[Transcription of left column] Treaties recorded in a book recently opened for the purpose. Feby 1852

[Transcription of center column] California W. 644 [1851/W644]

O.M. Wozencraft, of San Francisco, California Sept. 30 [1851?]

In relation to treaty suggestions with California [Ind???] the policy [po????] with suggestions inferring [thoughts?]-- to [insurrections?] for indn numbers of the latter -- Enclosing three original letters, accompanied by estimates for fulfilling stipulations, also [illegible] [??tuly?] [between?] for [illegible] [mats?] for [3 qt?] [illegible] altogether of [illegible] [illegible] for beef cattle furnished [illegible] negotiated [illegible] [illegible]

[In pencil: Copy for Beale]

Recd 3 Nov. 1851 Treaties [illegible] for record


[Transcription of right column] of country showing land allotted to Indn will be [awarded/ unawarded?]-- Unsettled [each?] & requests - [re???] consequence spoke of-- Last appropa. of 35,000 at hand not is separate to [individual?] acct of Agt R. Mckee, [now about?], but who left authority to be [turned?] [illegible] to him $1500, which by [illegible] [illegible], having him without means to pay [Secy's?] salary-- &c

Last edit about 1 year ago by LA County Library



Since my last communication addressed to the Deptt. [department] under date of 7th ulto. my time has been [positively?] occupied in the persuance of my duties, which have been [illegible] more than ordinarily arduous in consequence of these several attacks of [he???/fever?], incidental to the region of Country in which I have been travelling.

I am now however convalescing and cherish the hope that I shall soon be enabled to furnish you with a full Statement of my observations.

I have succeeded since the period above referr'd to, in negotiating three Treaties, originals of which are herewith enclosed, accompanied by the Estimates request in fulfilling the Treaty Stipulations since my superation, with the joint Board, as also my Quarterly action of Disbursments and the amount due for Beef Cattle purchased during the Treaty Negotiations.

A Map of the vicinity showing the lands allotted the Indians will be made up and forwarded at the earliest possible [???ssy]. You will notice that Since the early part of May, when my duties (within the District alotted me) commenced, I have traversed the entire portion of Country, with the exception of that on the Eastern side of the Sierra Nevada, visited all the accessible Tribes, negotiated with Eighty One Bands of Indians (and under separate organisation) and speaking upward of twelve different languages, have effected Six Treaties, the last of which you [will perceive?]

Last edit about 1 year ago by LA County Library


was made in El Dorado County.

I would here refer you to a communication addressed by me from this County in which after mentioning some of the very numerous difficulties I experienced in attempting to consummate a Treaty at that time, yet I felt confident that the arrangements made by me would prove successfull [successful] eventually, this policy has thus far succeeded, many of the hostile Indians having come in, and their hostile measures towards the whites entirely ceased, which [happy?] end has been obtained by a friendly talk and the distribution of a [illegible] head of Beef Cattle.

I would now take occasion to remark that this was effected after the State Troops had been withdrawn, they having failed to subdue the Indians as was anticipated after [incurring?] an exchange [illegible] (I venture to assent) than the amount [specified?] in all of the Treaty stipulations for my District.

These are facts which [packages?] ought not to be [co??????sated] on by myself, my motive in speaking of these is to [cease?] your earnest and carefull [careful] attention to the Subject, that the policy which has been so successfull [successful] in its [inefficiency?] may not be destroyed in its fruition.

Thus you will perceive the preliminaries of a great work have been begun and accomplished. The consummation of which is within reach will result in peace and quiet to the people, and permanent security of life and property in the resources of a vast extent of Country will be developed, its Aborigines will become usefull Husbandmen, and this at an expense to the Government of minor cost than would be incurred in taking life. I am confident in the belief that all of this can be effected by pursuing the policy I have thus far suggested and carried out.

The reservations named in the Six Treaties are all on the Eastern side of the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers, and within the foot hills with one exception, sir, the one at [Colusee?] where it is impossible at present to induce the Indians [on traced?] in that reservation to move from.

Should the suggestion advanced in my last communication be adopted by the Department, there would be no necessity for the removal of those Indians, as they would be advantageously located where they now are.

It will be necessary to make another reservation West of the "Sierra Nevada," the preliminary arrangements for which are now in progress, its location as indicated on the Map will be situated on the Eastern Side of the Coast range in Lat [latitude] 40%, Lon. [longitude] [12.3?]%.

It is difficult at present if not entirely impracticable to form a correct estimate of the number of Indians that will come in to these Reservations. The number represented in each treaty is but a small proportion of those that may confidently be calculated upon as certainly to be brought in, in proof of which there has been an addition of twelve (12) tribes in the Chico treaty since its negotiation, and I expect to increase the number still greater, which will be the case in all of them.

It would be a safe maximum estimate to calculate the entire number of Indians to be included in the Six (6) treaties at Sevety five or Eighty thousand (75 or 80.000).

You will perceive in looking over the estimates of expenditures that your original instructions in relation to economy has been most rigidly adhered to by me, and it is a Subject I may

Last edit 6 months ago by Susan R


with justice take some degree of pride in knowing that I have accomplished so much with so small an expenditure of Money. at the same time

with a Saving to the Government of an incalculable amount.

There are accounts yet unsettled, a matter of much regret to myself and serious inconvenience to those to whom they are due. the last

appropriation of $25,000 it is true has come to hands, but has been [placed?] on [deposit?] to the individual credit of R. McKee Esq. who is

now [absent?] [illegible] [left?] authority to turn over to me $1.500, which small amount has been entirely absorbed leaving me without the means of

paying the Salary of my Secretary much to my mortification, he having been with me during my entire Campaign and the Services rendered me is

beyond the computation of Dollars and cents. I am most respectfully Your Obdt Servt O.M. Wozencraft U.S. In. At. M. D. C.a

Hon. [line: illegible] Commission Indian Affairs Washington D.C.

Last edit 9 months ago by Jack DH
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