Howitt and Fison Papers

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hw0397 Bulmer to Howitt 12/April/1899

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[Diagram family relationships]

Bruthen Munjie Brother Bimbing gilwife Bret-thalo wife not known by present blacks

Dead 1st Yallung 2nd Mary Dookalunern
Annie Harry Stephens
died Bridget or Budgel
Lataba
1st Wife unknown
Kangaroo Jack
Jinny Wombat Polly
Old Kangaroo Jack
Joe died
Dinah Coranderrk husband Willie JohsonNew Kong Snowy RiverManero

The wives of the various members of the family were from the following places Bruthen Munjie's were from Lakes Entrance Tuleba's from same place Tuleba's 2nd wife from Bairnsdale. Dookalanern and Yallung were true sisters.

[written on the right hand side of the diagram] The relationship between Kangaroo ack and Tuleba arose from the fact that Tuleba's first wife Yallung was companion wife to a man called Birrarark who also had Mary who was K Jacks Mother. Mary wasafterwards married to OldLamby

Last edit 2 months ago by ALourie

hw0398 Bulmer to Howitt 12/April/1899

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Mission Station Lake TyersApril 25th 1899My dear Mr Howitt,In answer to your letter I have got thefollowing answers from Charley Blair. But must first correct my unfortunate expression companion wife. I merely meant that Birrarark had Yallung and Dookalanem as real wives at the same time.1 Birrarark was the father of Harry Stephens by his wife Dookalanem who afterward married Barney his stepfather.2 As to table A I am sorry I cannot find out if Bimbugil had a sister either own or tribal Blair says it is too long for his remembrance and old Kitty who is about 70 yrs old tells me she belonged to the Sale district so does not know anything about the family.3 Table B Mary’s first husband was old Dick Cooper who was only father to C. Blair Emma + Jenny who married old Kangaroo Jack. They have another brother named David Blair (Yangooranark) who is married in N S Wales.4 Table C The first wife of Dick Cooper was called Boorajush. They were the father and mother of Big Joe (Dango willin)Lataba was only brother to Dick Cooper they had another brother Carloba who died [young - crossed out]about 20 years ago.Under table C1 I have given above the father + mother of Big Joe2 Also who was Latala3 Kangaroo Jack married the wife of an old man named Billy Jumbuck. They had no children. She after the death of Kangaroo Jack married

Last edit 2 months ago by ALourie
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[diagram]ABruthen Munji Tundung Bramung Bembingal

Komening Barney Tundung Bramung Tulaba(died) Dukalunem Yallung Mary

Harry Stevens AnnieBridget died

Last edit 4 months ago by ALourie

hw0401 Howitt to Bulmer Howitt to Bulmer 18/April/1899

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Mr Bulmer 18/4/99Thanking him for the great trouble which he has taken. I think with a little more the table will be just [the comparative table - crossed out] what I want for comparison with one taken from a central Aust. tribe. I shall feel very much obliged if he will give the following information:- For the present to simplify matters I have separated the different “descents” and can join them together when completed.

(1) What dou [sic] you imply when you say the Yallung was a “companion wife” to a man called Birraark who also had Mary the mother of Kangaroo Jack?What is a “companion wife”? Was Mary the [“companion "wife” - crossed out] actual wife (not tribal wife) of Birraark – or his “companion wife”? Was not this Birraark called “Mundanan"?

(2) as to Table A. Can you [give me - crossed out] find out the name of a sister of Bembuikil and her descendants [of Bem - crossed out]

(3) Table B. Who was Mary’s first husband – before Tulaba – the own father of Charley Blair and Emma? [I an - crossed out] Was Jenny (the wife of old Kangaroo Jackthe [brother of Ch- crossed out] sister of Charley Blair and Emma.

(4) Table C. Who was the first wife of Dick Cooper?

The reason why I am so desirous of having this table complete is for the purpose of showing by comparison the nature of the relationship + marriages with those in similar lines of descent in a central Australian tribe. This [K - crossed out] central Australian tribe has “group marriage” – the Kurnai had individual marriage, yet both have much the same kind of system of relationships. Finally when I have the table complete I shall [??]?ableall the relationship – distinguishing between “own” and “tribal” which is a very important matter.

As an instance take the Central Australian tribes – and their term “father’. Ergo being a Dieri blackfellow, [my - crossed out] the husband of my own mother, all his brothers, and all the "pinnai - crossed out]pirauru or accessory husbands of my own mother and of all her sisters, are my fathers. There are two forms of marriage in these tribes the noa marriage which arises through betrothal of two [person - crossed out] individuals, and the pirauru marriage which arises through the allocation of accessory husband to a woman, or accessory wives to a man. The accessory husbands have access to these pirauru - wives, so that there is “group marriage” as an existing fact. Speaking as a Kurnai would, the “accessory husband” of a woman would be the “biebba minyan” of her children. Bruthen Mungi was the bubba minyanof Tulaba, but he was only nominally the [?binbad?] of Bembuikils wife. Here is the vital distinction between the marriage system of the central Australian tribe + that of the Kurnai. For this the table are required as well as of other peoples

[written in the left side margin]PS Re Prickly Moses

Last edit 2 months ago by ALourie
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