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California H510

Geo M. Hanson San Francisco, Cal June 23, '62 Entd

Submits statement in reference to the Supt. Agent residing upon the Indian Reservation &c

Filed Land

[stamp] RECEIVED AT THE July 25 1862 INDIAN BUREAU

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OFFICE INDIAN AFFAIRS, NORTHERN DISTRICT, CALIFORNIA. San Francisco, June 23rd 1862

Hon Wm P. Dole

Sir. Having just returned from a visit to Nome Lacke and Round Valley or Nome Cult in Mendocino County, I deem it my duty to say to you from the actual experience I have already had in the Indian Service, I feel sure, that no man living can discharge the necessary duties devolving upon the Superintending Agent of Indian Affairs in California; according to the plan of Senator Latham, compelling him to live upon the Reservation.

Allow me to inquire, who is to see to the collection of Indians and their removal to the Reservations from time to time in the various counties in this State? Who is to provide the supplies of farming tools, provisions, and clothing, together with teams, employees &c and a thousand other things necessary to the Indian service in Cal?

Remember, that these Reservations are too remote from settlements of White people and consequently from postal facilities, thereby requiring a special Expressman, to convey letters to and from the Superintendant to Post Offices in his extensive correspondence throughout the district and at Washington.

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This additional, and then indispensable expense, will be more than the salary of a Supervisor, to remain on the Reservation, moreover it is utterly impossible that anyone of the Reservations in the Northern District would suffice for all the Indians — Hence I urged the establishment of two, the Round Valley and the one at Smith River; the one, well adapted to the wishes and habits of the Coast Indians, and the other, to the interior Indians.

There are now over 6000 Indians on the Four Reservations, Nome Lacke, Nome Cult, Mendocino, and Smith River, and there are certainly several thousand more that should be removed from places where troubles are existing in the Northern District, and it is very certain that no one of these Reservations is or can, be made sufficient for the support of them all.

If Senator Latham is determined to kill off the Indian cause entirely in this State, and with it, that far, kill off the party entrusted with its management in California, he certainly has hit upon the very plan to accomplish his object.

I also learn that the salaries of Superintendants are to be reduced to $2,500 per annum; I cannot see why the salary of the officer who has more actual hard labor to perform than any other in the State should

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be reduced, and those whose offices require little or no labor are not to be touched.

The Superintendant of the Northern District is in danger often of perishing in the mountain snows or in the deep waters; his life has been threatened by kidnappers and Squaw men, and not unfrequently been in danger from hostile Indians — and lastly is kept under heavy bonds thereby involving great responsibility. All of which, if properly represented to the makers of Law, I infer, would cause them to give these matters another consideration more favorable to the Indian Service in this State.

I have the honor to be Your Obt Svt Geo. M. Hanson Suptg Agt Ind Aff's Northern Dist. California

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