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Mr. Lincoln.⏤A Day at the White House.

The following article appeared in the Baltimore American of March 22. It possesses a melancholy interest at the present time :

While on a visit to Washington, yesterday,
we dropped in at the White House, and instead
of being surprised at the number of visitors,
were rather astonished to find so few in waiting
in the ante-room for interviews with the
President. When we remember the throngs
that swarmed the building in Democratic
times, during the first month after an inauguration,
and counting not over twenty-five persons
now in attendance, many of them accompanied
by Members of Congress, we came to the
conclusion that the Washington correspondents
have greatly exaggerated the facts. Most of
these visitors, as we subsequently had an opportunity
of witnessing, were there for entirely different
purposes than that of office seeking.
The President commenced to receive visitors
at ten o'clock, but at half-past eleven o'clock
the Cabinet session commenced, and continued
until near two o'clock. So soon as the Cabinet
members had withdrawn, the reception of
visitors was resumed, those having members of
Congress with them taking precedence. At two
o'clock, however, the doors were thrown open,
and all that remained in the ante-room were
invited to enter and take seats. The President
then commenced to dispose of them in his
frank, cordial, and candid manner, the presence
of "a cloud of witnesses" enabling him to get
through with them much more rapidly than if
each had been granted a private interview.
The first case was that of an old gentleman
whose sons had been killed in battle, and who
had come to Washington in hope of being able
to obtain some kind of employment. The
President replied that Washington was the
worst place in the country for anyone to seek
to better their condition, and advised him to
go home again by the first train. He wished
some species of saffron tea could be administered
to produce an eruption of those already
in Washington and make this migration fever
strike out instead of striking in. The supplicant
replied that he had not the means to go,
and hoped that the President would give him a
note to one of the Quartermasters, who might
probably give him some kind of employment.
After thinking a minute, he wrote something
on a piece of paper and gave it to him, when
the old man's countenance brightened, and
with profuse thanks he retired.
A gentleman largely engaged in bringing out
cotton, &c., from the rebel States, inquired of
the President whether it was his intention to
sustain the recent order issued by Gen. Grant
putting a stop to the whole business. The
President replied that in no case would he interfere
with the wishes of Gen. Grant. He
held him responsible for inflicting the hardest
blows possible on the enemy, and as desirable
as it was to possess the cotton, if he thought
that bacon was of more importance to the enemy
at this moment than cotton was to us, why
we must do without the cotton. Gen. Grant
was no lawyer, and consequently used no
unnecessary words to amplify his order; but the
President understood him to mean that this
trade was giving aid and comfort to the enemy,
and consequently it must stop. "Under no
circumstances," concluded the President, "will I
interfere with the orders of Gen. Grant."
The next was an applicant for a small country
post office, accompanied by a Democratic
member of Congress. On reading his application
he responded at once, "You shall have it."
and indorsed his approval on the back. The
member remarked, "I presume, Mr. President,
that it is because I trouble you so little that you
so promptly grant my request." The President
responded, "That reminds me of my own
experience as an old Whig member of Congress.
I was always in the opposition, and I had no
troubles of this kind at all. It was the easiest
thing imaginable to be an opposition member--
no running to the Departments and the White
House."
Next came an old gentleman who wished to
get a man pardoned from the Penitentiary,
convicted of stealing two pairs of pantaloons
and a pair of shoes belonging to the Government,
from a box he was hauling on his dray.
A statement of the case from the State's Attorney
was presented, which admitted that one
witness had testified that he had sold him a
pair of shoes. "Yes," said the President "so
much for the shoes, but nothing about the
pantaloons. The jury had the whole facts before
them, and convicted the man, and I am bound
to regard him as guilty. I am sorry for his
wife and children, sir, but the man must be
punished."
Next was the case of a youth who had been
arrested as a deserter in Baltimore, having a
pass for one day, the time having expired. He
stated that he was on his way home to see a
sick sister, who had subsequently died; had no
intention of deserting, but merely intended to
overstay his time on his pass and return to
camp. He was now at the Dry Tortugas under
a three years' sentence, with a ball and chain on
his leg. The President, in view of his recent
proclamation to deserters who had not been
arrested, promptly pardoned him.

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A young widow, the mother of three children,
whose husband had been killed in battle, presented
an application for the appointment of
postmistress of a small town in Orange county,
New York. The President received her very
kindly--told her to leave all her papers with
him, and that he would examine the matter
thoroughly, and would do the best he could for
her case. She was advised to return home and
trust her case in his hands, as he would attend
to it as well in her absence as if she were present.
He could not act on it at once, for, although
he was President, she must remember
that he was but one horse in a team, and if
the others pulled in a different direction it
would be a hard matter for him to outpull
them." The lady left much pleased with her
interview.
A wounded officer was an applicant for an
office, and presented a memorial signed by a
large number of citizens of his district. The
President replied that he was disposed to favor
the application, but that he must wait to hear
from the Member of Congress from that district.
He would be forever in hot water if he
did not pay some deference to the wishes of
members on these appointments.
An applicant for the discharge of a minor
from service assured him that an officer, whom
he named, had said the case was one deserving
of Executive interference. The President
immediately remarked: "Bring me his opinion
to that effect in writing, and I will promptly
discharge him. His word will be sufficient
for me; I will require no argument on the
subject."
A man who wished to escape from the draft
on the plea of being in the employ of the
Government, and being physically disabled, was
told that the President could not take action
against the army surgeons, and he doubted if
there were not a dozen gentlemen in the room
who would gladly relieve him of his Government
employment. "I don't know why it is
that I am troubled with these cases," said the
President; "but if I were, by interfering, to
make a hole through which a kitten might pass,
it would soon be large enough for the old cat
to get through also."
Several other applicants for Executive
interference in small matters were kindly received
and their cases promptly disposed of, all retiring
apparently well pleased with their reception
and in most cases gratified with the decision
of the President.
A singular case occurred at an early hour in
the morning, of a young woman who presented
herself to the usher with three children, one
almost an infant. She demanded to see the
President, and, on being told the Cabinet
was in session and that she could not see him,
she set the children on the floor in the East
Room, declaring that as her husband had been
killed in battle she had brought her children
to the President and intended to leave them
with him. She was ascertained to be a poor
deranged creature, whose afflictions had over-
balanced her mind, and by directions of Mrs.
Lincoln was properly cared for.
We will also add, as a matter of special public
interest, that the President looked extremely
well, seemed in excellent spirits, and bore none
of those evidences of debility or failing health
which the New York Tribune daily talks about.
His form is lithe and elastic, his features firm and
expressive of energy and vigorous thought, and
his manner of receiving his visitors was indicative
of all that kindness of heart for which he
is so distinguished. Indeed, there is good reason
to hope that he will not only live many
years to witness the future of his restored country,
but should the people so decide, retain the
physical and mental ability to administer its
executive functions even beyond his present term
of office.
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The widow of a Colonel of Illinois infantry
is peddling pictures in Buffalo. -- Radical Ex.
Oh, that's nothing ! The widdy of a
former President of some of the States is
peddling old clothes in different parts of
the country.

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Mrs. Lincoln.
(From the Mansfield, (O.) Spirit of Democracy.)
It is stated that Mrs Lincoln, during her
recent visit to New York with her son
"Tommy," bought a splendid set of ear rings
and pin at one of the Broadway jewelry
stores, amounting to three thousand dollars.
Excharge.
It is not very long since Mrs. Lincoln
bought a shawl for five thousand dollars.
Five and three are eight thousand dollars for
jewelry and a shawl, very trifle compared
with all necessary articles that must be
bought in a year; but taking a large slice off
Mr. Lincoln's salary of twenty five thousand
a year. Living at this rate, one hundred
thousand dollars, does not suffice for Mr. Lincoln's
yearly expenses.
Can not Forney or some other Abolitionist,
inform the tax payers where the money
comes from, that enables this very ordinary
Lawyer from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln, to
live in this style, when the poor man can
barely with the strictest economy after paying
his taxes, get bread to eat, in these war
times.

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What the Radicals Want
The following, from the New Orleans
Times, in relation to the riot at a political
meeting in Lousiana of which mention
was made in the dispatches the
other day, illustrates the views we
urged upon our readers yesterday
morning:-
"The facts, as related to us by
responsible parties who witnessed the
occurrences in St. Barnard on Sunday
last, satisfy us that a deliberate and
arranged plan as set on foot by
Warmoth and his friends, to get up a
bloody conflict between the negroes
who favored the conservative cause
and those who are led by the carpet-
baggers. The real purpose they appear
to have had in view, was by inciting
their followers to acts of violence
against the negroes who attended
conservative meetings, to provoke the white
persons present to some severe and
murderous retaliation, and then to raise
the cry of rebel cruelty and outrage,
and excite radical sympathy throughout
the country in behalf of their party. It
was the old game so successfully played
in July, 1866, and by the same actors.
The extraordinary patience and for-
bearance of the white gentlemen
present alone prevented the same result
in St. Bernard. Warmoth and his
co-conspirators only succeeded in having
a few poor negroes badly beaten and
shot, by persons of their own color, for
the crime of attending a conservative
meeting. This is the freedom and
republicanism which they have imparted
to their followers. By creating a terror
among the negroes of the vengeance
of their own race, for daring to think
and vote on their own convictions, they
hope to strengthen and rivet their
despotism over these deluded and
misguided people."
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LETTER FROM CLEARY.
Cleary's letter is published in the Toronto
Leader, and reads as follows:
To the Editor of the Leader:
Sir: The reward of $10,000 offered for my
capture by President Johnson imperatively
demands that I should take the first opportunity
and the most public means of referring to the
proclamation which brands me before the world
as a participator in the murder of the late President
of the United States. The other gentlemen
whose names are associated with mine, I
leave to speak for themselves.
In this proclamation I am referred to as the
clerk of Mr. C. C. Clay. I deny most emphatically
that I ever occupied such a position. As
to the assassination of Mr. Lincoln, I declare
before high heaven and the whole world that I
knew nothing of it until it had been committed
and announced in the newspapers. There is
not a particle of truth in the statement that I
"concocted and incited" the assassination. The
announcement of the great crime came upon
me, as it no doubt did upon thousands of others
who read it in the papers on the day succeeding
Good Friday, like a clap of thunder; and I
shared with all my heart in the general regret
that so foul a deed had been committed, and
that, too, at a time when the war, as I considered,
had virtually been brought to a close.
Positive proof of my innocence is, of course,
impossible for me to produce. But if circumstantial
evidence is of no avail, I may state that
only a week ago I went to Detroit under "safe
conduct" of the "military authorities," to arrange
my affairs and return to my native State.
If I had been guilty of the crime laid to my
charge, does any one supposed that I would have
ventured to go upon American soil, when important
revelations were daily being made and
numerous persons arrested?
I can do no more now than openly and
unequivocally assert my innocence. In doing this,
I appeal to the justice of a community which, I
trust, will not sentence me unheard; and to the
right feeling of the Government of Washington,
who have been most egregiously deceived,
if any evidence has been put in their possession
which would make me the accomplice of assassins.
Asking your favor for the insertion of this
card as soon as possible, I am, sir, yours, respectfully,
W. C. CLEARY.

[Right margin has homemade tab dividers from clipped newspaper letters, indicating the current scrapbook section is for 'J, K, L, M'.]

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Ashley Cobler

I reformatted the text in order to show a clearer definition between clippings and their respective columns. Also added bold & italics (bolded lettering being used as shown in clippings, as well as, for *Small Caps*) letter formatting, and {{col}} indicators for divisions between clippings. Note at bottom provides a brief description and explanation of the letters found in the right margin.