c.17th-18th century herbal manuscript referencing 'Parkinson', presumed to be herbalist John Parkinson (1567-1650), author of the most popular printed herbal during this period "Theatrum Botanicum - Theatre of Plants". The manuscript appears to have been written in 2 different hands and contains 15 pages of recipes with indexes (index on first page, as well as middle of volume and end). Includes recipes: 'for the falling sickness', 'for the biting of a mad dog', 'A salve for any sore', 'To increase breath in a consumption', and 'To stay the inordinant courses of women'. The herbal is bound within a soft stitched cover which is damaged extensively at the back.





King Edwards water for the eyes.

{X} Take fennell, rew, eufrage, vervaine, tormentill, red roses, oculus Christi {147} Chickweed, pimpernill, saladine, vine leaues, smallage, egrimony & woodbine of each a handfull, stamp them a little & then lay them in white wine the first day, & then second day in a manchilds pisse the 3d day in womens milke, the 4th in hony, then distill them for use, for all manner of sore eyes this is the best Mr Overton T.H.

ffor a sick or plurasie pb. good for the collick Take 2 or 3 balls of stonedhorse dung, streyne it with some old ale, after it hath been steeped 12 howers, & soe give it warme to the patient to drinke. sweeten it with sugar for your tast. Capn. pb. Th.Har.

ffor the outward swelling of the throate called the quinsey. {X} Make a pultis of barley meale, good & thick & lay it to the greived place {148} soe hot as you can well endure, shift it one in 12 howers, or when it is hard. Mis Draper.

ffor a sore throate inwardly. {X} Seeth barley & shift it 2 or 3 times till the barley water be white, then boyle it up till the barley be soft, then put the water & barley into a narrow {149}mouthd pot soe hot as it comes from the fire & then convey the fume therof into your throate either by a funnell made of paper or otherwise as hot as you can suffer it. Mis Draper.


Take a handfull of columbine leaues, and boyle them well in a quart pint {150} of new milke, & put therto alsoe 1/4 of a spoonefull of grosse pepper, and a spoonefull of hony, & when you take it from the fire, put therto of sweet butter the quantity of halfe an egg, & gargarise therewith euening and morneing soe hott as may be endured. Mis Nelson.

Another ffor sores & inflamations of the throate {X} Burrage boyled with honied water is good against the hoarsness, or roughnes of the throate, beeing gargarized therwith. 2. The iuce of St Johns wort gargled doth the like. 3. A gargarisme made with hony vineger & mustardseed doth the same.

ffor the stone, & to provoke urin. {X} Take of saxafrage leaves seeds or carroway seeds finely beaten to pow= der of each a like quantity, in all somewhat more than halfe a spoonefull give it with some possit drinke in a spoone to the patient, & let his swallow it downe, then lett him drinke a good draught of possit ale presently after it, & stir up & downe if he can. Mis Malrok.

{X}Another Take an ordinary draught of possit ale, & put therto of the syrrupe of Altheae fernely 2 spoonefulls, & of the Ole oyle of sweet almonds newly draind one spoonefull, & putt therto a little nuttmeggs sliced, & when you feele your selfe paind drink this warme 2. 3 or 4 morneings togather fasting this will mollifie the stone & make it passe away easier. Mr Morrice.

Last edit 11 months ago by JeremyBrown


17. + To preuent the stone.

Take of the distilled water of hawthorne flowers, & of renish wine of eac[...] 153 a like quantity, drinke therof fasting a quarter of a pint sweetned with sugar & nuttmeggs. 2. 3 or 4 dayes at the change of the moone. The said hawthorne flowers are thus distilled. Put a laire of the said flowers into the still, then a thing laire of grated nuttmeggs, then another of the flowers, & soe 3 or 4 laires of the said flowers and grated nuttmeggs, & last[...] put halfe a pint of white wine after them all into the still , & then distill it & keep it for your use. Mr Morrice

Another vid. Gerrard Fetherfew penniryall, sassafrag nettles fol. 572

Liquorish boyled in water & often drunk cureth the sharpness of urin, a[...] is good against ulcers of the kidneis & sores of the bladder.

ffor wormes in children.

+ Spread some ordinary hony upon a peice of sheeps leather, the bredth of 2 hands, cut a litle hole in the midst of the lether & strew some powder of Aloe 154 finely beaten upon the said hony, & lay the hole to the navell of the patient, & soe let it be kept to it 2 or 3 dayes & longer if it will cleave to it + Hartshorne scrpaed, dried against the fire, made into powder, & soe mix 155 as will lye on a groat or [6d] taken with some drinke in a spoone morneing and euening will doe the like.

+ Another

Take of of lauander cotten, & herbgrace of each a handfull, chop them 156 small stamp them very well, then fry them with butter, & spread them on a cloth & apply them warme to the belly. Lady Ewre.

Another + Take a spoonefull of milk & wheatflower mixt togather like sowermeate, giu 157 it two or 3 morneings togather, & it will cure any wormes espetially the chest wormes. pb Th. Har. + Earthwormes applied 3 nights to the navell at bed time, in a laune or 158 cambrick bagg will doe the like.

A searcloth that will draw out water onely out of the body & not break the skin.

+ Take a pint of sallet oyle, 2 o℥: of litters of siluer & 2 o℥: of litters of gold, & 1/2li of red lead; beat them all seuerally very small set the oyle on the fire in an earthen pott, & when it is at riseing then putt in the said litters, & 15[9] red lead, & keep it with stirring from riseing, & soe let it seeth with a soft fire without smoake till it be very thick then take it from the fire, & sett the said earthen pott on straw or bords, (& not on stones lest it breake) then put in your cloth & take it out & soe make a searcloth. You must not seeth it too much lest it bee too thicke. Your cloth must be callico. Mr. Walcot

ffor an inward Bruise. + Take stone pitch & beate it to powder, & put it 5 or six spoonefulls of 160 good pale ale, stir it well & then supp it of, drinke a draught of ale or beare after it, soe doe 2 or 3 times first & last, and fast after it one hower, & 2 houers before you take it.

Last edit 8 months ago by Bethany Slater


18. ffor an ould cough or great cold. vid. Gerrard. Sotherwood. Time. Esop. black mollen with yellow flowers.

Take the rootes of Elicampane, cleane picked, washed, dried, beaten to powder, & mingled it with hony, & soe eate it oft, but espetially fasting at at bed time.


X Take anniseeds, liquorish, and browne Sugarcandy of each on two oz: of Elicam161 pane & aloes of each 1 oz: beate all these to fine powder, then searce them, and when the cough trouble you, take as much therof as will ly on a shilling. Lady Edolph.


X Take of anniseeds, liquorish, Elicampane, & browne Sugarcandy of each 2. oz: of Arras rootes an ounce of ginger halfe oz: of brimstone 1/4 oz: scrape [clense] & dry them before the fire, then beate them seuerally to fine powder, searse them through a fine searse, then mix the fine powders with soe much pure hony as may make it somewhat stiffe, & with a liquorish stick take some of it fasting & to bedwards dayly. Lady Henags.


+ Take of Esop, horehound, folefoote, & Elicampane rootes sliced of each a handfull, of liquorish scraped & cutt one oz: anniseeds & fennell seeds of each the waight of 6d ffigs & raisons of the sunn stoned of each a handfull, boyle all these in 4 pints of faire water till halfe be consumed, then streyne it & boyle it againe, with 2 pounds of good sugar, till it be a syrrupe. Take of this first & last to bedward 2 spoonefulls by little & little as halfe spoonefull [ar.] See Gerrard, the decoction of Turneps 178. & Syrupe of. horehound. 563. pb. Mr [S]eck. The powder of Elicampane rootes mixt with hony, & taken morening and euening doth the like.

To cleare the eyesight a tried good one.

XTake some white copporas, & hold it to a peice of hot iron, & drop 5 or 6 drops of it into springwater, stir it well togather & after 12 howers you may use it, morneing & euening, the longer you keep it the sharper it will bee, if it bee too sharpe put more water to it and shake it togther. Sr [Jr]. Eure.

To draw out thornes. + ffoxtongue mollified in vineger after it is dried, & laid on the sore draweth it 162 forth, soe doth Turpentine, black sope, pimpernell bruised, or a plaister of flos ungentorum.

ffor the giddiness of the head.

+ Take 2 dramms of fetherfew dried & made into powder with hony, vpon an empty 163 stomack many dayes togather & you shall find ease. A garland of pimpernell doth the like beeing warne about the head 164 The flowers of lauander alone, or taken with synamon, nuttmeggs, & cloves doth the like. Carduus Bened. taken in meales & drinks doth the same

To make loose teeth fast. X The decoction of the herb or roote of veruane often gargled, or the decoction, or iuce 165 of the young spriggs of the bramble or rub your teeth with mastick, or the decoction of wild tansey held in the mouth, any of these fasten them & helpe toothack. The ashes of rosemary or tabacco beautifie & fastens them alsoe.

The roote of cinquefoyle boyld in water till a 3d part be consumed cureth the 166 toothack when you hold the same in your mouth, & cureth the sores of the mouth beeing washed therewith. Monywort or [herbtwopeence] put in a fine linnen rag after is is brused: & held to the tooth that paines you, cureth it immediately.

Last edit 8 months ago by Bethany Slater



X Against imposthumes in the eares.

Boyle linseed in water, & lay it in maner of a plaster, & it appeaseth the pain, softneth 167 all cold tumours & swellings, & the imposthumes in the eares & neck & all other parts of the body Anniseeds pound with oyle of roses & putt into the eares, cureth the inward hurtes of the same. + Against the Collick.

168 The roote of Sassafrax dried & made in powder, & taken with sugar cureth the collick

+ Another

Take rosemary, time, & isope, of each a handfull, of cloves & mace 1 oz: then 169 put them into a pottle of white or clarett wine, & lett it seeth till it be consu[...] to a quart, then put in a little sugar & when you feele your selfe paind, burn a pretty draught therof & drinke it warme. X 2. Or Take one oz . of Gromwell seed, of parsley seed, & of the kernells of [Ashkes] picked of each 1 oz: 3 kernells of bay berries, halfe quarter of an oz: of [broomesee] 170 beate all these togather into fine powder & drinke it with malmesey, that is, 3 or [...] spoonefulls of mamesey & halfe a spoonfull of the powder, walke after it a while, & drinke 2 howers after. + 3. Take a fleeting dish, put into it a few hott imbers, & lay a laire of cum[...]seed upon them, then sprinkle it with malmsey, thus lay one laire on another till 171 you have filled your dish, but see you put noe roles into it, then cover your dish with a double linnen cloth & lay it hot to the greuied place 3 or 4 times + & it will cure it. 4. Take red fennell, harstongue, Iuieberries, sorrell leaves, pellitory, & parseley 172 rootes of each a like quantity, bray them small in a morter, then fry them in neats foote oyle, & lay it to your belly as hot as you can suffer it, a little beneath the greiued place. vid pag. 16. the receipt for stick or plurasie of stondhorse dung

A very good glister for the collick. X Take 8 or 9 oz: of sallet oyle, 7 or 8 spoonfulls of the iuce of malloes, 2 spoonefulls of aquavitae, or anniseed water one oz: of browne sugarcandy beaten to fine powder, then put all these togather into a bason & set it upon some coales, ther 1873make it warme, then put all into a bladder, & receiue it blood warme into your body by way of glister, keep it an hower or 3 quarters if you can. This may be taken at any time. The next morneing take 2 oz: of the oyle of sweet almonds or 2 oz: of the best sallet oyle, or of each an oz: put them into a pretty draught of white wine, & sweeten it with some white sugar candy, then stir all well with a spoone & drinke it of fasting fast 2 howers after. [Io]: Dixon. pb.

+ Ffor the stone in the kidneis

Take the rootes of white sassafrage, parsely, peirston, & then kernell of ash [keyes] of each a handfull & of Erringo rootes 2 handfulls, then bruise 114 all these in a morter very well & put them into 6 gallons of beasewax 114 or alewort & let them boyle therin as long as bease & ale use to be boyled, then putt all togather into a vessell & when it is stale enough drinke euery morneing fasting halfe an Ale pint or more therof and stir after it. A [[.]]

Last edit 8 months ago by Bethany Slater



A drinke for the spleene. + Steep the barke of Iuie & of an ash, or either of them in water all night, then seeth 175 the said water with the barke, till the stength of the barke be taken out then brue it togather, & drinke a good draught euery morneing.

+ Ffor the flux or scoureing.

176 Take the pith or red colewort, boyle it in red wine, with some synamon, and rice till they bee thick, then eate some & lay some therof to your navell. See Gerard. the roots of Tormentill.

Another. Gerrard. 748. Pimpernell.

+ Take a sheete of paper faire, cut it into small peices, & seeth it in milk with some synamon & giue it to the party Or take soe unwashed rise, beate them small then searce them, & thicken 1 milke therewith, & giue it to the party with some powdred synamon. The conserve of sloes doth the like, & may be taken at any time.

Another X Seeth rose-mary & red sage, burr rootes & mint of each a handfull in 178 the water of a smiths trough, whilst it is seething put into it a red wollen cloth, let it keep steep well in it, then take it out, wring it & lay it to the navell as hott as may be suffered. Or take the white of an egg, & of spiders cobwebb the like quantity beat X them well togther, then put them into a little pan sauser or with a spoonfull of sallat oyle, set them on a soft fire on wood coales, keep it with stiring till it grow stiffe, then take it thence & spread it on some new allome leather, & apply it to the navell as hot as may be endured, bind a cloth round about him to keep it on. The best time to apply it is, at his goeing to bedd.

A glister of a great scouring in a child. +

Take plantine cinquefoyle, & sheaperds purse of each halfe a handfull 180 of dried red rose leaves 2 spoonefulls, of camamile flowers halfe spoonefull boyle these in a pint of whea till halfe be wasted,then take the cleare liquor and mix therewith a spoonefull of [ca[..]se]sugar, & the yolke of an egg, & giue it luc warme. Dr Thowald.

Ffor the ague in womens breasts giuen suck for for burne or scald.

Take 1/2li of sheeps suit finely tried 1/4li of rozen finely beaten, 1/4 pint of sweet sallet oyle, mingle these well togather in a scellet, & set them on a + quick fire of charcoles, but stirr them not, nor meddle with it at all, untill it be boyled, when it is enough the scum will be sunke downe to the 181 bottome, soe soone as euer it is sunke, take it quickly off, else it will smoke, if it doe it will burne to the bottome, then put it into an earthen pan or bason, & when it begins to be cold with a creame on't, then stir it with a spoone till it grow like yeast, when you have occasion to use it for a sore breast, make it warme in a sauser & annoint the breast as therewith it as hot as can be endured against the fire. then dip a linnen cloth into the sd oyntmt beeing warmed & lay it alsoe as hot as may be endurd to the sd breast. Whether the breast bee likly to break, or be broken this will heale it. This will alsoe heale a scald or burne, being spread couldish on a linnen cloth, like a plaister. Lady Edolph. 66.

Last edit 8 months ago by Bethany Slater
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