I was there, and although no rain had fallen, the wheat was being put in, in admirable order. These Indians are well trained to work, and at Sunrise, with but one person to attend them, several plows were in motion.
It is intended to run eight plows during the sowing season and every preparation that is necesary has been made for that purpose.
At Kings River, forty miles south of the Fresno, and under the charge of the Sub Agent at that place, I have made arrangements for the cultivation of a crop, perhaps as large as that at the Fresno. The same number of plows, and mules being provided for that place. The mules, both at the Fresno and Kings River, were transfered from the Tejon, where they were not needed. The arrangement at Kings River promistes to give great satisfaction to the Indians in that section of the Country and gives us additional expense, as the number of persons employed, are under the charge of the Sub Agent Lewis and will be kept below the number estimated for on a Reservation. There is great economy in raising crops at locations like this with detatchments of force from the Reserves, and without additional expenses, in teaching the Indians the principles of the Reservation
system, and gradually inducing them to turn to habits of industry, in connection with the Reserves which in a short time, will be their only hope of support - Most of their former means of living are now gone, and those who are now surrounded by the white settlers and who are not in some way induced to avail themselves of the protection and benefits of the Reserves will rapidly pass away with the diseases which they contract. The Indians on Kings River number about fifteen hundred, and with the little effort I have made among them are now under perfect control and wililng to obey any order of the Agents of the Government.
Returning from the Fresno via of Stockton and arrived in this City on the 11th inst.
Very Respectfully Your Obt Svt Thos J. Henley Supt Indian Affrs.