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California H246

Geo M. Hanson Yuba City, Cal. July 15, '61

Reports the condition of Indian Affairs in detail, on the Indian Reservations within the Northern District of California, and Submits estimate of the amount he deems necessary to be appropriated for the benefit of the Indians

Recd Aug 19, '61 Ackd Dec 5/61

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Fin Grayson

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Office of Ind Superintendent Northern Dist California Yuba City July 15th 1861

Hon Wm P Dole Comr of Ind affairs

Sir I have the honor to inform you that my bond was duly Executed and I took the oath of Office according to your instructions, May 27th 1861. June 1st I sit out in person, to present my bond to my predecessor, failing to find him at his office in Red Bluff, I hastened to the Nome Lackee Resservation, where I learnd from the person in charge, that he had started on a tour of the reservations in the Northern Part of the district. I immediately sit forward in persuit of him — And visited all the reservations, traveling more than a thousand miles, but faild to find him. Returning to my office in Yuba City, I found a letter from Mr Dribelbis, informing me that he was in San Francisco, waiting for my arrival, whare I at length found him on the 12th Inst This much it appears necessary to state in explanation of the tardiness of my Report — which would otherwise have been forwarded at an Earlier date.

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None of the Government Property has as yet been formally transferd to me by my predecesor, but I condense the results of the Observations made and the information gleaned during my recent tour

Nome Lackee Reservation At this reservation there is no land enclosed or under Cultivation, the buildings appear neglected, the floors of some of them having been torn up and carried away. A portion of the land formerly embraced within the boundary of the reservation, on which the reservation mill is located, has been taken possession of by parties who claim to have acted, as I understand under the sanction of Col Henley who was superintendent at the time. They have sinse laid school warrants on the land and converted it to their own use — the buildings lumber &c. I am informed that the parties holding the lands thus segregated from the reservation, seized upon the teams and farming implements, belonging to the Government, which they still retain, and refuse to surrender, they have also suceeded under a law of this State, in getting a considerable number of the most able bodied Indians indentured to them, for terms of ten & fifteen years. (enclosed please find a list of the parties implicated, and the names of the Indians retained)

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in their service, and also of the Judge before whome the transaction was consummated) The fur teams are old, and wagons remaining are entirely expended, and not one implement is left except a dilapidated threshing machine for which I reciepted to Mr Geiger about the 10th of June.

The Nome Lackee is valuable for small grain but of little worth for vegetables. The location is not desirable, being surrounded by white settlements, and exposed to all the influences which result from the contact of the two races. Thare is no fencing timber within twelve miles and no fishery. The entire reservation is at present overrun with the Stock of the white settlers. To carry on the reservation with efficiency an appropriation of at least $20,000 for fencing teames and implements will be indispensable.

The Indians which formerly numbered from two to three thousand, being left destitute of food & clothing have mostly scattered to their former homes and retreats, whare from their hides distribution food is more easily procured. The number at present on the reservation does not exceede two Hundred

I beg to suggest that this reservation should be resurveyed according to the proclamation by which it was originally set apart, and if it

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can be done without an infraction of law, as it certainly can be without any violence to justice, that it be set back to its original boundaries

Klamath Reservation This reservation is well located*, and the improvements are suitable and of considerable value. Thare is an abundance of excellent timber for fencing and all other purposes, and at the mouth of Klamath River there is a salmon fishery of great value to the Indians. The number of Inds here is not far from eighteen Hundred

The lands in cultivation, amount to some three (3) Hundred acres on which are growing wheat barley oats corn peas potatoes carrots and beans. Six hundred acres more could easily be brought into cultivation

The buildings are in tolerable condition and of sufficient capacity for present demands

The teames are old, and the farming implements are so worn as to be nearly useless An expenditure of $2500 is imperatively needed for teames & untensils alone

I suggest as this reservation has never been surveyed, that it should be so laid as to embrace the Island and fishery at the mouth of the Klamath & extend a mile in width each side the river, to a point one mile

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