English recipe book, 17th century and later MS 8575

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Collection of medical and culinary recipes in several hands.

The recipes are written into a volume that was originally designed for recording classical exempla, epigrams, or extracts from Roman authors; a few entries have been made under such headings as 'Ars', 'Clementia', and 'Crudelitas'. However the volume was seemingly soon repurposed as a recipe compendium. The earliest and largest number of recipe entries are in a later 17th century hand that is also responsible for the index at the start of the volume; a few entries were made by later contributors, the latest apparently in the later 18th or even early 19th century (f. 41).

Various authorities for the recipes are cited. Among the the medical ones are 'Doctor Pridgeon' [? Francis Prigeon] (f. 10); 'Doctor Lower' [Richard Lower, 1631-1691] (ff. 11, 99); 'Dr Butler' (f. 23); 'Doctr Bucanon' (f. 30); 'Docr Smith of Portsmouth' (f. 31); 'Docter Pechey' [John Pechey, d.1718] (f. 33); 'Doctor Colebatch' (f. 40); 'Dct Hunt' (f. 41); 'Doctor Windebank' [John Windebanke MD, fl.1654-1680] (f. 47); 'Doctor Dover' [Thomas Dover, d.1742] (f. 49); 'Doct Nisbit' (f. 140); 'Doctor Speers' (f. 141); 'Doctr Ross' (f. 154); 'Doctr Rosewel' [? John Rosewell] (f. 155); 'Doctor Coladin' (f. 158); and 'Dr Ridgley' [?Thomas Ridgley, d. 1656] (f. 163). Lay authorities include the Countess of Arundel [Anne Howard, nee Dacre,countess of Arundel, 1557-1630] (f. 24); Sir William Temple [1628-1699] (f. 50); and 'Sir Edward Tencil' (f. 134). There are also extensive extracts from Gerard's Herbal (ff. 170-74). An 18th century contributor has inserted a copy of a verse aphorism that seems to have been something of a commonplace at the time: 'spare not, nor spend too much, be this thy care, spare but to spend, and only spend to spare, Who spends too much, may want and so complain, but he spends best, that leaves to spend again' (f. 22). Cf. MS.7849.

The language of the volume is English, with parts in Latin.

Collection of medical and culinary recipes in several hands.

The recipes are written into a volume that was originally designed for recording classical exempla, epigrams, or extracts from Roman authors; a few entries have been made under such headings as 'Ars', 'Clementia', and 'Crudelitas'. However the volume was seemingly soon repurposed as a recipe compendium. The earliest and largest number of recipe entries are in a later 17th century hand that is also responsible for the index at the start of the volume; a few entries were made by later contributors, the latest apparently in the later 18th or even early 19th century (f. 41).

Various authorities for the recipes are cited. Among the the medical ones are 'Doctor Pridgeon' [? Francis Prigeon] (f. 10); 'Doctor Lower' [Richard Lower, 1631-1691] (ff. 11, 99); 'Dr Butler' (f. 23); 'Doctr Bucanon' (f. 30); 'Docr Smith of Portsmouth' (f. 31); 'Docter Pechey' [John Pechey, d.1718] (f. 33); 'Doctor Colebatch' (f. 40); 'Dct Hunt' (f. 41); 'Doctor Windebank' [John Windebanke MD, fl.1654-1680] (f. 47); 'Doctor Dover' [Thomas Dover, d.1742] (f. 49); 'Doct Nisbit' (f. 140); 'Doctor Speers' (f. 141); 'Doctr Ross' (f. 154); 'Doctr Rosewel' [? John Rosewell] (f. 155); 'Doctor Coladin' (f. 158); and 'Dr Ridgley' [?Thomas Ridgley, d. 1656] (f. 163). Lay authorities include the Countess of Arundel [Anne Howard, nee Dacre,countess of Arundel, 1557-1630] (f. 24); Sir William Temple [1628-1699] (f. 50); and 'Sir Edward Tencil' (f. 134). There are also extensive extracts from Gerard's Herbal (ff. 170-74). An 18th century contributor has inserted a copy of a verse aphorism that seems to have been something of a commonplace at the time: 'spare not, nor spend too much, be this thy care, spare but to spend, and only spend to spare, Who spends too much, may want and so complain, but he spends best, that leaves to spend again' (f. 22). Cf. MS.7849.

The language of the volume is English, with parts in Latin.



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Needs Review

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To preserve the Sight

Take the Juice of Fenell in the moneth April & put it in a vessell of glasse with a long & narrow necke & let it stand fifteene daies in the Sunne that it may be wel dryed then remoove the glass softly & powerthe Juyce from the grounds to every half pound of the iuyce put put one ounce of chosen lignum Aloes beaten into fine powder & let it stand other fifteen daies in the sunne then strain it twise throw a thick cloth & keep the clearest in a glass drop a lettle theerof in to your Eie to clear the light

And som do distil this wood in a distillatory of glasse & put the water theerof into the Eies & hold this for a great secret as miraculous to preserve the sight {Collyrium defellibus much commended}

Another

Dessove in an ounce of water of Rosemary flowers two seruples of Sal gamma very finly powdered & filtered drop the same often into the Eies it doth mightily clear the Eies that Suffusions are wonderfully removed & especially moystures of the Eyes

for an Ague

half an ounce of the Bark 40 grains of snak root 30 grains of salt of wormwood take it in a four proportions in a glass of claret wine morning & Evening when if fit is of this is a very good Reseript Probatum Probatum

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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Needs Review

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To make a Thick Cream Cheese

take the new milk of 9 or 10 cows and 2 meals of cream what is about a pint of cream to a Gallon of new milk & put hot water enough to it when you set it together to make it the warmth of milk when it comes from the cow & put 4 or 5 spoonfulls of quick Runet to it, when it is come, put about a quart of Boyling water upon it & let it stand to have the cream set in it about a quarter of an Hour: than take it up with the fleeting Dish break the curd as little as you can & lay it into the cheese & let it stand to whey, shake the cheese cloath about but dont press it much when it is wheyd gather the cheese cloath up & make it pretty Dry then have a clean cheese cloath in a mote with a Deep Hoose & take it up with the fleeting Dish & lay it into the mote, when it is half in put a handfull of salt in the middle, when it is all in tack the cloaths tite round & lay a cheese mote set about 14 pd weight upon it & when it has stood 2 Hours turn it upside down into the same mote again and let it stand with the weight upon it till ? than turn it & rub some salt upon it & put it into a clean cloath & into the mote again then put it into the cheese press & pin a cloath the Debth of the cheese tite Round it & so keep shifting the cloath till the cheese is pretty Dry this cheese is best at a year old. For Master Core

For the Scurvie

Take Broom ashes half a pound Leaves of Roman wormwood Tops of Centaury Broom flowers of each 2 handfulls roots of Elacampane 1 ounce roots of Orris the middle peel of Elder of each 3 drams the seeds of Carrotts Mustard & Juniper Berries of each one ounce steel powder 3 ounces infuse them in 3 quarts of Renish wine 24 houres afterward strain the liquor for your use Take a small draught of this every morning & at 5 a clocke in the afternoon this was proscribed to Master Gore of which he found great benifit allso he was ordered to bath his foot morning & evening with this bath following Take leaves of wormwood & Ren camomil flowers of each 3 handfulls Bay Berries & Juneper Berries of each 2 ounces boyl these in a strong Lee of wood ashes with witch

Pils Proscribed by the Doctor Pridg[uean] to Mrs Davenport For the Palsy of which she found great benifit

Take of the pils of macri alaphangine pils of Rudy & imperiall pils of each half a dram oyl of am amber & cloves of each 6 dropes make them into 12 pils for 4 doses to be taken every other morning.

Take compound water of Lavender 2 ounces take the quintity of a dram in mace ale altered with Lavender flowers marygolds & Rosemary

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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Needs Review

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{38} {39}

Doctor Sowers Tinture of Steel

Take of the filings of steel two ounces of white horehound Leaves a handful of Roman wormwood & tops of centaury each half a handful of cardius seeds half an ounce infuse these ten daies in a quart of milk water a pint of white wine half a pint of compound gentian water then strin it through a brown paper first within a tunnel Take four spoonfuls every morning

A Glister For to Ease any pain in The Bowils in fits of the gout or in any collick pain or gripes

{Rx} Take one ounce of Venice Turpentine & the yolk of one Egg bray them with a knife upon a trencher till the Turpentine be very wel mingled with the Egg then warm near a pint of new milk then put in your Egg & Turpentine Sweeten it & strain it through a cloth so give it the party afflicted with any of the a above said paines this is very good this Madam Mary Courthop commended to me upon her own experiance

A spsciall Medion for the Wormes in the Body of Man or Woman

Take of Malamsey a pottle & an ounce of the powder orange peile & half of a pound of sugar a handfull of rosemary Boyl all these together then take out the rosemary drink of it fasting pretty draught. this drink cured a man that had a Marvelous knawing in his Boddy a year or two & then fell madde & takeing of this drink it made him void a worm at his mouth two yards long which was pulled out by force

Madam [Wroth]

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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Needs Review

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{40} {41}

The Sympathetick oyntment

Take the fat of bacon flitch after you have scraped of the black then make your tongs redhot in the fire then take the Bacon & melt it betwixt them in to fair water in a clean dish when you have melted as much as you please then take it out of the water & work the water out of it as you work the buttermilk from your butter then put it in to a clean white Galley pot & keep it for your use

The way to apply it is to take the fresh blood from a wound upon a clean rag & dress it with the ointment once in 24 hours hang it up in a place where nothing can touch it

my Nephew Lucas

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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Needs Review

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{42} {43}

in hard Travil

Take of the oyl of Amber & carraway seeds of each a like quantity of which take 6 or 7 dropps & anoynt the navell it if you please you may give 3 or 4 dropps inwardly in a lettle broth or wine by Gods Blessing som Speedy effect wil follow

An [Epeell] pancake for after paines in chilbed F

For Shortness of Breath

Infuse Garlick in a quart of White Wine one day make it strong of the Garlick sweeten it with a quarter of a pound of Honey Take of this 3 or 4 Spoonfulls at an night & if you keep your self warm in a morning a good Recept

For Sore Eies

Take a Shell Snail break off the Shell & Slit the Snail and the yollow Juice which runs out of it drop into the Eie

this a very good thing but I think {Probatum} the Juice of it self two Glutinous so I order about 12 drops of that water which you wil find in page 352

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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