Howitt and Fison Papers


Search for Yutyuto*





[now in progress by my valued correspondent the Revd Otto Sie- crossed out][bert the in to the Dieri customs- crossed out] show that Kopperamana on the Cooper[Cooper is - crossed out] One of the old Trade centres is, where the surrounding tribes met periodocally [sic], to confer and to barter their res-pective manufactures. The name Kopperamana is a mutilation of [is -crossed out]the true name Kappara-mara, from Kapara meaning "hand" and mara meaning "root" (1) [as also the haier [sic] of the head - crossed out]. The meaning of the name really is, that as the fingers all come together in the "root" of the hand, so [did - crossed out] do the native tribes come together at Kapara-mara to confer together, and especially to [there - crossed out] exchainge [sic]their respective articles of commerce. Kapara-mara is therefore [seems to have been a - crossed out] one of the trade centres for the tribes [which inter- crossed out][married with the -crossed out] those [akin - crossed out] allied to the Dieri.

The following is briefly the procedure at one of the tribal meetings at Kaparamarawhich are still presently held and a detailed account of which will be given [in the memoir on the Dieri tribe which as I have said - crossed out] at a future time in the paper work which I am now am preparing with the cooperation of Mr Siebert- crossed out] preparing in conjunction with Mr Siebert as to the Dieri and their tribes of the Lake Eyre Basin.

There are four different occations [sic] on which this barter is carried on. One which I have noted is when a blood feud is settled & barter ofgoods (p -)and ( ※ next page). -

(I) At the assemblies where the practice called Yutyuto(1) occurs, [and this is the most common. It- crossed out] when a party has come in from a long distance, for the purpose of barter. The strangers are represented by a local man who is called the Yutyuto, from the string (yut) which is tied round his neck, and which, [in the first instance - crossed out] as a first action, he burns in a fire [which is lighted- crossed out] lighted between the two parties (2). His party stand in a long row one behind the other, and the most didtant/distant one produces secretly one of the articles which he has for barter. He passes to the next one in front of him, who again passes it on, always between the legs of the man in front, so that it shall not be seen until it is in the hands of the [front man- crossed out] leader. [who - crossed out] This is the Yutyuto, who lays it down before the other party. These produce in the sa same manner the article which they propose to exchange for it,

[written in left side margin](1) Mara also means the hair of the head - in its position to the head as the fingers are to theirhand.

(1) See page -Dieri saw the Kundrito be of Kunke abilityJ.A.I. 188 - page -

where this man is spoken of as Yutchin(2)

Last edit 24 days ago by ALourie



and which is laid down beside the other one. If both sides are thensatisfied each takes the articles bartered. [and - crossed out] The Yutyuto then produces another one, and the same procedure is again gone through, until the bartering is finished. If one party has not been satisfied, the matter probably ends with club fighting. ※[In the same manner -crossed out] bargaining goes on in respect of the killing of some man, so that the feud may be healed, blood shed be avoided and people live in peace. (1)

[Note up right side of text] *(I) Another occasion is when there is an assembly for the greatWilyaru ceremony (p -), when -

[Note Left hand column to go with bloodshed, line 8] (1) Here is kinda [sic] proceedure which under favourablecircumstances mighthave developed intoa customas that of the Wergeldof the Teutonic tribe

The bartering [on the above occasion spoken of - crossed out] is carried on during the day, but [on the occasion of the - crossed out] when the great Wilyaru ceremony is held (2) it takes place during the night. The two parties being at a distance of a mile apart, each standing at a great fire, and the two intermediaries res-pectively, run from one fire to the other, carrying the arti-cles to be bartered.

The Dieri on such occasions exchange string, the tassels which are worn by the men for decency, netted bags, &ct. Tribes from the east bring boomerangs, (kirha). pirra-mara (shields) (3), and other articles made of wood. Those who came from the north,[especially] bring pitcheri and feathers and from the south and west [comes - crossed out] the stone slabs [for grinding seeds - crossed out] with which seeds are pounded and ground.These particulars indeed note character of the intertribal barter and the radius within which it is carried on, taking Kopperamana as the centre. [at presents subject to for- crossed out]

[Notes left hand side](2) see Dieri tribep. -

(3) pirra-wood bowlmara - hand [diagram of circle with dot in middle]

Last edit 24 days ago by ALourie
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