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276 DOUGLASS TO HUGH AULD, 4 OCTOBER 1859

by Carl G. Auld, Ellicott City, Md., 5 June 1976; Pennsylvania Freeman, 26 February 1846; Lib.,
6 March 1846; Preston, Young Frederick Douglass, 81, 84-85, 92, 143, 173-75.

2. Internal evidence leads to the conclusion that this letter was composed in 1859 not 1857, as
handwritten on the manuscript. There is no record that Hugh Auld ever responded to Douglass. Pres-
ton, Young Frederick Douglass, 168.

3. Not until 1881 did Douglass publicly reveal the details of his escape from slavery. On 3 Sep-
tember 1838, he boarded a train bound north from Baltimore. Douglass had borrowed the uniform
and seaman’s protection papers of a free black friend in Baltimore. Fortunately for Douglass, the
conductor did not check the description in the papers carefully, and several white acquaintances on
the train failed to recognize him. After changing trains several times, Douglass reached New York
City and freedom. Douglass, “My Escape from Slavery," Century Magazine, 23:125-31 (November
1881); Douglass Papers, ser. 2, 3:153-56.

4. Hugh and Sophia Auld had six children. Douglass was sent to Baltimore to act as a compan-
ion to the eldest, Thomas “Tommy” Auld (1824-48). The other Auld children were Ann Elizabeth
Auld (1826-91), Benjamin Franklin Auld (1828-98), Hugh William Auld (1831-91), Edward H. Auld
(1836-?), and Zepporah Frances Auld (1838-72). Preston, Young Frederick Douglass, 95, 165-66,
228n.

5. Neither the 1824 nor 1827 Baltimore directories, the only extant directories in this period, list
Hugh Auld’s residence. The Baltimore City Commission on Historical and Architectural Preserva-
tion established that Hugh Auld’s house was on the southeast corner of Aliceanna and Durham, for-
merly Happy Alley, streets in Fells Point. Contemporary sources spelled the street “Alisanna" (1824)
or “Alice Anna” (1827). Matchett’s Baltimore Directory for 1824 (Baltimore, 1824), 343; Matchett’s
Baltimore Directory for 1827
(Baltimore, 1827), 1 (street register); Fielding Lucas, Jr., comp., Plan of
the City of Baltimore
(Baltimore, 1836); Preston, Young Frederick Douglass, 223.

6. The firm of J. S. Beacham & Brothers, headed by James Beacham, was a leading builder of
the speedy two-masted pilot schooner today remembered as the Baltimore clipper. Built in shipyards
in St. Michaels and Baltimore, Beacham ships were sold to customers around the world and made
their way into the opium and slave trades as well as more legitimate maritime commerce. Beacham
constructed the sixty-four-gun frigate Baltimore at his Fells Point shipyard for the Brazilian navy
in 1826. J. Thomas Scharf, History of Baltimore City and County: From the Earliest Period to the
Present Day
(Philadelphia, 1881), 293; Geoffrey M. Footner, Tidewater Triumph: The Development
and Worldwide Success of the Chesapeake Bay Pilot Schooner
(Centreville, Md., 1998), 9, 130, 134,
146, 151, 158-59.

7. Born in Hillsborough, Maryland, Arianna Amanda Auld Sears (1826-78) was the only child
of Thomas and Lucretia Anthony Auld. In 1826, after her mother’s death and her father’s remar-
riage, she fell under the charge of her stepmother, Rowena Hambleton Auld. In 1843 she married
John L. Sears, a Philadelphia coal merchant, with whom she had four children. The Searses moved
to Philadelphia, but returned to Maryland in the early 1860s, settling in Baltimore. Amanda Sears’s
childhood acquaintance with Frederick Douglass was reestablished in early October 1859 when he
called upon her while on a speaking engagement in Philadelphia. Douglass and Amanda maintained
a warm friendship over the years that followed. After her death, in 1878, Amanda’s husband wrote
to Douglass, “God bless you for your kindness to her.” John L. Sears to Douglass, 10 January 1878,
Thomas E. Sears to Douglass, 1 February 1878, General Correspondence File, reel 3, frames 215-16,
225, FD Papers, DLC; Auld Family Bible (courtesy of Carl G. Auld); New York Herald, 6 September
1866; Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, 6 September 1866; Preston, Young Frederick Douglass, 30,
106-07, 168-70; Roberts, “Visitation of Western Talbot," 245.

8. Sophia Keithley Auld (1797-1880) was born in Talbot County, Maryland, to Richard and
Hester Keithley. Her parents were poor devout Methodists who held to the antislavery teachings of
their church. Before marrying Hugh Auld, she worked as a weaver. Soon after their marriage, the
couple moved to Baltimore. Both Douglass and Sophia Auld retained enormous affection for each
other long after Douglass had established himself in the North. Douglass tried to visit Auld in Balti-

Y7271-Douglass_9780300218305.indb 276 1/26/18 9:41 AM

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