Extract from the
Report of the Results of an Expedition to Owens Lake and River with the Topographical Features of the Country, its Climate, Soil, Timber, Water, [+c] and also the Habits, Arms, and Means of Subsistence of the Indian Tribes seen upon the March. By Captain John W. Davidson 1st U.S. [Dragoon?] July + August 1859
Extract from the "Report of the Results of an Expedition to Owen's Lake, and River with the Topographical Features, of the Country, the Climate, Soil, Timber, Water, Etc, and also the Habits, Arms, and Means of Subsistence of the Indian Tribes, seen upon the March" by Captain John [?]. Davidson [?] Draymond. July & August 1859
Topographical Features of the Country.
The country from Fort Tejon.
(Canada de las Uvas) to Walker's Pass, is so well described by 1st Luint Williamson Sop: Engineer, in his notes on the exploration of the Passes of the Sierra Nevada, that I have not placed its Topography upon the map, nor will I enter into a description of it here.
Leaving Walker's Pass, our route lay at the edge of the Great Desert, along the eastern base of the Sierra Nevada, for twenty miles, the soil being loose granite gravel, and sand, with huge boulders, scattered here and there.
At this distance, you have reached the Southern extremity of a low range of Mountains, running
nearly North, and South, the termination being of scoriaceous Lava. Six miles beyond, ascending gradually several hundred feet above the Desert, through fields of lava, and volcanic debris, you reach Lake [Beall?] upon a higher [?] on [?], which continues to Owne's Lake.
The Springs at the South end of Lake [Bea?] which I have spoken of in a former part of my Report, contain Carbonate of Lime in solution, and have deposited it in their course, so as to form regular canals, some of them entirely arched over. There is a fine meadow of various grasses here, several hundred acres in content. The water of the Lake, is pure to the taste, that of the Springs has already been described.
The valley [?] the Sierra and the right hand range, countinues, from this point at an acreage width of three miles, as far as [Care?] Spring a distance of fourteen miles, where the two ranges approach each other so closely, that you have to cross over a spur of the eastern ranges.
[Caro?] Spring has a very limited supply of water, say for 15 head of animals, near this spring is a mountain of Crystalline rock, not a block
of which is larger than an ordinary sized adobe giving one, at first glance, the impression of some violent those of Nature, having shattered into pieces. From Cave Spring to "K" Co. Meadows, the valley has narrowed, to few hundred yards in ___ throuhgout this distance of six miles. Five springs with abundance of water are found at these meadows, which and of about the same extent as those at Lake Bull. The right hand range is here getting perceptibly lower with broken, chalky hills projecting from its western slope. From 'K' Co. Meadows to Owen's Lake a distance of fifteen miles, the valley widens gradually until it is some four miles across at the Lake and the right hand