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California H356

Geo M. Hanson San Francisco, Cal. Jan 5, '62 E

Reply to office letter of the 29th Nov. Nov. last rel. to requisition in his favor for $10,675. Enc. printed copy of Genl Wrights Comdg. Pacific Coast to him and of his reply thereto — also reports upon the suffering of the Indians in his district, unless an additional appropn is asked for, and states he has taken the responsibility of providing for their immediate necessities

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[stamp] RECEIVED AT THE Feb 19 1862 INDIAN BUREAU

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OFFICE INDIAN AFFAIRS, NORTHERN DISTRICT, CALIFORNIA. San Francisco, Jan. 5 1862

Hon Wm P. Dole, Comr. Ind. Affs Washington

Sir Your letter of the 29th Novr last informing me that a requisition was issued from your office on the 27th Nov. in my favor for $10,675 and to be charged as follows &c &c is at hand. You also very properly charge me "that all needful care should be observed in expenditures &c — which charge I shall endeavor to adhere to. At the same time, hopeing sincerely that the importunate cries of over two thousand indians now in a state of starvation on the Klamath Reservation (owing to the flood) will reach the ears of the Authorities at Washington, and be early, promptly and favorably considered.

I am just in receipt of a letter from Brig. Gen. Wright who is now in command on the Pacific, which letter together with my reply I enclose for your consideration, and which will give you some idea of the imperative necessity of immidiate releif in the shape of a more liberal appropriation at once for the Northern

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district of California.

I view of providing in a more humane manner for the wants of double the number of indians, that are now on the reserves and taking into consideration the loss on the Klamath, and the necessary clothing to render them comfortable and contented at their new homes — a less sum of money than suggested in my late report will not be sufficient.

Having telegraphed to you in regard to the emergency at Klamath, & no reply, I have confered with the leading Govt Officers and my colleague at this place, and all agree I should take the responsibility at once of providing the sufferers releif — which I shall do Hopeing at the same time my course will be fully approbated by your department

I am very truly your obt Sevt. Geo. M. Hanson Suptg. Agt. Ind. Affs. N. Dist. Cal.

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Taken from Mirror

[Newspaper clipping] [left column]

The Northern Indians—Something About to be Done with Them.

By reference to a correspondence in to-day's MIRROR, between Brig. Gen. Wright, Commandant of the Military Department of the Pacific, and Geo. M. Hanson, Indian Superintendent of of the Northern District of California, it will be seen that a movement against the hostile Indians of Humboldt, Klamath, Del Norte and other northern counties of the State, is about being made by a detachment of Federal troops under Col. Lippitt, with a view of removing the savages to the Reservations. To facilitate operations, a new military district has been established, with the headquarters at Fort Humboldt, and Col. Lippitt has been ordered thither with two companies of his regiment. This seems to be rather a small force for such a service, yet so confident of success is Gen. Wright, that, accompanying the notification of the establishment of the new military district is a request that the Indian Superintendent will prepare the Reservations for the reception of the captured savages. A number of volunteer companies are already enrolled among the settlers of Humboldt, to proceed against the hostile tribes with fire and sword, and it is not improbable that the services of some of them may be accepted by Gen. Wright, should the troops under Col. Lippitt prove inadequate. The letter of Mr. Hanson alludes to preparations on the part of the settlers in the Northern counties for waging a war of extermination upon the marauding tribes. Admitting no want of provocation for such a crusade—mindful of the almost unceasing depredations of the Indians for years past—recalling the many murders they have committed and the many homes they have plundered and destroyed—still, we cannot too earnestly counsel an abandonment by the settlers of their meditated bloody raid. Let them co-operate with Col Lippitt in the peaceful removal of the tribes to the Reservations, where they will be properly cared for and retained by Mr. Hanson, and in six months or less Indian depredations and massacres in Northern California will be among the things of the past.

[right column]

The Indians of the Northern District—Establishment of a New Military District

BRIGADIER-GENERAL WRIGHT TO SUPERINTENDENT HANSON.

HEAD QUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE PACIFIC. San Francisco, Dec. 24th, 1861

Sir:—The Indian disturbances in the northwestern portion of this State, render it absolutely necessary to take prompt measures to collect all the Indians in that quarter, and place them on reservations set apart for their homes. I have created the "District of Humboldt", and placed it under the command of Col. Lippitt, of the 2d Infantry, California Volunteers.

Col. Lippitt will take with him the headquarters of his regiment and two companies, and establish the headquarters of the District at Fort Humboldt.

The District which I have organized embraces all the counties from Sonoma to Del Norte, inclusive. Col. Lippit will be instructed to act promptly and vigorously in removing those Indians to the Reservations, and I trust that the Indian Department will be prepared to receive and subsist them when collected together.

Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, G. Wright Brigadier-General, U.S.A., Commanding. MR. HANSON, Supt. Indian Affairs, Northern District of California, Marysville, California.

REPLY.

OFFICE INDIAN AFFAIRS, NORTHERN DIST. CAL. San Francisco, Dec. 31st, 1861.

BRIGADIER-GENERAL WRIGHT—SIR: Your letter of the 24th inst., was not received until yesterday. It gives me great pleasure to know that you have determined on the only efficient and certain means, in my opinion, of securing a permanent peace in the Northern District of this State, and to assure you of my co-operation, as far as possible, in carrying out the purposes in view. It is well known I have not been placed in means to employ a force sufficient to collect and remove the more hostile bands of Indians that inhabit the interior of Humboldt and Mendocino counties, where they are so much complained of. Nevertheless, within the last three months I have succeeded in the removal of over one thousand to the several Reservations.

Permit me to call your attention to the entire loss of everything on the Klamath Reservation, by the recent flood in that country, consisting of buildings, fences, provisions and products of every kind, leaving over two thousand Indians utterly destitute. This will show you the impossibility of providing anything in that quarter at present for additional Indians. Indeed, I am of opinion there is not more than a bare supply on the other Reservations to subsist the Indians already there until another harvest. Nevertheless, believing that our Government will promptly meet the emergency, I will take the responsibility of saying "send them on," for it is certainly "cheaper to feed than fight them."

Nome Cult is the best provided for at present; therefore, the removals should be mostly made to that place; and at the same time, allow me to request, in behalf of humanity, that orders be given the troops, as far as possible to avoid the shedding of blood, and deter kidnappers and independent companies from the commission of the wholesale thefts and massacres they are now preparing for in certain quarters.

I have the honor to be, your ob't serv't GEORGE M. HANSON, Superintending Agent Indian Affairs, Northern District, California.

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