English recipe book, 17th century and later MS 8575

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Collection of medical and culinary recipes in several hands.

The recipes are written into a volume that was originally designed for recording classical exempla, epigrams, or extracts from Roman authors; a few entries have been made under such headings as 'Ars', 'Clementia', and 'Crudelitas'. However the volume was seemingly soon repurposed as a recipe compendium. The earliest and largest number of recipe entries are in a later 17th century hand that is also responsible for the index at the start of the volume; a few entries were made by later contributors, the latest apparently in the later 18th or even early 19th century (f. 41).

Various authorities for the recipes are cited. Among the the medical ones are 'Doctor Pridgeon' [? Francis Prigeon] (f. 10); 'Doctor Lower' [Richard Lower, 1631-1691] (ff. 11, 99); 'Dr Butler' (f. 23); 'Doctr Bucanon' (f. 30); 'Docr Smith of Portsmouth' (f. 31); 'Docter Pechey' [John Pechey, d.1718] (f. 33); 'Doctor Colebatch' (f. 40); 'Dct Hunt' (f. 41); 'Doctor Windebank' [John Windebanke MD, fl.1654-1680] (f. 47); 'Doctor Dover' [Thomas Dover, d.1742] (f. 49); 'Doct Nisbit' (f. 140); 'Doctor Speers' (f. 141); 'Doctr Ross' (f. 154); 'Doctr Rosewel' [? John Rosewell] (f. 155); 'Doctor Coladin' (f. 158); and 'Dr Ridgley' [?Thomas Ridgley, d. 1656] (f. 163). Lay authorities include the Countess of Arundel [Anne Howard, nee Dacre,countess of Arundel, 1557-1630] (f. 24); Sir William Temple [1628-1699] (f. 50); and 'Sir Edward Tencil' (f. 134). There are also extensive extracts from Gerard's Herbal (ff. 170-74). An 18th century contributor has inserted a copy of a verse aphorism that seems to have been something of a commonplace at the time: 'spare not, nor spend too much, be this thy care, spare but to spend, and only spend to spare, Who spends too much, may want and so complain, but he spends best, that leaves to spend again' (f. 22). Cf. MS.7849.

The language of the volume is English, with parts in Latin.

Collection of medical and culinary recipes in several hands.

The recipes are written into a volume that was originally designed for recording classical exempla, epigrams, or extracts from Roman authors; a few entries have been made under such headings as 'Ars', 'Clementia', and 'Crudelitas'. However the volume was seemingly soon repurposed as a recipe compendium. The earliest and largest number of recipe entries are in a later 17th century hand that is also responsible for the index at the start of the volume; a few entries were made by later contributors, the latest apparently in the later 18th or even early 19th century (f. 41).

Various authorities for the recipes are cited. Among the the medical ones are 'Doctor Pridgeon' [? Francis Prigeon] (f. 10); 'Doctor Lower' [Richard Lower, 1631-1691] (ff. 11, 99); 'Dr Butler' (f. 23); 'Doctr Bucanon' (f. 30); 'Docr Smith of Portsmouth' (f. 31); 'Docter Pechey' [John Pechey, d.1718] (f. 33); 'Doctor Colebatch' (f. 40); 'Dct Hunt' (f. 41); 'Doctor Windebank' [John Windebanke MD, fl.1654-1680] (f. 47); 'Doctor Dover' [Thomas Dover, d.1742] (f. 49); 'Doct Nisbit' (f. 140); 'Doctor Speers' (f. 141); 'Doctr Ross' (f. 154); 'Doctr Rosewel' [? John Rosewell] (f. 155); 'Doctor Coladin' (f. 158); and 'Dr Ridgley' [?Thomas Ridgley, d. 1656] (f. 163). Lay authorities include the Countess of Arundel [Anne Howard, nee Dacre,countess of Arundel, 1557-1630] (f. 24); Sir William Temple [1628-1699] (f. 50); and 'Sir Edward Tencil' (f. 134). There are also extensive extracts from Gerard's Herbal (ff. 170-74). An 18th century contributor has inserted a copy of a verse aphorism that seems to have been something of a commonplace at the time: 'spare not, nor spend too much, be this thy care, spare but to spend, and only spend to spare, Who spends too much, may want and so complain, but he spends best, that leaves to spend again' (f. 22). Cf. MS.7849.

The language of the volume is English, with parts in Latin.



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A good blacke salve for an old soreor a green or to kill a fellen or for a sore breast or an Ague sore

a Take yellow wax half a pound rosen of the Pine tree one ounce sheeps suit half a pound frankencense half a quarter of of a pound sallet oyle a quarter of a pint cloves & mace of each a quarter of an ounce half an ounce of mastique rosen of the common sort a quarter of a pound stone pitch & a quarter of a pound of red Rose w water red plantain water of each of these three spoonfull of red wine vineger six spoonfulls a quarter of a nounce of deere suit or hogs suit three spoonfulls of Holyhock water or Juice of holyhock. Melt your suit & set it to couling slice the wax beat the pitch & rosen as also the mastique & cloves & mace into fine powder when your suit is could put into it all your waters & vineger & cloves & mace & your oyle then let it over the gentle fire until it be warm stiring of it stil then put in all the other things & keep it stiring over a very soft fire in any wise let not your fire be to hot keep it stil stiring until it begin to rise & that you may find by your stick that all things be melted & if you drop it upon a board it wil be somwhat th stiff then it is boyled anouf then take it of from the fire & stir it til it be so coold as you m may wel strain it through a thin cloth in to a bason when it is cold take it from the water & melt it & put it into pots you must boyl it in a larg vesil for it wil sudenly run over the dreegs that remain in the cloth when it is strained is good to burn where any infection is

A good Medicine for a surfeite

Take Ive berries which groweth upon a oake the north side in the wean of the moone & towards Easter dry them & beat them to powder & take half a spoonfull in bear or [...] to hinder after pains

Take of the roots of the great Comferye half an ounce of the carnells of peachis & of nutmegge & of yollow Amber four scruples beat these & take one drame in a lettle of the best white wine a lettle after the delivery of the after birth if she chance to vomit it up give her as much more this was used by the Queen of fran[...] & by other great Ladies & given for a great secrett

For the Toothach

Take Garama Dragons blood & Mastes of each a like quantity melt them togather & pr[...] is on leather & lay it to the Temples

For the Siatyca

Take Garama & Burgundy pitch of each a li[...] quantity melt them to ge togather & spread it [...] glovers leather & a ply it to the place & s sufer it to[...] lie on a fortnight the Garama must be prep[...]

A present remidy for the Toothach

Take the roots of White Beets stamp them & take the Juyce & snouf in to your nostrils m Mr Wharton

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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A couling drink for a Fever

To three pints of water of Spring water take one handfull of the shavings of Deale some Liquorice sliced & some of the roots of March Mallows boyl it to a quart sweeten it to your Tast & drink it when you please this was prescribed to Mis katy Bridger that was under the surgons hands for the Kings Evil & had a feaver.

for the Griping of the Gutts

infuse in Cinamon Water two drams of Rubarb sliced very thing for a strong constiution add one ounce of Mana infuse it all night & take it in the morning it tis a certain remidy

Doctor Bucanon

A remidy for the Gout

when you find the Gout a coming Take crown soap of the bigness of an Egg some oyl of camis camimile a pretty big pice of free chalk & dom Bolearmineck let the Chalk & bolarminack be very fine then take the whit of an Egg or if it be a larg plaster two mix it all wel togather & spread upon new lockeram & lay it to the grived place

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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For the Giddiness in the Head

{Rx} Peacos Peacock dung powdered & put as wil ly upon a sixpence of it in a glas of White WIne & drink it night and morning for three daies togather.

A seeling powder for the Same

Lavender flowers sweet Marioram Eybright flowers & leaves of each a like quantity with Som Tobacco dry them & beat them into powder and so use the powder.

Mrs Layfield from Doctor Smith of Portsmouth

Most Excelant for the Phthisicks

Take a Spoonful of Musturd & boyl it in a quart of Milk til it comes to a pint or less Eate it at once in the moning

Probatum

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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For the Kings Evil

{Rx} Sasaprilla 6 ounces flinty China beaten 6 ounces sasafras one ounce Masbrick wood one ounce the three sanders of each a dram Guacum a pound Liqurish an ounce serap'd & sliced half a pound of stoned Raisons of the Son coriander seeds one ounce put these ingredeints into a large Earthen pott with a spickett hole take two galons of Lime water & make it boil & pour it to those ingredients stir them togather & couer them close let it stand 2 or 3 daies & then begin to drink it & after 2 or 3 dayes more you may draw of the rest in bottles then heat a galon more of the Lime water & pour it upon the same ingrediences & let it stand til you have drank off the rest & then drink it

The Lime Water is thus made

Take a Tub or half Baril measure your water & to every galon put a pound of lime frish from the Kill stir it once very wel &after 24 hours you may draw it off but the longer it stands the better.

The dose is half a pinte morning noon & night & drink no other drink & purge onece once in 5 or 7 daies if bound the diett should be Mutten rosted very dry for diner dinner & Raisons & Bread for Supper & no drink but the diet Drink for a month togather or for six weeks spring and fall

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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Needs Review

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SOm observations out of Docter Pechey he commends much the Peruvian Bark for Hysterical Wemen & Hypocondriacal Men he saith a scruple of it taken morning & Evening for som weeks togather doth great good Especially if the Wemen are trubled with fits of the mother he also commends the preperations of steel & not to purge when thay take it or r when that take drink minerall waters. for thin cholerick constitutions when many Remedies hath faled he sath a milk Diet hath much restored them. For wemen that are very Hysterical first that 30iii of blood be taken from the right Arm then Take of Galbanum disolv'd in tincture of castor & strained 3iii Tacamahae 3ii make an Emplaster to be apply'd to the navel The next morning let her enter upon the use of the following pills Take of pill coch Mai two scruuples of castor powder'd grii of Peruvian Balsam gutt it make four pills let her take them at five in the morning & sleep after them repeat them twice or thrice every morning or every other morning according to their operation & the strength of the patient

Take of Black cherry Water of Rue water & compound {Flysterick water} Briony Water each 3iii of castor tied up in a Rag & hang'd in the Glas 3ss of fine sugara sufficient quantity make a Julap of which let her take 4 or 5 spoonfuls when she is faint dropping into the first dose if the fit is violant gutt xx of spirit of Hartshorn after the purging pills just deserib'd are taken let her use the following Take of the filings of steel gr uiii with a sufficient quantity of extract of wormwood make two pills let her take them early in the morning & at five in the afternoon for thirty Days drinking upom them a drought of wormwood wine or for daily use take of the filings of steel & of Extract of wormwood each Ziiii mingle them & keep them for use let her take gr xv or 3i made in to three pills but if in case the first the firettaking of these do eaase som disorders of body or mind for all that it must not be omited you must add laudanum for som night in som

Last edit 12 months ago by Veena
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