c.17th-18th century herbal manuscript referencing 'Parkinson', presumed to be herbalist John Parkinson (1567-1650), author of the most popular printed herbal during this period "Theatrum Botanicum - Theatre of Plants". The manuscript appears to have been written in 2 different hands and contains 15 pages of recipes with indexes (index on first page, as well as middle of volume and end). Includes recipes: 'for the falling sickness', 'for the biting of a mad dog', 'A salve for any sore', 'To increase breath in a consumption', and 'To stay the inordinant courses of women'. The herbal is bound within a soft stitched cover which is damaged extensively at the back.




9 ffor paine in the back

+ Take of Burgundy pitch 1/4 li of English hony 1/2 li & of mutton suit of the kidneis 1/4 li after you have sliced the suit small & made 4 the pitch into powder set them in pot or pan upon a gentle fire, & stirr them till they be well incorporated, spred some of it upon Allome leather & apply it warme.

ffor a Bile

Take the yolke of an egge new layde some fine flower & some english hony mix these well togather & apply it to the bile

To breake a bile

Take nightshade & feildmalloes, & mutton suit sliced boyle them all togather & make a pultice therof, & lay it to the sore soe hot as may be indured & it will break it

ffor paine in the raines of the back caused by some great could. + Take a peice of bryany roote, cutt of all the haires [stire]it, pick out all the blacke in it, stampe it, in a dish, with a wooden pestle thin spread some of it upon a peice of Allome leather, then warme it against the fire, & apply it to the greived place & 8 bind it with a towell or the like, when the patient is in bed apply a warme cloath to his feete & lay some store of cloaths up on him to cause sweate, it will nettle much, but the patient must indure it will certainaly effect the cure.

An excellent Balsome called Lucatallus Balsome.

Take of Venice turpentine 1 li of oyle oliue 3 li, of yellow wax 1/2 li + naturall Balsame 1 oz: oyle of St Johns wort 1 oz red sanders powdred 1 oz & of sack 6 spoonsfulls: cutt the wax into thinn little 9 peeces & melt it on the fire then put the Turpentine to it after that you have washed it with Damask rosewater, & haveing ming= led your sack with the oyle, put alsoe the oyle to them, & put them all on the fire & stirr them untill they beginn to boyle, then [suffer] it to coole for a night or more untill the water or wine be sunke to the bottome, than make some holes in the stuffe, that the water & wine may runn out of it, then put it over the fire againe, & add to it the oyle of St Johnswort & the balsome stir it untill it be melted, then take it from the fire & stirr it till it be almost cold, & then put in the red sanders & stirr it well that it may incorporate, then keep it for your use. XThe vertues {1} It is very good to heale any wound inward or outward being squirted warme in the inward wound or outward & being applied to the outward with fine lint or linnen, & anoynting the parts thereabouts {2} It helpeth burneings & scaldings, & alsoe any bruise or cut

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater


10 beeing first anoynted with the sayd oyle, & a peice of linnen cloath or lint beeing dipped in the same, & beeing warmed & applied to it it will heale it without a scarre. {3} It helpeth the headach by anoynting the temples & nostrils therewith {4} It is good against the wind collicke & stitch in the side applied thereto warme with the hot cloaths 1/4 of an hower fower mornings togather {5} It is good against poyson, & helpeth a surffet takeing an ounce therof in a little sack warme {6} It helpeth the biteing of a mad dogg or any other beast {7} XIts good against the plague anoynting the nostrills & lipps therewith in the morneing before the party goes abroad. {8}It alsoe helpeth Ulcers & ffistulaes be they never soe deepe in any part of the body beeing applied (as aforesayd) to a cutt. {9} It is good against worme or canker beeing used as to a cutt, but it will aske longer time {10} It is good for one infected with the plague or measells or the like beeing presently taken in warme broath the quantity of 1/4 of an ounce 4 morneings togather & sweating upon it; It alsoe keepeth one from [verm^min] {11} It alsoe helpeth digestion anoynting the navell & stomack therewith when the party goes to bedd {12} It will stanch any blood of a green wound putting a plaister of lint upon it & cause it to lye very hard

X ffor the paine in the back

Incorporate some muskadell with some marroe of an oxes bone in a 10 pewter dish upon some embers, & chafe the greiued place therewith with a hot hand as hot against the fire at bed time as the patient can indure it & soe againe in the morneing an hower & a halfe or 2 howres before he rise, the same linnen must be kept to the back that is first applied to it after it be annoynted

ffor a consumption or any extreame could or cough

X Take of coltes=foote maidenhaire, [seatricks] liuerwort, harts toung, liuerwort & of spleenewort, of each one good handfull & almost halfe soe much Elicampane (green is better than dried) of marrigould flowers & cowslip flowers of burrage & buglas flowers of each half a handfull a licorish III 2 spoonfulls of aniseeds bruised, a good handfull of raisons of the sunn stoned, & halfe soe many figgs sliced. Put all these into a gallon of spring water, let them stand soakeing soe all night in a great pipkin & in the morneing set it couered on a soft fire, ther let it boyle gently untill a 3d part be consumed, then streyne it through a good thick then lett it settle & afterwards streyreyne it againe 2 or 3 times, after that; then power from the settlings & put to it halfe a quarter of a pint of hysope water, a quarter of a pint of the iuyce of baked turnips, & soe much sugar as will boyle it to a [hie] syrrupe, take therof a spoonfull first & last.

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



ffor the seatica.

X Make some mustard as strong & as thick as may bee, put soe much therof upon a peice of Allome leather as will cover the greiued place, after that you haue mixed it with a spoonefull of hony bloodwarme & before you apply it scatter a peniworth of English Saffron beaten very small upon the plaister, & then lay it bloodwarme to the greiued place 12 the patient beeing in bed & bind it on with a towell: He is to lye on that side 3 or 4 howers though it be painefull to him, & then the plaister is to be taken of & the greiued place is to be anoynted with a spoonefull of sallet oyle & faire water mixed well togather, with a feather, after wards apply some searecloath to it

A soveraigne Searecloath.

X Take 10 oz: of the oyle of redroses, 7 oz: of Series (otherwise called white lead) 4 oz: of virgins wax & 2 dramms of Camphir, slice the wax thinn, & 13 beak the Camfir very small, then put the sayd oyle Series & wax into a pan, let it boyle gently a while till all be melted, now & then stirr it & then put in the Camphir, & let it boyle gently stirring it (now & then) till it be somewhat yellow, then take it from the fire and therin dipp such linnen cloaths as you intend for searcloaths, and as you take them out putt them into could water, & afterwards [strece] them & smooth them with your hand afterwards keep them close in a box for your use & they will soe kept last 2 or 3 yeares. The vertues of it is: it is good for any heate for a sore breast for a burne or scald for a streyne for a swelling of a hott cause, & it is restrictiue

X ffor wormes in children.

Stampe a handfull of Sauin, then put to it some oyle oliue boyle them 14 to the consumption that is till it leaue bubbling, alwaies stirring it with this blood warme anoynt the body soe loe an the navell 3 nights to bedward

X Another for the same

Take a handfull of dewwormes, putt them as liuely as you can into a little 15 bagg made of cobwebblawne, fine cambrick lawne or the like, & to bedwards apply it to the nauill & bind it on with a cloath 3 nights

X for a cough of a [[...]] A salue for any greene wound or cudd sore.

Take a pint of milke, a little handfull or a pugill of young nettles the like of wormewood, & of Rue the like, wash them & drie them soe 16 as ther be noe water left, then chop them small & boyle them in the milke till halfe be consumed (always stirring them) then streyne it & afterwards put in as much Venice Turpentine as the quantity of a hasell nutt, & the like quantity of hony, lett these boyle a whalme or 2 togather upon a gentle fire, still stirring them, & afterwards thicken it with wheat flower & mak it like a pultis, still stirring it & when you use it, spread it hot upon a cloath, & soe lay it to the sore Keepe your selfe to an hower & dresse it but once in 24

X ffor the cough of the lungs or great could. Tak of Egrimony hartstoungue liuerwort, horehound, & unsett hysoppe 2

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



of each a handfull, boyle these in 2 quartes of springwater till halfe be consumed, then streyne, it fling away the hearbs, & boyle the liquor in a 17 faire earthen pott, & putt thereto 2 ounce of liquorish 2 o℥ of the powder of Elicampane roots, & 8 spoonfulls of clarified hony, boyle all these to an Electuary, take a spoonfull of this morneing & evening about 4 of the clock & another at your going to bedd.

ffor the cough of the lungs or great could

Take of Egrimony, hartstongue liverwort, horehound & unsett hysope of each a handfull, boyle these in 2 quarts of springwater till halfe be consummed, then streyne it fling away the herbes & boyle the liquor in a faire earthen pott, & putt thereunto 2 o℥: of liquorish, 2 o℥: of the

An excellent plaister for the gout or any other paine or ach.

X Take of mastick & [Oxicroxy] of each a quarter of an ounce, of Car5ranna 1/2 o℥: of fozen 2 o℥: of stone pitch 1/4 li of ffrankinsence 1 o℥: & 1/4 18of gumme of [suie] halfe an o℥: of whitepitch 1 o℥ & of virgins wax 1 o℥ melt these togather in a pipkin ouer a soft fire (always stirring it) till all be well incorporated, then take it from the fire, & stirr it till it be soe could as you may make it up in roles; when you haue use for it, spread some of it on a peice of Allome leather pricked full of holes & apply it warme to the greiued place; it will cleaue fast till humors be exhaused.

ffor an Ague

X Beate 5 cloues of Garlick a good while for a man, & but 3 for a woman, then mix about a penniworth of Saffron with it till it bee 19 like unto a salue, which spread upon a fine linnen cloath plaister wise, & against the comming of your fitt lay it upon your ring finger of your left hand from the 2d ioynt to toe that end towards the rist, soe bind it on & then lett it lye fiue or 6 dayes, that hand all that time is to be kept vary warme.

ffor a great could in man woman or +child or for shortnes of breath.

Take halfe a pound of raisons of the sunn stoned, 1/4 one pound of currands 2 penniworth of liquorish, scraped & sliced, one penniworth of aniseeds 20 one great handfull of Coltfoote (the white beeing cleansed thence) boyle these in a gallon of springwater till halfe be wasted, then lett it stand all night, & after that power the clearest from the dreggs, & putt in 4 ounces of browne sugar Candie pounder & drinke of this morneing & euening ^& at other times if you will.

X ffor sinnewes shrunken.

Take of daysy rootes leaves & all, & of danewort of each a handfull 21 of groundwormes & snayles of each a handfull, after the wormes bee made cleane boyle all togather in neatesfoote oyle & capons grease of each a like quantity, then strayne them into a pott & annoynt the greiued place therewith warme, morning & euening & keep it warme.

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater



ffor the stone

X Take saxafrax Parsaly, time, wintersauory, germander, Camamile, wormewood, penniroyall, esopp, Lauander, ffennill, of euery one of these a good handfull, chop them small then infuse them 24 howers in small ale with 3 or 4 nuttmeggs sliced, putt thereto of Venice Turpentine 22 well washed in rosewater the quantity of a Walnutt & the like of [liue] hony, putt all these into a limbeck & distill them, keepe a quart of the first runing by it selfe, a pottle of the 2d runing & a pottle of the 3d. And when occasion serues take 2 spoonfulls of the first runing, a spoonefull of the 2d & another of the 3d, & putt them into whitewine or ale & drinke thereof (beeing stirred togather) in a morneing fasting, but if the party be in extremity lett him take it at any time of the day, & fast 2 howers after it, & walke softly halfe an hower after the taking it. If it be not mingled as aforesayd will be too strong, the patient must take it 3 morneings togather.

To make syrrupe of fflowers.

X Take the flowers full blowen in a dry day, cutt away the whites & put into a pewter fflagon that may be couered as many of them as well may bee, & 2 putt thereto a pottle of faire runing water, then sett them upon the im 22 bers, that it may be warme night & day, & every day putt new flowers into your liquour, untill it be of the pfect colour of the flower, soe lett it stand 3 or 4 dayes, then streyne the flowers out of the liquor & putt to euery quart of liquor 2 pound of sugar & boyle it to a syrrupe.

An easy way to make Syrrupe of Gilliflowers.

X Take the flowers full ripe in a dry day, & cutt the whites thence, & putt as ma ny of them into a pewter flagon or stone pott as may well be putt in without thrusting downe hard, & fill it full with faire runnig water then stop it close with past or dowugh, & then seeth it in a pan of water, an hower & a halfe or 2 howers, then take it of out & set it in some safe 24 place till the next day about that time, then uncouer it & put all the stuffe out, into another pott or bason, & soe strayne the flowers from the liquor, & put the liquor into the sayd first pott, & fill it up againe with other flowers as before & stop it close & seeth it againe as long, then take it out & soe use it 7 or 8 dayes, & the syrrupe will be like blood, then putt to euery pound of syrrupe one pound & 1/4 of sugar, & then boyle it to a syrrupe. If you haue moe flowers then can be used in a day or 2 those lay in some [coole] place, & couer close to keep them from the aire.

To make syrpupes

Beate 2 white of eggs with a little rod till it come to a light froth, then putt them into your decoction & stirr it well & with your rod after your sugar be put in & dissolved & soe lett them boyle a whalme or 2, then streyne them through a fine flannell streyner or a cotton & after that boyle it up to a syrrupe. Mr Benni~ton

Last edit 9 months ago by Bethany Slater
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