister were co-occupiers with him - Bebejeru (Beraks father) was also in the partnership. Bilibileri usually lived at the quarry - when he went away his sisters son went to mind it. when neighbouring tribes wanted stone they sent messengers to Billibileri [?]

[line across page]

21AThe father of Bilibileri's "nephew" was next in authority to Capt. Turnbull. The East half of Mt [Macedon?] belonged to the [Uruuyeri?] - the west half belonged to the Kŭrnung willŭm who extended to Daylesford & Bullarook.

Were the Kŭrnŭng willum - [Woeworung?] or Ja ja worung? - How could Captain Turnbull have a share in the Quarry?

See (12) (19)

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie

hw0419 Wotjobaluk Notes, Songs, Maps etc

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5Notes on tribes River Murray +c

Victorian side(1) in the [Loddon - crossed out] plains from Mt Hope to the Murray the - B + WWamba-wamba - also had at least the lower part of [?Bully?] ck(2) in Loddon up to Boort the Bureppa-bureppa - whojoin the Jajauwrong at Boort- B + W(3) Reedy lake - Bura-bura - M + K(4) Swan Hill to Pyangil - Wati-wati - M + K(5) Pyangil to Euston - Weike-weiki - M + K(6) Euston to Kulkyne - Leichi-leichi - M + K(7) Kulkyne to Wentworth - grangema M + K(8) Wentworth to Goolwa - Yakoma in M + Kboth side of the Murray - M + K

N.S.W. side(1) From Moulamein down to Balranald with Murrayfor south boundary the Barabba BarabbaNote the Barabba - barabba are said to be very nearly the sameas the Bureppa-bureppa - in the Loddon River(2) The Mutti-mutti from Balranald to Euston(3) The Tatathi from Euston to Wentworth

Notes The Boora-boor and the Watti-watti boundaryout [??] near the Tyrell creek + Lake Tyrell[of the - crossed out] A line drawn from [the P - crossed out] Lake Tyrrel to Yellamjipneatly went of Lake Tyrel [and - crossed out] defines the boundary south of the Laichi-laichi

The Boundaries of the Jajoworung were approximatelythe following[N N creswick Boort - crossed out] Boort, Watchem, WatchemBy the Avoca [River + ?? - crossed out] River to Redbank - thento Natty Yallock, Creswick, Daylesford, Castlemaine[Jim Crow - crossed out] Maldon - BoortThree of the lesser divisions of the tribe were:(1) Headquarters at St Arnaud (Warr)

Last edit 22 days ago by Guest User

hw0418 Howitt Notes on Wotjobaluk

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Neri = steep bank = waang Kilmore - down to Seymoursome Bunjil - on the Goulburn

[map showing location of communities]

[written under map]the Jajaurung countrycan be defined as extending N + Sfrom Daylesford to Boortand [??] [??] East + W.

Jajorung country - Donaldto [?Castlema?] - Maryborough- Maldon- Eddington- Dunolly[??]Bialiba, Yallong - St Arnaud, Swan Water, Cope Cope, BangerangCorak township, Morton plains, Naraport, Morlburt?Wimbutchup, Warraknabial, Sheephill, Minyip,[Kiew-crossed out] Kiewr, Murtoa.

[??] had 7 mobs-

(1) Wangari-bŭrk creek - stringy bark tree - Jim CrowCastlemaine-[?Maldon?] - Eddington - Dunolly- BealbaAvoca forest - Yau-ung - St arnaud warr - Cope CopeGuthrie's place, Avoca plain - Marano, [cres - crossed out]Tarragton, Navarre, Berke-yurn, Natty yallock(2) Būrŭm-balluk - white gum S. aphy peoplepart of (1) - Between Brimbank + Natti yalluk(3) Bial-balluk - redgum people - Bialiba(4) gal-gal-balluk Brimbank[??] of River(5) Derak-balluk - Avoca forest(6) Wait-kundi-uk Wattle treeWareknabealBriemLakeCorong(7)

Last edit 6 months ago by ALourie

hw0414 Notes on Mukjarawaint with a map

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Compare listof words at Gunbower. Bring the [?] [?] See also the lists of namesas far as [?], [?], Daylesford, Balmoral, [?] Hamilton, Wickliffe, see also [Jayonerong?] ii p 157.

Last edit 12 months ago by Christine

hw0391 Notes by Howitt on Kulin from Barak

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39“I am glad to see you and I will give you all you want and make you satisfied, but you must behave quietlyand not hurt me nor one another”.If however people came up without giving notice there would be a greatrow and a fight. Sometimes men came by stealth to steal stone__________________________________________Billebillary's sister (Waang) was married to a man of the Kūrnŭngillŭm tribe; this man was Būnjil. He was next in Authority to Captain Turnbull. It was his son who helped Billibillary to take care of stone quarry. [Mt Macedon was in - crossed out] The East half of Mt Macedonbelonged to the Ūrŭnjeri; the West half belonged to the Kūrnŭng willŭm [tr- crossed out] tribe which extended up to near Daylesford – and as far as Būllanank. Mt Blackwood belonged to the Wirrarap “Malcolm” (see as to him elsewhere) who was of the Kri – ballŭk. The Ūrūnjeri got wives from the Kūrnŭng willŭm and the Kri – ballŭk – and gave them women in turn. ————Turnbull fatherTurnbull WBBili W ― sister W ― BiliSon B

[written in left side margin]wives from+ to

Winberi- (Waa Mart)Berak

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie
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68The Jajaurong (Ja-jau – Lips or mouth wurong eg. Speech)_______________________________________________See Brough Smith quoting the remarks of E S Parker and J Parker – vol 1 p 41. 42 Parker's work is The Aborigines of Australia – a lecture – 1854 – probably in the Melbourne Library.Parker was the Superintendent of the aboriginal Station at “Jim Crow” near Daylesford – in the Jajaurung country – of where the old story is told thus – a blackfellow said of him:“Kobon that one yabber “gib-it daily head – but baal that one gib it damper”.He says “the Jaj owurrong inhabited the plains and tributaries of the Loddon.”J Parker says “the Ja-jow-er-ong was divided into seven tribes.(1) Leak a bulluk(2) Pila-uhin-goondeetch (3) Kalk-Kalk-goondeetch x(4) Wong-hurra-ghee-rar-goondeetch(5) gal-gal – bulluk(6) Ton-num-burr-lar-goondeetch(7) Way-re-rong-goondeetch

Parker says of (7) that in their country was the only quarry of tomahawk stone to which all of the neighbouring tribes resorted for a supply. He also says that the Jajaurong country extended from the Eastern slopes of [the - crossed out] Mt Macedon to the Pyrenees. This includes the country which William Berak claimed as belonging to one of the divisions of the Woiworung – namely Mt Macedon and the Tomahawk quarry which was[?] the inheritance of one “mob” of which Billibileri* was the Headman.

[written in left side margin](E. S Parker)(I think theson of J Parker)

x i.e. people of theforest (Kalk-Kalkfor Kalk=wood)

*see next pagere Billibelari- who was evidentlya Jajaurong:

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie
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269William Berak says furtherBeyond Mt Macedon were the Jajaurong about Kyneton near the Gal-gal-Balluk. Another Jajaurongtribe were the Learga balluk on the sources of the Campaspe.The Kalk-Kalk-goundich were near the Gal gal ballukThe Wŭrŭng – hŭra – gerŭng- balluk lived near the gal-gal-balluk, who lived near Kyneton.The Tonem-burr-laug-gourndich lived on the Upper Loddon River.

These all spoke the Ja-jau-rong (worŭng?) language – William Berak's language being Woi-worŭng.

Billibileri’s sister was Waa and was married to a man of the Kūrnŭng illum who was Bunjil. This man’s son was the “nephew” who helped Billibileri to take care of the Tomahawk quarry. The Kūrnŭngillum extended up to near Daylesford and also had the west half of Mt Macedon – the East half belonged to the Urŭnjeri (Berak's tribe) ——___________________________________________

The Yaúangillum lived in the country between Mt Macedon, Heathcote and Kilmore, they were Waa and spoke Thagūn-worung.

The Yirauillum also lived on the Goulburn Riverbelow Seymour and were Bunjil – these people got their wives from the NeribalukThe Benbendora-baluk lived near Mooroopna(near Shepparton on the Goulburn) were all Bunjil.

The Gal-gal balluk belonged to the Jajaurong people

The Būrong balluk (Būrong = string) lived on the Avoca about Nattyallock and were all BunjilThe Leaura-gūra-balluk lived round themountain where Parker's station was and were all Bunjil

[written in left side margin]

Probably the outside Bunjil people towards the Murray.

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie
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4 71I observe that Curr speaking of the tribes at the junction of the Murray & Goulburn & Campaspenotes that they were surrounded by tribes differing from them (the Bangerang tribes). He mentionsone of these the Ngooraialum seems to be oneof Berak's tribes – I remember the name but cannotturn up the passage —— I have found it now:Ngūralŭng bulluk or Ngūr-ai-ilum- at MurchisonThis would fix the northern extension of the Kulinat about [Shep - crossed out] Toolamba [according - crossed out] and Heathcoteaccording to Curr and Shepparton and Heathcoteaccording to Berak (see the Yauangilium at p 3). Curr calls the Heathcote people Nerbooluk which seems to be the Nira baluk of Berak who he says had their headquarters at Kilmoreand [extended - crossed out] intermarried with the Yauang ilum who lived on the west side of the Goulburnbelow SeymourCurr places Nerbooluk in this locality.

At any rate I think that we can safely place the Northern extension of the Kulinabout the line I have drawn.

Curr does not give the least light [?upon?]the class divisions of his Bangerang tribes.

As to the [names- crossed out] word for Blackfellow see this.Junction Murray & Campaspe & Goulburn — ēnbenaWickliffe, Avoca, Daylesford Kuli.Portland, Warrnambool, Lake Condah Mara Hopkins Hill ___________________}Richardson River, Lower Loddon, Wimmera — Watcha, Wootho, Wotjo

Dawson's vocabularie shew that Kulin extended westward as far as Mt Rouse.

Last edit 3 days ago by ALourie
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5 72It would seem that Berak's list of theKulin tribes must be increased by those ofthe Jajaurong - since he include [sic] at least one of them - namely that at Mt Macedon.Headquarters language5Galgal Baluk - Kyneton jajauworung3Kalk-Kalk-gourndich jajauworung1Learga Baluk Sources of Campaspe jajauworung4 Wurung-hura-gerung baluk jajauworung6 Tonem-bur-lang-baluk - Upper Loddon jajauworungKurnŭngilum baluk - Between Mt Macedon + Daylesford jajauworungBunjilYauangilum baluk thagunworung waaYiranilum-baluk Goulburn below Seymour BunjilBenbendora baluk Mooroopna BunjilBūrong baluk Nattyallock Avoca River jajauworung BunjilLeaura-gūra balluk [Daylesford - crossed out] Smeaton jajauworung Bunjil

Note I have numbered the above tribes of WilliamBerak's list as numbered by Parker. This confirmsBerak's accuracy in other respects.

[written sideways in right side margin]either Bunjil or Waa

Last edit 5 days ago by IClark

hw0429 Questions for William Berak

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For Berak30 at Daylesford - Monulgundeech tribe

31 Does William know anything about the Bram-bram-galThe two stars in fore legs of centaurus.Dark space between B. B. gal + crux = chin-gal = Emu - opossum, Bunya = Head star in Crux

32 What is the story about Bil-bil-man-nere = minah?If any-no

33 Jajowerung - (p. 159 ii RBS)Was the [Wo- crossed out] Wo-reip-ar-pil = Eagle or is the word Wairrp-il?Where was the Jajowerūng country? Is Dick Richards Jajowerūng?no-4

34 What is the story of Kurborū (Bear) stealing thedrinking vessels (Tarnūk) - and how did Karakarokget them back?

35 What is the name of the place where Lohanwent to? is it Wamoom? Wilsons promontoryWarmum

36 Did he ever hear of Pirnmehee-al - a gigantic manliving above the clouds of a kind disposition Dawson- - lived in [?kness?] - this side Warrnambool - atFramlinghame (Binbeal?)

37 Is Canopus = Waa? Dawson p. 99

38 What kind of Hawk is Thara - what is itscry - is it Kuyong Kuyong = small kestrel.or Swamp Hawk - Pirrween= its crynot known Dawson lii

Last edit 29 days ago by ALourie
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48 What does Ngama-jet mean

49 [crosssed out - maming - ngŭla][crossed out - mamma - thŭma]their father - pluraltheir father - dualyour father - pluralyour father - dual

[5 crossed out]Jajowrong - (1) [k - crossed out] Leak-a-bulluk(2) Pill-awin - goondetch}-(3) Kalk-Kalk-goonditch between Loddon + BendigoDaylesford (4) Wong-hŭrra-ghee-rar-goondetchalready done Castlemaine (5) gal-gal-[goondich - crossed out] bulluk - Maryborough(6) Tow-nar-bur-lar goondetch(7) Way-re-reong goondeetch -}stone quarry in their country

50 Bunjil = Krokage}Waa = Kubitch} Framlingham

1 Bunjil = {[??] gal gal bullukWaa = 2 gamut [??]They say that all the Jajowrong were mixed up - of (1) + (2)

Last edit 6 months ago by ALourie
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The East End of Mt Macedon belonged to Bilibileri (who was Waa)and Urunjeri. The west side [of - crossed out] belonged to a man who was nextto Capt. Turnbull - This man was of the Kūrnŭngillŭm and wasmarried to Bilibileri's sister. The Kurŭngillŭm extended to this sideof Daylesford - as far as Bullengrūk. Mt Blackwood belonged tothe Wirarap Malcolm - he was a Kri-balŭk. The Urunjerimen got women from the Kūrnŭngillŭm and the Kri balŭkThe Kribaluk got women from the Yarra and from the Kūrnungillūm= Urunjeri from Kilmore.

Last edit 11 months ago by ALourie
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