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measurement is nineteen miles long, and from
four to eight miles broad. Its waters are
strongly saline, and of very buoyant character.
So far as any living thing, in its waters, is concerned,
it is a perfect Dead Sea. But upon its surface,
swarm myriads of flies, sometimes darkening
the air, and far out, are whole navies of aquatic
birds, the species of which is unknown to me.
I could not get a single specimen of these birds,
as it is only when the winds are propitious, that
they ride in shore. From what I could see of
them at a distance, they are about the size of
the jacksnipe, have a sharp, straight bill, and
the Indians represent them, as half-webbed,
and having a small fleshy paddle upon the
outer toe.

The shore marks upon the Lake, give evidence of
its being about 30 feet higher, than at its present
level, at the season of rains, and at the melting
of the snows, patches of which now make their
appearance amidst the lofty peaks of the
Sierra Nevada. At its southern end, two fine
mountain streams, coming from the West, spread
[illegible] waters over the soil, and give rise to
a luxuriant meadow of 1000, to 1500 acres
in extent.


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