Early modern recipe books

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Wellcome Collection: English Recipe Book, 18th century (MS6956)

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71

To make Sirup of Violetts

Take a pint of faire water, & a pound of Sugar the whitest & best you can gett, boyle it to the height of a sirup, take your Sirup Violetts pickt, & the whites being taken of, bruise the Violetts in a stone Mort=ar & put them into your Sirup in a Bason always puti=ng into your Sirup Violetts every day, till you see it is blew enough then sett the Bason on a Chaffing dish & coals & make it no hotter then to run through a strainer & straine it out into your glass or pott for your use

For to make sugar plate of the colour & smell of a Violett or any other Flower

Take Violetts & beate them in a stone mortar with a litle hard sugar, then put into it a sufficient quantity of Rose water, then lay your Gum in steepe in your water & so worke it into paist, soe will your paist be of the colour & smell of your Flower you may do it with any other FLower

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72

To make Sirup of Red Popies, or Sirup of Althea, or of the Red Hollihocks, or Red Rose or Damaske Rose

Take a quart of faire water, & make it ready to boile then take it from the fire & have your Flowers ready pickt, & put them in while the water is hot & let it stand all night in the embers in the morning make it hot agine, & the wringe Flowers out, & put in fresh Flowers, & whcen you see it is strong enough strain it out, & to a pint of water take a pound of sugar, & boil to a sirup, you may keep it all the yeare

To make Jumballs

Take halfe a pound of almonds being beaten to a paste with a short cake being grated and two eggs two ounces of carroway seedes beaten and the iujce of a lemon and being brought into paste rowle it into longstringes then cast it in to knotts and so bake it in an oven and when they are baked ice them with rose water and suger and the w

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74

To Stop a Loosness Suddainly

Take the yolke of a new Egg, & a litle pounder of Anniseeds put it together & sup it up & this will stop the looseness

To Make a Suppositur

Take a yolke of a new layd egg & a litle salt & mix them alltogether, & put it into a linen cloth, tye your cloth close, & Oyle the cloth then put it up yourself, you may make it as big or as litle as you please, & do it safely

To Make a Suppositur

Take 2 or 3 spoonfulls of hony & a litle Bay Salt if you please, & a litle cummin seedbeaten very small boyle this together till it will role on a trencher you may doe this safely to a man or a woman with child

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75

For the Piles

Take the long Bone of a legg of Beefe when tis boyled, & burne the bone very white, then pound the bone & search it through a fine search, then take a little of the Bone, & as much of wheaten Flower, & lay it on a cloth & when you go to stoole put it up & close the body. This will help the piles. Probatum est.

Another of the Piles

Take a pd of Barrows grease & 2 or 3 handfulls of [pile wort?] pound it, & boyle it in the grease then straine it & put it into a gally pott four? your you must anoint the places with it & lay come of the Oyntment to it with a piece of scarlett,

To stop the Blouddy Flux or Looseness

Take half a pint of Yarrow water, Knott [?] grass water Plantsen, water Sheapherds, Puch water of each halph a pint put all these together in a bason, then heate some red Flints red hott & putt them into thebason, 3 or 4 times then straine it & add to it 3 or 4 spoonfulls of red Rose=water & as much cinamon, as will lye upon a groat &

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76

& fine Bole as much as will lye on a six pence make it pleasant with sugar, if it be a loose= =ness, you must take the gray Flint you may ad to it a handfull of red nettle seed, this is good to stop bleeding at the nose or foure woman that have too much reds

To make a Cullice on Chicken Broth

Take a chicken, one knuckle of Veal, of sheepes hearts, or 2 Hartshorns raced[?] a quarter of an ounce, of Gum Draganth halfs a Dram, of Safron one scruple, or the weight of 3 penes boyle these very leisurely on a soft fire from a potle or 5 pints to the quart half, straine it, & add to it as much Sugarcandy as will make it pleasant Rose water 3 or 4 spoonfulls, let them drink of it cold or warme

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77

To make the Pectorall roules four the Cough

Take of fine suger 4 ounces, of orice pouder one dram, of gum Draganth a little dissolved in Rosewater as much as much shall mix the pouder, of Muske & Amber grease 2 graines, with the suger mix all these together & make it into little roules & bake them in an oven after the bread is drawn & you may keepe them all the yeare

for the pains of the Back

Take a quarter of Blew Currants the peth of 2 or 4 Oxen, & strip it, 4 or 5 Nutmeggs, & 2 Ounces of Cinamon beaten fine half a pound of sweet Butter, 6 yolks of eggs beaten well together bwteeen to dishes, close them, put it into a close glass & take the quantity of Nutmegg upon the point of a knife fasting, or when you go to bed.

To make Oyle of Roses

Take of comxon Oyle 2 pound, Damask rose budds a pd, cett them infuse 10 days in a peuter bason in the sun, then straine them out hard, & putt in fresh Rose budds & infuse them as long as before, if you will you may it 3 or 4 times, & straine it out hard & keep it in a glass fore your use it is good for hot & fiery swelling

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78

To make Oyle of Camoxmell

Take Camoxmell flowers 1 pd, bruise them in a Mortar infuse them in a pd of sweet Oyle, & lett them stand in the sunn 20 days, then straine it & keep it foure your use, it is good to asswage paines of the joynts and corroberate the Sinews

Fore the cough of the Lunges

Take maiden hairs & maiden Isop & Coltsfoot of each a handfull, Fennell seeds, Anniseeds & Liquorish of each a spoonfull bruised, half a pd of Raisons of the sunn, stoned, a quarter of a pd [?] Figgs sliced, put all this into a pott of Running water in an earthen Pipkin let it stand upon the embers all night, the next morning straine it through a strong cloth, then putt into this Liquor 5 Ounces of Browne sugarcandy then boyle it to the halfs, scum it as long as scum ariseth, & so drink a spoonful when you feele yourcough come upon you :: Probatum est

A good Oyntment four any bruise or squatt

Take a good quantity of honey, & as mcuh Wormwood as you think good stamps it & strains it into your honey & then boyle it, & then put it into a gally pott or glasse, & it will be an Oyntment, it will keep all the year

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To Make the best Surfeat water

1 ounce of Cardimon seed take one gatt of the best brandy and half a bushell of poppies two ouncs of Annis [symbol?] three ouncs of Caraway [symbol?], and three ouncs of sweet fennell, [symbol?], two ouncs of Liquorish, and one ouncs of [>atess], six penny worth of saffron, and half a pound of figgs, a quarter of a pound of raisings, of the sun stoned half an ouncs of Cloves an Mac half an ounce of nutmeggs a quarter of an ounce of ginger a hadfull of bame a handfull of mint put all these slit your figgs pound your seeds and spices and let stand in an Earthen pott or glass 14 daies Close Stopt then strain out your water and when you have don soe put your drugs a steep in some stronge beere let it stand 4 days then distill it in a cold still and you will have a good water that with sirrup of poppie is a good surfit water, to every bottle of surfit water you must put in an ounce of suggar candyed.

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79

To Make the best Surfeat water

take one gatt of the best Brandy and half a bushell of poppies to ounces of Annis three ounces of Caraway [symbol?], and three ounces of sweet Fennell, [symbol?], two ounces of Liquorish, and one ounce of [>atess], six pennyworth of Saffron, and half a pound of figgs, a quarter of a pound of Raisins, of the sun stoned half half an ounce of Nutmeggs unclear half an ounce of Cloves & Mace unclear quarter of an ounce of ginger a handfull of Bame, a handfull of mint unclear 1 ounce of Cardimom seed put all these slit your figgs pound your seeds and spices and let stand in an Earthen pott or glass 14 daies Close Stopt the strain out your water and when you have done soe put your drugs a steep in some stronge beere let it stand 4 dayes then distill it in a cold still and you will have a good water that with sirrup of poppies is a good surfeat water, to every bottle of surfeat water you must put in an ounce of suggar candyed.

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80

To make Cynnamon water

Take 5 Gallons of Sack one pound & a half of Cynnamon bruised, halfe and ounce of Cloves, steepe this all knight, & in the morning set your pot on with a soft fire, after it is stilled take one quart of the water & a quarter of a pound of Leafe Sugar finely beaten & that will make it plesant

A Drink ot give a Woman that hath a dead Child within her

Take a handfull of Ditander seeds pound it & straine it into a little Sack, Beer, or Ale, & if you have noe Ditander, take as much Looedgs[?] seethe it and straine it & Let her drink it

To give a woman with Child if her Child be weak & she cannot feele it

Let her take 4 or 5 drops of the extract of Amber, in a litte Sack to drink proved, I a moan have taken any hurt, or by reching that she have the Flux come downs, or a lust or structing hersellf in time, she may take the extract above said. This may be taken in time of Trav[?]ll to helpe forward the Birth

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