was made in El Dorado County.
I would here refer you to a
communication addressed by me from this County in which
after mentioning some of the very numerous difficulties I
experienced in attempting to consummate a Treaty at that
time, yet I felt confident that the arrangements made by
me would prove successfull [successful] eventually, this policy
has thus far succeeded, many of the Hostile Indians
having come in, and their hostile measures towards
the whites entirely ceased, which happy end has been ob
tained by a friendly talk and the distribution of a [illegible]
head of Beef Cattle.
I would here take occasion to remark that this was effected
after the State Troops had been withdrawn, they having failed
to subdue the Indians as was anticipated after incurring
an exchange [more?] (I venture to assert) than the amount specified
in all of the Treaty stipulations for my District.
These are facts which perhaps ought not to be [commented?]
on by myself, my motive in speaking of these
is to [cease?] your earnest and carefull [careful] attention to the
Subject, that the policy which has been so successfull [successful]
in its incipiency may not be destroyed in its fruition.
Thus you will perceive the preliminaries of a great work
have been begun and accomplished. The consummation
of which is within reach will result in peace and
quiet to the people, and permanent security of life and
property in the resources of a vast extent of Country will
be developed, its Aborigines will become usefull
Husbandmen, and this at an expense to the Government
of minor cost than would be incurred in taking
life. I am confident in the belief that all of this can
be effected by pursuing the policy I have thus far
suggested and carried out.
The reservations named in the Six Treaties are all on the
Eastern side of the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers, and
within the foot hills with one exception, Vis. the one at Colusa
where it is impossible at present to induce the Indians [emplaced?]
in that reservation to move from.
Should the suggestions advanced in my last communication
be adopted by the Department, there would be
no necessity for the removal of those Indians, as they would
be advantageously located where they now are.
It will be necessary to make another reservation West of the "Sierra
Nevada," the preliminary arrangements for which are
now in progress, its location as indicated on the Map
will be situated on the Eastern Side of the Coast range
in Lat [latitude] 40%, Lon. [longitude] [12.3?]%.
It is difficult at present if not entirely impracticable
to form a correct estimate of the number of Indians
that will come in to these Reservations. The number
represented in each treaty is but a small proportion
of those that may confidently be calculated upon as
certainly to be brought in, in proof of which there has
been an addition of twelve (12) tribes in the Chico treaty
since its negotiation, and I expect to increase the number
still greater, which will be the case in all of them.
It would be a safe maximum estimate to calculate
the entire number of Indians to be included in the Six
(6) treaties at Sevety five or Eighty thousand (75 or 80,000).
You will perceive in
looking over the estimates of expenditures that your original
instructions in relation to economy has been most rigidly
adhered to by me, and it is a Subject I may
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