MF1323.1197 Reel 39_1183

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3. season about a thousand bushels of apples. The land hired from other parties and cultivated amounts to about two hundred and sixty-one acres. the crops this year are very good yielding all that will be required for the use of the Indians. I am not prepared to offer an opinion as to whether a Reservation should be permanently established at this locality or not as I have been unable to visit the place. I propose however to proceed there at an early day and will then take some action in the matter.

Round Valley Reservation Of the location of this Reservation and the condition in which I found matters there, I advised you in my letters of June 1st and 30th. There are at present upon it some nine hundred and fifty Indians, who are well cared-for and apparently contented and happy. Their winter houses are built of oak slabs, ten feet in length, merely laid together and forming rude campoodies such as they lived in before they knew the whites. During the summer they prefer huts of brush. They seem to have received no encouragement in building more comfortable houses though they deserve better ones and I intend that they shall have assistance in erecting them as soon as the harvesting is completed. They still grind their wheat by hand, or more properly, crush it between two flat stones; a small

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grist-mill would add greatly to their comfort. The health of these Indians has greatly imporoved under the care of Dr Waller and they are in all respects doing well. The agency buildings are in a bad state of repair and will require considerable labor to render them tenantable. The crops at this Reservation are very large; - of grain and vegetables, there is plenty and to spare. The fertility of the soil and the salubrity of the climate can not be surpassed, while its singular isolation forbids its ever being desirable to the whites and renders it peculiarly valuable for purposes of an Indian Reservation.

Mendocino Reservation Having recommended that this Reservation be abandoned, I merely refer you to my letter of 20th June, and to the accompanying sketch for information. The crops here are rather light but from the abundance of fish &c the Indians are not likely to suffer, and if it is found necessary grain can be spared them from the Reservation at Round Valley.

Tule River Indian Farm. I have as yet been unable to visit the portion of the State known formerly as the Southern District but receive favorable accounts of the condition of affairs from the Agent in charge. All the Indians who depend upon the Dept for subsistence have been removed to the Tule River Indian

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4.

Farm where good crops have been harvested and they are well provided for. Of the eight hundred Indians on this farm about three hundred and fifty are of the Owens River tribe, and all seem comfortable and satisfied. Their houses are built of posts put in the ground and covered with split boards and are very comfortble. This farm consists of twelve hundred and eighty acres of land of which about three hundred are cultivatable and is owned by Mr. T.P. Madden from whom it was rented by former Suptg Agent Wentworth. The crops are excellent this season, much better than on any farm in that section of the country, owing principally to the fact that the crop was sowed very early and to the exertions of the Agent in charge in carefully attending it. I am confident that there need be no lack of food at this point. The climate of Tule River Valley is generally considered rather unhealthy but the proximity of the agency to the mountains (to which the Indians frequently resort) obviate all that is detrimental in the climate. I have thus hastily noticed a few of the principal items connected with the interests of the service in my Superintendency. I hope in my next annual report to be able to represent matters in a more favorable light. There is much room for improvement - a wide

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field before me in bettering the condition of the miserable beings intrusted to my charge and establishing the Reservation system upon a more thorough and satisfactory basis. To bring about such a result no efforts on my part shall be spared and I trust I may receive the hearty co-operation of the Dept in the labor before me.

I remain Very Respectfully Your Obt Servant Austin Wiley Supt of Ind Affs. Cal'a

Hon Wm P. Dole Commissioner of Indian Affairs

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[California] W638 Annual Report of Farming Operations Cala Superintendency

1864

A. Wiley Supt of Ind Affs. Cala

Entd

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