Warren, John. Lectures upon anatomy :.

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Volume containing lecture notes of Harvard Medical School Professor John Warren (1753-1815) beginning on 10 December 1783 for the first course in anatomy he taught. The lectures were delivered in Harvard Yard, probably in Holden Chapel. Warren offers an overview of the history of medicine and anatomy, in addition to lectures devoted to specific parts and functions of the human body, and discussion of dissection. Concerning autopsies, Warren tells his students, "At the first view of dissections, the stomach is apt to turn, but custom wears off such impressions. It is anatomy that directs the knife in the hand of a skilful surgeon, & shews him where he may perform any necessary operation with safety to the patient. It is this which enables the physician to form an accurate knowledge of diseases & open dead bodies with grace, to discover the cause or seat of the disease, & the alteration it may have made in the several parts." "Goldsmith's animated nature," in an unidentified hand appears on the final thirty-nine pages of the volume.

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kind of existance, I had already forgot the light which was my first inlet into life; when I once more opened my eyes, and found myself again in possession of my former happiness. the gratification of the two senses at once was a pleasure too great for utterance. I now began to gaze without emotion, and to hearken with tranquility when a light breeze the freshness of which charmed me, wasted its perfumes to my sense of smelling and gave such satisfaction as even [?] my self love. Agitated, rouzed by the various pleasures of my new existance I instantly arose and perceived myself moved along as if by some unknown and secret power. I had [?] proceeded forward when the novelty of my situation rendered me immoveable. My surprize returned I supposed that every object around me had been in motion. I gave to them that agitation which I produced by changing place and the whole creation seemed once more in disorder. I lifted my hand to my head; I touched my forehead; I felt my whole frame I then supposed my hand was the [?] organ of my existance, all its Informations where distinct and perfect; and so superior to the senses I had experienced, that I employed myself for some time in repeating its enjoyments ev'ry part of my person I touched, seemed to touch my hand in turn

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and gave back sensation for sensation.

I soon found that this faculty was expanded over the the whole surface of my body; and I now first began to perceive the limits of my existance which I had in the beginning supposed spread over all the objects I saw. Upon casting my eyes upon my body and surveying my own form I thought it greater than all the objects which surrounded me I gazed upon my person with pleasure I examin'd the formation of my hand and all its motions it seemed to me large or little in proportion as I approached it to my eyes, I brought it very near and then almost ev'ry other object from my sight. I began soon however to find my sight gave me an certain information and resolved to depend upon my feeling for redress. This precaution was of the utmost service I renewed my motions and walked forward with my face turned forward the heavens. I happened to strike lightly against a palmtree and this renewed my surprize: I laid my hand on this strange body; it seemed replete with new wonders for it did not return me sensation for sensation as my former sensations had done I perceived that there was something which did not make

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a part of my own existance. I now therefore resolved to touch whatever I saw and vainly attempted to touch the sunc I stretched forth my arm and felt only [?] air at evry effort I felt from one surprize to another for ev'ry object appeared equally near me and it was not till after an infinity of trials that I found some objects further removed than the rest. Amazed with the illusions and the uncertainty of my state, I sat down beneath a tree; the most beautiful fruits hung on it, within my reach; I stretched forth my hand and they instantly separated from the branch. I was proud of being able to grasp a substance without me. I held them up, and their weight appeared to me like an animated power that endeavoured to draw them to the earth I found a pleasure in conquering their resistance. I held them near my eye; I I consider'd their form and beauty; their fragrance still more allured me to bring them nearer: I approached them to my lips and drank in their odours; the perfume inviting my sense of tasting and I soon

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tryed a new sense How new! how exquisite! Witherto I had tasted only of pleasure but now it was luxury. the power of tasting gave me the Idea of possession. Flattered with this new acquisition I continued its exercise till an agreeable langour stealing on my mind, I felt all my limbs become heavy and all my desires suspended. My sensations were now no longer vivid and distinct, but seemed to lose ev'ry object and presented only feeble images confusedly marked. At that instant I sank upon a flowery bank, and slumber seized me. All now seemed once more lost to me. It was then once more as if I was returning into my further nothing. How long my sleep conti= nued I cannot tell; as I yet had no perception of time. My awaking appear'd like a second birth; and I than perceived that I had ceased for a time to exist. This produced a new sensation of fear, and from this interruption in life I began to conclude I was not formed to exist for ever. In this state of doubt and perplexity I began to harbour new suspicions; and to fear that sleep had robbed me of some of my

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late powers; and when turning on one side to resolve doubts, what was my amazement, to behold another being like myself, stretched by my side! New Ideas now began to arise; new passions, as yet unperceived with fears and pleasures all took passions of my mind and prompted my curiosity: love served to complete that happiness which was begun in the individual; and ev'ry sense was gratified in all its varietyes

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