MF1323.1197 Reel 37_0977

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Fort Bragg Cal Feb 8th 1860

W.P. Conlin 6th Inf. Commanding

Report relative to Indian affairs on Mendocino Reservation, Violation of Laws by the employer of the Indian: recommends the removal from office of H.L. Ford & Dr. Ames, employees: requests this Report to be sent to the proper Bureaus & enclosing correspondence relative to the above

Hd Qrs Dept of Cal San Fco [San Francisco] Feb 16 1860

Respectfully referred for the information of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Cal.

By order of Brig [Brigadier] Genl [General] Clark W.W. Mackall A A Genl [Assistant Adjutant General]

Office Supt Ind Affs San Francisco Feb 18 1860

Respectfully referred for the information of the Comissioner of Ind Affs J.Y. McDuffie Supt Ind Affs for Cal

Office Supt Ind Aff. San Francisco Cal Feb 18 1860

A true copy J.Y. McDuffie Supt Ind Affairs

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Head Qrs Fort Bragg Cal February 6th 1860

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report to the General Commanding the Department

On yesterday I received from Mr. A.W. McPherson the enclosed note. As the Sub Agent H.L. Ford and all the employees of the Reservation were absent from the Agency, at least not to be seen I deemed it my imperative duty to arrest Mr. Simpson and bring back the abducted woman to her husband. He had already passed this place when the note of Mr. McPherson was received. I accordingly started three mounted men in pursuit of him. They overtook him at Bald Hill farm on this Reservation, arrested him, and returned with him and the woman to this place, accompanied by the Sub Agent and all his employees in this vicinity, besides the Citizens friends of Mr. Simpson: all of whom were at Bald Hill when this arrest was made.

I invited them all into my quarters where I stated to Mr. Simpson the cause of my arresting him, viz removing said Indian woman, the wife of an Indian from the Reservation against the wishes of her husband and herself & without the knowledge or consent of the Agent.

I stated further that I had no right to try the case; but that I considered it the duty of the Sub Agent to have

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him prosecuted. Under the circumstances I certainly had the right to expect the support and approval of the Sub Agent. In reply to my remarks Mr. Simpson stated that he had the woman and her husband both in his employ till recently: that the latter had run away from him taking the woman with him through fear of death if she refused to accompany him: that the husband was cruel to his wife: that he felt under obligation to the womans relatives in Long Valley to take her back with him: in fact that he had acted from the finest motives of humanity in taking the woman from her husband. He admitted that she was the Indians wife, that she shed tears in separating from her husband, which tears however as any one who understood Indian character would know were hysterical [illegible] to make the husband believe she regretted the separation. He also alleged that the woman was bound to him under some old state Law, but produced no proof thereof. Mr. A. Sherwood a friend of Simpson stated that he himself had procured this woman for the Indian as his wife, whilst the Latter was living at Simpsons. Now comes the strangest part of this affair. On my last remark to Mr. Simpson above reported Sub Agent Ford manifested great

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excitement, accused me of interfering with his business and of attempting to teach him his duty. He was [illegible] so far as to disclose that he would take the responsibility of the delivering the woman up to Mr. Simpson again and contended that the aforementioned State Law would justify him in doing so. Upon this I informed him that I should recommend his removal from Office, as well as the dismissal of all the employees present when Simpson took the squaw. Feeling that my duty was discharged I formally delivered the woman to the Sub Agent and released Mr. Simpson from Custody. Mr. Ford informed me that he should make a thorough inquiry into the matter, but did not inform me when this inquiry would take place nor invited me to attend it. Today I have requested him to furnish me with a copy of the investigation & to be informed of his decision upon the relative claims of Mr. Simpson and her husband to the woman. It will be seen from his reply herewith enclosed, that he still claims the power to separate this woman and her husband when the latter may wish to return to her people. I also regard this reply only as a pretext to be made use of at the first convenient opportunity for delivering the woman into the hands of Simpson

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concerning the employees present when the woman was taken I will say in behalf of Mr. [illegible] who seemed perplexed when the circumstances was reported to him, that he rode out in company with Simpson and the woman to Bald Hill, where I am informed he reported the circumstances to the Sub Agent. He passed through the Fort and met me in the road, but true to the principals of his Superior perhaps to his instructions, made no communication to me on the subject. This affair is but a sample of many that have occurred here without any attempt at legal preventions or punishment. I will specify the following

1st. Last summer two Indians had a dispute about a brass ring or [coin?] The Blacksmith of this Reservation [Hazemmeier?] took the part of the one who claimed the ring against the possessor The Latter refusing to yield it the man [Hazemmeier?] shot him three times with a Revolver. A Citizen requested Sergt. Drummer then in charge here to report it to his commanding officer which was done. The employees of this Indian Dept. upon learning that the Citizen had requested this report to be made, visited him with their bitter animosity & threatened to have him confined in the Guard House

2d. About the first of November a vessel arrived here with a [illegible] Cargo of Whiskey

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