California D 199 , J.A. Driebelbes Nome Lackee Reserve Sat Septr 24, '60 ------------------Reports the condition of things on the Nome Lackee Reserve, and asks for remittance to fence the same &c. - Address him at Red Bluff -------------------Received November 2d, '60
2 Land _
Nome Lackee Reser, Sept. 24th 1960
Hon A B Greenwood
The delapedated and neglected conditions in which I found this Reservation and the immediate necessity because of the near approach of ploughing and seeding time, have induced me to report to the department through you, in advance of the general report which I am instructed to make after visiting all the Reservations, the buildings generally answer very well, Fences none except a temporary one much out of repair enclosing only the main quarters, This Reserve is located in the centre of the best grazing country in the State, and the feed in the Sacramento Valley being in a great measure [taken?] but not much of the land enclosed which having created a scarcity of feed for the immense herds owned by persons [?ing?] in that Valley and led them to drive their Stock to the inviting pasturage adjoining this Reserve, which, being without fence rendering it impossible to make a crop, to plough and seed is only Labor thrown away besides discouragement to the Indians to work as they see no return for their labor, there are at this time at least a dozen if not
twenty squatters on the land immediately adjoining the River, on all sides of it and all owning stock, a few of whom are making farms with a view of settling, but the majority only to graze and raise stock their business being trading in stock, cattle horses +c none of them seeming to have any regard for the rights of the poor Indians their stock is turned on grain fields. If Indians attempt to drive them off they are threatened with [illegible] shot and have been severely [illegible] for trying to protect their grain, til at last they could neither be persuaded nor forced to drive the stocks from them fully with being accompanied and protected by some of the employees, under such a state of things you will easily perceive the other [illegible] of [illegible] and saving a crop. The past season some three hundred acres was [illegible] wheat rye and barley and from the [illegible] of straw and stubble on the ground must have produced [illegible] but was nearly all destroyed by hard work and close to 2 lbs Buck, wheat 600 of rye and 600 bushels barley are all that could be saved and is [illegible] hand. If this [illegible] is to be continued provision we must immediately be made to fence a portion of it at least and the only way this can be accomplishedat this time is to purchase sawed lumber and have post and board fence made, as there is but little timber on the Reserve, and the little there is I have already given orders to have cut and post into fencing.
I submit a calculation of the cost of boxed fur [illegible] a square section of land 57200 feet board at [illegible] delivered at Tehama the present market price there, such large quantity might be bought for a little less, but at 40 dollars The lumber would cost 2048 dollars, I would also require 1280 posts 6 1/2 feet long 6 by 4 inches thick, 13 feet in a post [illegible] 16640 feet, half of the posts might be [set?] on the reservation which would leave say 8000 feet to be purchased costing 3 hundred twenty dollars which added to 2048 dollars making the sum total 2368 dollars for lumber at [illegible] The hauling the Sacramento River distant 20 miles from the Reservation. The hauling could and should be done by the eReservation teams and Indians without cost,but [illegible] them are no [illegible], there were turned over to me by Agent [name?] but they are so thoroughly worn out as to be totally unfit even for repairs new ones must be provided If the department determining to make those essential improvements and if not then this Reservation had better be abandoned. I should recommend
The lumber and nails, which I forgot to [illegible] the [illegible] also for the purchase of two good waggons I shall have more to say in relation to the management of this reservation in my general report which I cannot get [illegible] under three or 4 weeks and have only made this for the reasons above given. The lumber should by all means be hauled before the rains commence. [illegible] the nature and [illegible] of the soil of the