Wellcome Collection: Manuscript recipe book of Grace Carteret, 1st Countess Granville (1654-1744) (MS.8903)

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English manuscript book of medicinal and culinary recipes owned by Grace Carteret, 1st Countess Granville (1654-1744), with ownership inscription on the inside front cover.

The volume is closely associated with the contemporary Ann Fanshawe recipe manuscript held by the Wellcome Library (MS.7113). The Carterets and Fanshawes were family friends, as Ann Fanshawe's memoirs ( British Library Add MS 41161) indicate. The families' relationship is reflected in overlaps in content between the recipes in the two volumes, notably the highly unusual early recipe for ice cream at MS.8903, f.9. This is closely related to the famous ice cream recipe at MS.7113, f.158r, and appears to date to before the first English printed ice cream recipe in Mrs. Mary Eale's Receipts (London 1718).

The recipes are undated but the majority are written in a single fair hand dating from the mid to late 17th century, with additional recipes added or inserted in a wide variety of hands dating to around the mid 18th century. There is a clue to dating in the record of butter salting days for June-November 1662 entered at ff.4-5. Given that part of the butter salting record is inserted into gaps in the fair hand recipe text, it seems likely that the former was added into the volume after or at the same time as the initial recipes were entered.

There is a list of apothecary's weights and measures on the inside front cover.

The recipes are arranged as follows:

In the original hand:
Creams, syllabubs, cream cheeses, ff.5-19
Preserves, dried fruits, syrups, ff.24-36
Wines and ales, ff.37-41
Fish, meat, poultry, game, ff.43-57 (including recipes in later hands at ff.55-57)
Medicinal recipes, ff.58-69 (including recipes in later hands throughout)
Pickles, ff.70-71

In mixed later hands:
Medicinal recipes (interpersed with a few culinary recipes), ff.72-83
Culinary recipes (interpersed with a few medicinal recipes), ff.84-106

The volume does not contain an integral index or contents list. We are grateful to Gwenneth Heyking of the Herb Society for transcribing the recipe titles as follows:

f.5 A Creame Sillibub
f.5 To make Snow of Green Apples
f.5 To Make a Foole
f.6 Malbury A Sack Possett
f.6 A Custard
f.6 A Leamon Creame
f.6 A White Wine Creame
f.6 A Brown Bread Creame
f.7 Blank
f.8 Mrs Risden Harts Horne Jelley
f.8 A Sillibub
f.8 A Sillibub
f.9 Calves foot Gelley
f.9 The Ice Creame
f.9 The Blanche Creame
f.9 The Steeple Creame
f.9 Butter-milk Curds
f.9 The Quince Creame
f.9 Almon Creame
f.10 Mrs Fountain The Imperiall Creame
f.10 A Creame Cheese to be made at the hottest time of the year to keep all the winter
f.10 A Cream Cheese
f.10 Mrs Fountaines Cheese Cakes
f.10 The Froth Creame
f.10 A Leamon Creame
f.10 The Clouted Creame
f.10 The Spanish Creame
f.11 To make the Clodding Cream
f.11 A Cold Posset
f.11 A Sack Creame
f.11 To Make Egge Creame
f.11 To Make Fresh Cheese
f.11 To Make Almon Butter Gelley
f.11 To Make Almon Creame
f.11 The Orrange Foole
f.12 To Make Orrang Creame
f.13 Mrs Egerton Almon Butter
f.13 Very Good Cheese Cakes
f.13 A Buttermilk Creame
f.13 A Thick Creame Cheese
f.13 An Almon Custard
f.14 Almon Butter made with Milke
f.14 A Creame Cheese
f.14 A Codling Creame
f.14 To Make a Posset without Milk
f.14 Almon Butter Best Way
f.15 Lady Jacob Cheese Cake
f.15 To Make Leach
f.15 A Pretty Dish of Creame
f.15 A Lemon Sillibub
f.15 The Cabbage Creame
f.16 Mrs Malbery The Angelot Cheese
f.16 A Creame Cheese
f.16 A Cold Creame
f.16 Almond Butter
f.16 A Trifle
f.16 Junkets
f.16 Curds and Creame another way
f.17 A Creame Cheese
f.17 A Cheese
f.17 The White Custard
f.17 To Make Cheese Cakes without Curds
f.17 To Make Fresh Cheese without Runnet
f.17 A Creame Cheese
f.18 A Creame Posset the best way
f.18 A Whipt Sillibub
f.18 The Cheife Leamon Cream
f.19 Cleare Cakes of Orranges
ff.20-23 Blank
f.24 To dry Cherries
f.24 To preserve Barberries
f.24 To dry Barberries
f.24 To Dry Aprecox
f.24 To Candy any sorts of flowers for sallets
f.24 To preserve the Morrella Cherrie
f.25 The Flech of Aprecox
f.25 The Flech of white Quinces
f.25 To preserve the Kentish Cherrie in Gelley
f.25 To Dry any fruit wihout etc
f.26 To Candy Grapes or Gooseberris after you have preserved them
f.26 To Make Suger Plates of any Cullor
f.26 To make Jumballs or Cakes
f.26 Orrange Waffers
f.26 Apricock Past
f.26 Past of Green Nectrines
f.26 To keep Fruit as Damsons and Grapes fresh till Xmas
f.27 To Dry Damsons or any other plumbs to look as blew as from the tree
f.28 Sweet water to burn
f.28 Marmalet of Quince White
f.28 Preserved Grapes
f.28 To preserve Walnuts white
f.28 To preserve Walnuts Black
f.29 Clear Cakes of Quince
f.29 To dry Black pear Plumbs
f.29 Clear Cakes of Apricox
f.30 Cleare Cakes of Rasberries
f.30 Sirrup of Clove gilliflowers
f.30 Sirrup of Corrall
f.30 To make sirrup of Gilliflowers with Leamon
f.31 An aproved Sirrup for the Spleen
f.32 To make Sirrup of Elderberries
f.32 Sirrup of Elder
f.32 To make Sirup of Saffron
f.32 Lady Scarbrough To preserve Grapes
f.32 To Preserve Grapes
f.32 A Sort of Rasbury Cakes
f.32 To Dry Peaches
f.33 To preserve Kentish or golden pippen
f.33 To Make Fruit Biskit
f.33 To Dry Plumbs
f.33 Clear Cakes of Rasberries
f.33 To Dry Apricox
f.33 To Make Leamon or Cytorn [citron] Jelley
f.33 Apricox Marmalet
f.33 Kentish Chery Marmalet
f.34 To dry Cherries
f.34 To Preserve the Clear Plumb or any
f.34 Red Quince Marmalet
f.34 To preserve Quince whole red
f.34 Orrange or Leamon Cakes
f.34 Conserve of Red Roses
f.35 To make white Quince Marmalet
f.35 To preserve Green Apricox
f.35 To preserve Rasberries
f.35 To make Orrange Cakes
f.35 To make Damson Biscuit
f.35 To make Dutch Cakes
f.36 Cleare Cakes of white Curran
f.36 To make Orrange Cakes
f.36 Cleare Cakes of white Pear-plumbs
f.36 To preserve Goosberries Dryed
f.36 To keepe Walnuts Fresh or moyst all Winter
f.37 Leamon Ade to be drunk in Summer (margin: LC)
f.37 Rasbury Wine
f.37 Black Cherry Brandie
f.37 Rasbery Brandie
f.38 Rasberrie Wine
f.38 To make Gilliflower Cowslip or Rasberrie Wine
f.39 To preserve Cytorns [citrons]
f.39 Cowslip Wine
f.39 Apricock Wine
f.40 A Raison Wine
f.40 Leamon A[…]
f.40 Cock Ale
f.40 The White Mead
f.40 Cowslip Wine
f.41 To make a kind of Malt drink Cheshire way
f.41 Cock Ale
f.41 Another Cock Ale
f.42 Blank
f.43 To make Elderberry Wine
f.43 To make Quince Wine
f.43 To Dress a Carp
f.43 To Dresse Pike Tench or Carp
f.44 To boyle a joale of Salmon
f.44 To Stew a Carp
f.44 To Collor Beefe
f.45 To Collor Beefe
f.46 To Collor Veile
f.46 Hanged Beefe
f.46 A Pig Pye
f.46 Sassages
f.46 Sassages another way
f.46 Beefe Mamode
f.47 Sassages another way
f.47 A Good sauce for a Hare
f.47 To Dresse a Pigg
f.47 To Roast a Leg of Mutton to eat cold
f.47 To Roast Oysters
f.48 A Friggacie of Chickens Rabits or Pigions
f.48 Scotch Collops
f.48 To Roast a Shoulder of Mutton
f.48 A Frigacie of Cold Roast Beefe
f.48 Stewd Beefe
f.49 To souce all kind of foule
f.49 To Dresse a Loyne of Mutton
f.49 An Ele Pye
f.49 To Dry Neats Tongues
f.49 To souce a Pigg
f.49 A French Pottage
f.49 A Goose to Eat Cold
f.50 To Roast a Sholder of Mutton In Blood
f.50 Beefe Alamode to eat Cold
f.50 To Dresse a pike
f.51 To Roast a Pike
f.51 To Roast a Goose after the Cheshire way
f.51 To Roast a Capon with Oystors
f.51 The Kings Pease Pottage
f.51 To Boyle a Carp
f.51 To Boyle a Codds Head
f.52 To Stew a Leg of Beefe
f.52 To Make a Friggacie
f.52 To Stew a Carp
f.52 A Haggis Pudding
f.52 How to Bake Venison or Beefe in potts to keep all the yeare
f.52 To Boyle a Brest of Mutton
f.53 To Boyle Mutton
f.53 A Couple of Carps in Crafish
f.53 How to Bake a Swan in a Pie
f.53 To Bake a Rump of Beefe
f.53 A Pudding of a Leg of Mutton
f.54 To dress a Lambs head
f.54 To Stew a Calves Head
f.54 A Broth For a Consumption
f.55 To Make Pole Bisket
f.55 To dresse mushroome hot or a Friggasie of mushrooms
f.55 To Fry Oysters
f.56 To make Cheesecakes
f.56 To make a Devonshire white Pot
f.56 To stew Salary for boyld Fowls
f.56 To make Apricock fritters
f.57 To Dry Bacon or Beefe
f.57 To make Gooseberry Vinegar
f.57 To make a Trifle
f.57 A Crust for fruit or sweet meat Tarts
f.58 To make hair grow where it is bare
f.58 Soveraigne Medicine for the shortness of Breath and purseness
f.58 For A Consumption Cough
f.58 Cynomon Water
f.58 A Water to Clear a Sunburnd face
f.58 To make Cherry water
f.59 Milk-water against a Consumption
f.59 Dyet Drink
f.59 Good Whea to drink in the summer
f.60 The Jesuits dropps
f.60 The Virtues of the Jesuits drops
f.60 The Virgins Milke
f.60 Almony Milk to unstop the Liver or the Spline
f.61 Spirit of Clary
f.61 Orrange Water
f.61 The small Sufitt Water
f.61 Treacle Water
f.62 Cynomon Water
f.62 Spirit of Cytorns [citrons]
f.62 Almon Milk
f.62 Almon Milk a second way
f.62 A precious Cordial to be made in May June etc
f.63 Lemon Water
f.63 A Sweet Water
f.63 A Sweet Bag
f.64 To perfume Gloves the Spanish way
f.64 How to make poppy Water for a surfeit
f.64 Spirit of Caster
f.64 Simple Water of poppies
f.64 Poppy Water
f.65 The Imperiall Water
f.65 To make Water of Rosasolis to be gatered in the month of June and July
f.66 To make Peaches or apricox in brandy
f.67 To pott Fowles in Jeley
f.68 Blank
f.69 Violet Water
f.70 To Picle Mushrroones
f.70 To pickle Oysters
f.70 To pickland Pursland Stalks
f.70 To Pickle Barberries
f.70 To make Leamon Sallet
f.70 To Pickle Walnuts after the Indian way given by an Indin Marcham
f.70 To Pickle Broome Budds
f.71 To Pickle Ash Keyes
f.71 To Pickle Turnips
f.71 To Pickle Cucumbers Purslin etc
f.71 To Pickle Heartichocks
f.71 To Pickle Cucumbers
f.71 To Pickle Mushroomes
f.72 To make Almon Biskett
f.72 To make Little plume Cakes
f.72 A Esspetiall Medecine to cure all kind of Maladies and griefs
f.73 An excellent Cordiall
f.73 For the Wormes in Stomach or Belly
f.73 For a bruise
f.73 An approved medicine for a Canker
f.73 To break the Stone
f.73 For a Feaver, Wormes or any distemper at first
f.73 A Drinck in a Feaver
f.73 To cure a Feaver at three times Taking
f.73 For the Dropsey
f.73 To staunch bleeding at nose or wound
f.73 For a paine in the head
f.73 For a Loosenes
f.73 For the Faling sickness
f.73 For the same
f.73 Another
f.73 To make Sirrup of Ruberb
f.73 How to make the black Plaister
f.74 To make a Goosbery Tansie
f.74 To make Orange Marmalade
f.74 For a Dropsie or Raw Stomach
f.74 A water for an Ague
f.74 For a Flushing in the face after eating
f.74 A water for an Ague
f.74 A Medicine for the Chollick
f.74 For an Itch
f.74 For a Soare throat
f.74 The Italian Plaister
f.74 An Oyntment for a burn with Gunpowder
f.74 The Golden Searcloth Excellent good for the Sciatica, Gout, Bruises, Stich in the back or sides and Strains
f.75 To stay the bleeding of a wound
f.75 For the Collick
f.75 Lucatellus's Balsome
f.75 There Vertues
f.75 A Purge to Strengthen the liver and against the Dropsy
f.75 The Leaden Plaister
f.76 To preserve fruit all the yeare
f.76 A walnutt water Excellent for many things
f.76 For a palsy a good Oyntment
f.76 A rare medicine for Chest wormes
f.76 For the Stopping of the water
f.76 Another for the Same
f.76 Another
f.76 For the Strangurie or bloody water
f.76 Another
f.76 For the Collick
f.77 The Greene oyntment
f.77 Doctor Stephens Water the same of Doctor Chamberlain with which he did much good and at his death
f.77 The vertues of this Water
f.77 A Water that healeth all manner of feavours att three times takeing
f.77 An Excellent recept for a lin and webb in the Eye
f.78 To make Swallow water
f.78 The vertues
f.78 To make Bacon, Westphalia fashion
f.78 A Receipt for Plague Watter
f.79 A List of the Herbs and other Ingredients for the Plauge watter [T]ribled
f.80 A Certain Cure for a Sore Breast without Pain that Comes by Milk or Ague not by a Blow
f.80 To Stew a Neck of Veall
f.80 To Make a Frigasye
f.80 How to make Scotch Collops
f.80 How to Stew Tripes
f.80 To make a very good pickle for Tongues or Hames of Bacon
f.81 To preserve Oranges whole
f.81 To Pickle Hames the Westphalia way
f.81 Mrs […]s Surfit Water
f.82 To make Orange Marmalade
f.82 To picle Porke
f.83 A Powder for Convulsions
f.83 To Make Burbon Biskett
f.84 To Pickle Mushrooms
f.85 To make Oyle of Charity
f.85 Lord Gower receate to make Elderbery wine
f.85 To make a jam of Cherries
f.86 To preserve Quinches in Syrrop of a pure Cullor
f.86 To make Jelley of Pippins
f.86 To preserve Whole Oranges
f.87 To Dry Aprococks
f.87 To make Pastatia Creame
f.87 To Pickle Colleyflowers
f.87 To make Browne Sawce for Severall sorts of meate as a brest of mutton Ducks Turkeys or what else you f.87 please
f.88 To make Tongs
f.88 The Oyster Loafe
f.88 How to Coller Beefe
f.88 To Green Fruit
f.89 How to Coller Beef
f.89 Goose Bery Wine
f.89 To Stew a Carp
f.90 To Make Good Cheescakes
f.90 To Make Rare Fritters
f.90 How to Dry Neats Tongues
f.91 A Cake
f.91 Scotch Collops
f.91 To Make Rare Peaspottage
f.91 To Do Fish after the Spannish Fashion to keep Good a Year
f.92 A Rare Receipt to Make a Dish Pudding
f.92 To Make Runnet
f.92 The Best way of Making Angelotts
f.92 To Stew a Calves head
f.92 An Excellent Surfett Swatter
f.93 For a Consumption
f.93 Aquamirabilis
f.93 Orange Water
f.93 To Make Purfume to Burn
f.93 For a Cough
f.93 To Make a Spinage Tart
f.93 To make a Custard
f.93 To make a Tansey
f.94 For Incompareable Ale
f.94 For a Boyled Pudding
f.94 Puffs
f.94 To Make Bunns
f.94 To Stew Chickins
f.94 To Make Lemmon Creame
f.95 To Make Sugar Cakes
f.95 To Make Rice Puddings
f.95 To Make Jumballs
f.95 To make Almond Puddings to Bake
f.95 To Make Lemmon Creame
f.95 To Make Orange Marmalett
f.95 To Make Yest to be not Bitter
f.95 For the Meagrim Appoplexy Vertigo Coma
f.95 To make Syrrup with opening Roots
f.96 The Virtue of the Root of the Common Burdock
f.96 To Cure a Burn and heal it without a Scar
f.96 For any Bruise
f.96 To Make Jelley for Carp Tench or any souced fish
f.96 To Dress a Pike
f.96 A Stomake Plaster for a Consumption
f.96 To Pickle Walnutts
f.97 A Jandes Drink
f.97 Orange Cakes
f.97 To make Quinch Jumballs
f.97 To make Aprecock Jumballs
f.97 To Make Fruit Wafers
f.97 To Make Orange or Lemon Wafers
f.98 To Preserve Cucumbers
f.98 For Greening of Fruit
f.98 To Make Read Marmalade in Jelley
f.98 To Candy any tender fruit Raw as Currens or Cherries etc
f.98 To Make Honnycombe Cakes of Sugar
f.98 To make Sugar Wafers
f.99 To Make Little Jumballs of Sugar
f.99 To Make Marmalade of Orange so Esteemed in Court
f.99 To Make Allmond Jumballs
f.99 Past of Pear Plumbs
f.99 Tart of White Pare Plumbs
f.100 Clear Cakes of Quinches
f.100 Clear Cakes of Goosberrys
f.100 Cherry Past
f.100 To Candy Angelico
f.100 To Preserve Quinches in Syrrop of A pure Culler
f.101 To pickle Piggons
f.101 Beef Allamode
f.101 A Dove Goos or Turkey
f.102 To Make Almond Chees Cakes Lady Atkins way
f.102 Lady Osborns Stich water
f.102 To make a Creem Cheese
f.102 To Make Cowslipe wine Mrs Herberts way
f.102 To make mead Mrs Michels way
f.103 To Make Blois bisket
f.103 A Butter'd Bisket
f.103 To Make Carraway Bunns
f.104 To Drie Figgs
f.104 To Make White Marmalade
f.104 To make the Countess of Warwicks Biskets
f.105 To make Almond Bisketts
f.105 To Make White Quince Marmalade Mrs Te[v]ars Way
f.106 To Stew pigeons Mrs Herberts way
f.106 To Stew Rabits Mrs Herberts way
f.106 To make Bath Biskets
f.106 To make Mrs Rowleys wafers
f.106 Miss C S [the recipe deals with cooking a hogs head and pickling it to keep a month]



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To candy any tender fruit raw as currens or cherries Take gumarback stoop it in rosewater tell it be pritty thin then dip a feather in it an so we the fruit but not too much for then it will be in drops and not candy well then have some double refin'd sugar stren it on your fruit thorough a line Searcer or dip the fruit in it when the fruit is covered with the hott sun or else in a sleve with a gentle heate they will eat very crispe but will not keep above a night & a day

To make honnycombe cakes of sugar Take cards and cut them of what size you please To have your cakes rub your cards with a row of briniston then pinch them into what firme you would have them and wet your sugar wing sinely seared with curd of lemmon then till your candi and hold them over a chafeindish of color soft they boyle up as high as you would have them let them buy and to dolle roft will you hae done all so store the and keep them you may thred any kind of sseason a mongsty, sugar as marygold, variety giloflaoon orange flowers and what you please you might lift boyle your suger to a candy hight so drop them into the candy.

To make sugar wafers Take double refined sugar put as much juse of lemmon as with

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{275} To Make Little Gumballs of Sugar Take Gum Dragon Steep'd in Juce of Lemmon Gell it in Like Gelley then Take a Convenient Quantity of it and put some syrrup of Apricocks to it then Mix it with Double Refined Sugar till it be like past then Rob it out in Severall formes Like knelts or what you fantsy and so lay them in a Stove you may make some with Orange Flowrs [weatey] [&] Juce of Lemmon and you may dye them with Juce of Fflowers of What Collar you [please] or dash them after they are made in Spolts

To Make the: Marmalade of of Oranges so Esteem'd in Court Take 12 Oranges Rub them with Salt grase or pare Them very Thin the outward rine onley Quarter them and take out the meat & boyle the peel in fair water tell they be tender you need not Change the Water put in your peel when the Water is Cold dry them in a Cloth Gut & take out the Stones and Skines & have Ready a pint of Pippin Liquor & as you Beat your Peel put it into the Pippin liquor & make it boyle a pace Stiring in the Rest of the Sugar as it boyles keeping it stiring when it is Gelleyd put in the meat & Juce of two Lemmons & make it Scolding hott before you put it in Let it boyle so as to Skim it but no more you may mingle holde and beat halfe the peels & pippin Liquer in 40 or 50 to a gallon of Water Boyle it or Salt as you Cann till the pippins Sink to the Bottom Straine it and take the Clearest

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To Make Almond Gumballs

Take a pound of Almonds to halfe a poud of Double Refined sugar beaten & searced yay your allmonds in water a day before you blanch them and beat them small with your sugar and when it is very well bet put in a handfull of gum dragon being Heep't over Night in Rose Water, half a white of egg, beat to froth mingle them very well together & set it on a soft fire till it grow prety thick, then take it of the fire & lay it on a clean paper and bet it with a Rowling pin till it work like a soft past so make them up & lay them on paper, oyled with the oyle of sweet allmonds, and put them into the oven, and as soon as they be soundly risen take them out before they grow hard HH

Past of Pear Plumbs

Take your plumbs payre and pull them from the stones put them into a silver tankard & syrrop in a kettell of water untill boyle tender then wisk it to a li of sugar a pund of pulp boyle your sugar to sugar to sugar againe & [then] put in the dish thicking it on the coales till the sugar the sugar be melted to glasse it will be fit to turn

Prepaire of Pare Plumbs

Take your plumbs being ripe put them in a the blush of spring water let the water be a littell in warme when you put them in Not Covering them nor Lett them boyle & When they are very tender take them up and Sirope them from their skins and stones then weigh the pap and at put a Silver basen over a Chafing dish of coales to dry a littell keep it stiring then put to it a ounce of pulse or a ounce of double refined sugar to let it simber together but not boyle them seen that which is at the top to the bottome and stir a littell now and then let it simber a quarter of an hour then put it in glasses till it ill turn and let it Turn then when it is halfe dry cut in in what shape you please then same way you may make best of quinses only put the quinses into cold water when you set them to seald

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Clear Cakes of Quinches

Scald our Gum as for your Salt and Scrape [stom] from ye Core the put the pulpfr into a hair strainer pusheit Gently with ye back of a spoone not too hard Least ye meat go through then take a pound of Double Refind Sugar & to every pint of liquor a pd of Sugar put them together in a siver Sason over a Chafeing dish of Coals let it simber about a qr of an hour but not boyle put it in Glass to

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To Candy Angelico Take the stalks of Angelico while they are tender and boyle them in water tell they be very tender put into the water halfe a spoonfull of common allom beaten the Angelico must be tyed in a Cloth when it is boyled peel it take about the weight in double refin’d suger boyle it to a Candy hight then put in your Angelico and let it stand a little then let it stand two dayes & boyle it till you so it will candy then lay it out twisted or plain on a dish and let it in the sun to dry.

To Preserve Quinches in syrrop of A pure Culler Take better then a gallon of the fairest spring water and put thereto the whites of two eggs beat the water & the eggs together till it be all in a froth like a ladder of soupe, then put into it three pounds of suger broke in very small pieces & the cores of three quinches you intend to proferue with three or four other quinches cut in pieces let it over a quick fire and when it boyles skim it very well then straine it through a gilley bagg then set that on the fire againe & put in seven good quinches purely cor’d & payred let them boyle reasonablely soft sometimes takeing them out into a earthen or silver dish and put them in againe when they are a little cold for that will make them of a faire culler, but in any wise let them be well skinned as oft as any doth arise, and turne the quinches often that the one side be not deeper cullored then the other & when you perceive they be very tender set some of the syrrope to coole in a spoone and if it will jelley then take them up for they are enough and put them into a pots or glasses when they are almost cold and thus you may do wardens onely you must not core them and you must take more of them to a pund of suger, then you doe of quinces.

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