Journal, 1787 June 18-September 4.

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with the Patomack, at a short distance

55 [written in the right margin]

an easy hill, the summit for near a mile level good road, the descent rocky, still surrounded with hills in every direction. the patomack now & then in sight, working a traverse between the hills; in 4 miles came to a Creek 20 yards over, the base of the opposite hill a bold rock but of no great heigth, ascended another hill, in a retrograde direction for about a mile. 3 small farms to Barnhaults plantation 6 miles. here crossed the Patomack above the rapids, 110 yards over (the rapids stockaded to catch fish) a small bottom on each side bounded by beautiful hanging woods, a few farms on the [illegible] of the river, the land rich. from hence the path on the Virginia side so obscure that with difficulty & delay found the way. broken ground & gullies for a mile, then crossed Capers big creek 70 yards wide, then ascended a mountain, still surrounded with others in different directions, exhibiting a wild intricate bold romantick view, passing over hills in 3 miles came to a Creek on which was a saw mill then descending a hill came to the Warm Springs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

The warm Baths, as on the otherside, are situated on the lower side of a square on the East Mountain & opposite to the principal Street, the Town consists of three long parallel

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[Page contains a color map, features of which are identified with letters and a key. A scale in feet is drawn vertically on the right side of the map. The key is written vertically on the left side of the page]

b - 5 Dressing Rooms with seats round. c - 3 Seats for Company, two up the hill, to each an assent of 5 Steps, shaded by Trees. d - the drinking spring or Fountain. bb - two Piazzas with seats. cc - three alcoves with Ditto. e - The Parade. f - a large Bath for swiming g - a Bath for Poor People h - warm spring flowing from the last mount. i - Islands formed by the warm Spring

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Streets & eight at right Angles, there is at present 172 houses, of which 164 have been built within the last four years, a play house well constructed, an assembly & tea room, a house for the poor a Methodist Church building & Mr Wolley of Liverpool having bought a Double large framed house, hath this spring built adjoining thereto a dining room 54 by 24, five Card rooms adjoining & a drawing room 18 by 24 over which an assembly room 72 feet by 24 & 14 feet high, & a tea room 33 feet by 25, with piazzas on both side the house all compleatly framed & well fitted, which is to be called the Bell Inn, there are several other taverns three of them good framed houses of 2 stories, with piazzas & seats round to both stories & on bothsides & the best calculated for America of any I have seen. The town is situated in a vale & partly on the side of the East & west Mountain. the Lots differing in Elevation. at the South end of the town on the west hill there is a range of Rocks & amile above there is a remarkable cold callebiate spring. the warm springs flow in great abundance from the base of the western mountain, forming three romantick Islands & when all accu milated forms a large body of water which runs diagonally through the

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the hills on each side with beautiful varying woods, renders the whole truly picturesque romantick and orginal, the climate is temperate provisions cheap & plenty, except greens which are scarce, a charming retreat in hot or unhealthy weather. tho too much used for disipation & gambling. The water is pure & light, without any apparent medical quality, tho found in many cases beneficial: to try their effect I for 3 days drank 3 quarts each day & that only. it cased a swiming in my head, went quickly of an opening quality [illegible] by urine & I thought it created an appetite; it is scarcely so warm as milk from the Cow said to be 57 degrees Farenheit thermomThere were 4 methodist preachers (two for health) service 3 times on Sunday & once or twice on week days, which are well attended by the lower sort to the neglect on week days of their business & families. There was 14 or 15 Stores & shops many well furnished with goods, for which I should think there was little encourage =ment; when I left it there was not above 30 persons of note arrived, but it was early in the Season.

I went through curiosity twice to the methodists, the first was a sensible man of literary ability, the other an illiterate ranting enthusiast. after being heartily tired for an hour & half I thought to withdraw unnoticed his eye caught me, he said I could not hear the word of God & never should enter the Kingdom of Heaven

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July 18 [written in the left margin]

____ To Farmer Fabls. _ ascended the Eastern mountain, of no great heigth on the summit for the first mile or two, vines & shumacks, the land then better & good road, but without a spring for 5 miles when came to a small creek, then ascended another hill when had a good road, some part stony. 3 mile further came to a spring on which M. Throgmorton was settling a farm, who told me I had taken the longest road, from thence 4 or 5 miles good road & 2 small farms, a mile further _ crossed a Creek, where was a farm the next 7 miles. several springs. indifferent land. 4 farms & 7 Irish settlements, who only raised provisions for their own families; mountains on each side in all directions ____

______ To Mill Creek. _ to Tester =rora Creek 4 miles on which a saw & grist mill which crossed to Martinborough a Borough town, a Court house goal & 250 houses, a good road, & soil, 14 farms, the next twelve miles good road, level country _ several farms, when came to Capt Slaughters, farm tavern & grist Mill _ side [vide?] NB page 38.

There met Mr Sims late Judge & member of Congress from New Jersey, an inteligent man just returning from Kentucke, who informed me, that 18 miles below the fall of Cannaway River + within two miles of Morriss

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