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[left colum] Hunt another from White

[right column] California W524 Elijah White Jan 26, '62 Entd

Reports in detail upon the present State of Indian Affairs, previous to his departure for Oregon & Washington

Land

[stamp] RECEIVED AT THE Mar 7 1862 INDIAN BUREAU

Last edit 17 days ago by Fudgy
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San Francisco Jany 26th 1862

Hon Wm P. Dole, Com. Ind. Aff's.

Sir:- Leaving to-morrow for Oregon & Washington Territory, I concluded to address you briefly in relation to the present State of affairs here.

Mr. Hanson is yet abroad distributing the cargo of goods, which, I understand from the Register of Humbolt County, now here; is giving great pleasure and hope to the Indians. This shipment (such as the Indians say never reached them before) will probably do good in more ways than one. Such has been the traveling in the Southern District Mr. Wentworth has not as yet been able to distribute; but expects to soon. The terrible storm, and consequent flood, has driven our Legislative body to this City; giving me convenient access to many of its members, and I am most happy to say they are in sympathy with us in our reform movements: Even our old

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Senator Samuel Soul, so despairing heretofore in regard to the red man, conceded there was now hope, as liquor & squaw men, were being set aside for better men and measures. Really the tide of public sentiment & feeling is turning, and setting in our favor, and this Legislature I am of the opinion, will pass such an act as will encourage congress to take measures for the better protection of our Indian interests in this country. Our distinguished clergyman, T. Starr King is preparing a discourse for the benefit of the Indians, that will probably have a wide circulation. Other good clergymen are also at work for us, and Editors are not idle, some of them strongly recommending my proposed plan of operations, and as yet none opposing them. Should this, or something of a kindred character, meet your views, and obtain you recommendation, I shall be gratified and greatly encouraged; as I learn here from what I consider good authority, that should the Commissioner give it his sanction it will doubtless become a Law. One consideration encourages me not a little, that is, our wisest and best men; after scanning

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closely, speak approvingly of the plan; while Mr. Hanson alone so far as I recollect opposes it. Aside from all selfish considerations, I entertain not a doubt of the great utility of the measures and shall carry to you, the most convincing proofs of the necessity of some check of this kind to prevent peculation and this agent or check should not be a disbursing officer. Since the 5th of Sept. I have been visiting, and searching right & left, for information, and corresponding with all parts of the coast, and traveled somewhat extensively, and as yet, for every description of expense charged to Govt I have only reached four hundred & fourteen dollars thirty cents ($414.30) My labors will probably be found equal to any of the Supts on the coast for the same period and I can but hope I have been of some benefit, at least given hope, and comfort to many poor anxious minded Indians, who regard me as their friend. My heaviest expense has been for escort or guide & interpreter through the mountains. Nor are my expenses likely to be heavy on my northern trip; for without solicitation on my part, the President of the Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company, sent me through Mr. Wentworth (to whose kind offices I am indebted) a free ticket

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to Oregon & Washington Territory & back again. By reason as I shall be while there, among my old friends, I hope not to exceed the $500 allotted me for expenses. I am invited by the Chairman of the Indian committee to be before them to-morrow and explain our relations and wishes; and I now hope during your administration of Indian affairs, the Intercourse Act or its equivalent, will be passed over our State, where it has been so long needed & so indispensably requisite.

The Steamer being ice-bound in the Columbia River, I shall possibly be delayed several days

With highest respect I am Sir Your Humble Obt Sevt Elijah White

PS. Unless directed otherwise I shall probably be at Washington City early in April

W524 Land

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