Journal, 1787 June 18-September 4.

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7 neither so industreous, sober, or well informed in farming as the Germans who are the most valuable settlers.

To Lewisbourgh (lately [Left margin] 144 called Harristown) on the other side of the Susquahannah, a good road, the ferry 1 mile 10 rood wide; horse [1f?], light waggon [5f?] Loaded 7/6, plenty of Salmon Rock, pike trout & passed a delightful Island, cultivated & richly wooded, 3 1/2 miles distant Consecongens creek on which are many mills, has about 200 real houses some brick & many good Loghouses of two stories & likely to encrease [Left margin] 4

June 25 . . . To Carlisle town & borough, Cumberland County well cultivated in the town 500 houses a few brick but mostly of blue lime stone, well built generally 2 story high, the Lots 60 front 240 deep, a Court house, Goal Market, Episcopal, Presbeterean & a German Church, - Dickensons College lately founded at present 70 Students, 35 attend the Classicks, Chronoly & Geogra, 20' natural philosophy - 12 good houses now building, a Red soil on a blue lime stone - 1/2 mile from the town, theres large range of good brick buildings for stores &c. each 282 feet long 24 broad Do. Barracks of like dementions, hospital Magazine Foundery &c. of stone all built during the War & to which the Aca College is to be removed, when fitted for the purpose, Latent spring, running about 80 or 100 yards to the Westward, on which are Mills vide plan page 68 -- they have a tollerable [Left margin] on the next page library & apparatus for Natural Philosop. [Left margin] Oct 26 Elect. Mashene [????opes] vide plan of Buildings [Right margin] 16 To Shipingsbourgh 500 houses mostly Log, at the end [Left margin] [symbol] of which is middle spring on which are 2 mills - [Right margin] 21 [Right margin] 185

Last edit 6 months ago by Jannyp
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8 [left margin] + 14 mile N E from Carlisle, on Mr Cockrans farm of 500 Acres is the head of big spring a solid rock 200 feet over from the base of which the water in many places rushes ou[t?] with great rapidity, appearing in some par[ts?] like boiling water, it is 900 feet to the da[m?] on which is a grist mill & for the most part 140 feet broad, in many places 15 feet deep, great part [environ'd?] with romantick rocks & hills well wooded, to which walked 2 miles out of the road.

[left margin] [symbol] From Shipingsborough went a new road dug from the side of hills, which saves a round of 20 Miles

[left margin] June 27 [right margin] 18 - - - To Horse Valley, the first 4 miles level, next two miles easey hills with small stones, (here a cluster of pine trees the first met with) next 4 or 5 miles, easy land with small lime stones. Hitherto came over no hills but what was easy for Carriages, crossed herrings branch & another creek on which were mills, the land good, farms at small distances & intermediate wood, of hickerry walnut & black chesnut. Most of the farms seem'd to have been lately settled from the trees standing dead by girting, yet the land ploughed & in grain, which is the general practice, in what is called the back country, several drove of loaded horses from 8 to 20, [deletion: also] for the most part a cask on each side, with nails Iron &c also loaded Waggons ^ 5 horses generally 4 or 5 in Company, we passed, bound to

Last edit 6 months ago by Jannyp
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9 [right margin] 185 Pittsbourgh also some light Waggons with famalies furniture & going to Kentucky _ Came to the foot of North or blue mountain, 3 miles of easey ascent, on the summit is a spring of good water from whence is an extensive prospect to the Eastward of Farms & woodland; breakfasted at Skinners who made the new road & the best Inn on the Road, a pistol shot ^ No. from Skinners, is the remains of Fort Littleton 87 feet square with 4 bastions [right margin] 14

NB there is a road through the Valley, many settlement, & a town at the head of Connagwins spring which falls into the [deletion] Susquhannah 3 miles westward is Connague Spring that falls into the Potomack. A light blue flame is seen in the night, that when followed vanishes & ^ from whence it is thought there are copper silver & lead mines

___ To Fort Littleton & Birds tavern, 2 miles low land, good soil & timber, then ascended middle mountain 2 [1/2?] miles long, of easy ascent, on the top of which is a spring of good water from the which there is a view of fine extensive bottom to the Et. with many farms, with surrounding hills enriched with the best buildg. timber. the descent to the Westward, stoney & steep the west base appearing to be lower than the Eastern, at the foot of the mountain crossed the head of Cannochieque spring a Creek on which are mills, then entered a valley 1 1/2 miles good land & road (the last hill termenates Franklin County) [right margin] 199

Last edit over 1 year ago by poorhorse
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within 1/4 mile of Tescarora mountain high pitch & yellow pines, interspersed with oak 3/4 over the mountain, then good land timber trees 1 1/2 miles very stoney, the surrounding hills appear rich, with many settlements. from the bottom of the mountain to Fort Littleton & Reid tavern is 5 miles - - -

June 28 - - - To the foot of sideling hill, this road good, some easy hills. 9 farms on the road. 3 first miles best timber, then tall pines & oaks & stoney the last 3 miles a red soil like that of New Jersey - - -

- - - To Junietta River. Sideling hill is exceeding rocky. large stones & steep, a fine clear spring ripling down a considerable way, trees yellow pitch pine, the last 4 miles less stoney & better land. 3 farms also 3 publick houses. At the foot of the mountain crossed Junietta River 105 yards wide fine clear water. Where is Esqr Martins tavern

Here was picked up a piece of native lead, one of sulpher & one heavey quality unknown. - - altho the hills passed are not very steep, yet they might be called mountains with equal propriety as those of the Allegany. & the last hill is counted as bad as any to Pitsbourg.

- - - To Bedford town the road very good but the fourth mile stoney, as it is in a few other places, but of no length the hills moderate & the road for the most part clear of stone. The land in general good, but here & there are [right margin] 28

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231 [in right margin]

patches of pine land. say several beautiful birds on the no. side of a Raisetown branch of Juneata river & on the So. side of Dunnings creek or Frankstown branch of Junietta. - 19 farms upon the road. Bedford is a county town situated upon Dunnings Creek has a local house, goal, prisbeterian church & 70 or 80 Stone or Log houses, & pleasantly situated. crossed the creek over a bridge a mile before came to the town, counted very healthy. many sheep feeding upon the common _ ________

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June 29 [in the left margin]

To Ryans, the foot of the Allagany mountains (the old Philada road,) for the most part easy hills some part pine & other trees. 8 farms on the road. NB a new road has been lately opened to the Southward through a glade wherein are many Dutch settlements. Ryans an excellent tavern

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------ To Statlers publick house, 2 miles easy gentle hills, tollerable good land & timber, before we came to what I should call the foot of Allagany mount, then crossed a spring & mounted the steepest ascent hitherto, but of no great length, then a gradual rising, rocky road, with springs from eachside murmering down the road over the stones, perfectly clear & truly romantic adorned on each side by good timber trees, in 2 1/2 miles came to a public house a little above which there is good level land, then rising ground

258 [in the right margin]

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