c.17th-18th century herbal manuscript referencing 'Parkinson', presumed to be herbalist John Parkinson (1567-1650), author of the most popular printed herbal during this period "Theatrum Botanicum - Theatre of Plants". The manuscript appears to have been written in 2 different hands and contains 15 pages of recipes with indexes (index on first page, as well as middle of volume and end). Includes recipes: 'for the falling sickness', 'for the biting of a mad dog', 'A salve for any sore', 'To increase breath in a consumption', and 'To stay the inordinant courses of women'. The herbal is bound within a soft stitched cover which is damaged extensively at the back.





How to know, & how to use one infected with the plague.

If he be of strong constitution, the swelling will appeare most commonly with+out any great occasion, either behind the eare, or under the armholes, or in the flanke, but if he be of weake constitution, & full of humours, the swelling will appeare in noe place which is dangerouse, the patient shall feele much pricking in his body, his head will be very heavy, could without & hot within, troubled with drought in his mouth, much disposed to sleep, sometimes he awakes as he were distracted, he blo[.]eth short, vomiteth often, his water III will stinke his eyes will stare, & many such like figures will appeare therefore when most of them doe concurre; then out of hand unlesse the party be very ould or very young or be a woman with child, or some iust cause doe lett the party must be lett blood bloud, as the swelling or paine is, if it be under the eare or any part of the face head neck or shoulder, you must then take the headvaine, called the cephalica vaine if it be under the armehole take the liver veine called Basilica, & if it bee in the flank, take the veine, take the veine in the face called Saphena: if the case stand soe that you may not lett bloud for the foresd causes, then you must sett cuping glasses or such like to the shoulder back or legg as the cause shall require the body thus prepared, you must take something inwardly to resist the poyson (if is) take treacle 2 oz: mithridate 1 oz: bolearminate prepared one drame & a halfe with the waters of sorrell, frabica, & endive of each an ounce mixe them togather, & drinke warme or else take, syrupua aretosus simplex 2 ounce, the water of dragons, C Sorrell of each 1 oz: Cyphydes Galena 2 drams mix them to drinke warme, & when the patient hath received any of these or such like he is to goe to bed, & cover himselfe well & soe to sweate 4 or 5 howers or longer according to the strength of his body, if he cannot easily sweate, the warme tile stones or the like & apply them to the soles of his feete as warme as he can suffer them, & beware in all the time of his sweating he neither sleep drinke nor eate: when he hath sweat his time,, then wipe all his body with fine & sweet linnen, & soe stay awhile, then may he arise & walke in his chamber, & take noe other aire his chamber must be perfumed & made sweet 4 times a day at the least, with some sweet perfume; some 2 or 3 howers after he eate sweat he may eate somewhat to the strength of his body & you must nourish & refresh him with some broath or pottage made with veale mutton chickens or the like the patient must eate often, & a little at once, because meate often eaten doth by little & little restore & in crease the spiritts & powers of the body which the poyson of the plague doth by little & little destroy & decay, you must alsoe keepe him from sleepe in any wise the first day he falleth sick, & if his strength or his body decay, or his hart faint, then you must give him some comfortable electuary thus. Take of conserve of roses & of violetts of each halfe an ounce, conserve of Quinces 1 oz: Treacle 3 dramms of elect. bole armoniake prepared one dramme & a halfe, of red corrall & of the rootes of Elicampane of each one scruple with the syrupe of

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



Quinses as much shall suffice to make an electuary eate of this at all times, & because, the moueing & working of nature in the plague is cheifuly to the outward parts, let your labour be to draw the poyson, & plagueish humors outwardly to the skin, it may be done in this manner, take a great onyon make it hollow & fill it full of Treacle, & the iuce of rue or sage, then stop it up either with clay or past then lay it in the embers as you would rost a warden till it bee well rosted, then take it out, & pill ofthe outward wine or barke then stampe it in a mortar till it be a plaster, & lay it to the swelling as hot as he may suffer it, & if the swelling be long ere it doe breake, then you must lay too it, after goosedong often times resolved in the oyle of Camomile, this was the directions of Dr Falrick.

Ffor chilblanes and for the goute + Take the frye or frogge in march, put them into a siue or the like & when the watter is drayned III thence put the firy into an earthen pot then stop or cover it very close with parchment or the like then set it in a hole in the ground and couer it with earth let it stand there a month then take it thence and streane out the watter which you must keep for your use in pots or glasses close stopd And when you have use for it warme the greeued place against a fire and chafe and rube some of the matter upon the sayd place for long as it will drink any up when you are going to bedd and keep warme

Ffor a wen upon the ey lid or some other such place + Take a piece of thin lead some what bigger than the wen steep it all day in some good wine vineger and to [bedward] (having made 2 litle holes at the edge of the lead) put some litle ribon to it III and therewith bind it on all night: the vineger will soone consume the lead therefore it is nes necessary you have 2 or 3 pieeces in readynes that when on is done you may use another PBatum

+ Ffor hotnes of urine

Take cichory endiue violet leaves strawberry leaues fine leave grasse of eache a handfull boyle these in a gallon of a [whea] neere a quarter of an hower then take it from the fire and III put it into a culinder that the whea may be clarrified from the hearbs, then put the whea into a earthen vessell put thereto an ounce of senna and couere it close: Take of this drinke euery morning fasting about a pint pint and fast 2 howers often

+ Ffor a great cough or cold in children

Take a peniworth of Marsh Mallows rootes that are dryd, scrape them cleane, & then slice them, & then boyle them in a pint, & a halfe of III spring water, till it come to a pint, & streyne out the water, & sweetten it with browne sugar candie: soe keepe it for you use. Give hereof 6 spoonefulls fasting bloodwarme, & the like at night.

+ Ffor the ricketts approved

Take currants & raysons of the sunne stoned of each one handfull of Dragons leaves halfe a handfull of liverwort a good handfull, of hartstrong 9 leaves, of aniseeds a spoonfull, of licorish halfe a handful boyle all these in a pottle of ale to a quart then strayne them stin[...] a way the stuffe & putt the liquor into a pott, keep it close stoppt

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



after it be could, & drinke thereof a draught euery morneing fasting & about 2 howers before supper & stirr after it you are alsoe to put into it a handfull of speedwell.

+ Another tried good one for the same

Take of or longwort of of liverwort of mugwort, of motherwort of each a handfull, stampe these & then putt them into a bagg, & III hang them in a little vessell of about 3 or 4 Gallons, & fill it with new ale, & drinke thereof at dinner & supper.

+ To make Syrrupe

Beat 2 whites of eggs with a little rod till it come to a slight froth then put them into your decoction, & stir it well with your III rod, after your sugar be pt putt in & dissolued, & soe let them boyle a [whalme] or 2, then streyne them through a fine flannell streyner or a rotten & after that boyle it up to a Syrupe. Mr Benington

+ To make Syrupe of folefoole

Take folefoole & dresse it cleane, & pick it & wash it & then lett it dreine, through a siue until it be dry, then so chop & stampe it & streyne it through III a streyner, then set the iuce to settle all night, afterwards take the clearest of & put to it soe much clarified hony or sugar as you haue iuce of folefoole & boyle it to the consumption of halfe.

Ffor [......] lice in Childrens heads

III Take coculus India & beate it to dust & strew it in their heads

Ffor a great cold or cough in a man a tried good one.

Take about 4 5 or 6 turnips made very cleane without washing either with scrapeing pareing or the like, slice them thin, then put them into an earthen pott, without any thing, then pas the pot close at the topp that noe III ayre come forth, then set it in an ouen with wheaten bread, & when you draw your bread take it alsoe forth & let it stand unopened till it be could, then with a woden slice paste them well togather & streyne them through a cloath into a possett or pan & to a pin of Juyce put a pound of sugar by little & little, if you putt all togather at once it will candie & soe boyle it to a syrrupe. Before the turnips be strayned put to them 1/4li of aniseeds beaten small & the like of licorish beaten alsoe & lett them boyle gently a quarter of an hower.

+ Ffor deafnesse preceding from could taken.

Take the topps of Rosemary of sweet Marjorome of each a pugill boyle these a while in good sack upon a gentle fire in an earthen III pipkin, then take a tunnill that will fitt the mouth of the [ld] of pipkin soe that noe fume come thence, but onely at that lesser hole the tunnil tha will fitt the mouth of the pipkin then hould that lesser hole to the deafe eare soe that the most of the fume may thither ascend, & after you have held it soe a good while to your eare, then take a little ruet upon the point of bodkin & a little oyle of sweet allmonde added therewith, & layd upon a little black wool put it into your eare about bed time

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



X A searecloth to take away paine

Take of red leade 1 liof white lead 4 oz: of wax 2 ounces of sallet oyle a pint slice the wax small & beate the lead into fine powder then boyle all togather till they be black (continually stirring them) then dip your cloathes in it one after one, & soone put them into III some cold water, after that pull them & smooth them & keep them for your use.

+ ffor the Emrods

Take of album grecum 1/4 oz & of unguentum album 1/2 oz: mix these well togather, then take about a quantity of a nutt thereof III & at your goeing to bed, putt it upon some cotton wooll, then put the emrod up with your finger, as far as you can, & apply the oyntment upon the cotton to the emrod & upon it lay a warme cloth, and keepe warme this rightly applied will cure in 3 or 4 times dressing

+ To cure an ague tertian or quartan

Take a spoonfull of black sope, for want thereof other sope, the like quantity of wheat flower, & of grosse pepper, the like being beaten mix these well togather spred them upon some allome leather, & III lay it about 4 inches long upon both the rists, and something narrow at both ends, bind it on with a cloath in hower before the fitt come, soe let it lye on nine dayes. drink sage posset drinke very warme in your could fitt.

+ Another for the same

Take 2 penniworth of Camphir & hang about your neck, in a little sarsnett over against the pitt of the stomacke, & spread some Venice turpentine upon some sheepes leather, & apply it long III wayes on both the wrists, an hower before the fitt come, if it helpe you not at the first time renue it again & it will not fayle.

+ Another

Take of saffron 2 penniworth, of mastick pap one penniworth & of olibanum being beaten to fine powder, soe much as with a spoonfull of Venice Turpentine will thicken it & spread it on some Allome leather, & apply it longwayes about the breadth of 2 fingers from the hand upward about 4 inches long of both the III wrists on the insde of the arme, let it lye there soe long as it will cleaue, the Patient is to drinke, Cardue possett drinke, euery to bedward warme, a a gad draught soe long as the fitt lasteth & 10 dayes after & to keep the wrists warme when the plaister comes off.

+ Another

Take olibanum, bolearmoniak, of each an equall quantity bruise them & beat them togather into fine powder, soe small as may be III then take soe much Venice Turpentine, as will only make it plyable to spread & noe more, then spread it on some Allome Leather about 4 inches in length and the breadth of the arme

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater


8 on the in side from the hand upwards then their apply it on both, & bind it on about 6 howers before the fitt come, if this have not the desired effect the first week renewe it the 2d

+ Another

Take Salendine, ffeatherfew & bay salt, of each a handfull beat them all well togather then take of black sope the quantity of an 1 egg, mix it with the rest, then spread them on Allome leather & apply it to the soules of the feet soe let it be for eight or 10 dayes, he may stir up & downe without preguidice

ffor paine in a ioynt upon cold

Take of Burgundy pitch 1 liof red deare suit a 3dpart for + want therof of ox suit of Gumm Klemny, 1/4 li a little saffron 2 boyle these togather untill the bee well incorporated, spread some part of it on some Allome leather, & apply it warme to the greiued place, bind it on & there let it lye, soe long as it will clesue & it will give ease.

{x}Another for paine in the joynt

X Take a pint of the best sack, & an ounce of harts horne finely 3 powdered boyle them on a gentle fire to a gellye then anoynt the greived place hot against the fire with part of it & spread some of it on sheeps leather, & apply it warme,

ffor the Gout a tried good one

+ Take of smallage, Rew, plandine, & featherfew, of each an handfull, pick them & stamp them, well in a stone mortar, streyne 4 them, then take the yolk of an egg & soe much hony as the quantity of that yolk, & after that you have mingled them well with that streyned liquor then stirr them all well togather, then thicken it with some wheaten flower & as you put in the flower stirr it well soe put in & stir it till it be thick enough to spread then spread it on some browne paper, & apply it could to the grieved place then let it lye till it come of it selfe. probat.

+ ffor the Gout another tried one.

Take 2 pottles of powdred beife broth, 3 good handfulls of bay salt as much Allome as an egge, boyle these to a pottle 5 then bath the grieued place with a red cloath dipped in the sayd broath euening & morneing as hott as may be endured, & at last bind the sayd cloath to the grieued place till you dresse it again;

+ ffor the falling sicknesse

Still some of the leaves & flowers of nightshade, & give halfe a 6 spoonefull of water to the patient & (sayth my author) it is a present remedy, but beware of the berries & leaves raw, for some kindes of them being eaten raw are deadly.

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater
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