Wellcome Collection: Manuscript recipe book of Grace Carteret, 1st Countess Granville (1654-1744) (MS.8903)

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English manuscript book of medicinal and culinary recipes owned by Grace Carteret, 1st Countess Granville (1654-1744), with ownership inscription on the inside front cover.

The volume is closely associated with the contemporary Ann Fanshawe recipe manuscript held by the Wellcome Library (MS.7113). The Carterets and Fanshawes were family friends, as Ann Fanshawe's memoirs ( British Library Add MS 41161) indicate. The families' relationship is reflected in overlaps in content between the recipes in the two volumes, notably the highly unusual early recipe for ice cream at MS.8903, f.9. This is closely related to the famous ice cream recipe at MS.7113, f.158r, and appears to date to before the first English printed ice cream recipe in Mrs. Mary Eale's Receipts (London 1718).

The recipes are undated but the majority are written in a single fair hand dating from the mid to late 17th century, with additional recipes added or inserted in a wide variety of hands dating to around the mid 18th century. There is a clue to dating in the record of butter salting days for June-November 1662 entered at ff.4-5. Given that part of the butter salting record is inserted into gaps in the fair hand recipe text, it seems likely that the former was added into the volume after or at the same time as the initial recipes were entered.

There is a list of apothecary's weights and measures on the inside front cover.

The recipes are arranged as follows:

In the original hand:
Creams, syllabubs, cream cheeses, ff.5-19
Preserves, dried fruits, syrups, ff.24-36
Wines and ales, ff.37-41
Fish, meat, poultry, game, ff.43-57 (including recipes in later hands at ff.55-57)
Medicinal recipes, ff.58-69 (including recipes in later hands throughout)
Pickles, ff.70-71

In mixed later hands:
Medicinal recipes (interpersed with a few culinary recipes), ff.72-83
Culinary recipes (interpersed with a few medicinal recipes), ff.84-106

The volume does not contain an integral index or contents list. We are grateful to Gwenneth Heyking of the Herb Society for transcribing the recipe titles as follows:

f.5 A Creame Sillibub
f.5 To make Snow of Green Apples
f.5 To Make a Foole
f.6 Malbury A Sack Possett
f.6 A Custard
f.6 A Leamon Creame
f.6 A White Wine Creame
f.6 A Brown Bread Creame
f.7 Blank
f.8 Mrs Risden Harts Horne Jelley
f.8 A Sillibub
f.8 A Sillibub
f.9 Calves foot Gelley
f.9 The Ice Creame
f.9 The Blanche Creame
f.9 The Steeple Creame
f.9 Butter-milk Curds
f.9 The Quince Creame
f.9 Almon Creame
f.10 Mrs Fountain The Imperiall Creame
f.10 A Creame Cheese to be made at the hottest time of the year to keep all the winter
f.10 A Cream Cheese
f.10 Mrs Fountaines Cheese Cakes
f.10 The Froth Creame
f.10 A Leamon Creame
f.10 The Clouted Creame
f.10 The Spanish Creame
f.11 To make the Clodding Cream
f.11 A Cold Posset
f.11 A Sack Creame
f.11 To Make Egge Creame
f.11 To Make Fresh Cheese
f.11 To Make Almon Butter Gelley
f.11 To Make Almon Creame
f.11 The Orrange Foole
f.12 To Make Orrang Creame
f.13 Mrs Egerton Almon Butter
f.13 Very Good Cheese Cakes
f.13 A Buttermilk Creame
f.13 A Thick Creame Cheese
f.13 An Almon Custard
f.14 Almon Butter made with Milke
f.14 A Creame Cheese
f.14 A Codling Creame
f.14 To Make a Posset without Milk
f.14 Almon Butter Best Way
f.15 Lady Jacob Cheese Cake
f.15 To Make Leach
f.15 A Pretty Dish of Creame
f.15 A Lemon Sillibub
f.15 The Cabbage Creame
f.16 Mrs Malbery The Angelot Cheese
f.16 A Creame Cheese
f.16 A Cold Creame
f.16 Almond Butter
f.16 A Trifle
f.16 Junkets
f.16 Curds and Creame another way
f.17 A Creame Cheese
f.17 A Cheese
f.17 The White Custard
f.17 To Make Cheese Cakes without Curds
f.17 To Make Fresh Cheese without Runnet
f.17 A Creame Cheese
f.18 A Creame Posset the best way
f.18 A Whipt Sillibub
f.18 The Cheife Leamon Cream
f.19 Cleare Cakes of Orranges
ff.20-23 Blank
f.24 To dry Cherries
f.24 To preserve Barberries
f.24 To dry Barberries
f.24 To Dry Aprecox
f.24 To Candy any sorts of flowers for sallets
f.24 To preserve the Morrella Cherrie
f.25 The Flech of Aprecox
f.25 The Flech of white Quinces
f.25 To preserve the Kentish Cherrie in Gelley
f.25 To Dry any fruit wihout etc
f.26 To Candy Grapes or Gooseberris after you have preserved them
f.26 To Make Suger Plates of any Cullor
f.26 To make Jumballs or Cakes
f.26 Orrange Waffers
f.26 Apricock Past
f.26 Past of Green Nectrines
f.26 To keep Fruit as Damsons and Grapes fresh till Xmas
f.27 To Dry Damsons or any other plumbs to look as blew as from the tree
f.28 Sweet water to burn
f.28 Marmalet of Quince White
f.28 Preserved Grapes
f.28 To preserve Walnuts white
f.28 To preserve Walnuts Black
f.29 Clear Cakes of Quince
f.29 To dry Black pear Plumbs
f.29 Clear Cakes of Apricox
f.30 Cleare Cakes of Rasberries
f.30 Sirrup of Clove gilliflowers
f.30 Sirrup of Corrall
f.30 To make sirrup of Gilliflowers with Leamon
f.31 An aproved Sirrup for the Spleen
f.32 To make Sirrup of Elderberries
f.32 Sirrup of Elder
f.32 To make Sirup of Saffron
f.32 Lady Scarbrough To preserve Grapes
f.32 To Preserve Grapes
f.32 A Sort of Rasbury Cakes
f.32 To Dry Peaches
f.33 To preserve Kentish or golden pippen
f.33 To Make Fruit Biskit
f.33 To Dry Plumbs
f.33 Clear Cakes of Rasberries
f.33 To Dry Apricox
f.33 To Make Leamon or Cytorn [citron] Jelley
f.33 Apricox Marmalet
f.33 Kentish Chery Marmalet
f.34 To dry Cherries
f.34 To Preserve the Clear Plumb or any
f.34 Red Quince Marmalet
f.34 To preserve Quince whole red
f.34 Orrange or Leamon Cakes
f.34 Conserve of Red Roses
f.35 To make white Quince Marmalet
f.35 To preserve Green Apricox
f.35 To preserve Rasberries
f.35 To make Orrange Cakes
f.35 To make Damson Biscuit
f.35 To make Dutch Cakes
f.36 Cleare Cakes of white Curran
f.36 To make Orrange Cakes
f.36 Cleare Cakes of white Pear-plumbs
f.36 To preserve Goosberries Dryed
f.36 To keepe Walnuts Fresh or moyst all Winter
f.37 Leamon Ade to be drunk in Summer (margin: LC)
f.37 Rasbury Wine
f.37 Black Cherry Brandie
f.37 Rasbery Brandie
f.38 Rasberrie Wine
f.38 To make Gilliflower Cowslip or Rasberrie Wine
f.39 To preserve Cytorns [citrons]
f.39 Cowslip Wine
f.39 Apricock Wine
f.40 A Raison Wine
f.40 Leamon A[…]
f.40 Cock Ale
f.40 The White Mead
f.40 Cowslip Wine
f.41 To make a kind of Malt drink Cheshire way
f.41 Cock Ale
f.41 Another Cock Ale
f.42 Blank
f.43 To make Elderberry Wine
f.43 To make Quince Wine
f.43 To Dress a Carp
f.43 To Dresse Pike Tench or Carp
f.44 To boyle a joale of Salmon
f.44 To Stew a Carp
f.44 To Collor Beefe
f.45 To Collor Beefe
f.46 To Collor Veile
f.46 Hanged Beefe
f.46 A Pig Pye
f.46 Sassages
f.46 Sassages another way
f.46 Beefe Mamode
f.47 Sassages another way
f.47 A Good sauce for a Hare
f.47 To Dresse a Pigg
f.47 To Roast a Leg of Mutton to eat cold
f.47 To Roast Oysters
f.48 A Friggacie of Chickens Rabits or Pigions
f.48 Scotch Collops
f.48 To Roast a Shoulder of Mutton
f.48 A Frigacie of Cold Roast Beefe
f.48 Stewd Beefe
f.49 To souce all kind of foule
f.49 To Dresse a Loyne of Mutton
f.49 An Ele Pye
f.49 To Dry Neats Tongues
f.49 To souce a Pigg
f.49 A French Pottage
f.49 A Goose to Eat Cold
f.50 To Roast a Sholder of Mutton In Blood
f.50 Beefe Alamode to eat Cold
f.50 To Dresse a pike
f.51 To Roast a Pike
f.51 To Roast a Goose after the Cheshire way
f.51 To Roast a Capon with Oystors
f.51 The Kings Pease Pottage
f.51 To Boyle a Carp
f.51 To Boyle a Codds Head
f.52 To Stew a Leg of Beefe
f.52 To Make a Friggacie
f.52 To Stew a Carp
f.52 A Haggis Pudding
f.52 How to Bake Venison or Beefe in potts to keep all the yeare
f.52 To Boyle a Brest of Mutton
f.53 To Boyle Mutton
f.53 A Couple of Carps in Crafish
f.53 How to Bake a Swan in a Pie
f.53 To Bake a Rump of Beefe
f.53 A Pudding of a Leg of Mutton
f.54 To dress a Lambs head
f.54 To Stew a Calves Head
f.54 A Broth For a Consumption
f.55 To Make Pole Bisket
f.55 To dresse mushroome hot or a Friggasie of mushrooms
f.55 To Fry Oysters
f.56 To make Cheesecakes
f.56 To make a Devonshire white Pot
f.56 To stew Salary for boyld Fowls
f.56 To make Apricock fritters
f.57 To Dry Bacon or Beefe
f.57 To make Gooseberry Vinegar
f.57 To make a Trifle
f.57 A Crust for fruit or sweet meat Tarts
f.58 To make hair grow where it is bare
f.58 Soveraigne Medicine for the shortness of Breath and purseness
f.58 For A Consumption Cough
f.58 Cynomon Water
f.58 A Water to Clear a Sunburnd face
f.58 To make Cherry water
f.59 Milk-water against a Consumption
f.59 Dyet Drink
f.59 Good Whea to drink in the summer
f.60 The Jesuits dropps
f.60 The Virtues of the Jesuits drops
f.60 The Virgins Milke
f.60 Almony Milk to unstop the Liver or the Spline
f.61 Spirit of Clary
f.61 Orrange Water
f.61 The small Sufitt Water
f.61 Treacle Water
f.62 Cynomon Water
f.62 Spirit of Cytorns [citrons]
f.62 Almon Milk
f.62 Almon Milk a second way
f.62 A precious Cordial to be made in May June etc
f.63 Lemon Water
f.63 A Sweet Water
f.63 A Sweet Bag
f.64 To perfume Gloves the Spanish way
f.64 How to make poppy Water for a surfeit
f.64 Spirit of Caster
f.64 Simple Water of poppies
f.64 Poppy Water
f.65 The Imperiall Water
f.65 To make Water of Rosasolis to be gatered in the month of June and July
f.66 To make Peaches or apricox in brandy
f.67 To pott Fowles in Jeley
f.68 Blank
f.69 Violet Water
f.70 To Picle Mushrroones
f.70 To pickle Oysters
f.70 To pickland Pursland Stalks
f.70 To Pickle Barberries
f.70 To make Leamon Sallet
f.70 To Pickle Walnuts after the Indian way given by an Indin Marcham
f.70 To Pickle Broome Budds
f.71 To Pickle Ash Keyes
f.71 To Pickle Turnips
f.71 To Pickle Cucumbers Purslin etc
f.71 To Pickle Heartichocks
f.71 To Pickle Cucumbers
f.71 To Pickle Mushroomes
f.72 To make Almon Biskett
f.72 To make Little plume Cakes
f.72 A Esspetiall Medecine to cure all kind of Maladies and griefs
f.73 An excellent Cordiall
f.73 For the Wormes in Stomach or Belly
f.73 For a bruise
f.73 An approved medicine for a Canker
f.73 To break the Stone
f.73 For a Feaver, Wormes or any distemper at first
f.73 A Drinck in a Feaver
f.73 To cure a Feaver at three times Taking
f.73 For the Dropsey
f.73 To staunch bleeding at nose or wound
f.73 For a paine in the head
f.73 For a Loosenes
f.73 For the Faling sickness
f.73 For the same
f.73 Another
f.73 To make Sirrup of Ruberb
f.73 How to make the black Plaister
f.74 To make a Goosbery Tansie
f.74 To make Orange Marmalade
f.74 For a Dropsie or Raw Stomach
f.74 A water for an Ague
f.74 For a Flushing in the face after eating
f.74 A water for an Ague
f.74 A Medicine for the Chollick
f.74 For an Itch
f.74 For a Soare throat
f.74 The Italian Plaister
f.74 An Oyntment for a burn with Gunpowder
f.74 The Golden Searcloth Excellent good for the Sciatica, Gout, Bruises, Stich in the back or sides and Strains
f.75 To stay the bleeding of a wound
f.75 For the Collick
f.75 Lucatellus's Balsome
f.75 There Vertues
f.75 A Purge to Strengthen the liver and against the Dropsy
f.75 The Leaden Plaister
f.76 To preserve fruit all the yeare
f.76 A walnutt water Excellent for many things
f.76 For a palsy a good Oyntment
f.76 A rare medicine for Chest wormes
f.76 For the Stopping of the water
f.76 Another for the Same
f.76 Another
f.76 For the Strangurie or bloody water
f.76 Another
f.76 For the Collick
f.77 The Greene oyntment
f.77 Doctor Stephens Water the same of Doctor Chamberlain with which he did much good and at his death
f.77 The vertues of this Water
f.77 A Water that healeth all manner of feavours att three times takeing
f.77 An Excellent recept for a lin and webb in the Eye
f.78 To make Swallow water
f.78 The vertues
f.78 To make Bacon, Westphalia fashion
f.78 A Receipt for Plague Watter
f.79 A List of the Herbs and other Ingredients for the Plauge watter [T]ribled
f.80 A Certain Cure for a Sore Breast without Pain that Comes by Milk or Ague not by a Blow
f.80 To Stew a Neck of Veall
f.80 To Make a Frigasye
f.80 How to make Scotch Collops
f.80 How to Stew Tripes
f.80 To make a very good pickle for Tongues or Hames of Bacon
f.81 To preserve Oranges whole
f.81 To Pickle Hames the Westphalia way
f.81 Mrs […]s Surfit Water
f.82 To make Orange Marmalade
f.82 To picle Porke
f.83 A Powder for Convulsions
f.83 To Make Burbon Biskett
f.84 To Pickle Mushrooms
f.85 To make Oyle of Charity
f.85 Lord Gower receate to make Elderbery wine
f.85 To make a jam of Cherries
f.86 To preserve Quinches in Syrrop of a pure Cullor
f.86 To make Jelley of Pippins
f.86 To preserve Whole Oranges
f.87 To Dry Aprococks
f.87 To make Pastatia Creame
f.87 To Pickle Colleyflowers
f.87 To make Browne Sawce for Severall sorts of meate as a brest of mutton Ducks Turkeys or what else you f.87 please
f.88 To make Tongs
f.88 The Oyster Loafe
f.88 How to Coller Beefe
f.88 To Green Fruit
f.89 How to Coller Beef
f.89 Goose Bery Wine
f.89 To Stew a Carp
f.90 To Make Good Cheescakes
f.90 To Make Rare Fritters
f.90 How to Dry Neats Tongues
f.91 A Cake
f.91 Scotch Collops
f.91 To Make Rare Peaspottage
f.91 To Do Fish after the Spannish Fashion to keep Good a Year
f.92 A Rare Receipt to Make a Dish Pudding
f.92 To Make Runnet
f.92 The Best way of Making Angelotts
f.92 To Stew a Calves head
f.92 An Excellent Surfett Swatter
f.93 For a Consumption
f.93 Aquamirabilis
f.93 Orange Water
f.93 To Make Purfume to Burn
f.93 For a Cough
f.93 To Make a Spinage Tart
f.93 To make a Custard
f.93 To make a Tansey
f.94 For Incompareable Ale
f.94 For a Boyled Pudding
f.94 Puffs
f.94 To Make Bunns
f.94 To Stew Chickins
f.94 To Make Lemmon Creame
f.95 To Make Sugar Cakes
f.95 To Make Rice Puddings
f.95 To Make Jumballs
f.95 To make Almond Puddings to Bake
f.95 To Make Lemmon Creame
f.95 To Make Orange Marmalett
f.95 To Make Yest to be not Bitter
f.95 For the Meagrim Appoplexy Vertigo Coma
f.95 To make Syrrup with opening Roots
f.96 The Virtue of the Root of the Common Burdock
f.96 To Cure a Burn and heal it without a Scar
f.96 For any Bruise
f.96 To Make Jelley for Carp Tench or any souced fish
f.96 To Dress a Pike
f.96 A Stomake Plaster for a Consumption
f.96 To Pickle Walnutts
f.97 A Jandes Drink
f.97 Orange Cakes
f.97 To make Quinch Jumballs
f.97 To make Aprecock Jumballs
f.97 To Make Fruit Wafers
f.97 To Make Orange or Lemon Wafers
f.98 To Preserve Cucumbers
f.98 For Greening of Fruit
f.98 To Make Read Marmalade in Jelley
f.98 To Candy any tender fruit Raw as Currens or Cherries etc
f.98 To Make Honnycombe Cakes of Sugar
f.98 To make Sugar Wafers
f.99 To Make Little Jumballs of Sugar
f.99 To Make Marmalade of Orange so Esteemed in Court
f.99 To Make Allmond Jumballs
f.99 Past of Pear Plumbs
f.99 Tart of White Pare Plumbs
f.100 Clear Cakes of Quinches
f.100 Clear Cakes of Goosberrys
f.100 Cherry Past
f.100 To Candy Angelico
f.100 To Preserve Quinches in Syrrop of A pure Culler
f.101 To pickle Piggons
f.101 Beef Allamode
f.101 A Dove Goos or Turkey
f.102 To Make Almond Chees Cakes Lady Atkins way
f.102 Lady Osborns Stich water
f.102 To make a Creem Cheese
f.102 To Make Cowslipe wine Mrs Herberts way
f.102 To make mead Mrs Michels way
f.103 To Make Blois bisket
f.103 A Butter'd Bisket
f.103 To Make Carraway Bunns
f.104 To Drie Figgs
f.104 To Make White Marmalade
f.104 To make the Countess of Warwicks Biskets
f.105 To make Almond Bisketts
f.105 To Make White Quince Marmalade Mrs Te[v]ars Way
f.106 To Stew pigeons Mrs Herberts way
f.106 To Stew Rabits Mrs Herberts way
f.106 To make Bath Biskets
f.106 To make Mrs Rowleys wafers
f.106 Miss C S [the recipe deals with cooking a hogs head and pickling it to keep a month]



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101 To Pickle Piggons Take your largest young pidgons weel washed & dryed and take out all the bones but do not slitt them up the back but take the bons out at the neck and at the Rump then take a peice of a leg of mutton and mince it as small as for forst meat take a very little salt and some lard & season it with cloues mace sinement peper & ginger & salt sweet Arbs margerum winter savery & a very little thyme mix all these well to gether & stuf your pidgons with it & fashen them a bout the like of a pidgon tye them with threds abut the neck & tye the legs to the Rump & season them with a little nutmeg & salt on the outside & so bake them in an Earthen pot with as much white wine as will couer them & some hole peper bay leaue & a sprig of Rosemery & if your pidgons be leane put in a peice of butter & so bake them & when you draw them wash the fatt of into the pickle the ware baked in & lay them on a bard till the be cold then take all the fatt of the pickle and put into the pidgons and keep them in it if you vse them: if not you must make a fresh pickle of white wine & vineger bay leave & Rosemery hole peper and nutmegg Beef Allamode Take a peice of leane beef & beate it very well then lard it with thick lard then put it into a pot with good broth with a bundle of sweet Arbs and all sorts of spices and when they are all very well boyled to gether serve it witth the broth when you lard your beef take small arbs with your lard a little vineger pepper and salt. A Do[b]e Goos or Turkey. Take broth and white wine take your goos or turkey and put it into it and put in some sweett arbs & hole onyons some pep per mace cloves and salt and put it in a pot or pann and cover it very close till it be tender then squse the Juce of lemo into it and serve it up with sippets thiken it with yolks

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To make Almond [clers] Cakes Lady Atkins way 102 Take half a pound of Almonds Blended [] beaten very fine: six egs Leaving out to of thee whites; Let them be well beaten; put in half a pound of fine sugar well pounded; beate these alltogether: in a morter. Put in to it half a pound of melted butter: grate into it: the Rids of two Lemons; A litle nutmeg e a little Sack Lady Osborns [Stick] Water Take a gallon of strong sweet worte: before it is boylled and slice into it A quarter of A pound of Ginger: and boyl it {Lady} in 13 grains of Saffron pickt thin: and a pound of {[Atkin's]} traekle: Lett it stand all night: next morning put it

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To make almond clees cakes lady atkins way

Take half a pound of almonds blanched & beaten very fine: six egs leaving out two of the whites, let them bee well beaten put in half a pound of fine sugar well pounded. Beate these altogether: in a morter. put into it half a pound of melted butter; grate into it the rinds of two lemons; a litle nutmeg & a litle sack

Lady Osborns Stick water Take a gallon of strong sweet worte: before it is boylled and slice into it a quarter of a poind of ginger and boyl it in 13 grains of saffron pickt thin and a pound of tr^aekle lett it stand all night next morning put it still and break into it as much stone horse dung make it as thick as a hasty pudding: then distill it it into bottles: when you have it you may sweeten it of saffron or any thing you pleas: it must bee its dung of horses that eats hay.

To make a cream cheese Take a gallon of new milk and a pint of sweet cream and mix them well together then take a skillet of hott water, and putt as much into it as will make it hotter then it comes from the cow, then put in a spoonfull of Rennet and stur it well together, and cover it & when it is come, take a weet cloth, and lay it on your cheesemoll and take up the curd, and not breake it, and put it in the moll and when it is full put on your sinker and every two hours turn your Chees in weet Clothes wrung drye and lay on a little more weight at night take as much salt as you can between your finger and thumb, and salt it on both sides and let it lye in the profs all night in a weet cloth, the next day lay it on a board between a dry cloth and the next day lay in greens and every day chang it and it will be ready in nine dayes, if you cover it with a blankett then last two dayes.

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To make cowslige wine Mrs Herberts way

Take 8 gallons of water and 16 pounds of fine loaf sugar boyl them together A full hower : scumming it very well; and& let it stand to cool till it is blood warm; then just into it 100 bushels of pickle cowsliges and& just to it 12 or 14 spoonfulls of very good new The yeast and& count it very close; theye next-day; squeeze into it the ye juice of 18 good lemons; then just it into theye vikel; for let it stand 3 weeks Close stopped then draw it into very dry Bottles and& it will keep A year or more you may Rack it of as you theye To make mead Mrs Micheals way Take 20 quarts of spring water: 2 quarts of Honey

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