Early modern recipe books

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Wellcome Collection: English Recipe Book, 18th century (MS6956)

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84

To make a Glyster

Take a pint of Milk, add to it a spoonful of Anniseeds boyle it together a little while, then straine it out & put to it 3 spoonfulls of sallot Oyle & 3 spoonfulls of Suger, then beate the yolks of to Eggs, & mix it altogether & give it something warme as a Glister This I have tryed

To make another Glyster

Take a pint of Posset ale, add to it one handfull of camomel halfe a handfull of Mallows halfe a handfull of violet leaves, halfe an Ounce of Anniseeds, halfe an Ounce of Fennellseeds, boyle all these together then straine it out & add to it 2 Ounces of Suger & as much Salt as will lye upon a shilling & give this to such as are troubled with winde. this is proved

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85

For the swelling of the Amons in the Throat,

Take Rosemary & dry it to pouder in a Mortar, then take the pouder of a white Dogs= turd & mix these two pouders together with hony spread it on pieces of Leather & lay it on both sides of the Throast as near the Amons as you can

To make the jelly of Hartshorne

Take one quart of faire water & 2 Ounces of Hartshorne, finely reasped boyle this together with a small branch of Rosemary & some Lemon rinde, & lett it boyle till the Liquor be halfe wasted, then straine it through a jelly bagg, & sweeten it will Suger, & a litle Rosewater & the juice of a Lemoon, & a litle Vinegar as you shall think good, you may boyle a litle piece of Cinnamon in it, the Cinnamon being first laid in Rosewater, & then boyle it altogether, a litle & straine it againe into glasses & soe use it at your need

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86

For the Goute to be applyed as hot as you can suffer it

Take Froggs spawne water & ???? Ounces of Hawthorne 4 Ounces of Mullet water an Ounce of Mirke poudred a Drame of Oriental Saffron halfe a Dram of poudred Cikewife?? mix them [???] together & beathe the gri[??]ed part, & wrap the cloths about the part, Probatum est

Against exessive Vomiting

Take mint waterwith 2 or 3 dropps of Vitriol, [????] now & then & apply outwardly a plaistor of[ ???????] take also the juice of 2 Quinces or Quince unclear wine

For a Looseness

Apply upon the Belly a plaister of venus [?????] Bole Aemonacke the like quantity take [?ward] some dryed Hartsworne, in Sirup of dry'd Roses Corrall take all those for your ordinary drink steeled water wherein Corrall hartshorne [Tor????] =till Nutmeggs Pomegrante rinds & & the like be boyled

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89

The virtue of this water

This water is of exceeding virtue in all sounding weaknesses of the heart & decaying of the spirits & is of great virtue in the Apoplexy, palsy, Epilepsye, also all pains of the Joynts comming comming of the Colds, in all bruises outwardly Bathe it, & lay clothes to it, the virtues of this water are more than man can conceious it strengthens the Animall vitall & naturall spirits, & cheers the externall Pences strengthens the Memory restores lost appetite all weakness of the stomach both taken inwardly & Bathed autwardly take a quarter of a spoonfull, & fast one hour after it, it takes away giddiness of the head, helpeth lost hearing bringsth a pleasant breath & thore can be no better remedye in Palsies & Apoplexy or both to help in the fitt & to prevent it if you take morning & evening a quarter of a spoonfull with crumes of Bread & Suger mingled in a Spoone it helpseth lost speech & helpeth all cold dispositition disposition of the liver & begining Dropsies it helpeth all cold

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90

Another water of the same but of loss Price

Take a gallon Glass & fill it with Levonder flowers as above fill it up with Spirit of wine or Malmasie this digest Five wooks then distill your water & Oyle & Separate the Oyle, then digest in this water sage flowers Rose=mary flowers sweet margorom of each one handfull, [?????] motherwort Pyony roots, orgnum of each one Ounce, Cotomio flowers, Rose half an Ounce Poppy seeds hulled Cardamony cucubes citrons grille dried of each 2 Drams then put into them half a pound of Ininibos or Reasons of the stones taken out being digested 6 weeks straine this & drink it at your mood Probatum Est

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91

The Swallow Water

Take 12 young swallows out of the nest, tare them asunder a live, add unto it of Oake mistletow one ounce and halfe an ounce of peony flowers seeds, halfe an ounce of peony rootes, of Lilliom Conuallium water water, of thee water of Elder blossomes of Piony flowers and the water of Beach Tree flowers of each 16 ounces lett it stand infused 24 hours in a warme place and then distill it and keepe this water as a means against thee falling sickness and dead plasies and against giddiness and convultions proved

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92

To Make thee hart water

Take 2 harts of Piggs and cut them in small slices take 3 harts of Oxen or Staggs of Cloves Galingale Mace & Basill see of each 3 drams, of the flowers of Buglose Burrage and Rosemary blossomes of each 2 Pugills, infuse it in 4 Pints of Malmesie and distill itt in a close still this water is good against all diseasies of the heart being given with Manus Christi

To Make the Plague Water

Take the juice of greene walnut shells 2 pound of the Juice of Rue 1 pound, and halfe of the Juice of Carduus; Benedictus, and Bee Bame of each 1 pound, of the Rootes of Butter burrs halfe a pound, of the Rootes of Angolica and Masterwort of each 3 ounces of Scordium 2 handfulls, of Von us treacle and Methridate of each 4 Ounces, of the Canary wine 6 pints, of the best white wine vinegar 3 pints, 1 pinte of the Juice of Lemons lett all these digest in Psalmeo[?] in a glasse, close stoped and afterward distill in Lawere, and keepe the

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93

A Snail Water for a Consumption

Take of Snails being boyled in wine one pound of conserve of Violette Buglose and water of Lillies of each 2 Ounces, 1 pound of Capons flesh, 1 Ounce of Diatragantum firdigum, 4 quarts of milke distill in a glass, keep it for yore use

For one that Spitts blood

Take the Juice of Botony mix it with new milk and give the party to drink

For the Stick

Take a quart of beere and a handfull of Dandellium a spoonfull of Red Saunders, soothe it till halfe be consumed drink it morning and evening

For the Pain of the Back Take Oyle of Roses, Oyle of Camomoll of each a like quantity mingle them together and anoint the back every morning & evening

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To make oile of Excetor

Take a pound of the flowers of cowslipes ga= =thered in the month of may and put them in a gallon of oile in a faire glasse and stop the mouth of the glasse and then in the same month gather calamints Johnsory ambroes sothernwood wormewood pellitory of spaine the flowers of lillies penyroiall of lavender pellitory rosemary hayrise of each one hand= full grinde them altogether in a mortar= very small when this is done take out the flowers of cowslips out of the oile and wring the oile from them with a cleane hand then put them in a mortar with the other herbes and grinde them all together in a mortar very smale put all these herbes in white wine and lett it stand all that night Elizabeth Smith 1700/ to[?]

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94

night together an the next day till the afternoone then put all in the vessell and boile them altoge= ther with the oile and lett them boil over the fire softly wil lthe wine and the iuyce of the herbes be consumed away and for the knowledge when tis boiled enough then you must take a spoonfull of the liquor from the bottome of the pott and if your see now more water remaine in the spoones bottome then it is boiled enough then take it from the fire and put it in a cleane linnen bagge and with a cloven stick you may straine into a cleane vessell and put it into a bottle of tynn or glasse and soe you may keep it three yeares this oile is good for all brusies for the goute and for the plasie for any ache in the armes or leggs you winter again shall understand to annoint the sore place in winter against the fire in sumer aganst the warme June and after you have

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