Status: Complete

Klamath Indian Reservation Destroyed.
A New Reservation Proposed—Its
Effects on Del Norte County.

Crescent City, Feb. 2d, 1862.
Ed. Sentinel: Sir—The late freshet has
completely demolished the Klamath Indian
Reservation, and now Mr. Hanson, the Indian Agent,
proposes to establish a new Reservation in this
county, to embrace all the land along the coast
from the Oregon and California boundary line
south to within about five or six miles of
Crescent City, and as far east as the top of the
first range of coast mountains, making the
eastern boundary the Humboldt meridian,
which will contain about 40,000 acres of land,
12,000 acres of which are suitable for
agricultural and grazing purposes, 500 [crossed out] 2000 [written in] acres being now
under cultivation.

Negotiations are now pending between the
Agent (for the Government) and the settlers
for a portion of these lands, lying in the very
heart of this beautiful Valley, the Major
Bradford Farm being about the center. Prices have
been agreed upon for near 6,000 acres, 2,000
acres of which are under cultivation, for the
sum of $58,000. This sum will not pay for the
improvements thereon.

Strange as it may seem, there is hardly a
dissenting voice in the whole territory proposed to
be purchased against this movement; on the
contrary, the settlers are ready and really
anxious to accept of the various prices offered for
their lands. The Agent, I am told, has
authority [cross out starts] from the Indian Department [cross out ends] to provide a
new home for the Indians in this division of the
district. Should the Department approve of
this purchase, Congress could hardly refuse to
make an appropriation to purchase the whole
of the proposed tract, when they take into
consideration that there is not less than 10,000
Indians to be provided for by this Reservation.

Every one concedes the fact that the location
selected is well adapted to every particular for
the purposes contemplated, and that none
better can be found, if the interests of the
Government and the wants of the Indians are only
to be consulted. I think it may be looked upon
as a fixed fact that the Reservation will be
established there, although there is a good deal
of opposition to it outside.

This will not be wondered at after taking a
peep into the internal condition of Del Norte,
and its effects upon the revenue of that county.
The whole amount of property, real and
personal, in the county, in 1861, was about
$480,000. The tract proposed for a reservation
contains about one-fifth of the whole amount of
the taxable property in the county. The
agricultural lands of a county being always the
most reliable and permanent basis of revenue,
the loss of the 12,000 acres out of 19,186 acres,
which is the whole amount of lands taxed in
the county in 1861, cannot but be seriously felt
in the future revenue of the county. The loss
by the late freshet cannot be less than $10,000
along Smith's river alone; the losses on the
Klamath and tributaries, in this county, are
equal, if not greater; and over one-half of our
population will leave in the Spring for the new
mines, taking with them a large amount of
movable property. Deprive the county of all
this property, together with the general
depreciation in the value of the remaining, and it
will reduce the amount of taxable property of
this county, in 1862, to probably less than

There is another source of revenue of some importance about to be cut off. Heretofore
quite a large amount of taxes and local
assessments have been paid by non-residents.
Independent of these, voluntary subscriptions, in
large amounts, have been paid by them for
public improvements, with a view of enhancing
the value of their property. The Assessor's
list never failed to give them convincing proof
of its rising value it had to them a prospective
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[right column, a continuation of the article from the next page (4)]
the existence of the county—but very fortunate
in being the means of calling out some true
and loyal sentiments from some of our
prominent citizens. A resolution was introduced at
the meeting, and advocated strenuously, urging
violent resistance by armed force to the landing
of Indians (from Humboldt county) from the
steamer at Crescent City, en route to the new
Reservation. The author of the resolution no
doubt thought, from the large McConnel vote
received there, and the loud Secession talk (for
talk sake) in that locality, that the sentiments
contained in that resolution would not "grate
harshly upon their ears." In that he was
mistaken; they wanted no "Star of the West"
affair there. It called out from even the
McConnel men the bitterest denunciations; they
pronounced the sentiments of that resolution,
carried into practice, as being identical with
those that brought our country into its present
lamentable condition. The resolution was
defeated by an overwhelming majority. So let it
be recorded to her credit let her existence be
long or short, prosperous or struggling against
adversity, that, notwithstanding her former
"Dixie-Constitutional-McConnel Democratic"
proclivities, the latest public expression of Del
Norte showed that she was loyal. L.

Notes and Questions

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The word "freshet" means "a great rise or overflowing of a stream caused by heavy rains or melted snow".